Amos 2

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1 Così parla l’Eterno: Per tre misfatti di Moab, anzi per quattro, io non revocherò la mia sentenza. Perché ha bruciato, calcinato le ossa del re d’Edom,

2 io manderò in Moab un fuoco, che divorerà i palazzi di Keriot; e Moab perirà in mezzo al tumulto, ai gridi di guerra e al suon delle trombe;

3 e sterminerò di mezzo ad esso il giudice, e ucciderò tutti i suoi capi con lui, dice l’Eterno.

4 Così parla l’Eterno: Per tre misfatti di Giuda, anzi per quattro, io non revocherò la mia sentenza. Perché han sprezzato al legge dell’Eterno e non hanno osservato i suoi statuti, e perché si son lasciati sviare dai loro falsi dèi, dietro ai quali già i padri loro erano andati,

5 io manderò in Giuda un fuoco, che divorerà i palazzi di Gerusalemme.

6 Così parla l’Eterno: Per tre misfatti d’Israele, anzi per quattro, io non revocherò la mia sentenza. Perché vendono il giusto per danaro, e il povero se deve loro un paio di sandali;

7 perché bramano veder la polvere della terra sul capo de’ miseri, e violano il diritto degli umili, e figlio e padre vanno dalla stessa femmina, per profanare il nome mio santo.

8 Si stendono presso ogni altare su vesti ricevute in pegno, e nella casa dei loro dèi bevono il vino di quelli che han colpito d’ammenda.

9 Eppure, io distrussi dinanzi a loro l’Amoreo, la cui altezza era come l’altezza dei cedri, e ch’era forte come le querce; e io distrussi il suo frutto in alto e le sue radici in basso.

10 Eppure, io vi trassi fuori del paese d’Egitto, e vi condussi per quarant’anni nel deserto, per farvi possedere il paese dell’Amoreo.

11 E suscitai tra i vostri figliuoli de’ profeti, e fra i vostri giovani dei nazirei. Non è egli così, o figliuoli d’Israele? Dice l’Eterno.

12 Ma voi avete dato a bere del vino ai nazirei, e avete ordinato ai profeti di non profetare!

13 Ecco, io farò scricchiolare il suolo sotto di voi, come lo fa scricchiolare un carro pien di covoni.

14 All’agile mancherà modo di darsi alla fuga, al forte non gioverà la sua forza, e il valoroso non salverà la sua vita;

15 colui che maneggia l’arco non potrà resistere; chi ha il piè veloce non potrà scampare, e il cavaliere sul suo cavallo non salverà la sua vita;

16 il più coraggioso fra i prodi, fuggirà nudo in quel giorno, dice l’Eterno.



Exploring the Meaning of Amos 2      

Napsal(a) E. Taylor and Helen Kennedy

In the Book of Amos, chapter two begins with the Lord declaring his anger against the people of Moab, Judea, and Israel. They have committed various wrongs against the Lord and the church, despite His efforts to guide them, and the chapter goes on to suggest that the Lord is losing faith in His people.

Verses 1-8 of this chapter describe the specific ways in which people can destroy or misuse the good and truth of the Word.

Verses 1-3 discuss the Moabites specifically. They represent people who corrupt the good and truth of the church, meaning they would twist what they learned from the Word to suit their own selfish purposes. Bones represent natural truths that we can use as a framework to support all higher knowledge that we learn, so the fact that people were ‘burning bones’ means they destroyed their own foundation to gain spiritual knowledge. In verse 3, the Lord says that he will cut off the judge and the prince, meaning that the Moabites’ failure to determine what is good (like the judge), and lead a life based in truth (like the prince) will not stand against the real spiritual principles of the Lord.

Verses 4-5 are about people who destroy celestial things from the Word, by turning their hearts away from the Lord. The people of Judea had believed they were the Lord’s chosen people for so many generations at this point that they grew complacent, and no longer felt they needed to obey the Lord’s commandments.

Verses 6-8 tell what can happen when people pervert spiritual truths from the church, and turn them into falsities. Swedenborg writes that most of the images from these verses - silver, shoes, dust, wine - can all represent either falsity, or only the most external type of truth. The Israelites were turning to these falsities and to their own greed, instead of using the Lord’s truths to help the poor and the meek.

In verses 9-11, the Lord reminds the children of Israel of everything he has done to prepare them for salvation. He fought for them and delivered them from Egypt, lifted up their leaders and prophets, and provided them with the truths they would need in order to be regenerated.

He also shows that He has the strength to punish them, because He’s already overcome the Amorites, who symbolize evil in general (Secrets of Heaven 6306).

Verses 12-16 describe how the Israelites perverted the knowledge the Lord tried to give them. Instead of trusting what the Lord had taught them, they turned to their own self-righteousness for guidance. Since they thought they had all the answers, they corrupted the Nazarites and silenced the prophets. Without a proper understanding of the Lord’s teachings, the people were no longer equipped to fight against evils or to grow spiritually.

At face value, this chapter depicts the Lord as an angry god who will punish those who disobey him. What seems to be anger is actually the Lord fiercely protecting us, and calling us to follow Him. This chapter reminds us to turn our hearts toward the Lord, and to live according to the truths of the Word.

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 2      

Napsal(a) E. Taylor and Helen Kennedy

In the Book of Amos, chapter two begins with the Lord declaring his anger against the people of Moab, Judea, and Israel. They have committed various wrongs against the Lord and the church, despite His efforts to guide them, and the chapter goes on to suggest that the Lord is losing faith in His people.

Verses 1-8 of this chapter describe the specific ways in which people can destroy or misuse the good and truth of the Word.

Verses 1-3 discuss the Moabites specifically. They represent people who corrupt the good and truth of the church, meaning they would twist what they learned from the Word to suit their own selfish purposes. Bones represent natural truths that we can use as a framework to support all higher knowledge that we learn, so the fact that people were ‘burning bones’ means they destroyed their own foundation to gain spiritual knowledge. In verse 3, the Lord says that he will cut off the judge and the prince, meaning that the Moabites’ failure to determine what is good (like the judge), and lead a life based in truth (like the prince) will not stand against the real spiritual principles of the Lord.

Verses 4-5 are about people who destroy celestial things from the Word, by turning their hearts away from the Lord. The people of Judea had believed they were the Lord’s chosen people for so many generations at this point that they grew complacent, and no longer felt they needed to obey the Lord’s commandments.

Verses 6-8 tell what can happen when people pervert spiritual truths from the church, and turn them into falsities. Swedenborg writes that most of the images from these verses - silver, shoes, dust, wine - can all represent either falsity, or only the most external type of truth. The Israelites were turning to these falsities and to their own greed, instead of using the Lord’s truths to help the poor and the meek.

In verses 9-11, the Lord reminds the children of Israel of everything he has done to prepare them for salvation. He fought for them and delivered them from Egypt, lifted up their leaders and prophets, and provided them with the truths they would need in order to be regenerated.

He also shows that He has the strength to punish them, because He’s already overcome the Amorites, who symbolize evil in general (Secrets of Heaven 6306).

Verses 12-16 describe how the Israelites perverted the knowledge the Lord tried to give them. Instead of trusting what the Lord had taught them, they turned to their own self-righteousness for guidance. Since they thought they had all the answers, they corrupted the Nazarites and silenced the prophets. Without a proper understanding of the Lord’s teachings, the people were no longer equipped to fight against evils or to grow spiritually.

At face value, this chapter depicts the Lord as an angry god who will punish those who disobey him. What seems to be anger is actually the Lord fiercely protecting us, and calling us to follow Him. This chapter reminds us to turn our hearts toward the Lord, and to live according to the truths of the Word.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 202


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 348, 1857, 3881, 6306, 6377, 9489, 10303

Apocalypse Revealed 316

Doctrine of the Lord 4


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 315, 355, 357, 376, 532, 633, 783

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 75

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Významy biblických slov

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

misfatti
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

quattro
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

ossa
Le ossa sono forti e solidali, forniscono un quadro di riferimento per il nostro corpo e rendono possibili il movimento e l'azione. Sono anche la...

edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

fuoco
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

palazzi
'A palace,' as in Psalm 144:12, represents the understanding in which truths have a beautiful form. They have a beautiful form when they are from...

tumulto
'A tumult,' as in Isaiah 8:4, signifies eager desire to combat against truths.

trombe
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

giudice
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

dice
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Giuda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

padri
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

gerusalemme
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

giusto
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

danaro
'Money' relates to truth.

sandali
In the Word, 'the sole of the foot' and 'the heel' signifies the ultimate natural. 'The shoe' is what clothes the sole of the foot...

polvere
'Powder' or 'dust' refers to love of self and the world.

terra
"Terra" nella Bibbia può significare una persona o un gruppo di persone che la pensano come in una chiesa. Ma si riferisce specificamente all'esterno della...

padre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

nome
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

santo
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

altare
Il primo altare menzionato nella Parola fu costruito da Noè dopo che uscì dall'arca. Su quell'altare, egli sacrificò al Signore animali puliti. Le montagne rappresentano...

vesti
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

vino
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

forte
In the Word, people who trust to themselves and their own intelligence are sometimes called 'strong,' as in Isaiah 1:31. This is because they suppose...

frutto
We tend to think of "fruit" in two ways in natural language. One is as food that grows on trees and vines, sweet and delicious,...

alto
'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.

radici
'A root,' as in Malachi 4:1, signifies charity. The dried up root,' as in Hosea 9:16, 17, signifies charity which could not bear fruit.

Egitto
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

quarant
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

figliuoli
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

profeti
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

nazirei
'A Nazarite' represents the celestial self.

ordinato
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

valoroso
Mighty,' as in Revelation 19:18, signify people who are educated about doctrine derived from the Word. By extension, 'mighty' signifies education or learning derived from...

arco
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

piè
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

cavallo
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

nudo
Clothing in general represents day-to-day knowledge about spiritual things, held in the memory so it can be used for the goodness of life. For someone...

giorno
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...


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