Joshua 11

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Riveduta Bibbia (1927)         

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1 Or come Iabin, re di Hatsor, ebbe udito queste cose, mandò de’ messi a Iobab re di Madon, al re di Scimron, al re di Acsaf,

2 ai re ch’erano al nord nella contrada montuosa, nella pianura al sud di Kinnereth, nella regione bassa, e sulle alture di Dor a ponente,

3 ai Cananei d’oriente e di ponente, agli Amorei, agli Hittei, ai Ferezei, ai Gebusei nella contrada montuosa, agli Hivvei appiè dello Hermon nel paese di Mitspa.

4 E quelli uscirono, con tutti i loro eserciti, formando un popolo innumerevole come la rena ch’è sul lido del mare, e con cavalli e carri in grandissima quantità.

5 Tutti questi re si riunirono e vennero ad accamparsi assieme presso le acque di Merom per combattere contro Israele.

6 E l’Eterno disse a Giosuè: "Non li temere, perché domani, a quest’ora, io farò che saran tutti uccisi davanti a Israele; tu taglierai i garetti ai loro cavalli e darai fuoco ai loro carri".

7 Giosuè dunque, con tutta la sua gente di guerra, marciò all’improvviso contro di essi alle acque di Merom, e piombò loro addosso;

8 e l’Eterno li diede nelle mani degl’Israeliti, i quali li batterono e l’inseguirono fino a Sidone la grande, fino a Misrefot-Maim e fino alla valle di Mitspa, verso oriente; li batteron così da non lasciarne scampare uno.

9 E Giosuè li tratto come gli avea detto l’Eterno: tagliò i garetti ai loro cavalli e dette fuoco ai loro carri.

10 Al suo ritorno, e in quel medesimo tempo, Giosuè prese Hatsor e ne fece perire di spada il re; poiché Hatsor era stata per l’addietro la capitale di tutti quei regni.

11 Mise anche a fil di spada tutte le persone che vi si trovavano, votandole allo sterminio; non vi restò anima viva, e dette Hatsor alle fiamme.

12 Giosuè prese pure tutte le città di quei re e tutti i loro re, e li mise a fil di spada e li votò allo sterminio, come aveva ordinato Mosè, servo dell’Eterno.

13 Ma Israele non arse alcuna delle città poste in collina, salvo Hatsor, la sola che Giosuè incendiasse.

14 E i figliuoli d’Israele si tennero per sé tutto il bottino di quelle città e il bestiame, ma misero a fil di spada tutti gli uomini fino al loro completo sterminio, senza lasciare anima viva.

15 Come l’Eterno avea comandato a Mosè suo servo, così Mosè ordinò a Giosuè, e così fece Giosuè, il quale non trascurò alcuno degli ordini che l’Eterno avea dato a Mosè.

16 Giosuè dunque prese tutto quel paese, la contrada montuosa, tutto il mezzogiorno, tutto il paese di Goscen, la regione bassa, la pianura, la contrada montuosa d’Israele e le sue regioni basse,

17 dalla montagna brulla che s’eleva verso Seir, fino a Baal-Gad nella valle del Libano appiè del monte Hermon; prese tutti i loro re, li colpì e li mise a morte.

18 Giosuè fece per lungo tempo guerra a tutti quei re.

19 Non ci fu città che facesse pace coi figliuoli d’Israele, eccetto gli Hivvei che abitavano Gabaon; le presero tutte, combattendo;

20 perché l’Eterno facea sì che il loro cuore si ostinasse a dar battaglia ad Israele, onde Israele li votasse allo sterminio senza che ci fosse pietà per loro, e li distruggesse come l’Eterno avea comandato a Mosè.

21 In quel medesimo tempo, Giosuè si mise in marcia e sterminò gli Anakiti della contrada montuosa, di Hebron, di Debir, di Anab, di tutta la contrada montuosa di Giuda e di tutta la contrada montuosa d’Israele; Giosuè li votò allo sterminio con le loro città.

22 Non rimasero più Anakiti nel paese de’ figliuoli d’Israele; non ne restarono che alcuni in Gaza, in Gath e in Asdod.

23 Giosuè dunque prese tutto il paese, esattamente come l’Eterno avea detto a Mosè; e Giosuè lo diede in eredità a Israele, tribù per tribù, secondo la parte che toccava a ciascuna. E il paese ebbe requie dalla guerra.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 11      

Joshua 11: Joshua conquers the entire land.

In this chapter, the Canaanite kings of the north, east and west heard that Israel had conquered all of the southern Canaanite territories. Jabin, king of Hazor, called upon the other Canaanite kingdoms to join forces and attack Israel with a great army.

The Lord reassured Joshua, “Be not afraid because of them: for tomorrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel” (verse 6). So Joshua counterattacked, and Israel defeated the Canaanites just as the Lord had said.

The rest of the chapter is an account of Joshua’s victories, now here, now there. Israel destroyed each of the Canaanite cities and territories and not one of them was left undefeated (See Swedenborg’s work, The New Jerusalem and Its Heavenly Doctrine 161-164). In all of Canaan, only the Gibeonites were spared because they had made a peace treaty with Israel. The chapter closes with these words: “So Joshua took the whole land according to all that the Lord had said to Moses, and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land had rest from war” (verse 23).

Now we turn to the spiritual meaning of all this, and its meaning for us. Because of our inherited, human nature, each of us has internal things we have to contend with in our natural life. These Canaanites - the faults we must overcome - are described by the compass points: north, south, east and west. Here are the spiritual meanings of the four cardinal directions (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 141-153):

West = less love

East = greater love

North = less light and wisdom

South = greater light and wisdom

Swedenborg tells us that heaven is organized by this principle. Angels with the clearest perception of love live in the eastern region of heaven, while those with a more hazy understanding live in the west. The same thing applies to the north/south axis; those in a “clear light of wisdom” live in the south, and those in a “dim light of wisdom” live in the north (Heaven and Hell 148). These poles represent angels’ states of love and wisdom, and their use. Just like people on earth, angels experience varying states of love and wisdom - sometimes more, sometimes less - but with angels this leads to them turning again to the Lord to acknowledge that he is their God.

The same pattern exists in hell, but instead of love and wisdom there is self-love (or even hatred) and false thinking from this distorted love. In hell, the degree of intensity in these states is between the rage to dominate and the exhaustion of failing.

In our life on earth, we experience states of both heaven and hell. As we are only partly regenerated, we rapidly switch between these states because of our emotions and the upheavals of life in this world. This chapter about the conflict between Israel and the Canaanites represents our own, personal decisions about what will be the ruling influence in our lives - heaven or hell (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5982).

The end of this chapter offers two important statements describing the conflict between heaven and hell. The first one (in verse 20) says the Lord hardened the hearts of Israel’s enemies so that they came to attack, and consequently were destroyed. This tells us that we have to see our evils for what they are in order to turn away from them (See Swedenborg’s unpublished work, Charity 179-180).

The second statement (verses 21-22) says that Joshua completely destroyed the Anakim, except beyond the borders of the land. The Anakim were giants, and they stand for those enormous tensions and rages which evil spirits from hell bring us at times. This (reassuringly) helps us see that we are not like that ourselves, but we could be if we let those evil spirits make a home in our hearts and minds (Arcana Caelestia 2909[3]).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 2909, 2913, 3527, 4240, 4431, 6860

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Významy biblických slov

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

hatsor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

udito
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

nord
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

pianura
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

Sud
'South' denotes truth in light.

hivvei
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

rena
'Sand,' as in Matthew 7:27, signifies faith separate from charity.

mare
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

cavalli
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

acque
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

giosuè
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

domani
'Tomorrow' signifies eternity.

fuoco
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

guerra
La guerra nella Parola rappresenta il combattimento della tentazione quando ciò che è bene è assalito da ciò che è male o falso. Il male...

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Israeliti
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

detto
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

ritorno
Ci sono molti esempi nella Bibbia che descrivono persone che tornano indietro, che si guardano indietro o che tornano indietro. Nella maggior parte dei casi...

tempo
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

spada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

anima
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

città
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

ordinato
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

mosè
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

figliuoli
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

bottino
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

comandato
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

ordini
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Goscen
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.

montagna
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

libano
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

lungo
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

gabaon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

cuore
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

battaglia
La guerra nella Parola rappresenta il combattimento della tentazione quando ciò che è bene è assalito da ciò che è male o falso. Il male...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

Giuda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

gaza
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

gath
Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

eredità
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

tribù
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

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 Canaanite Chariots
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Chariots in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Complete a crossword on chariots in the Word by looking up references to stories in the Old ad New Testaments.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Joshua Destroys the Chariots
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Map of the Northern Conquest of Canaan
Map of the route of the northern conquest of Canaan with questions to answer.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Northern Conquest of Canaan Review Questions
Read Joshua 11 to complete the sentences. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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