Joshua 23

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1 Or molto tempo dopo che l’Eterno ebbe dato requie a Israele liberandolo da tutti i nemici che lo circondavano, Giosuè, ormai vecchio e bene innanzi negli anni,

2 convocò tutto Israele, gli anziani, i capi, i giudici e gli ufficiali del popolo, e disse loro: "Io sono vecchio e bene innanzi negli anni.

3 Voi avete veduto tutto ciò che l’Eterno, il vostro Dio, ha fatto a tutte queste nazioni, cacciandole d’innanzi a voi; poiché l’Eterno, il vostro Dio, e quegli che ha combattuto per voi.

4 Ecco io ho diviso tra voi a sorte, come eredità, secondo le vostre tribù, il paese delle nazioni che restano, e di tutte quelle che ho sterminate, dal Giordano fino al mar grande, ad occidente.

5 E l’Eterno, l’Iddio vostro, le disperderà egli stesso d’innanzi a voi e le scaccerà d’innanzi a voi e voi prenderete possesso del loro paese, come l’Eterno, il vostro Dio, v’ha detto.

6 Applicatevi dunque risolutamente ad osservare e a mettere in pratica tutto ciò ch’è scritto nel libro della legge di Mosè, senza sviarvene né a destra né a sinistra,

7 senza mischiarvi con queste nazioni che rimangono fra voi; non mentovate neppure il nome de’ loro dèi, non ne fate uso nei giuramenti; non li servite, e non vi prostrate davanti a loro;

8 ma tenetevi stretti all’Eterno, ch’è il vostro Dio, come avete fatto fino ad oggi.

9 L’Eterno ha cacciato d’innanzi a voi nazioni grandi e potenti; e nessuno ha potuto starvi a fronte, fino ad oggi.

10 Uno solo di voi ne inseguiva mille, perché l’Eterno, il vostro Dio, era quegli che combatteva per voi, com’egli vi avea detto.

11 Vegliate dunque attentamente su voi stessi, per amar l’Eterno, il vostro Dio.

12 Perché, se vi ritraete da lui e v’unite a quel che resta di queste nazioni che son rimaste fra voi e v’imparentate con loro e vi mescolate con esse ed esse con voi,

13 siate ben certi che l’Eterno, il vostro Dio, non continuerà a scacciare queste genti d’innanzi a voi, ma esse diventeranno per voi una rete, un’insidia, un flagello ai vostri fianchi, tante spine negli occhi vostri, finché non siate periti e scomparsi da questo buon paese che l’Eterno, il vostro Dio, v’ha dato.

14 Or ecco, io me ne vo oggi per la via di tutto il mondo; riconoscete dunque con tutto il vostro cuore e con tutta l’anima vostra che neppur una di tutte le buone parole che l’Eterno, il vostro Dio, ha pronunciate su voi e caduta a terra; tutte si son compiute per voi; neppure una e caduta a terra.

15 E avverrà che, come ogni buona parola che l’Eterno, il vostro Dio, vi avea detta si è compiuta per voi, così l’Eterno adempirà a vostro danno tutte le sue parole di minaccia, finché vi abbia sterminati di su questo buon paese, che il vostro Dio, l’Eterno, vi ha dato.

16 Se trasgredite il patto che l’Eterno, il vostro Dio, vi ha imposto, e andate a servire altri dèi e vi prostrate davanti a loro, l’ira dell’Eterno s’accenderà contro di voi, e voi perirete presto, scomparendo dal buon paese ch’egli vi ha dato".

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 23      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 23: Joshua’s farewell address to all Israel.

Now that the people of Israel are living in the land of Canaan according to the Lord’s promise to them, Joshua, now old, gathers Israel together and offers the people his final words. It is a review of God’s faithfulness to them, His power in their victories, the gift of a good land in which they may live, and finally, a warning: they must not turn away from the Lord and follow the gods of other nations, or the Lord’s anger will follow them.

The spiritual meaning of Joshua’s address is about our experience of the Lord’s activity in our lives, our responsibilities in the work of regeneration, and what happens in us when we drift away from our relationship with the Lord. Every part of Joshua’s speech touches on these subjects, and it is a shining statement for our spiritual well-being. We will look at each part of what Joshua says and their spiritual meanings.

Joshua called for all Israel, and for all of their leaders - their elders, their heads, their judges and their officers. Spiritually, what leads and commands our mind is what we hold as true, which then informs our actions.

Joshua says he is old and advanced in age. Spiritually, this stands for acquiring wisdom during regeneration. Perhaps ‘advanced’, with its range of meanings, is a clue here.

Then Joshua turns to the Lord and the conquest. Joshua reminds the Israelites of what the Lord has given them, and says that the Lord will help them drive out the remaining nations until the whole land is theirs. Spiritually, this is about the ways in which the Lord guides us through regeneration, and how He will be present in our continuing spiritual work.

Joshua then urges Israel to keep the law of Moses and not turn away from it, nor go among other nations who are alongside Israel, nor mention their gods, nor swear by them or serve them or bow down to them. For us, this means following the Lord, and not giving in to the other influences that could lead our lives - for example, greed or ambition. If we do give thought to these other things, they can entrap us. It is enough for us to see them in our mind and quickly refuse their place there.

Joshua then says that because the Lord has been fighting for Israel, no one has been able to stand against them. In verse 10, he says, “One man of you shall chase a thousand: for the Lord your God, he it is that fighteth for you, as he hath promised you.” This means when we acknowledge that the Lord rules our life and empowers us, the influences of hell will be powerless against our resolve.

Joshua then tells Israel that if they do turn to the other nations and their gods, the Lord would no longer drive out these nations, and they would become snares and traps for Israel. This is about the spiritual consequences of going against the Lord. This will inevitably bring on its own dangers, and we can be drawn in without realizing. The Lord can only drive out our spiritual enemies when we turn to Him for guidance.

Finally, Joshua says that not one thing God intended for Israel has failed to happen; so, just as God had given Israel many blessings, He would bring harm on Israel if they grew unfaithful. In our spiritual lives, this is only how things appear. We may feel that God is punishing us at times, but in reality we bring harm on ourselves when we no longer follow the Lord. So, Joshua says, the good land would be taken from them, just as the delight of heavenly life is taken from us if we turn away from the Lord.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1664, 2575

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nemici
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giosuè
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anziani
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capi
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disse
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eredità
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tribù
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giordano
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grande
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

Iddio
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detto
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osservare
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scritto
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libro
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mosè
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nome
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oggi
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uno
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mille
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occhi
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dato
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anima
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

parole
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caduta
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terra
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buona
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parola
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danno
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servire
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ira
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