Amos 4

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Italian: Riveduta Bible (1927)         

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1 Ascoltate questa parola, vacche di Basan, che state sul monte di Samaria, voi, che opprimete gli umili, che maltrattate i poveri, che dite ai vostri signori: "Portate qua, che beviamo!"

2 Il Signore, l’Eterno, l’ha giurato per la sua santità: Ecco, verranno per voi de’ giorni, in cui sarete tratte fiori con degli uncini, e i vostri figliuoli con gli ami da pesca;

3 voi uscirete per le brecce, ognuna dritto davanti a sé, e abbandonerete i vostri palazzi.

4 Andate a Bethel, e peccate! a Ghilgal e peccate anche di più! Recate ogni mattina i vostri sacrifizi, e ogni tre giorni le vostre decime!

5 Fate fumare sacrifizi d’azioni di grazie con lievito! Bandite delle offerte volontarie, proclamatele! Poiché così amate di fare, o figliuoli d’Israele, dice il Signore, l’Eterno.

6 E io, dal canto mio, v’ho lasciati a denti asciutti in tutte le vostre città; v’ho fatto mancare il pane in tutte le vostre dimore; ma voi non siete tornati a me, dice l’Eterno.

7 E v’ho pure rifiutato la pioggia, quando mancavano ancora tre mesi alla mietitura; ho fatto piovere sopra una città, e non ho fatto piovere sopra un’altra città; una parte di campo ha ricevuto la pioggia, e la parte di su cui non ha piovuto è seccata.

8 Due, tre città vagavano verso un’altra città per bever dell’acqua, e non potean dissetarsi; ma voi non siete tornati a me, dice l’Eterno.

9 Io vi ho colpito di ruggine e di carbonchio; le locuste han divorato i vostri numerosi giardini, le vostre vigne, i vostri fichi, i vostri ulivi; ma voi non siete tornati a me, dice l’Eterno.

10 Io ha mandato fra voi la peste, come in Egitto; ho ucciso i vostri giovani per la spada, e ho catturato i vostri cavalli; v’ho fatto salire al naso il puzzo de’ vostri accampamenti; ma voi non siete tornati a me, dice l’Eterno.

11 Io vi ho sovvertiti, come quando Dio sovvertì Sodoma e Gomorra, e voi siete stati come un tizzone strappato dal fuoco; ma voi non siete tornati a me, dice l’Eterno.

12 Perciò, io ti farò come ho detto, o Israele; e poiché io farò questo contro di te, preparati, o Israele, a incontrare il tuo Dio!

13 Poiché, eccolo colui che forma i monti e crea il vento, e fa conoscere all’uomo qual è il suo pensiero; colui che muta l’aurora in tenebre, e cammina sugli alti luoghi della terra; il suo nome è l’Eterno, l’Iddio degli eserciti.

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Shrnutí kapitoly

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

By Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 talk about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things. Fish are lower things, so it follows that fishhooks (verse 2) would mean being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 talk about things of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only in outermost things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (Secrets of Heaven 6380), so it follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when the rest are false, in consequence of which truths will have no power. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown in how blight attacked the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges - profanation meaning the mixing of good and evil together (Secrets of Heaven 1001:2).

This extends to all things of the church, the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768:3).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13. Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 204


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 382, 1069, 1453, 2165, 2220, 2799, 2842, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 336, 439, 474, 496, 502, 862

The Lord 49


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 403, 405, 513, 532, 556, 560, 608, ...

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Word/Phrase Explanations

parola
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Samaria
'Samaria,' as in Amos 4:1. 6:1, signifies the spiritual church perverted.

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

giurato
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

giorni
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

palazzi
'A palace,' as in Psalm 144:12, represents the understanding in which truths have a beautiful form. They have a beautiful form when they are from...

Bethel
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

ghilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

mattina
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

decime
'Tithes' or 'ten' denotes fullness, and 'a tenth part,' sufficiency.

lievito
Leaven' signifies evil and falsity, which should not be mixed with good and true things. In Leviticus 2:11, it says, 'no meat offering which ye...

figliuoli
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

dice
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

denti
'Teeth' signify the outer edges of the life of the natural self, or the sensory level. This has two kinds, the will, and the understanding....

città
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

pane
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

piovere
'Rain,' in a positive sense, denotes blessing, but in the opposite sense, damnation Rain,' as in Genesis 2:5-6, Exodus 34:25-27, and Hosea 6:3, signifies the...

due
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

acqua
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

colpito
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

vigne
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

fichi
The Writings tell us that the fig tree represents the "natural human," which is our outward life in the world, and the thoughts and feelings...

peste
'Pestilence' denotes the vastation of good and truth.

Egitto
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

spada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

cavalli
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

naso
'A nose' signifies the life of good, because of the respiration which happens through it, which is life in the internal sense, and because of...

Dio
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

sodoma
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...

incontrare
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

monti
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

vento
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

terra
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

nome
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

eserciti
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}


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