Exodus 18

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Italian: Riveduta Bible (1927)         

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1 Or Jethro, sacerdote di Madian, suocero di Mosè, udì tutto quello che Dio avea fatto a favor di Mosè e d’Israele suo popolo: come l’Eterno avea tratto Israele fuor dall’Egitto.

2 E Jethro, suocero di Mosè, prese Sefora, moglie di Mosè,

3 che questi avea rimandata, e i due figliuoli di lei che si chiamavano: l’uno, Ghershom, perché Mosè avea detto: "Ho soggiornato in terra straniera";

4 e l’altro Eliezer, perché avea detto: "L’Iddio del padre mio è stato il mio aiuto, e mi ha liberato dalla spada di Faraone".

5 Jethro dunque, suocero di Mosè, venne a Mosè, coi figliuoli e la moglie di lui, nel deserto dov’egli era accampato, al monte di Dio;

6 e mandò a dire a Mosè: "Io, Jethro, tuo suocero, vengo da te con la tua moglie e i due suoi figliuoli con lei".

7 E Mosè uscì a incontrare il suo suocero, gli s’inchinò, e lo baciò; s’informarono scambievolmente della loro salute, poi entrarono nella tenda.

8 Allora Mosè raccontò al suo suocero tutto quello che l’Eterno avea fatto a Faraone e agli Egiziani per amor d’Israele, tutte le sofferenze patite durante il viaggio, e come l’Eterno li avea liberati.

9 E Jethro si rallegrò di tutto il bene che l’Eterno avea fatto a Israele, liberandolo dalla mano degli Egiziani.

10 E Jethro disse: "Benedetto sia l’Eterno, che vi ha liberati dalla mani degli Egiziani e dalla mano di Faraone, e ha liberato il popolo dal giogo degli Egiziani!

11 Ora riconosco che l’Eterno è più grande di tutti gli dèi; tale s’è mostrato, quando gli Egiziani hanno agito orgogliosamente contro Israele".

12 E Jethro, suocero di Mosè, prese un olocausto e dei sacrifizi per offrirli a Dio; e Aaronne e tutti gli anziani d’Israele vennero a mangiare col suocero di Mosè in presenza di Dio.

13 Il giorno seguente, Mosè si assise per render ragione al popolo; e il popolo stette intorno a Mosè dal mattino fino alla sera.

14 E quando il suocero di Mosè vide tutto quello ch’egli faceva per il popolo, disse: "Che è questo che tu fai col popolo? Perché siedi solo, e tutto il popolo ti sta attorno dal mattino fino alla sera?"

15 E Mosè rispose al suo suocero: "Perché il popolo viene da me per consultare Dio.

16 Quand’essi hanno qualche affare, vengono da me, e io giudico fra l’uno e l’altro, e fo loro conoscere gli ordini di Dio e le sue leggi".

17 Ma il suocero di Mosè gli disse: "Questo che tu fai non va bene.

18 Tu ti esaurirai certamente: tu e questo popolo ch’è teco; poiché quest’affare è troppo grave per te; tu non puoi bastarvi da te solo.

19 Or ascolta la mia voce; io ti darò un consiglio, e Dio sia teco: Sii tu il rappresentante del popolo dinanzi a Dio, e porta a Dio le loro cause.

20 Insegna loro gli ordini e le leggi, e mostra loro la via per la quale han da camminare e quello che devon fare;

21 ma scegli fra tutto il popolo degli uomini capaci che temano Dio: degli uomini fidati, che detestino il lucro iniquo; e stabiliscili sul popolo come capi di migliaia, capi di centinaia, capi di cinquantine e capi di diecine;

22 e rendano essi ragione al popolo in ogni tempo; e riferiscano a te ogni affare di grande importanza, ma ogni piccolo affare lo decidano loro. Allevia così il peso che grava su te, e lo portino essi teco.

23 Se tu fai questo, e se Dio te l’ordina, potrai durare; e anche tutto questo popolo arriverà felicemente al luogo che gli è destinato".

24 Mosè acconsentì al dire del suo suocero, e fece tutto quello ch’egli avea detto.

25 E Mosè scelse fra tutto Israele degli uomini capaci, e li stabilì capi del popolo: capi di migliaia, capi di centinaia, capi di cinquantine e capi di diecine.

26 E quelli rendevano ragione al popolo in ogni tempo; le cause difficili le portavano a Mosè, ma ogni piccolo affare lo decidevano loro.

27 Poi Mosè accomiatò il suo suocero, il quale se ne tornò al suo paese.

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Word/Phrase Explanations

Madian
'Midianites' signify people who are in the truth of simple good.

Mosè
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Dio
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Egitto
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

Sefora
Zipporah, Moses's first wife, signifies different things in the three places that she appears. The relationships of Zipporah, her father Jethro (also known as Reuel)...

moglie
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

Due
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

figliuoli
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

uno
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

Ghershom
Gershom, as in Exodus 18:3, denotes the quality of the good of truth among those who are without the church.

terra
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Eliezer
Eliezer (Exod. 18:4) signifies the quality of the good of truths among those who are within the church.

padre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

spada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Faraone
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

accampato
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

incontrare
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

baciò
To kiss' signifies uniting or conjunction from affection. To kiss,' as in c, signifies initiation. 'To kiss' signifies conjunction and acknowledgment.

tenda
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

Egiziani
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

bene
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

benedetto
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

più grande
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

Aaronne
Aaron was the brother of Moses. He symbolizes two things, one during the first part of the exodus, when he was Moses' spokesperson, and another...

anziani
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

mangiare
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

mattino
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

Sera
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

viene
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

conoscere
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

ascolta
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

voce
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

porta
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

camminare
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

Lucro
'Lucre or gain' signifies every thing false derived from evil which perverts the judgment.

migliaia
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

centinaia
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

tempo
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

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