1 Samuel 8

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1 Or quando Samuele fu diventato vecchio costituì giudici d’Israele i suoi figliuoli.

2 Il suo figliuolo primogenito si chiamava Joel, e il secondo Abia, e faceano le funzioni di giudici a Beer-Sceba.

3 I suoi figliuoli però non seguivano le sue orme, ma si lasciavano sviare dalla cupidigia, accettavano regali e pervertivano la giustizia.

4 Allora tutti gli anziani d’Israele si radunarono, vennero da Samuele a Rama, e gli dissero:

5 "Ecco tu sei oramai vecchio, e i tuoi figliuoli non seguono le tue orme; or dunque stabilisci su di noi un re che ci amministri la giustizia, come l’hanno tutte le nazioni".

6 A Samuele dispiacque questo loro dire: "Dacci un re che amministri la giustizia fra noi"; e Samuele pregò l’Eterno.

7 E l’Eterno disse a Samuele: "Da’ ascolto alla voce del popolo in tutto quello che ti dirà, poiché essi hanno rigettato non te, ma me, perch’io non regni su di loro.

8 Agiscono con te come hanno sempre agito dal giorno che li feci salire dall’Egitto a oggi: m’hanno abbandonato per servire altri dèi.

9 Ora dunque da’ ascolto alla loro voce; abbi cura però di avvertirli solennemente e di far loro ben conoscere qual sarà il modo d’agire del re che regnerà su di loro".

10 Samuele riferì tutte le parole dell’Eterno al popolo che gli domandava un re.

11 E disse: "Questo sarà il modo d’agire del re che regnerà su di voi. Egli prenderà i vostri figliuoli e li metterà sui suoi carri e fra i suoi cavalieri, e dovranno correre davanti al suo carro;

12 se ne farà de’ capitani di migliaia e de’ capitani di cinquantine; li metterà ad arare i suoi campi, a mieter le sue biade, a fabbricare i suoi ordigni di guerra e gli attrezzi de’ suoi carri.

13 Prenderà le vostre figliuole per farsene delle profumiere, delle cuoche, delle fornaie.

14 Prenderà i vostri campi, le vostre vigne, i vostri migliori uliveti per darli ai suoi servitori.

15 Prenderà la decima delle vostre semente e delle vostre vigne per darla ai suoi eunuchi e ai suoi servitori.

16 Prenderà i vostri servi, le vostre serve, il fiore della vostra gioventù e i vostri asini per adoprarli ne’ suoi lavori.

17 Prenderà la decima de’ vostri greggi, e voi sarete suoi schiavi.

18 E allora griderete per cagione del re che vi sarete scelto, ma in quel giorno l’Eterno non vi risponderà".

19 Il popolo rifiutò di dare ascolto alle parole di Samuele, e disse: "No! ci sarà un re su di noi;

20 e anche noi saremo come tutte le nazioni; il nostro re amministrerà la giustizia fra noi, marcerà alla nostra testa e condurrà le nostre guerre".

21 Samuele, udite tutte le parole del popolo, le riferì all’Eterno.

22 E l’Eterno disse a Samuele: "Da’ ascolto alla loro voce, e stabilisci su di loro un re". E Samuele disse agli uomini d’Israele: "Ognuno se ne torni alla sua città".

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 8      

This chapter marks a historic turning point for the Children of Israel. Since their escape from Egypt some four hundred years earlier, the Lord Jehovah, through Moses, and Joshua, and then a series of judges, had directly ruled the people. Now, though, the people pleaded that they might instead have a king. In a sense, they wanted to be led by human nature, not by the God's law and prophets.

The corruption of Samuel’s sons, as judges over Israel, was what spurred this movement. Samuel had grown old, and his sons, Joel and Abiah, had become judges over Israel. However, they began to act immorally, taking bribes and “perverting judgement.” This is similar to the corruption of the High Priest Eli’s sons, described in 1 Samuel 2, and not unlike the misbehavior of two of Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, as in Leviticus 10.

Samuel prayed to the Lord, asking what he should do about the people’s demand for a king. The Lord assured him that the request came not because he, Samuel, had been rejected. Instead, it was the Lord Himself who the people of Israel had rejected. The Lord sent a warning through Samuel to the people, and Samuel told them of the personal and financial cost that would come with having a king. The king would use a substantial portion of the land’s resources, and take the best for himself. Having a king would also mean that they were rejecting the Lord’s direct leadership, and because of this they would be unable to call on His help in the way that they had in the past. The people heard the warning, but did not change their minds.

There are two united ways in which the Lord wants to judge us. One way is through love or goodness. The other is through truth. In other words, our lives can be judged according to the type of love that exists in our hearts, and therefore the love we exhibit toward others. We will make mistakes, but it is our intent that matters most. Judgment according to truth, by comparison, is somewhat cold. We either adhere to the law or we don’t. The two, love and truth, should exist together. Intentions should be considered together with what we actually do. From this time in Israelite history, the role of priest, representing judgment from goodness or love, was separated from the role of king, representing judgment by truth. They denied themselves the opportunity to be ruled by love and left themselves to be ruled by the cold letter of the law (see Arcana Coelestia 6148).

Swedenborg also discusses this concept in Arcana Coelestia 1672. He writes that there is a different meaning of a “people,” meaning truths, and a “nation,” meaning goods. Kings, he writes, are associated with a people, not a nation. Thus before the Children of Israel were ruled by a king, they represented “a good, or that which is celestial,” but while they had a king they represented “truth or that which is spiritual” (Arcana Coelestia 1672). This further supports the idea that they began to separate the judgement by truth and judgement by love, choosing only truth, or the law as represented by a king.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1672, 2015, 2567, 2723, 6148, 8301, 8770


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 638, 654, 919

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesi 46:1

Esodo 16:8, 23:6, 8

Deuteronomio 16:18, 17:14

Giudici 8:22

1 Samuel 1:19, 8:5, 7, 20, 22, 10:19, 25, 12:1, 2, 12, 17, 19, 23, 14:52, 15:11, 17:8, 22:7

2 Samuel 15:1

1 Re 12:4

2 Re 19:14, 21:9

1 Cronache 6:13, 27:1

Lavoro 8

Salmi 78:8, 81:12

Proverbi 1:25, 28

Isaiah 23, 59:1

Geremia 22:17, 44:16

Ezechiele 8:18

Osea 13:10

Micah 3:4, 11

Matteo 20:25

Atti degli Apostoli 13:21

Významy biblických slov

samuele
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

vecchio
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

giudici
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

figliuoli
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

figliuolo
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

primogenito
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

giustizia
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

anziani
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

rama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

noi
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

nazioni
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

dire
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

voce
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

giorno
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Egitto
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

oggi
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

servire
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

parole
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

cavalieri
'A horseman' signifies intelligence, or one who is intelligent. 'A horseman,' as mentioned in Revelation 9:16, signifies reasonings concerning faith alone. 'A horseman' can also...

capitani
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

migliaia
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

guerra
La guerra nella Parola rappresenta il combattimento della tentazione quando ciò che è bene è assalito da ciò che è male o falso. Il male...

figliuole
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

vigne
A vineyard signifies the church where the Word is, by which the Lord is known. (Apocalypse Revealed 650)

servitori
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

eunuchi
A eunuch (Isaiah 56:3, 5) denotes the natural man as to good, and the son of the stranger denotes the natural man as to truth;...

asini
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

lavori
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

guerre
La guerra nella Parola rappresenta il combattimento della tentazione quando ciò che è bene è assalito da ciò che è male o falso. Il male...

uomini
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

città
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

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