Joshua 14

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Riveduta Bibbia (1927)         

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1 Or queste son le terre che i figliuoli d’Israele ebbero come eredità nel paese di Canaan, e che il sacerdote Eleazar, Giosuè figliuolo di Nun e i capi famiglia delle tribù dei figliuoli d’Israele distribuiron loro.

2 L’eredità fu distribuita a sorte, come l’Eterno avea comandato per mezzo di Mosè, alle nove tribù e alla mezza tribù,

3 perché alle altre due tribù e alla mezza tribù Mosè avea dato la loro eredità di là dal Giordano; mentre ai Leviti non avea dato, tra i figliuoli d’Israele, alcuna eredità,

4 perché i figliuoli di Giuseppe formavano due tribù: Manasse ed Efraim; e ai Leviti non fu data alcuna parte nel paese, tranne delle città per abitarvi, coi loro dintorni per il loro bestiame e i loro averi.

5 I figliuoli d’Israele fecero come l’Eterno avea comandato a Mosè e spartirono il paese.

6 Or i figliuoli di Giuda s’accostarono a Giosuè a Ghilgal; e Caleb, figliuolo di Gefunne, il Kenizeo, gli disse: "Tu sai quel che l’Eterno disse a Mosè, uomo di Dio, riguardo a me ed a te a Kades-Barnea.

7 Io avevo quarant’anni quando Mosè, servo dell’Eterno, mi mandò da Kades-Barnea ad esplorare il paese; e io gli feci la mia relazione con sincerità di cuore.

8 Ma i miei fratelli ch’erano saliti con me, scoraggiarono il popolo, mentre io seguii pienamente l’Eterno, il mio Dio.

9 E in quel giorno Mosè fece questo giuramento: La terra che il tuo piede ha calcata sarà eredità tua e dei tuoi figliuoli in perpetuo, perché hai pienamente seguito l’Eterno, il mio Dio.

10 Ed ora ecco, l’Eterno mi ha conservato in vita, come avea detto, durante i quarantacinque anni ormai trascorsi da che l’Eterno disse quella parola a Mosè, quando Israele viaggiava nel deserto; ed ora ecco che ho ottantacinque anni;

11 sono oggi ancora robusto com’ero il giorno che Mosè mi mandò; le mie forze son le stesse d’allora, tanto per combattere quanto per andare e venire.

12 Or dunque dammi questo monte del quale l’Eterno parlò quel giorno; poiché tu udisti allora che vi stanno degli Anakim e che vi sono delle città grandi e fortificate. Forse l’Eterno sarà meco, e lo li caccerò, come disse l’Eterno".

13 Allora Giosuè lo benedisse, e dette Hebron come eredità a Caleb, figliuolo di Gefunne.

14 Per questo Caleb, figliuolo di Gefunne, il Kenizeo, ha avuto Hebron come eredità, fino al dì d’oggi: perché aveva pienamente seguito l’Eterno, l’Iddio d’Israele.

15 Ora Hebron si chiamava per l’addietro Kiriath-Arba; Arba era stato l’uomo più grande fra gli Anakim. E il paese ebbe requie dalla guerra.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 14: The territories west of the Jordan, and Caleb’s inheritance.

This chapter tells how the land of Canaan would be distributed among the remaining nine-and-a-half tribes, which would be determined by drawing lots. The tribe of Levi, the priests of Israel, would not receive their own territory, but would be given cities to live in across the land. The tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, the sons of Joseph, were each recognized as a tribe of Israel to make the number of tribes receiving land equal twelve. Caleb and his people received Mount Hebron as a special inheritance, because he had fully and whole-heartedly followed the Lord God of Israel many years ago.

Casting lots was used in those days to decide many things, because people believed that the outcome showed the will of God. Lots were often sticks or stones, each marked with a symbol, which would be cast much like rolling dice. Then the result would be examined to make a decision. The spiritual meaning of casting lots is that we should allow the Lord to show us what is required, and believe that His providence extends over everything in our lives (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10773). “The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the Lord” (Proverbs 16:33).

The tribe of Levi, the third of the twelve sons of Jacob, had been set apart from the other tribes during their time in the wilderness; when the war cry “Who is on the Lord’s side?” was given before a battle, it was only the tribe of Levi who had responded. They were appointed as the priests of Israel for this dedication to God. Here, now, we are told that they are to live throughout the land (Arcana Caelestia 6998).

On a spiritual level, the Levites stand for the Lord’s presence throughout the whole of our life. Another way of putting this is that our spirit (and our life) is there throughout the whole of our body. And a third way of seeing this is that every part of our life should be guided by our love for the Lord. Other references to the Levites mention that all the people of Israel are to provide food and gifts for the Levites, reinforcing this same idea.

Caleb gets special treatment; he is given Mount Hebron as a new home for his people. Caleb and Joshua had been sent with 10 other men to spy out the land of Canaan 40 years earlier. They had given it a good report, and had - unsuccessfully - urged the Children of Israel to follow the Lord's leading and conquer the land at that time. Now, Caleb reminds Joshua about the Lord’s words to Moses regarding them, and Moses’ promise to give Caleb an inheritance. At the age of eighty-five, Caleb was still as strong as when spied out the land. He tells Joshua: “Now therefore, give me this mountain and the Lord will be with me to drive out the enemy” (Joshua 14:12). And it is given to him with a blessing from Joshua.

Mount Hebron is in the territory of Judah, west of the Dead Sea and south of what is now Jerusalem. Its name means ‘bound by a common bond’ or ‘accord’. Its spiritual meaning is that it brings diversity into unity, many into one, and for us, harmony in our spiritual life (Arcana Caelestia 3241[2]).

Caleb’s name means ‘bold, fearless, ferocious to enemies’. For us, Caleb is a picture of sureness and determination that to follow the Lord will always lead to success. Caleb never led Israel, but he acts as a right-hand-man to Joshua. Even though Joshua was the one to lead the children of Israel, there is still the need in each of us for Caleb’s enthusiasm, conviction and assurance to move forward with full confidence. His strength never left him, because he felt and lived the strength which the Lord gave him (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 137[5]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 9338


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1616, 2909, 3862

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