Joshua 10

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1 Or quando Adoni-Tsedek, re di Gerusalemme, udì che Giosuè avea preso Ai e l’avea votata allo sterminio, che avea trattato Ai e il suo re nel modo che avea trattato Gerico e il suo re, che gli abitanti di Gabaon avean fatto la pace con gl’Israeliti ed erano in mezzo a loro,

2 fu tutto spaventato; perché Gabaon era una città grande come una delle città reali, anche più grande di Ai, e tutti gli uomini suoi erano valorosi.

3 Perciò Adoni-Tsedek, re di Gerusalemme, mandò a dire a Hoham re di Hebron, a Piram re di Iarmuth, a Iafia re di Lakis e a Debir re di Eglon:

4 "Salite da me, soccorretemi, e noi batteremo Gabaon, perché ha fatto la pace con Giosuè e coi figliuoli d’Israele".

5 E cinque re degli Amorei, il re di Gerusalemme, il re di Hebron, il re di Iarmuth, il re di Lakis e il re di Eglon si radunarono, salirono con tutti i loro eserciti, si accamparono dirimpetto a Gabaon, e l’attaccarono.

6 Allora i Gabaoniti mandarono a dire a Giosuè, al campo di Ghilgal: "Non negare ai tuoi servi il tuo aiuto, affrettati a salire da noi, liberaci, soccorrici, perché tutti i re degli Amorei che abitano la contrada montuosa si sono radunati contro di noi".

7 E Giosuè salì da Ghilgal, con tutta la gente di guerra e con tutti gli uomini segnalati per valore.

8 E l’Eterno disse a Giosuè: "Non li temere, perché io li ho dati in poter tuo; nessun di loro potrà starti a fronte".

9 E Giosuè piombò loro addosso all’improvviso: avea marciato tutta la notte da Ghilgal.

10 E l’Eterno li mise in rotta davanti ad Israele, che fe’ loro subire una grande sconfitta presso Gabaon, li inseguì per la via che sale a Beth-Horon, e li batté fino ad Azeka e a Makkeda.

11 Mentre fuggivano d’innanzi a Israele ed erano alla scesa di Beth-Horon, l’Eterno fe’ cader dal cielo su loro delle grosse pietre fino ad Azeka, ed essi perirono; quelli che morirono per le pietre della grandinata furon più numerosi di quelli che i figliuoli d’Israele uccisero con la spada.

12 Allora Giosuè parlò all’Eterno, il giorno che l’Eterno diede gli Amorei in potere de’ figliuoli d’Israele, e disse in presenza d’Israele: "Sole, fermati su Gabaon, e tu, luna, sulla valle d’Aialon!"

13 E il sole si fermò, e la luna rimase la suo luogo, finché la nazione si fosse vendicata de’ suoi nemici. Questo non sta egli scritto nel libro del Giusto? E il sole si fermò in mezzo al cielo e non s’affrettò a tramontare per quasi un giorno intero.

14 E mai, né prima né poi, s’è dato un giorno simile a quello, nel quale l’Eterno abbia esaudito la voce d’un uomo; poiché l’Eterno combatteva per Israele.

15 E Giosuè, con tutto Israele, tornò al campo di Ghilgal.

16 Or i cinque re eran fuggiti, e s’erano nascosti nella spelonca di Makkeda.

17 La cosa fu riferita a Giosuè e gli fu detto: "I cinque re sono stati trovati nascosti nella spelonca di Makkeda".

18 Allora Giosuè disse: "Rotolate delle grosse pietre all’imboccatura della spelonca, e ponetevi degli uomini per far loro la guardia;

19 ma voi non vi fermate; inseguite i vostri nemici, e colpite le retroguardie; non li lasciate entrare nelle loro città, perché l’Eterno, il vostro Dio, li ha dati in poter vostro".

20 E quando Giosuè e i figliuoli d’Israele ebbero finito d’infliggere loro una grande, completa disfatta, e quelli che scamparono si furon rifugiati nelle città fortificate,

21 tutto il popolo tornò tranquillamente a Giosuè al campo di Makkeda, senza che alcuno osasse fiatare contro i figliuoli d’Israele.

22 Allora Giosuè disse: "Aprite l’imboccatura della caverna, traetene fuori quei cinque re, e menateli a me".

23 Quelli fecero così, trassero dalla spelonca quei cinque re, il re di Gerusalemme, il re di Hebron, il re di Iarmuth, il re di Lakis, il re di Eglon, e glieli menarono.

24 E quand’ebbero tratti dalla spelonca e menati a Giosuè quei re Giosuè, chiamò tutti gli uomini d’Israele e disse ai capi della gente di guerra ch’era andata con lui: "Accostatevi, mettete il piede sul collo di questi re". Quelli s’accostarono e misero loro il piede sul collo.

25 E Giosuè disse loro: "Non temete, non vi sgomentate, siate forti, e fatevi animo, perché così farà l’Eterno a tutti i vostri nemici contro ai quali avete a combattere".

26 Dopo ciò Giosuè li percosse e li fece morire, quindi li appiccò a cinque alberi; e quelli rimasero appiccati agli alberi fino a sera.

27 E sul tramontar del sole, Giosuè ordino che fossero calati dagli alberi e gettati nella spelonca dove s’erano nascosti; e che all’imboccatura della caverna fossero messe delle grosse pietre, le quali vi son rimaste fino al dì d’oggi.

28 In quel medesimo giorno Giosuè prese Makkeda e fece passare a fil di spada la città e il suo re; li votò allo sterminio con tutte le persone che vi si trovavano; non ne lasciò scampare una, e tratto il re di Makkeda come avea trattato il re di Gerico.

29 Poi Giosuè con tutto Israele passò da Makkeda a Libna, e l’attaccò.

30 E l’Eterno diede anche quella col suo re nelle mani d’Israele, e Giosuè la mise a fil di spada con tutte le persone che vi si trovavano; non ne lasciò scampare una, e trattò il re d’essa, come avea trattato il re di Gerico.

31 Poi Giosuè con tutto Israele passò da Libna a Lakis; s’accampò dirimpetto a questa, e l’attaccò.

32 E l’Eterno diede Lakis nelle mani d’Israele, che la prese il secondo giorno, e la mise a fil di spada, con tutte le persone che vi si trovavano, esattamente come avea fatto a Libna. Allora Horam, re di Ghezer, salì in soccorso di Lakis;

33 ma Giosuè batté lui e il suo popolo così da non lasciarne scampare alcuno.

34 Poi Giosuè con tutto Israele passò da Lakis ad Eglon; s’accamparono dirimpetto a questa, e l’attaccarono.

35 La presero quel medesimo giorno e la misero a fil di spada. In quel giorno Giosuè votò allo sterminio tutte le persone che vi si trovavano, esattamente come avea fatto a Lakis.

36 Poi Giosuè con tutto Israele salì da Eglon ad Hebron, e l’attaccarono.

37 La presero, la misero a fil di spada insieme col suo re, con tutte le sue città e con tutte le persone che vi si trovavano; non ne lasciò sfuggire una, esattamente come avea fatto ad Eglon; la votò allo sterminio con tutte le persone che vi si trovavano.

38 Poi Giosuè con tutto Israele tornò verso Debir, e l’attaccò.

39 La prese col suo re e con tutte le sue città; la misero a fil di spada e votarono allo sterminio tutte le persone che vi si trovavano, senza che ne scampasse una. Egli trattò Debir e il suo re come avea trattato Hebron, come avea trattato Libna e il suo re.

40 Giosuè dunque batté tutto il paese, la contrada montuosa, il mezzogiorno, la regione bassa, le pendici, e tutti i loro re; non lasciò scampare alcuno, ma votò allo sterminio tutto ciò che avea vita, come l’Eterno, l’Iddio d’Israele, avea comandato.

41 Così Giosuè li batté da Kades-Barnea fino a Gaza, e batté tutto il paese di Goscen fino a Gabaon.

42 E Giosuè prese ad una volta tutti quei re e i loro paesi, perché l’Eterno, l’Iddio d’Israele, combatteva per Israele.

43 Poi Giosuè, con tutto Israele, fece ritorno al campo di Ghilgal.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 10      

Joshua 10: The five kings and how the sun stood still.

After hearing that Gibeon - a sizeable city - had made a peace treaty with Israel, the king of Jerusalem called on four other Canaanite kings to join him in attacking Gibeon. The Gibeonites asked Joshua to remember his promise to keep them safe, and Israel did so, coming to their defense. A great battle ensued at Gilgal. With the Lord’s help, the Israelites defeated the five Canaanite kings. As the Canaanites were fleeing, the Lord sent large hailstones raining down on them, killing more soldiers than had died in the battle. Then, Joshua asked the Lord to make the sun stand still until the enemy was defeated, and it stopped moving across the sky for one whole day.

The defeated kings fled, and hid in a cave at Makkeda. Joshua commanded his men to roll stones over the cave entrance, and to attack the rest of their fleeing enemies. After returning to the cave, Joshua’s men brought the kings out of hiding and stood on their necks, to demonstrate that the Lord would vanquish all of Israel’s enemies. Joshua hanged them, put them back in the cave, and once again sealed the entrance with stones. The rest of the chapter chronicles Israel’s defeat of many other Canaanite cities and kings.

This story shows us that life is amazingly connected and full of consequences. Spiritual life has its share of unforeseen consequences too. When we affirm our wish to follow the Lord, evil spirits will try to fill our minds with distressing thoughts to pull us away from Him. Sometimes this can lead us to rise up and resist our decision to follow the Lord (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The part of the chapter about the sun standing still represents our need to remain focused on the Lord during our struggles with temptation and regeneration. The Lord is our sun, and normally our awareness of the Lord rises and sets. This brings times when we feel the Lord’s presence strongly, and also times when we feel it is up to us to act as we wish. This is our normal rhythm, and it is right for us to have this cycle.

When we are involved in a spiritual crisis, we need to ensure that our mind’s focus stays with the Lord until we have made it through. This is like our sense of the Lord’s presence standing still ‘for a day’ in our mind’s sky, so that we will not lose our direction. This enabled Joshua and Israel to be victorious, just as it will with us (See Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 105).

When the Lord sent hailstones - frozen water - on the Canaanites, it represents the way in which false ideas from evil intentions backfire on the attacker of good, because evil is notoriously self-destructive. One lie leads to more another, until the wrongdoer is exposed and judged (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 457).

The cave of Makkedah, where the five kings hid, also holds spiritual significance because of its name, which means ‘the excellent place of shepherds.’ Shepherding represents the Lord’s care for us and our care for each other. Evil may hide behind a semblance of good but it can’t last. Joshua and his men later brought the kings out of the cave and hanged them, signifying that all true life comes from the Lord and His goodness, and He will bring an end to every evil and false way (Divine Love and Wisdom 363).

Israel’s subsequent conquest of other Canaanite cities depicts the follow-through that takes place after an important point in our regeneration: a decision, a refusal, an admission, a prayer to God. This results in a period of witnessing the Lord’s blessings, which naturally follow once we have affirmed our intention to be with the Lord in our life. The chapter ends, “All these kings Joshua took at one time because the Lord God fought for Israel.”

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 10      

Joshua 10: The five kings and how the sun stood still.

After hearing that Gibeon - a sizeable city - had made a peace treaty with Israel, the king of Jerusalem called on four other Canaanite kings to join him in attacking Gibeon. The Gibeonites asked Joshua to remember his promise to keep them safe, and Israel did so, coming to their defense. A great battle ensued at Gilgal. With the Lord’s help, the Israelites defeated the five Canaanite kings. As the Canaanites were fleeing, the Lord sent large hailstones raining down on them, killing more soldiers than had died in the battle. Then, Joshua asked the Lord to make the sun stand still until the enemy was defeated, and it stopped moving across the sky for one whole day.

The defeated kings fled, and hid in a cave at Makkeda. Joshua commanded his men to roll stones over the cave entrance, and to attack the rest of their fleeing enemies. After returning to the cave, Joshua’s men brought the kings out of hiding and stood on their necks, to demonstrate that the Lord would vanquish all of Israel’s enemies. Joshua hanged them, put them back in the cave, and once again sealed the entrance with stones. The rest of the chapter chronicles Israel’s defeat of many other Canaanite cities and kings.

This story shows us that life is amazingly connected and full of consequences. Spiritual life has its share of unforeseen consequences too. When we affirm our wish to follow the Lord, evil spirits will try to fill our minds with distressing thoughts to pull us away from Him. Sometimes this can lead us to rise up and resist our decision to follow the Lord (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The part of the chapter about the sun standing still represents our need to remain focused on the Lord during our struggles with temptation and regeneration. The Lord is our sun, and normally our awareness of the Lord rises and sets. This brings times when we feel the Lord’s presence strongly, and also times when we feel it is up to us to act as we wish. This is our normal rhythm, and it is right for us to have this cycle.

When we are involved in a spiritual crisis, we need to ensure that our mind’s focus stays with the Lord until we have made it through. This is like our sense of the Lord’s presence standing still ‘for a day’ in our mind’s sky, so that we will not lose our direction. This enabled Joshua and Israel to be victorious, just as it will with us (See Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 105).

When the Lord sent hailstones - frozen water - on the Canaanites, it represents the way in which false ideas from evil intentions backfire on the attacker of good, because evil is notoriously self-destructive. One lie leads to more another, until the wrongdoer is exposed and judged (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 457).

The cave of Makkedah, where the five kings hid, also holds spiritual significance because of its name, which means ‘the excellent place of shepherds.’ Shepherding represents the Lord’s care for us and our care for each other. Evil may hide behind a semblance of good but it can’t last. Joshua and his men later brought the kings out of the cave and hanged them, signifying that all true life comes from the Lord and His goodness, and He will bring an end to every evil and false way (Divine Love and Wisdom 363).

Israel’s subsequent conquest of other Canaanite cities depicts the follow-through that takes place after an important point in our regeneration: a decision, a refusal, an admission, a prayer to God. This results in a period of witnessing the Lord’s blessings, which naturally follow once we have affirmed our intention to be with the Lord in our life. The chapter ends, “All these kings Joshua took at one time because the Lord God fought for Israel.”

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1616, 2799, 2909, 5156, 7553

Apocalypse Revealed 11, 53, 399

Dottrina sulla Sacra Scrittura 103

True Christian Religion 265, 279


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 401, 503, 655

De Verbo (The Word) 15

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Esodo 9:22, 25, 11:7, 14:14, 25, 23:32, 33

Numeri 13:17

Deuteronomio 1:19, 2:23, 25, 34, 3:2, 7:19, 23, 20:1, 4, 21:23

Joshua 1:5, 6, 9, 8:3, 23, 29, 9:2, 3, 6, 8, 21, 24, 10:14, 15, 42, 43, 11:6, 7, 8, 12, 22, 12:8, 10, 12, 13, 15, 16, 15:35, 39, 19:42, 21:13, 15, 21, 24, 23:3

Giudici 4:14, 15, 16, 5:20, 6:16, 8:21

1 Samuel 7:10, 11, 12:18, 13:18, 14:31, 15:3, 8, 32, 17:1, 47

2 Samuel 1:18, 5:25, 12:31, 22:39

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Isaiah 28:21, 30:30

Geremia 48:10

Habakkuk 3:11

Zaccaria 14:3

Atti degli Apostoli 18:9

1 Corinzi 16:13

Rivelazione 21

Významy biblických slov

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

gerusalemme
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

giosuè
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

ai
Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

gerico
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

abitanti
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

gabaon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

Israeliti
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

città
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

grande
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

più grande
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

noi
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

figliuoli
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

cinque
Five also signifies all things of one part.

dire
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

campo
Gli accampamenti nella Bibbia rappresentano l'ordine spirituale - l'intera collezione di desideri di bene di una persona (o di una comunità ecclesiale) e di idee...

ghilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

guerra
La guerra nella Parola rappresenta il combattimento della tentazione quando ciò che è bene è assalito da ciò che è male o falso. Il male...

valore
Mighty,' as in Revelation 19:18, signify people who are educated about doctrine derived from the Word. By extension, 'mighty' signifies education or learning derived from...

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

notte
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

cielo
I cieli sono cose celesti e spirituali. Di conseguenza, sono le cose più profonde, sia del regno del Signore nei cieli che della terra. Questo...

pietre
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

spada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

parlò
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

giorno
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

sole
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

Luna
'The moon' signifies the Lord in reference to faith, and thus faith in the Lord. 'The moon' signifies spiritual good or truth. 'The moon' signifies...

valle
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

aialon
The valley of Ajalon has respect to faith: by the sun standing still upon Gibeon, and the moon in the valley of Ajalon (Joshua 10:12)...

nazione
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

nemici
Un nemico nella Bibbia si riferisce alle persone che sono nell'amore del male e al falso pensiero che scaturisce dal male. Ad un livello più...

scritto
In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

libro
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

giusto
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

un giorno
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

prima
Nella maggior parte dei casi, il significato di "prima" è piuttosto semplice, sia come modo di valutare il tempo relativo, sia nel suo uso che...

voce
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

uomo
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

uomini
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

piede
I nostri piedi sono le parti più basse del nostro corpo, e sono molto utili! Nella Bibbia, i piedi rappresentano la parte più bassa e...

collo
'The neck' signifies influx and the communication of interior and exterior levels and the following conjunction. The inmost or third heaven has reference to the...

dopo
Secondo Swedenborg, il tempo e lo spazio non esistono nella realtà spirituale, sono cose puramente naturali che esistono solo sul piano fisico. Ciò significa che...

morire
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

alberi
'Trees,' in general, signify the perceptions when discussing the celestial self, but when related to the spiritual church, they signify knowledges. A person in the...

sera
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

oggi
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

comandato
Comandare è dare un ordine che qualcosa deve essere fatto, ed è diretto a un individuo o a un gruppo. È un imperativo, non un...

gaza
Azzah, (Gen 10:19), signifies those things which are revealed concerning charity.

Goscen
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.

ritorno
Ci sono molti esempi nella Bibbia che descrivono persone che tornano indietro, che si guardano indietro o che tornano indietro. Nella maggior parte dei casi...

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