Joshua 13

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1 Or Giosuè era vecchio, ben avanti negli anni; e l’Eterno gli disse: "Tu sei vecchio, bene avanti negli anni, e rimane ancora una grandissima parte del paese da conquistare.

2 Ecco quel che rimane: tutti i distretti dei Filistei e tutto il territorio dei Ghesuriti,

3 dallo Scihor che scorre a oriente dell’Egitto, sino al confine di Ekron a settentrione: regione, che va ritenuta come cananea e che appartiene ai cinque principi dei Filistei: a quello di Gaza, a quello di Asdod, a quello di Askalon, a quello di Gath, a quello di Ekron, e anche agli Avvei, a mezzogiorno;

4 tutto il paese dei Cananei, e Meara che è dei Sidoni, sino ad Afek, sino al confine degli Amorei;

5 il paese dei Ghibliti e tutto il Libano verso il levante, da Baal-Gad, appiè del monte Hermon, sino all’ingresso di Hamath;

6 tutti gli abitanti della contrada montuosa dal Libano fino a Misrefoth-Maim, tutti i Sidoni. Io li caccerò d’innanzi ai figliuoli d’Israele; e tu spartisci pure a sorte l’eredità di questo paese fra gl’Israeliti, nel modo che t’ho comandato.

7 Or dunque spartisci l’eredità di questo paese fra nove tribù e la mezza tribù di Manasse".

8 I Rubeniti e i Gaditi, con l’altra metà della tribù di Manasse, hanno ricevuto la loro eredità, che Mosè, servo del l’Eterno, diede loro di là dal Giordano, a oriente:

9 da Aroer sull’orlo della valle d’Arnon, e dalla città ch’è in mezzo alla valle, tutto l’altipiano di Medeba fino a Dibon;

10 tutte le città di Sihon re degli Amorei, che regnava a Heshbon, sino al confine de’ figliuoli di Ammon;

11 Galaad, il territorio dei Ghesuriti e dei Maacatiti, tutto il monte Hermon e tutto Basan fino a Salca;

12 tutto il regno di Og, in Basan, che regnava a Astaroth e a Edrei, ultimo superstite dei Refaim. Mosè sconfisse questi re e li cacciò.

13 Ma i figliuoli d’Israele non cacciarono i Ghesuriti e i Maacatiti; e Ghesur e Maacath abitano in mezzo a Israele fino al dì d’oggi.

14 Solo alla tribù di Levi Mosè non dette alcuna eredità; i sacrifizi offerti mediante il fuoco all’Eterno, all’Iddio d’Israele, sono la sua eredità, com’egli disse.

15 Mosè dunque diede alla tribù dei figliuoli di Ruben la loro parte, secondo le loro famiglie;

16 essi ebbero per territorio, partendo da Aroer sull’orlo della valle dell’Arnon, e dalla città ch’è in mezzo alla valle, tutto l’altipiano presso Medeba,

17 Heshbon e tutte le sue città che sono sull’altipiano: Dibon, Bamoth-Baal, Beth-Baal-Meon,

18 Iahats, Kedemoth, Mefaath,

19 Kiriataim, Sibma, Tsereth-Hashahar sul monte della valle,

20 Beth-Peor, le pendici del Pisga e Beth-Iescimoth;

21 tutte le città dell’altipiano, tutto il regno di Sihon, re degli Amorei che regnava a Heshbon, quello che Mosè sconfisse coi principi di Madian, Evi, Rekem, Tsur, Hur e Reba, principi vassalli di Sihon, che abitavano il paese.

22 I figliuoli d’Israele fecer morir di spada anche Balaam, figliuolo di Beor, l’indovino, insieme con gli altri che uccisero.

23 Al territorio dei figliuoli di Ruben serviva di confine il Giordano. Tale fu l’eredità de’ figliuoli di Ruben secondo le loro famiglie: con le città ed i villaggi annessi.

24 Mosè dette pure alla tribù di Gad, ai figliuoli di Gad, la loro parte, secondo le loro famiglie.

25 Essi ebbero per territorio Iaezer, tutte le città di Galaad, la metà del paese dei figliuoli di Ammon fino ad Aroer che è dirimpetto a Rabba,

26 da Heshbon fino a Ramath-Mitspè e Betonim, da Mahanaim sino al confine di Debir,

27 e, nella valle, Beth-Haram, Beth-Nimra, Succoth e Tsafon, residuo del regno di Sihon re di Heshbon, avendo il Giordano per confine sino all’estremità del mare di Kinnereth, di là dal Giordano, a oriente.

28 Tale fu l’eredità dei figliuoli di Gad, secondo le loro famiglie, con le città e i villaggi annessi.

29 Mosè diede pure alla mezza tribù di Manasse, ai figliuoli di Manasse, la loro parte, secondo le loro famiglie.

30 Il loro territorio comprendeva, da Mahanaim, tutto Basan, tutto il regno di Og re di Basan, tutti i borghi di Iair in Basan, in tutto, sessanta terre.

31 La metà di Galaad, Astaroth e Edrei, città del regno di Og in Basan, toccarono ai figliuoli di Makir, figliuolo di Manasse, alla metà de’ figliuoli di Makir, secondo le loro famiglie.

32 Tali sono le parti che Mosè fece quand’era nelle pianure di Moab, di là dal Giordano, dirimpetto a Gerico, a oriente.

33 Ma alla tribù di Levi Mosè non dette alcuna eredità: l’Eterno, l’Iddio d’Israele, è la sua eredità, com’ei le disse.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3858, 3862

Apocalypse Explained 434


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 4117

Apocalypse Revealed 114, 352


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 140, 405, 435, 440, 447, 654

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Významy biblických slov

giosuè
Giosuè è menzionato per la prima volta in Esodo 17, dove gli viene detto di scegliere gli uomini per combattere per i figli di Israele...

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

filistei
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

Egitto
Nella Bibbia, Egitto significa conoscenza e amore della conoscenza. In senso buono questo significa conoscenza della verità dal Signore attraverso la Bibbia, ma in senso...

confine
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

settentrione
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

cinque
Five also signifies all things of one part.

libano
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

Ingresso
Tutti i cambiamenti di luogo nella Bibbia rappresentano cambiamenti di stato spirituale. "Entrare" - di solito usato come entrare nella casa di qualcuno o "andare...

abitanti
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

figliuoli
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

l’eredità
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

eredità
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

Israeliti
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

comandato
Comandare è dare un ordine che qualcosa deve essere fatto, ed è diretto a un individuo o a un gruppo. È un imperativo, non un...

nove
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

tribù
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

mosè
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

giordano
Il fiume Giordano separa la terra di Canaan dalle terre ad est. Questa separazione rappresenta la divisione della mente umana in una parte interna e...

città
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

mezzo
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

re
La mente umana è composta da due parti, una volontà e una comprensione, una sede di amori e affetti, e una sede di saggezza e...

heshbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

ammon
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

regno
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

oggi
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

levi
'Levi' signifies truth in practice, which is the good of life. 'Levi,' in the highest sense, signifies love and mercy, in a spiritual sense, he...

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

famiglie
Families (as in Genesis 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. See Secrets of Heaven 917. In Nahum...

sibma
'Sibmah' signifies the members of the external church, who explain the Word to favor worldly love.

valle
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

madian
'Midian' signifies people who are in falsity.

spada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Balaam
The Children of Israel entered the country of Moab during their long journey from Egypt toward the land of Canaan. Moab's king, Balak, was afraid...

figliuolo
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

villaggi
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

metà
Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

rabba
Rabbath

mahanaim
'Mahanaim,' as in Genesis 32:2, signifies the celestial and spiritual heavens, and in the supreme sense, the divine celestial and divine spiritual of the Lord.

succoth
'Succoth,' as in Genesis 33:17, and Psalms 60:6-7 and 108:7-8, signifies the quality of the holy state of truth from good, because 'Succoth' signifies tents,...

mare
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

sessanta
'Sixty' means the full time and state of the implantation of truth in our minds.

Makir
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

pianure
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

gerico
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Land of Canaan Map
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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