Joshua 18

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Riveduta Bibbia (1927)         

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1 Poi tutta la raunanza de’ figliuoli d’Israele s’adunò a Sciloh, e quivi rizzarono la tenda di convegno. Il paese era loro sottomesso.

2 Or rimanevano tra i figliuoli d’Israele sette tribù, che non aveano ricevuto la loro eredità.

3 E Giosuè disse ai figliuoli d’Israele: "Fino a quando vi mostrerete lenti ad andare a prender possesso del paese che l’Eterno, l’Iddio de’ vostri padri, v’ha dato?

4 Sceglietevi tre uomini per tribù e io li manderò. Essi si leveranno, percorreranno il paese, ne faranno la descrizione in vista della partizione, poi torneranno da me.

5 Essi lo divideranno in sette parti: Giuda rimarrà nei suoi confini a mezzogiorno, e la casa di Giuseppe rimarrà nei suoi confini a settentrione.

6 Voi farete dunque la descrizione del paese, dividendolo in sette parti; me la porterete qui, e io ve le tirerò a sorte qui, davanti all’Eterno, al nostro Dio.

7 I Leviti non debbono aver parte di sorta in mezzo a voi, giacché il sacerdozio dell’Eterno è la parte loro; e Gad, Ruben e la mezza tribù di Manasse hanno già ricevuto, al di là del Giordano, a oriente, l’eredità che Mosè, servo dell’Eterno, ha data loro".

8 Quegli uomini dunque si levarono e partirono; e a loro, che andavano a fare la descrizione del paese, Giosuè diede quest’ordine: "Andate, percorrete il paese, e fatene la descrizione; poi tornate da me, e io vi tirerò a sorte le parti qui, davanti all’Eterno, a Sciloh".

9 E quegli uomini andarono, percorsero il paese, ne fecero in un libro la descrizione per città, dividendolo in sette parti; poi tornarono da Giosuè, al campo di Sciloh.

10 Allora Giosuè trasse loro a sorte le parti a Sciloh davanti all’Eterno, e quivi sparti il paese tra i figliuoli d’Israele, assegnando a ciascuno la sua parte.

11 Fu tirata a sorte la parte della tribù dei figliuoli di Beniamino, secondo le loro famiglie; e la parte che toccò loro aveva i suoi confini tra i figliuoli di Giuda e figliuoli di Giuseppe.

12 Dal lato di settentrione, il loro confine partiva dal Giordano, risaliva il versante di Gerico al nord, saliva per la contrada montuosa verso occidente, e facea capo al deserto di Beth-Aven.

13 Di la passava per Luz, sul versante meridionale di Luz (che è Bethel), e scendeva ad Ataroth-Addar, presso il monte che è a mezzogiorno di Beth-Horon disotto.

14 Poi il confine si prolungava e, dal lato occidentale, girava a mezzogiorno del monte posto difaccia a Beth-Horon, e facea capo a Kiriath-Baal, che è Kiriath-Iearim, città de’ figliuoli di Giuda. Questo era il lato occidentale.

15 Il lato di mezzogiorno cominciava all’estremità di Kiriath-Iearim. Il confine si prolungava verso occidente fino alla sorgente delle acque di Neftoah;

16 poi scendeva all’estremità del monte posto di faccia alla valle di Ben-Hinnom, che è nella vallata dei Refaim, al nord, e scendeva per la valle di Hinnom, sul versante meridionale dei Gebusei, fino a En-Roghel.

17 Si estendeva quindi verso il nord, e giungeva a En-Scemesh; di là si dirigeva verso Gheliloth, che è dirimpetto alla salita di Adummim, e scendeva al sasso di Bohan, figliuolo di Ruben;

18 poi passava per il versante settentrionale, di faccia ad Arabah, e scendeva ad Arabah.

19 Il confine passava quindi per il versante settentrionale di Beth-Hogla e facea capo al braccio nord del mar Salato, all’estremità meridionale del Giordano. Questo era il confine meridionale.

20 Il Giordano serviva di confine dal lato orientale. Tale fu l’eredità dei figliuoli di Beniamino, secondo le loro famiglie, con i suoi confini da tutti i lati.

21 Le città della tribù dei figliuoli di Beniamino, secondo le loro famiglie, furono: Gerico, Beth-Hogla, Emek-Ketsits,

22 Beth-Arabah, Tsemaraim, Bethel,

23 Avvim, Para, Ofra,

24 Kefar-Ammonai, Ofni e Gheba: dodici città e i loro villaggi;

25 Gabaon, Rama, Beeroth,

26 Mitspe, Kefira, Motsa,

27 Rekem, Irpeel, Tareala,

28 Tsela, Elef, Gebus, che è Gerusalemme, Ghibeath e Kiriath: quattordici città i loro villaggi. Tale fu l’eredità dei figliuoli di Beniamino, secondo le loro famiglie.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 18      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 18: The rest of the land is divided up among the 7 remaining tribes, and the tribe of Benjamin receives its lot.

After several chapters covering the allocation of the land for Reuben, Gad, Judah, Ephraim and Manasseh, there were still seven tribes to be provided for. Before this was done, Joshua gathered these seven tribes together and told them to choose three men from each tribe. These men went and surveyed the region, divided up all the land and cities into seven parts, and recorded everything in a book. Then they came back to Joshua, who cast lots to decide where the seven remaining tribes would live.

The first of the seven allocations was for the tribe of Benjamin. Benjamin was the youngest of the sons of Jacob, and he was a full brother to Joseph. Their mother, Rachel, whom Jacob had loved so much, died giving birth to Benjamin.

The city of Jerusalem was first allocated to Benjamin, but in time became more associated with Judah. In fact, these were the two tribes which later made up the kingdom of Judah, as opposed to the ten northern tribes forming the kingdom of Israel. Benjamin’s territory included the cities of Jericho, Ai and Gibeon, all of which had been significant soon after Israel crossed the River Jordan. Saul, the first king of Israel, was a Benjamite.

This story about surveying the land represents our need to know things as they truly are. This could mean many things: for example, exploring the idea of heaven, or hell, or life in this world, or a spiritual teaching such as providence. It might be to learn about justice and compassion, or true freedom. It may be our need to look honestly within ourselves and recognize some of our self-centred ways (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1612).

The Israelite’s findings about the land were recorded in a book, which really would have been a scroll. This is like our ‘book of life’, in which everything about us down to the least detail is preserved so that in eternity, we shall know who we are (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 199). Joshua drew lots so the Lord’s will would be clear to the people of Israel.

The spiritual meaning of Benjamin needs some careful explanation. Technically, it means ’the spiritual of the celestial’, and this is our ability to understand the reason for the most loving experiences we can have. It is heightened thinking joining with heightened feeling. Benjamin was the youngest son, the special brother of Joseph, who stands for the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 4585).

With this in mind, it is useful to know that Bethlehem, the town where Jesus was born, lay in the territory of Benjamin. Bethlehem’s name means ‘house of bread’ giving us the idea of nourishment for our physical and our spiritual lives. God came into the world to bring us the food of heaven and nourishment from the Word, so that we may fight our evils and choose what is good (Arcana Caelestia 6247, 4594).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 3708, 3858, 3862, 3923, 4556, 4592, 6396, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 361


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417, 431, 434, 449

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Micah 1:10

Atti degli Apostoli 7:45, 13:19

Ebrei 4:8, 11

Významy biblických slov

figliuoli
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

sciloh
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

tenda
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

Sette
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

tribù
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

eredità
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

giosuè
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

padri
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

dato
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Giuda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Giuseppe
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

settentrione
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

sacerdozio
'The priesthood' represents the Lord regarding the work of salvation, because this proceeds from the divine good of his divine love. 'The priesthood of Aaron,...

gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

giordano
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

l’eredità
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

mosè
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

ordine
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

libro
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

città
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

campo
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

beniamino
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

famiglie
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

lato
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

confine
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

gerico
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

nord
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

luz
'Luz,' as in Genesis 28, signifies a state wherein truth and good are together in the ultimate principle of order.

meridionale
'South' denotes truth in light.

bethel
Quando Giacobbe fece il suo famoso sogno, di una scala che portava in cielo, chiamò il luogo "Bethel", che in ebraico significa "la casa di...

delle acque
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

acque
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

valle
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

figliuolo
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

settentrionale
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

salato
'Salt' is the desire of conjunction of truth with good, which is why only salt will conjoin water, which corresponds to truth, and oil, which...

lati
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

villaggi
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

gabaon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

rama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

gerusalemme
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

quattordici
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...

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