Deuteronomio 5

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1 Mosè convocò tutto Israele, e disse loro: Ascolta, Israele, le leggi e le prescrizioni che oggi io proclamo dinanzi a voi; imparatele, e mettetele diligentemente in pratica.

2 L’Eterno, l’Iddio nostro, fermò con noi un patto in Horeb.

3 L’Eterno non fermò questo patto coi nostri padri, ma con noi, che siam qui oggi tutti quanti in vita.

4 L’Eterno vi parlò faccia a faccia sul monte, di mezzo al fuoco.

5 Io stavo allora fra l’Eterno e voi per riferirvi la parola dell’Eterno; poiché voi avevate paura di quel fuoco, e non saliste sul monte. Egli disse:

6 "Io sono l’Eterno, l’Iddio tuo, che ti ho tratto fuori dal paese d’Egitto, dalla casa di schiavitù.

7 Non avere altri dèi nel mio cospetto.

8 Non ti fare scultura alcuna né immagine alcuna delle cose che sono lassù nel cielo o quaggiù sulla terra o nelle acque sotto la terra.

9 Non ti prostrare davanti a quelle cose e non servir loro, perché io, l’Eterno, il tuo Dio, sono un Dio geloso che punisco l’iniquità dei padri sopra i figliuoli fino alla terza e alla quarta generazione di quelli che m’odiano,

10 ed uso benignità fino a mille generazioni verso quelli che mi amano e osservano i miei comandamenti.

11 Non usare il nome dell’Eterno, dell’Iddio tuo, in vano, poiché l’Eterno non terrà per innocente chi avrà usato il suo nome in vano.

12 Osserva il giorno del riposo per santificarlo, come l’Eterno, l’Iddio tuo, ti ha comandato.

13 Lavora sei giorni, e fa’ in essi tutta l’opera tua;

14 ma il settimo giorno è giorno di riposo consacrato all’Eterno, al tuo Dio: non fare in esso lavoro alcuno, né tu, né il tuo figliuolo, né la tua figliuola, né il tuo servo, né la tua serva, né il tuo bue, né il tuo asino, né alcuna delle tue bestie, né il tuo forestiero che sta dentro le tue porte, affinché il tuo servo e la tua serva si riposino come tu.

15 E ricordati che sei stato schiavo nel paese d’Egitto, e che l’Eterno, l’Iddio tuo, ti tratto di là con mano potente e con braccio steso; perciò l’Eterno, il tuo Dio, ti ordina d’osservare il giorno del riposo.

16 Onora tuo padre e tua madre, come l’Eterno, l’Iddio tuo, ti ha comandato, affinché i tuoi giorni siano prolungati, e tu sii felice sulla terra che l’Eterno, l’Iddio tuo, ti .

17 Non uccidere.

18 Non commettere adulterio.

19 Non rubare.

20 Non attestare il falso contro il tuo prossimo.

21 Non concupire la moglie del tuo prossimo, e non bramare la casa del tuo prossimo, né il suo campo, né il suo servo, né la sua serva, né il suo bue, né il suo asino, né cosa alcuna che sia del tuo prossimo".

22 Queste parole pronunziò l’Eterno parlando a tutta la vostra raunanza, sul monte, di mezzo al fuoco, alla nuvola, all’oscurità, con voce forte, e non aggiunse altro. Le scrisse su due tavole di pietra, e me le diede.

23 Or come udiste la voce che usciva dalle tenebre mentre il monte era tutto in fiamme, i vostri capi tribù e i vostri anziani s’accostarono tutti a me, e diceste:

24 "Ecco, l’Eterno, l’Iddio nostro, ci ha fatto vedere la sua gloria e la sua grandezza, e noi abbiamo udito la sua voce di mezzo al fuoco; oggi abbiam veduto che Dio ha parlato con l’uomo e l’uomo è rimasto vivo.

25 Or dunque, perché morremmo noi? giacché questo gran fuoco ci consumerà; se continuiamo a udire ancora la voce dell’Eterno, dell’Iddio nostro, noi morremo.

26 Poiché qual è il mortale, chiunque egli sia, che abbia udito come noi la voce dell’Iddio vivente parlare di mezzo al fuoco e sia rimasto vivo?

27 Accostati tu e ascolta tutto ciò che l’Eterno, il nostro Dio, dirà; e ci riferirai tutto ciò che l’Eterno, l’Iddio nostro, ti avrà detto, e noi l’ascolteremo e lo faremo".

28 E l’Eterno udì le vostre parole, mentre mi parlavate; e l’Eterno mi disse: "Io ho udito le parole che questo popolo ti ha rivolte; tutto quello che hanno detto, sta bene.

29 Oh avessero pur sempre un tal cuore, da temermi e da osservare tutti i miei comandamenti, per esser felici in perpetuo eglino ed i loro figliuoli!

30 Va’ e di’ loro: Tornate alle vostre tende;

31 ma tu resta qui meco, e io ti dirò tutti i comandamenti, tutte le leggi e le prescrizioni che insegnerai loro, perché le mettano in pratica nel paese di cui do loro il possesso".

32 Abbiate dunque cura di far ciò che l’Eterno, l’Iddio vostro, vi ha comandato; non ve ne sviate né a destra né a sinistra;

33 camminate in tutto e per tutto per la via che l’Eterno, il vostro Dio, vi ha prescritta, affinché viviate e siate felici e prolunghiate i vostri giorni nel paese di cui avrete il possesso.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 5      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-5. The keeping the commandments and obeying the Divine will as given in the Word is the covenant to conjoin the soul with heaven.

Verses 6-21. The Ten Commandments, which are a summary of the Divine Law (For the full explanation of the Ten Commandments see Arcana Coelestia 8863-8912. It is perhaps scarcely necessary to state here that the fact of the moral commands containing a spiritual sense does not mean any weakening of the literal sense.)

Verses 22-29. The perception of the perfections of the Divine Being; and the utter discordance of its desires and thoughts therewith, alarms the soul.

Verses 30-33. Instruction that if the soul leads a good life as far as it can, it receives a perception of truth accommodated to its state which leads it on by degrees.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 448, 488, 1298, 1861, 2009, 2575, 2826, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 81, 216, 527, 529

Doctrine of Life 59, 60

True Christian Religion 284, 285, 291, 301, 305, 325


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 102, 412, 504, 532, 587, 594, 608, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 35, 43

The White Horse - Appendix 1

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Významy biblických slov

mosè
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

ascolta
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

oggi
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

noi
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

padri
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

vita
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

parlò
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

mezzo
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

fuoco
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

parola
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

paura
Fear has various significations according to the thing which causes it. Fear signifies love. Fear, as in Gen 28:17, signifies a holy change.

Egitto
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

scultura
'An image' signifies falsities from self-derived intelligence.

Immagine
'An image' signifies falsities from self-derived intelligence.

cielo
I cieli sono cose celesti e spirituali. Di conseguenza, sono le cose più profonde, sia del regno del Signore nei cieli che della terra. Questo...

terra
"Terra" nella Bibbia può significare una persona o un gruppo di persone che la pensano come in una chiesa. Ma si riferisce specificamente all'esterno della...

acque
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sotto
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

iniquità
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

figliuoli
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

benignità
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

mille
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

nome
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

giorno
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

comandato
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

sei
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giorni
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

lavoro
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

figliuolo
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

figliuola
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

serva
'Maids' denote external affections serving the internal.

asino
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

bestie
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

porte
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

potente
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

braccio
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onora
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padre
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madre
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...


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moglie
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campo
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

parole
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parlando
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nuvola
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voce
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due
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tavole
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pietra
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

tenebre
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capi
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tribù
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

anziani
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

vedere
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

udito
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

ha parlato
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

parlato
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

vivente
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

detto
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

osservare
'To observe' stands for all aspects of the Word in general.

perpetuo
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

tende
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

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Teaching Support | Ages over 15

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