Joshua 15

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1 Or la parte toccata a sorte alla tribù dei figliuoli di Giuda secondo le loro famiglie, si estendeva sino al confine di Edom, al deserto di Tsin verso sud, all’estremità meridionale di Canaan.

2 Il loro confine meridionale partiva dall’estremità del mar Salato, dalla lingua che volge a sud,

3 e si prolungava al sud della salita d’Akrabbim, passava per Tsin, poi saliva al sud di Kades-Barnea, passava da Hetsron, saliva verso Addar e si volgeva verso Karkaa;

4 passava quindi da Atsmon e continuava fino al torrente d’Egitto, per far capo al mare. Questo sarà, disse Giosuè, il vostro confine meridionale.

5 Il confine orientale era il mar Salato, sino alla foce del Giordano. Il confine settentrionale partiva dal braccio di mare ov’è la foce del Giordano;

6 di là saliva verso Beth-Hogla, passava al nord di Beth-Araba, saliva fino al sasso di Bohan figliuolo di Ruben;

7 poi, partendo dalla valle di Acor, saliva a Debir e si dirigeva verso il nord dal lato di Ghilgal, che è dirimpetto alla salita di Adummim, a sud del torrente; poi passava presso le acque di En-Scemesh, e faceva capo a En-Roghel.

8 Di là il confine saliva per la valle di Ben-Hinnom fino al versante meridionale del monte de’ Gebusei che è Gerusalemme, poi s’elevava fino al sommo del monte ch’è dirimpetto alla valle di Hinnom a occidente, e all’estremità della valle dei Refaim, al nord.

9 Dal sommo del monte, il confine si estendeva fino alla sorgente delle acque di Neftoah, continuava verso le città del monte Efron, e si prolungava fino a Baala, che è Kiriath-Iearim.

10 Da Baala volgeva poi a occidente verso la montagna di Seir, passava per il versante settentrionale del monte Iearim, che è Kesalon, scendeva a Beth-Scemesh e passava per Timna.

11 Di là il confine continuava verso il lato settentrionale di Escron, si estendeva verso Scikron, passava per il monte Baala, si prolungava fino a Iabneel, e facea capo al mare.

12 Il confine occidentale era il mar grande. Tali furono da tutti i lati i confini dei figliuoli di Giuda secondo le loro famiglie.

13 A Caleb, figliuolo di Gefunne, Giosuè dette una parte in mezzo ai figliuoli di Giuda, come l’Eterno gli avea comandato, cioè: la città di Arba padre di Anak, la quale è Hebron.

14 E Caleb ne cacciò i tre figliuoli di Anak, Sceshai, Ahiman e Talmai, discendenti di Anak.

15 Di là salì contro gli abitanti di Debir, che prima si chiamava Kiriath-Sefer.

16 E Caleb disse: "A chi batterà Kiriath-Sefer e la prenderà io darò in moglie Acsa mia figliuola".

17 Allora Otniel, figliuolo di Kenaz, fratello di Caleb la prese, e Caleb gli diede in moglie Acsa sua figliuola.

18 E quando ella venne a star con lui, persuase Otniel a chiedere un campo a Caleb, suo padre. Essa scese di sull’asino, e Caleb le disse: "Che vuoi?"

19 E quella rispose: "Fammi un dono; giacché tu m’hai stabilita in una terra arida, dammi anche delle sorgenti d’acqua". Ed egli le donò le sorgenti superiori e le sorgenti sottostanti.

20 Questa è l’eredità della tribù dei figliuoli di Giuda, secondo le loro famiglie:

21 Le città poste all’estremità della tribù dei figliuoli di Giuda, verso il confine di Edom, dal lato di mezzogiorno, erano:

22 Kabtseel, Eder, Jagur, Kina, Dimona, Adeada,

23 Kades, Hatsor, Itnan,

24 Zif, Telem, Bealoth,

25 Hatsor-Hadatta, Kerioth-Hetsron, che è Hatsor,

26 Amam, Scema, Molada,

27 Hatsar-Gadda, Heshmon, Beth-Palet,

28 Hatsar-Shual, Beer-Sceba, Biziotia, Baala, Tim, Atsen,

29 Eltolad, Kesil, Horma,

30 Tsiklag, Madmanna,

31 Sansanna,

32 Lebaoth, Scilhim, Ain, Rimmon; in tutto ventinove città e i loro villaggi.

33 Nella regione bassa: Eshtaol, Tsorea, Ashna,

34 Zanoah, En-Gannim, Tappuah, Enam,

35 Iarmuth, Adullam, Soco, Azeka,

36 Shaaraim, Aditaim, Ghedera e Ghederotaim: quattordici città e i loro villaggi;

37 Tsenan, Hadasha, Migdal-Gad,

38 Dilean, Mitspe, Iokteel,

39 Lakis, Botskath, Eglon,

40 Cabbon, Lahmas, Kitlish,

41 Ghederoth, Beth-Dagon, Naama e Makkeda: sedici città e i loro villaggi;

42 Libna, Ether, Ashan,

43 Iftah, Ashna, Netsib,

44 Keila, Aczib e Maresha: nove città e i loro villaggi;

45 Ekron, le città del suo territorio e i suoi villaggi;

46 da Ekron e a occidente, tutte le città vicine a Asdod e i loro villaggi;

47 Asdod, le città del suo territorio e i suoi villaggi; Gaza, le città del suo territorio e i suoi villaggi fino al torrente d’Egitto e al mar grande, che serve di confine.

48 Nella contrada montuosa: Shanoir, Iattir, Soco,

49 Danna, Kiriath-Sanna, che è Debir,

50 Anab, Esthemo, Anim,

51 Goscen, Holon e Ghilo: undici città e i loro villaggi;

52 Arab, Duma, Escean,

53 Ianum, Beth-Tappuah, Afeka,

54 Humta, Kiriath-Arba, che è Hebron, e Tsior: nove città e i loro villaggi;

55 Maon, Carmel, Zif, Iuta,

56 Iizreel, Iokdeam, Zanoah,

57 Kain, Ghibea e Timna: dieci città e i loro villaggi;

58 Halhul, Beth-Tsur, Ghedor,

59 Maarath, Beth-Anoth e Eltekon: sei città e i loro villaggi;

60 Kiriath-Baal che è Kiriath-Iearim, e Rabba: due città e i loro villaggi.

61 Nel deserto: Beth-Araba, Middin, Secacah,

62 Nibshan, Ir-Hammelah e Enghedi: sei città e i loro villaggi.

63 Quanto ai Gebusei che abitavano in Gerusalemme, i figliuoli di Giuda non li poteron cacciare; e i Gebusei hanno abitato coi figliuoli di Giuda in Gerusalemme fino al dì d’oggi.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 15      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 15: Judah’s territory and more about Caleb.

This chapter describes the territory given to the tribe of Judah, and lists many of its cities and borders. Judah received a major portion of the land of Canaan; its eastern border was the Salt Sea (the Dead Sea), and the western border was the Great Sea (the Mediterranean).

Although Judah was the fourth son of Jacob, he played a more significant role in many of the Old Testament stories than his older brothers did. So, it is not surprising that the tribe of Judah received extensive territory in the south of Canaan, which in later time became the nation of Judah, along with the tribe of Benjamin’s small territory. The name ‘Judah’ also eventually led to the name ‘Jewish’, coming from the Roman province of Judaea. The name ‘Judah’ also means “praise”, specifically praise of God (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 456).

Praise itself is a commendation of a person’s good qualities. To give praise is part of our love for our neighbour; to receive praise underscores our sense of our own value. To praise the Lord is to give thanks to Him, and to affirm the difference that the Lord makes in our life. Ultimately, praise is part of our faith in the Lord to lead us through this life and for eternity.

This uplifting, positive spiritual meaning of Judah does not mean that Judah (the man in the Old Testament) was without faults. He had his flaws, as everyone does, but at times Judah changed the course of events for a better outcome. It was Judah who persuaded his brothers to sell Joseph rather than kill him, and he also offered himself as a hostage for the sake of his brothers (Arcana Caelestia 4815[2]).

Chapter 15 lists very many locations in Judah’s territory. Here are just a few of the places listed, along with their meaning and spiritual significance:

Judah = “praise”
Spiritually = our worship of God

Which includes these, and many more aspects…

Zin = “flat, level ground”
Spiritually = life under God’s guidance

Kadesh Barnea = “holy wanderings”
Spiritually = becoming purified

Beth Hoglah = “house of the partridge”
Spiritually = bringing to birth

En Rogel = “water spring of the foot”
Spiritually = life in everyday activities

Jerusalem = “dwelling place of peace; wholeness”
Spiritually = our highest spiritual state

Nephtoah = “to be open”
Spiritually = to be part of all life

Timnah = “allotted portion”
Spiritually = what the Lord has created me for

Mount Hebron, which was in the territory of Judah, was given to Caleb as an inheritance because of his faithfulness to God. We read in this chapter that he conquers the giants living there, and drives them away from Mount Hebron. Caleb makes a promise that whoever takes the nearby city of Kirjath-sepher will have his daughter, Achsah, for a wife. Caleb’s brother’s son, Othniel, captures the city and marries Achsah. Caleb blesses Achsah and gives her springs of water upon her request, and he also gives Othniel a field.

The spiritual meaning of this touching story is that our spiritual life is intended to come together to be like a family (Arcana Caelestia 3020), just as Caleb, Achsah and Othniel are all close members of a family. Spiritual life is about bringing together our beliefs, our loves and affections, our intentions, and our actions. These different aspects of spiritual life become like one family where everyone – or everything – is interwoven together.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3708, 3858

Apocalypse Explained 431

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1585, 1616, 2723, 2909, 3862, 4599, 4816, ...

True Christian Religion 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesi 13:18, 21:31, 24:64, 35:23

Numeri 13:22, 21:3, 32:12, 34:3, 6, 12

Deuteronomio 2:23

Joshua 10:10, 31, 11:21, 22, 14:13, 15, 15:8, 9, 10, 11, 35, 45, 48, 57, 60, 63, 17:16, 18:5, 15, 28, 19:1, 5, 18, 26, 38, 41, 43, 20:7, 21:11, 14, 15, 16

Giudici 1:8, 10, 12, 18, 20, 13:2, 14:1, 18:12, 19:10

1 Samuel 4:1, 5:8, 10, 6:9, 12, 21, 7:14, 15:4, 12, 17:1, 25, 52, 22:1, 23:1, 14, 24, 24:1, 25:23, 43, 27:6, 30:27, 28, 30, 31

2 Samuel 2:1, 5:6, 18, 22, 6:2, 15:12, 17:17, 23:20, 26, 35

1 Re 4:10, 5:4, 8:65

2 Re 1:2, 14:11, 18:8, 22:1, 23:10

1 Cronache 2:42, 43, 45, 49, 50, 53, 4:13, 17, 18, 21, 28, 13:6, 27:15, 28

2 Cronache 11:7, 8, 9, 10, 20:2, 26:6, 10, 28:3, 18

Neemia 11:25, 30

Lavoro 2:11

Cantico di Salomone 1:14

Isaiah 17:5, 27:12

Geremia 7:31, 19:2

Ezechiele 48:7

Micah 1:14, 15

Zaccaria 14:10

Významy biblických slov

tribù
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

figliuoli
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Giuda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

famiglie
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

confine
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

verso sud
'South' denotes truth in light.

Sud
'South' denotes truth in light.

meridionale
'South' denotes truth in light.

salato
'Salt' is the desire of conjunction of truth with good, which is why only salt will conjoin water, which corresponds to truth, and oil, which...

lingua
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

torrente
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

Egitto
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

mare
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

giordano
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

settentrionale
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

nord
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

figliuolo
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

valle
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

lato
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

ghilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

acque
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

gerusalemme
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

delle acque
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

città
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

efron
Ephron (Gen. 23:8, 17) signifies those with whom the good and truth of faith, which are the constituents of the church, might be received.

montagna
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

Timna
'Timnath' denotes state of consultation regarding the good of the church.

grande
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

caleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

giosuè
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

mezzo
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

padre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

abitanti
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

prima
Nella maggior parte dei casi, il significato di "prima" è piuttosto semplice, sia come modo di valutare il tempo relativo, sia nel suo uso che...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

moglie
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

figliuola
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

fratello
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

campo
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

asino
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

terra
"Terra" nella Bibbia può significare una persona o un gruppo di persone che la pensano come in una chiesa. Ma si riferisce specificamente all'esterno della...

acqua
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

l’eredità
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

eredità
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

hatsor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

villaggi
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

quattordici
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...

Naama
Naamah, the sister of Tubal-Cain,' as in Genesis 4:22, signifies a new church of the doctrine of natural good, and truth from that church.

nove
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

gaza
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

Goscen
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.

carmel
Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

Ghibea
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

dieci
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

sei
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

rabba
Rabbath

due
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

abitato
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

oggi
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

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