Deuteronomio 24

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1 Quand’uno avrà preso una donna e sarà divenuto suo marito, se avvenga ch’ella poi non gli sia più gradita perché ha trovato in lei qualcosa di vergognoso, e scriva per lei un libello di ripudio e glielo consegni in mano e la mandi via di casa sua,

2 s’ella, uscita di casa di colui, va e divien moglie d’un altro marito,

3 e quest’altro marito la prende in odio, scrive per lei un libello di ripudio, glielo consegna in mano e la manda via di casa sua, o se quest’altro marito che l’avea presa per moglie viene a morire,

4 il primo marito che l’avea mandata via non potrà riprenderla per moglie dopo ch’ella è stata contaminata; poiché sarebbe un’abominazione agli occhi dell’Eterno; e tu non macchierai di peccato il paese che l’Eterno, il tuo Dio, ti come eredità.

5 Quando un uomo si sarà sposato di fresco, non andrà alla guerra, e non gli sarà imposto alcun incarico; sarà libero per un anno di starsene a casa, e farà lieta la moglie che ha sposata.

6 Nessuno prenderà in pegno sia le due macine, sia la macina superiore, perché sarebbe come prendere in pegno la vita.

7 Quando si troverà un uomo che abbia rubato qualcuno dei suoi fratelli di tra i figliuoli d’Israele, ne abbia fatto un suo schiavo e l’abbia venduto, quel ladro sarà messo a morte; così torrai via il male di mezzo a te.

8 State in guardia contro la piaga della lebbra, per osservare diligentemente e fare tutto quello che i sacerdoti levitici v’insegneranno; avrete cura di fare come io ho loro ordinato.

9 Ricordati di quello che l’Eterno, il tuo Dio, fece a Maria, durante il viaggio, dopo che foste usciti dall’Egitto.

10 Quando presterai qualsivoglia cosa al tuo prossimo, non entrerai in casa sua per prendere il suo pegno;

11 te ne starai di fuori, e l’uomo a cui avrai fatto il prestito, ti porterà il pegno fuori.

12 E se quell’uomo è povero, non ti coricherai, avendo ancora il suo pegno.

13 Non mancherai di restituirgli il pegno, al tramonto del sole, affinché egli possa dormire nel suo mantello, e benedirti; e questo ti sarà contato come un atto di giustizia agli occhi dell’Eterno, ch’è il tuo Dio.

14 Non defrauderai il mercenario povero e bisognoso, sia egli uno de’ tuoi fratelli o uno degli stranieri che stanno nel tuo paese, entro le tue porte;

15 gli darai il suo salario il giorno stesso, prima che tramonti il sole; poich’egli è povero, e l’aspetta con impazienza; così egli non griderà contro di te all’Eterno, e tu non commetterai un peccato.

16 Non si metteranno a morte i padri per i figliuoli, né si metteranno a morte i figliuoli per i padri; ognuno sarà messo a morte per il proprio peccato.

17 Non conculcherai il diritto dello straniero o dell’orfano, e non prenderai in pegno la veste della vedova;

18 ma ti ricorderai che sei stato schiavo in Egitto, e che di là, ti ha redento l’Eterno, l’Iddio tuo; perciò io ti comando che tu faccia così.

19 Allorché, facendo la mietitura nel tuo campo, vi avrai dimenticato qualche manipolo, non tornerai indietro a prenderlo; sarà per lo straniero, per l’orfano e per la vedova, affinché l’Eterno, il tuo Dio, ti benedica in tutta l’opera delle tue mani.

20 Quando scoterai i tuoi ulivi, non starai a cercar le ulive rimaste sui rami; saranno per lo straniero, per l’orfano e per la vedova.

21 Quando vendemmierai la tua vigna, non starai a coglierne i raspolli; saranno per lo straniero, per l’orfano e per la vedova.

22 E ti ricorderai che sei stato schiavo nel paese d’Egitto; perciò ti comando che tu faccia così.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 24      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-4. When the things loved do not accord with the things believed to be right in the soul, it is in a state analogous to divorce, and the things so loved by the external man and believed to be wrong must not be conjoined to the interior will.

Verse 5. When the understanding of truths is conjoined to its corresponding affection, a state of peace ensues.

Verse 6. No one is to be deprived of the truths of doctrine they live by.

Verse 7. Anything that perverts spiritual goods and truths to worldly uses is to be destroyed.

Verses 8-9. Caution against the danger of profanation.

Verses 10-13. In imparting truths the endeavour should be made to enable others to see from themselves, and not to force upon them one's own view.

Verses 14-15. Those who do good from inferior motives are not to be deprived of them.

Verse 16. Evil does not condemn till it is made a man's own by consent of the will and of the understanding.

Verses 17-18. External things are not to be despised, for the whole soul was in externals till redeemed thence by the Lord.

Verses 19-22. The soul must not return from states of good to the states of truth by which the former were gained, and which are for those still striving to reach them; a state of truth is one of bondage compared to a state of good.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 213, 1093, 2788, 2959, 3693, 3703, 4335, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 209, 794

Dottrina sulla Sacra Scrittura 51

True Christian Religion 226, 521


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 238, 328, 532, 695, 746, 750, 919, ...

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Významy biblických slov

donna
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

marito
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

trovato
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

odio
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

scrive
If knowing what’s right were the same as doing what’s right, we would all be thin, healthy, hard-working, law-abiding, faithful to our spouses and free...

moglie
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

morire
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

primo
Why would it be insulting for a man to refer to his married partner as his “first wife”? Because it implies there will be a...

dopo
Secondo Swedenborg, il tempo e lo spazio non esistono nella realtà spirituale, sono cose puramente naturali che esistono solo sul piano fisico. Ciò significa che...

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

eredità
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

uomo
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

rubato
In a natural sense, the commandment 'Thou shalt not steal,' in Exodus 20:15, means, according to the letter, not stealing, robbing, or committing piracy in...

fratelli
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

figliuoli
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

venduto
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

il male
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

male
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

lebbra
'Leprosy' represents unclean false principles grounded in profane things. 'Leprosy' signifies the falsification of truth and good in the Word, also the Jewish profanation of...

osservare
'To observe' stands for all aspects of the Word in general.

sacerdoti
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

ordinato
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

maria
'Miriam,' as in Exodus 15:20, signifies the good of faith.

Egitto
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

povero
'Poor' signifies someone who is not in truths, and people who are ignorant of good and truth, but desire instruction.

sole
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

giustizia
The word "righteous" has taken on a bit of negative shading in modern language. That may be because we hear it most often as part...

mercenario
'Hirelings' in the Israelitish church, as mentioned in Exodus 12:43, 45; Deuteronomy 24:14-15; Malachi 35, and elsewhere represent those who speak truth and do good,...

bisognoso
'Poor' signifies someone who is not in truths, and people who are ignorant of good and truth, but desire instruction.

stranieri
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

porte
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

giorno
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

padri
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

proprio
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

straniero
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

orfano
The fatherless signify those who are in good without truth, and are desirous by truth to be led to good.

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

comando
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

mietitura
'To reap' signifies executing judgment. 'Reaping' denotes the reception of truth in good.

campo
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

dimenticato
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

indietro
Ci sono molti esempi nella Bibbia che descrivono persone che tornano indietro, che si guardano indietro o che tornano indietro. Nella maggior parte dei casi...

vigna
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

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