Amos 1

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Italian: Riveduta Bible (1927)         

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1 Parole di Amos, uno dei pastori di Tekoa, rivelategli in visione, intorno ad Israele, ai giorni di Uzzia, re di Giuda, e ai giorni di Geroboamo, figliuolo di Joas, re d’Israele, due anni prima del terremoto.

2 Egli disse: L’Eterno rugge da Sion, e fa risonar la sua voce da Gerusalemme; i pascoli dei pastori fanno cordoglio, e la vetta del Carmelo è inaridita.

3 Così parla l’Eterno: Per tre misfatti di Damasco, anzi per quattro, io non revocherò la mia sentenza. Perché hanno tritano Galaad con trebbie di ferro,

4 io manderò nella casa di Hazael un fuoco, che divorerà i palazzi di Ben-hadad;

5 e romperò le sbarre di Damasco, sterminerò da Bikath-aven ogni abitante e da Beth-eden colui che tiene lo scettro; e il popolo di Siria andrà in cattività a Kir, dice l’Eterno.

6 Così parla l’Eterno: Per tre misfatti di Gaza, anzi per quattro, io non revocherò la mia sentenza. Perché hanno menato in cattività intere popolazioni per darle in mano ad Edom,

7 io manderò dentro alle mura di Gaza un fuoco, che ne divorerà i palazzi;

8 e sterminerò da Asdod ogni abitante, e da Askalon colui che tiene lo scettro, volgerò la mia mano contro Ekron, e il resto dei Filistei perirà, dice il Signore, l’Eterno.

9 Così parla l’Eterno: Per tre misfatti di Tiro, anzi per quattro, io non revocherò la mia sentenza. Perché han dato in mano ad Edom intere popolazioni, da loro menate in cattività, e non si sono ricordati del patto fraterno,

10 io manderò dentro alle mura di Tiro un fuoco, che ne divorerà i palazzi.

11 Così parla l’Eterno: Per tre misfatti d’Edom, anzi per quattro, io non revocherò la mia sentenza. Perché ha inseguito il suo fratello con la spada, soffocando ogni compassione, e perché la sua ira dilania sempre, ed egli serba la sua collera in perpetuo,

12 io manderò in Teman un fuoco, che divorerà i palazzi di Botsra.

13 Così parla l’Eterno: Per tre misfatti dei figliuoli d’Ammon, anzi per quattro, io non revocherò la mia sentenza. Perché hanno sventrato le donne incinte di Galaad per allargare i loro confini,

14 io accenderò dentro alle mure di Rabba un fuoco, che ne divorerà i palazzi in mezzo ai clamori d’un giorno di battaglia, in mezzo alla burrasca in un giorno di tempesta;

15 e il loro re andrà in cattività: egli, insieme coi suoi capi, dice l’Eterno.

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 1      

By Steve David

The Internal Meaning of Amos, Chapter 1.

Verses 1-2 describe the Lord teaching us about the Word and doctrine from the Word. In this book of the Bible, the prophet Amos symbolizes the Lord. Amos was a shepherd, and of course that metaphor is used to describe the Lord Jesus Christ, too, in the New Testament.

The book of Amos describes the Lord's anger and impatience with the Children of Israel - in the literal sense. Inside, though, it is really a story of the Lord’s great love and concern for us. This is a book of promise: The Lord will triumph over hell’s quest to dominate us and destroy the gift of salvation. This victory is not an occasional interest of the Lord’s; He has an “ardent zeal” to protect us.

In verse 2, the roaring of the Lord from Zion and the uttering of His voice from Jerusalem teach us several things about Him in this context:
- He has grievous distress for His church and people.
- He has an ardent zeal for protecting heaven and the church.
- He warns of coming vastations.
- He points to the drying up of our “Mount Carmel” and the effects this will have on our “vineyards.”

There are different ways to destroy true ideas and good loves. Verses 3-15 in this chapter describe the different ways that people do this.

Verses 3-5 are talking about people who pervert knowledges from the Word, knowledges which help us form true, useful doctrine. When people successfully corrupt knowledge from the Word, they also undermine the good that would come from that knowledge. But, these people will perish, spiritually.

Verses 6-8 describe people who apply the Word to create or reinforce heretical false ideas. That's not a good thing to do; they will perish, too.

Verses 9-10 address people who pervert knowledges [cognitiones] of good and truth, and thereby injure the external sense of the Word.

Verses 11-12 are about people who pervert the sense of the letter of the Word by falsity, by which doctrine perishes.

Finally, verses 13-15 describe people who falsify the truths of the sense of the letter of the Word: they do not resist in the day of combat, but destroy the truth of doctrine.

What are we to make of this? One take-away is that the Lord loves us, and wants to protect us. Another is that he wants us to carefully read the Word and seek the truths in it - those in the literal sense, and those in the internal sense. From these we should form sound doctrine, and develop good loves that can be built on true ideas.

For further reading, see Arcana Coelestia 2606, 10325, and The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2606, 10325

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 367, 1197, 3995, 4171, 6419, 6804, 9340, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 343, 612


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 419, 532, 601, 746, 817, 850

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 75

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Word/Phrase Explanations

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Giuda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

prima
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

voce
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

Gerusalemme
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

cordoglio
In a general sense, mourning in the Bible represents a state of grief over the lack of desires for good and true ideas about life....

Carmelo
Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

misfatti
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

Damasco
Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.

quattro
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

ferro
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

Casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

fuoco
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

palazzi
'A palace,' as in Psalm 144:12, represents the understanding in which truths have a beautiful form. They have a beautiful form when they are from...

sbarre
Bars, as in Lamentations 2:9, signify doctrinals

Eden
According to the Writings, “Eden” by itself means love, in most cases the love that comes from the Lord and our love for the Lord,...

Siria
'Syria,' as in Ezekiel 27:16, signifies the church regarding knowledges of truth and good.

gaza
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

Edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

filistei
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

tiro
'Tyre,' as in Ezekiel 27:13-14, represents people with knowledge of celestial and spiritual things.

fratello
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

spada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

ira
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

Botsra
Bosrah, as in Isaiah 63:1 signifies a vintage, which is predicated concerning truth. Bozrah has respect to the divine truth, and Edom, to the divine...

figliuoli
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Ammon
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

rabba
Rabbath

giorno
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

battaglia
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

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