1 Samuel 7

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Riveduta Bibbia (1927)         

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1 Que’ di Kiriath-Jearim vennero, menarono su l’arca dell’Eterno, e la trasportarono in casa di Abinadab, sulla collina, e consacrarono il suo figliuolo Eleazar, perché custodisse l’arca dell’Eterno.

2 Ora dal giorno che l’arca era stata collocata a Kiriath-Jearim era passato molto tempo, vent’anni erano trascorsi e tutta la casa d’Israele sospirava, anelando all’Eterno.

3 Allora Samuele parlò a tutta la casa d’Israele dicendo: "Se tornate all’Eterno con tutto il vostro cuore, togliete di mezzo a voi gli dèi stranieri e gl’idoli di Astarte, volgete risolutamente il cuor vostro verso l’Eterno, e servite a lui solo; ed egli vi libererà dalle mani dei Filistei".

4 E i figliuoli d’Israele tolsero via gl’idoli di Baal e di Astarte, e servirono all’Eterno soltanto.

5 Poi Samuele disse: "Radunate tutto Israele a Mitspa, e io pregherò l’Eterno per voi".

6 Ed essi si adunarono a Mitspa, attinsero dell’acqua e la sparsero davanti all’Eterno, e digiunarono quivi quel giorno, e dissero: "Abbiamo peccato contro l’Eterno". E Samuele fece la funzione di giudice d’Israele a Mitspa.

7 Quando i Filistei seppero che i figliuoli d’Israele s’erano adunati a Mitspa, i principi loro salirono contro Israele. La qual cosa avendo udita i figliuoli d’Israele, ebbero paura dei Filistei,

8 e dissero a Samuele: "Non cessare di gridar per noi all’Eterno, all’Iddio nostro, affinché ci liberi dalle mani dei Filistei".

9 E Samuele prese un agnello di latte e l’offerse intero in olocausto all’Eterno; e gridò all’Eterno per Israele, e l’Eterno l’esaudì.

10 Ora mentre Samuele offriva l’olocausto, i Filistei s’avvicinarono per assalire Israele; ma l’Eterno tuonò quel giorno con gran fracasso contro i Filistei, e li mise in rotta, talché furono sconfitti dinanzi a Israele.

11 Gli uomini d’Israele uscirono da Mitspa, inseguirono i Filistei, e li batterono fin sotto Beth-Car.

12 Allora Samuele prese una pietra, la pose tra Mitspa e Scen, e la chiamò Eben-Ezer, dicendo: "Fin qui l’Eterno ci ha soccorsi".

13 I Filistei furono umiliati, e non tornaron più ad invadere il territorio d’Israele; e la mano dell’Eterno fu contro i Filistei per tutto il tempo di Samuele.

14 Le città che i Filistei aveano prese ad Israele, tornarono ad Israele, da Ekron fino a Gath. Israele liberò il loro territorio dalle mani dei Filistei. E vi fu pace fra Israele e gli Amorei.

15 E Samuele fu giudice d’Israele per tutto il tempo della sua vita.

16 Egli andava ogni anno a fare il giro di Bethel, di Ghilgal e di Mitspa, ed esercitava il suo ufficio di giudice d’Israele in tutti quei luoghi.

17 Poi tornava a Rama, dove stava di casa; quivi fungeva da giudice d’Israele, e quivi edificò un altare all’Eterno.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 7      

Here we find a broad-brush description of the life of Samuel, the last Judge of Israel, and the reality of the Israelitish world that he presided over. After the Philistines returned the Ark of the Covenant, it was taken to the city of Kirjath Jearim. Samuel commanded the people of Israel to rid themselves of their idols and worship of foreign gods, and return to worshiping the Lord. Chief among these idols was Baal. Baal was understood and worshiped in a variety of ways, most notably as the male god of fertility. Ashtoreth was the female equivalent.

The Children of Israel, like the nations around them, were polytheists at that time. They needed to be regularly convinced that Jehovah, the Lord, was the chief and most powerful God. A belief in only One God, who we now know as the Lord God Jesus Christ, was beyond them at that time. (see Arcana Coelestia 8301)

The people of Israel were called together by Samuel at Mizpah, where he judged them. The Philistines learned of this gathering and once again set out to make war with them. The Israelites made an offering to the Lord, and He responded to their cry by allowing them to push the Philistines back and reclaim cities that the Philistines had taken in previous conflicts.

Other similar skirmishes took place throughout Samuel’s life. There was an ongoing struggle between the Children and Israel, and the surrounding peoples. It represents the struggle we have between good and evil -- between the truths of the one God, Jehovah, and the Ten Commandments, and between the false, but popular, loves of self and the world.

Swedenborgian teachings describe how, in the earliest times of spiritual awareness in humanity, people knew that there was only one God, who was their Divine Creator and Redeemer. However, as people fell away from true faith, their worship degenerated and gradually became the worship of idolatry and multiple gods. In True Christian Religion 159, this is described as a form of insanity.


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1453, 8301

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 700, 817

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