1 Samuel 4

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1 Or Israele uscì contro i Filistei per dar battaglia, e si accampò presso Eben-Ezer; i Filistei erano accampati presso Afek.

2 I Filistei si schierarono in battaglia in faccia ad Israele; e, impegnatosi il combattimento, Israele fu sconfitto dai Filistei, che uccisero sul campo di battaglia circa quattromila uomini.

3 Quando il popolo fu tornato nell’accampamento, gli anziani d’Israele dissero: "Perché l’Eterno ci ha egli oggi sconfitti davanti ai Filistei? Andiamo a prendere a Sciloh l’arca del patto dell’Eterno, e venga essa in mezzo a noi e ci salvi dalle mani de’ nostri nemici!"

4 Il popolo quindi mandò gente a Sciloh, e di la fu portata l’arca del patto dell’Eterno degli eserciti, il quale sta fra i cherubini; e i due figliuoli di Eli, Hofni e Fineas, erano là, con l’arca del patto di Dio.

5 E quando l’arca del patto dell’Eterno entrò nel campo, tutto Israele diè in grandi grida di gioia, sì che ne rimbombo la terra.

6 I Filistei, all’udire quelle alte grida, dissero: "Che significano queste grandi grida nel campo degli Ebrei?" E seppero che l’arca dell’Eterno era arrivata nell’accampamento.

7 E i Filistei ebbero paura, perché dicevano: "Dio e venuto nell’accampamento". Ed esclamarono: "Guai a noi! poiché non era così nei giorni passati.

8 Guai a noi! Chi ci salverà dalle mani di questi dèi potenti? Questi son gli dèi che colpiron gli Egiziani d’ogni sorta di piaghe nel deserto.

9 Siate forti, Filistei, e comportatevi da uomini, onde non abbiate a diventare schiavi degli Ebrei, com’essi sono stati schiavi vostri! Conducetevi da uomini, e combattete!"

10 I Filistei dunque combatterono, e Israele fu sconfitto, e ciascuno se ne fuggì nella sua tenda. La rotta fu enorme, e caddero, d’Israele, trentamila fanti.

11 L’arca di Dio fu presa, e i due figliuoli d’Eli, Hofni e Fineas, morirono.

12 Un uomo di Beniamino, fuggito dal campo di battaglia, giunse correndo a Sciloh quel medesimo giorno, con le vesti stracciate e la testa coperta di terra.

13 Al suo arrivo, ecco che Eli stava sull’orlo della strada, seduto sul suo seggio, aspettando ansiosamente, perché gli tremava il cuore per l’arca di Dio. E come quell’uomo entrò nella città portando la nuova, un grido si levò da tutta la città.

14 Ed Eli, udendo lo strepito delle grida, disse: "Che significa il chiasso di questo tumulto?" E quell’uomo andò in fretta a portar la nuova ad Eli.

15 Or Eli avea novantott’anni; la vista gli era venuta meno, sicché non potea vedere.

16 Quell’uomo gli disse: "Son io che vengo dal campo di battaglia e che ne son fuggito oggi". Ed Eli disse: "Com’è andata la cosa, figliuol mio?"

17 E colui che portava la nuova, rispondendo, disse: "Israele e fuggito d’innanzi ai Filistei; e v’è stata una grande strage fra il popolo; anche i tuoi due figliuoli, Hofni e Fineas, sono morti, e l’arca di Dio e stata presa".

18 E come ebbe mentovato l’arca di Dio, Eli cadde dal suo seggio all’indietro, allato alla porta, si ruppe la nuca, e morì, perché era un uomo vecchio e pesante. Era stato giudice d’Israele quarant’anni.

19 La nuora di lui, moglie di Fineas, era incinta e prossima al parto; quando udì la nuova che l’arca di Dio era presa e che il suo suocero e il suo marito erano morti, si curvò e partorì, perché sorpresa a un tratto dai dolori.

20 E nel punto che stava per morire, le donne che l’assistevano le dissero: "Non temere, poiché hai partorito un figliuolo". Ma ella non rispose e non ne fece caso.

21 E al suo bambino pose nome Icabod, dicendo: "La gloria ha esulato da Israele", perché l’arca di Dio era stata presa, e a motivo del suo suocero e del suo marito.

22 E disse: "La gloria ha esulato da Israele, perché l’arca di Dio e stata presa".

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 4      

Although it was clear throughout Israel that Samuel had been established as the Lord’s prophet, the Israelites were still unprepared to listen to his prophecy. A new battle took place between the army of Israel and the army of the Philistines, that went decidedly in the Philistines’ favor. About four thousand men of Israel died.

The Israelites were in great distress, and they sent for the Ark of the covenant from Shiloh in order to summon the power of the Lord. Accompanying the Ark were the two sons of the High Priest Eli: Hophni and Phinehas. When the Ark reached the Israelite camp, the Israelites shouted with joy, and the Philistines became afraid. They knew that the Israelite God was surely with them, and they remembered His power from the plagues of Egypt (in Exodus 7 through 12). The Philistines, in order to avoid being enslaved by the Israelites, summoned courage and defeated Israel. In the process, they captured the Ark of the Covenant.

A messenger was dispatched to bring the bad news to Shiloh, where Eli was. Hophni and Phinehas were dead, and the Ark was in enemy hands. Upon hearing the news, the elderly Eli fell backwards from his seat and died. Phinehas’ wife was heavily pregnant. The bad news broke her spirit and she died shortly after delivering a son that she named Ichabod. The doom predicted in Chapter three of 1 Samuel had come to pass.

The Ark of the Covenant contained two stone tablets, on which were written the Ten Commandments. These were written by the finger of God, and given to Moses on Mount Sinai. The Commandments represented the covenant between the Lord and people. They would be joined together through love and faith: God’s love for His people, and their love for Him. Love, faith in God and obedience to His message would forever bind them. The covenant is only fulfilled when people, individually and collectively, do what is written on those two tablets (see True Christianity 285.)

When the Israelites lose the Ark of the Covenant in this story (and with it, the Ten Commandments) it symbolizes the loss of a person’s covenantal relationship with the Lord their Creator. This covenant can be severed, if we choose to break it, and this story is a representation of the destruction that breaking the covenant can cause. God, however, will never give up on us, and is always ready to come into our lives if we accept Him.

In True Christianity 285, Swedenborg writes that God is always ready to keep His commandment with us, but we must use our free will to keep our commandment with Him. This is illustrated in a quote from Revelation 3:20: “Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and dine with him, and he with me.”

While this story is an example of a covenant with God described in the Old Testament of the Word, this relationship between God and His people (and, of course, with each one of us individually) is a theme throughout all of the Bible. The New Testament describes a new covenant that the Lord seeks to build with each of us.

The Philistines, whom the Israelites were battling in this chapter, are mentioned in Swedenborg’s writings, where he writes that they represent faith without charity. Both faith and charity are necessary to follow the Lord, and knowledge of what is right and true is not useful unless we apply it to our lives. If we do not, this knowledge simply becomes memory instead of an ongoing part of our life (see Arcana Coelestia 1197). In this chapter, the Israelites lose a battle to the Philistines and surrender the Ark of the Covenant, which contains the Ten Commandments. Since Philistines represent knowledge without charity, perhaps this story is telling us that in order to keep our covenant with God, it is not enough to know what is required of us, what is written on the tablet. We must also act accordingly. When we both understand the commandments and practice them, then we are able to keep our covenant with God.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1343, 1703, 2576, 4763, 9396, 9416


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 277, 700, 817

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesi 35:17, 18

Esodo 9:14, 14:14, 25, 15:14, 25:22

Levitico 26:17, 37

Numeri 10:35, 14:45

Deuteronomio 29:10

Joshua 7:6, 15:53

Giudici 13:1, 15:20

1 Samuel 2:34, 3:2, 11, 12, 5:1, 7, 7:12, 10:19, 14:3, 29:1, 3

2 Samuel 10:12

1 Re 1:40, 20:26

Salmi 74:11, 78:60, 61, 62, 64, 80:2

Isaiah 59:1, 2

Lamenti 2:1

Rivelazione 11:6

Významy biblických slov

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

filistei
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

battaglia
La guerra nella Parola rappresenta il combattimento della tentazione quando ciò che è bene è assalito da ciò che è male o falso. Il male...

campo
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

uomini
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

accampamento
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

anziani
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

oggi
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

sciloh
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

arca
Ci sono tre arche menzionate nella Parola, l'arca di Noè, l'arca dei giunchi per il piccolo Mosè, e l'arca dell'alleanza nel tabernacolo. Tutte e tre...

noi
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

nemici
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

degli
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

eserciti
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

cherubini
A Cherub has as its first definition in the dictionary, “A winged heavenly creature.” Cherubim is the plural of cherub. In the Word, the words...

due
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

figliuoli
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

di Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

grida
'To shout from the top of the mountain,' as in Isaiah 42:11, signifies worship from the good of love.

terra
"Terra" nella Bibbia può significare una persona o un gruppo di persone che la pensano come in una chiesa. Ma si riferisce specificamente all'esterno della...

Ebrei
The term 'Hebrew' is used in the Word to signify anything relating to service, whatever its nature may be. Hence Abraham, in one passage only...

paura
Fear has various significations according to the thing which causes it. Fear signifies love. Fear, as in Gen 28:17, signifies a holy change.

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Egiziani
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

piaghe
'Plagues' signify evils of love, and falsities of faith. 'The plagues of Egypt' signify the falsities and lust which cause the church to perish. In...

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

tenda
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

uomo
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

beniamino
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

giorno
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

vesti
'Robes,' as in Revelation 7, signify truths of defense. Before they were washed they signified falsities. People in falsities from ignorance in the spiritual world,...

testa
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

strada
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

seduto
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

cuore
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

città
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

portando
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

tumulto
'A tumult,' as in Isaiah 8:4, signifies eager desire to combat against truths.

fretta
'To hasten' or 'hastiness' in the internal sense, does not denote what is quick, but what is certain, and also what is full, thus every...

vista
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

vedere
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

fuggito
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

rispondendo
Rispondere" indica generalmente uno stato di ricettività spirituale. In definitiva questo significa essere ricettivi nei confronti del Signore, che cerca costantemente di riversare nei nostri...

grande
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

porta
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

giudice
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

quarant
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

moglie
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

incinta
To be with child, (Gen. 38:24), signifies to produce something.

marito
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

morire
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

figliuolo
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

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 The Capture and Return of the Ark
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14


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