1 Samuel 5

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1 I Filistei, dunque, presero l’arca di Dio, e la trasportarono da Eben-Ezer a Asdod;

2 presero l’arca di Dio, la portarono nella casa di Dagon, e la posarono allato a Dagon.

3 E il giorno dopo, gli Asdodei alzatisi di buon’ora trovarono Dagon caduto con la faccia a terra, davanti all’arca dell’Eterno. Presero Dagon e lo rimisero al suo posto.

4 Il giorno dopo, alzatisi di buon’ora, trovarono che Dagon era di nuovo caduto con la faccia a terra, davanti all’Arca dell’Eterno; la testa e ambedue le mani di Dagon giacevano mozzate sulla soglia, e non gli restava più che il tronco.

5 Perciò, fino al dì d’oggi, i sacerdoti di Dagon e tutti quelli che entrano nella casa di Dagon a Asdod non pongono il piede sulla soglia.

6 Poi la mano dell’Eterno si aggravò su quei di Asdod, portò fra loro la desolazione, e li colpì di emorroidi, a Asdod e nel suo territorio.

7 E quando quelli di Asdod videro che così avveniva, dissero: "L’arca dell’Iddio d’Israele non rimarrà presso di noi, poiché la mano di lui è dura su noi e su Dagon, nostro dio".

8 Mandaron quindi a convocare presso di loro tutti i principi dei Filistei, e dissero: "Che faremo dell’arca dell’Iddio d’Israele?" I principi risposero: "Si trasporti l’arca dell’Iddio d’Israele a Gath".

9 E trasportaron quivi l’arca dell’Iddio d’Israele. E come l’ebbero trasportata, la mano dell’Eterno si volse contro la città, e vi fu una immensa costernazione. L’Eterno colpì gli uomini della città, piccoli e grandi, e un flagello d’emorroidi scoppiò fra loro.

10 Allora mandarono l’arca di Dio a Ekron. E come l’arca di Dio giunse a Ekron, que’ di Ekron cominciarono a gridare, dicendo: "Hanno trasportato l’arca dell’Iddio d’Israele da noi, per far morire noi e il nostro popolo!"

11 Mandaron quindi a convocare tutti i principi dei Filistei, e dissero: "Rimandate l’arca dell’Iddio d’Israele; torni essa al suo posto, e non faccia morir noi e il nostro popolo!" Poiché tutta la città era in preda a un terrore di morte, e la mano di Dio s’aggravava grandemente su di essa.

12 Quelli che non morivano eran colpiti d’emorroidi, e le grida della città salivano fino al cielo.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 5      

The Philistines took the captured Ark of the Covenant deep into their own territory to a temple dedicated to their god Dagon in the city of Ashdod. Dagon has popularly been depicted as half man-half fish, and Swedenborgian teachings support this description. Early the next morning, the people of Ashdod found that the statue of Dagon had fallen on its face before the Ark. They set it back up, only to find it fallen again the next morning. This second time the head and hands were broken off the torso.

Modern translations often describe the people of Ashdod and surrounding territories as being struck down by “tumors.” A more accurate reading is that they suffered severe hemorrhoids- to be precise, “swellings of their private parts.” These afflictions were so serious that many people died. Swedenborg writes that these hemorrhoids represent earthly loves, “which are unclean when they are separated from spiritual loves.” The next chapter describes how the people were also afflicted with rodents- and this represents the “destruction of the church by distortions of the truth” (see Divine Providence 326).

These both indicate a separation of faith and charity, two important parts of spiritual life. Swedenborg talks about how the Philistines represent people with whom faith has been separated from charity (see Arcana Coelestia 1197 and Doctrine of Faith 49). Note here as elsewhere, that we should not directly connect any group of people to the positive or negative things that they spiritually represent. This means that we should not assume that the Philistines were any more guilty of separating faith from charity than any other group of people. We should instead think about how in this particular story, they are a symbolic representation of a particular type of human challenge.

The statue of Dagon fell on its face and was destroyed in front of the Ark of the Covenant, which held the Ten Commandments. This is an illustration of the power of the Lord’s Divine Word. A person’s faith cannot only be a belief in the Lord’s Word, or just an intellectual acknowledgement of His Commandments. It is a function of a life led based on these commandments. Belief without a good life, faith without charity, is destructive- on an individual level and a collective level. We see this symbolically represented in the destruction of the statue of Dagon.

The ways in which the statue was destroyed are symbolic, and speak to this message of faith separate from charity. For example, hands generally symbolize power, and the ability to put things into action, whether they be good or bad (see Arcana Coelestia 878). The hands were cut off of the statue of Dagon, perhaps representing that this false idol represents faith without action, or charity.

This further drives home the message that faith and charity must go together, to preserve an individual’s covenant with the Lord.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 700

Apocalypse Revealed 529

Divine Providence 326

Dottrina sulla Sacra Scrittura 23


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Doctrine of Life 59

Doctrine of Faith 52

True Christian Religion 71, 284, 614, 630, 691


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Spiritual Experiences 2472

Marriage 71

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Esodo 10:7

Deuteronomio 28:27

Joshua 11:22, 13:3, 15:11

Giudici 16:23

1 Samuel 4:1, 8, 6:2, 20, 17:52

1 Re 18:26

1 Cronache 7:21, 10:10

Salmi 97:7, 115:7

Isaiah 20:1, 46:7

Geremia 10:11, 14, 15

Amos 6:2

Významy biblických slov

filistei
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

arca
Ci sono tre arche menzionate nella Parola, l'arca di Noè, l'arca dei giunchi per il piccolo Mosè, e l'arca dell'alleanza nel tabernacolo. Tutte e tre...

di Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Dagon
Dagon, (1 Sam. 5:6), being the idol of the Philistines, signifies their religion, which also was faith separate from charity.

caduto
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

terra
"Terra" nella Bibbia può significare una persona o un gruppo di persone che la pensano come in una chiesa. Ma si riferisce specificamente all'esterno della...

posto
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

testa
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

oggi
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

sacerdoti
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

emorroidi
'Hemorrhoids' signify truth defiled by evil of life.

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

noi
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

gath
Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

città
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

morire
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

cielo
I cieli sono cose celesti e spirituali. Di conseguenza, sono le cose più profonde, sia del regno del Signore nei cieli che della terra. Questo...

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