Giudici 7

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1 IERUBBAAL adunque che è Gedeone, levatosi la mattina, con tutta la gente ch’era con lui, si accampò con essa presso alla fonte di Harod; e il campo de Madianiti gli era dal Settentrione, verso il colle di More, nella valle.

2 E il Signore disse a Gedeone: La gente ch’è teco è troppa, perchè io dia loro Madian nelle mani; che talora Israele non si glorii sopra me, dicendo: La mia mano mi ha salvato.

3 Ora dunque fai una grida, che il popolo oda, dicendo: Chi è pauroso e timido, se ne ritorni prestamente indietro dal monte di Galaad. E se ne ritornarono indietro ventiduemila uomini del popolo; e ne rimasero diecimila.

4 E il Signore disse a Gedeone: La gente è ancora troppa; falli scendere all’acqua, e quivi io te li discernerò; e colui del quale io ti dirò: Costui andrà teco, vada teco; e colui del quale io ti dirò: Costui non andrà teco, non vada teco.

5 Gedeone adunque fece scender la gente all’acqua; e il Signore gli disse: Metti da parte chiunque lambirà l’acqua con la lingua, come lambisce il cane; e altresì chiunque s’inchinerà sopra le ginocchia, per bere.

6 E il numero di coloro che, recatasi l’acqua con la mano alla bocca, la lambirono, fu di trecento uomini; e tutto il rimanente della gente s’inchinò sopra le ginocchia per ber dell’acqua.

7 E il Signore disse a Gedeone: Per questi trecent’uomini, che hanno lambita l’acqua, io vi salverò, e ti darò i Madianiti nelle mani; ma vadasene tutta l’altra gente, ciascuno al luogo suo.

8 E quella gente prese della vittuaglia in mano, e le sue trombe. Gedeone adunque rimandò a casa tutti gli altri Israeliti, ciascuno alle sue stanze, e ritenne seco que’ trecent’uomini. Or il campo de’ Madianiti era disotto di lui nella valle.

9 E in quella notte il Signore gli disse: Levati, scendi nel campo; perciocchè io te l’ho dato nelle mani.

10 E se pur tu temi di scendervi, scendi prima tu, con Fura, tuo servitore, verso il campo.

11 E tu udirai ciò che vi si dirà; e poi le tue mani saranno rinforzate, e tu scenderai nel campo. Egli adunque, con Fura, suo servitore, scese all’estremità della gente ch’era in armi nel campo.

12 E i Madianiti, e gli Amalechiti, e tutti gli Orientali, giacevano nella valle, come locuste in moltitudine; e i lor cammelli erano innumerevoli, ed erano in moltitudine come la rena ch’è in sul lito del mare.

13 Giuntovi adunque Gedeone, ecco, uno raccontava un sogno al suo compagno, e gli diceva: Ecco, io ho sognato un sogno. E’ mi parea che una focaccia d’orzo si rotolava verso il campo de’ Madianiti, e giungeva infino a’ padiglioni, e li percoteva, ed essi cadevano; e li riversava sottosopra, e i padiglioni cadevano.

14 E il suo compagno rispose, e disse: Questo non è altro, se non la spada di Gedeone, figliuolo di Ioas, uomo Israelita; Iddio gli ha dati i Madianiti, e tutto il campo, nelle mani.

15 E, quando Gedeone ebbe udito raccontare il sogno, ed ebbe intesa la sua interpretazione, adorò. Poi, ritornato al campo d’Israele, disse: Levatevi; perciocchè il Signore vi ha dato il campo de’ Madianiti nelle mani.

16 Poi spartì quei trecent’uomini in tre schiere, e diede a tutti delle trombe in mano, e de’ testi voti, e delle fiaccole dentro ai testi.

17 E disse loro: Riguardate ciò che da me sarà fatto, e fate così voi. Quando adunque io sarò giunto all’estremità del campo, fate così come farò io.

18 E quando io, con tutti quelli che sono meco, sonerò con la tromba, sonate ancora voi con le trombe, intorno a tutto il campo, e dite: Al Signore, ed a Gedeone.

19 Gedeone adunque, e i cent’uomini che erano con lui, vennero all’estremità del campo, al principio della veglia della mezzanotte, come prima furono poste le guardie, e sonarono con le trombe, e spezzarono i testi che aveano nelle mani.

20 Allora le tre schiere sonarono con le trombe, e spezzarono i testi, e tenevano con la man sinistra le fiaccole, e con la destra le trombe per sonare, e gridavano; La spada del Signore, e di Gedeone.

21 E ciascuno di essi stette fermo nel suo luogo, intorno al campo; e tutto il campo discorreva qua e là, sclamando, e fuggendo.

22 Ora, mentre que’ trecent’uomini sonavano con le trombe, il Signore voltò la spada di ciascuno contro al suo compagno, e ciò per tutto il campo. E il campo fuggì fino a Bet-sitta, verso Serera, infino alla ripa d’Abel-mehola, presso a Tabbat.

23 E gl’Israeliti furono raunati a grida, di Neftali, e di Aser, e di tutto Manasse, e perseguitarono i Madianiti.

24 E Gedeone mandò de’ messi per tutto il monte d’Efraim, a dire: Scendete giù ad incontrare i Madianiti, e prendete loro i passi delle acque fino a Bet-bara, lungo il Giordano. Tutti gli Efraimiti adunque, adunatisi a grida, presero i passi delle acque fino a Bet-bara, lungo il Giordano.

25 E presero due Capi dei Madianiti, Oreb e Zeeb; e ammazzarono Oreb nel luogo detto: Il sasso d’Oreb; e Zeeb, nel luogo detto: Il torcolo di Zeeb; e, dopo aver perseguitati i Madianiti, portarono le teste di que’ Capi a Gedeone, di qua dal Giordano.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 7      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 7: Gideon’s valiant three hundred men.

Gideon and all his men camped by the well of Harod, which can mean “eager”, and also “trembling.” The Lord told Gideon that his army was too large, which could lead Israel to boast that they won by their own efforts (rather than the Lord’s power). Gideon was instructed to send away anyone who was afraid; 22,000 went home, leaving 10,000.

Even still, the Lord said the army was too large, so Gideon tested the men by taking them down to the water to drink. The Lord directed Gideon to call out those who lapped water from out of their hands rather than kneeling down to drink with their mouths. Three hundred men were chosen by this method of selection.

The Lord then commanded Gideon to go down to the Midianite camp, and if he was afraid, to take his servant, Phurah. There, Gideon overheard one of the soldiers telling his companion that he’d had a dream, in which a loaf of bread came tumbling into the camp and struck one of the tents so that it collapsed. The other soldier said that this meant the Lord would give victory to Gideon.

Gideon gave each of his men a trumpet, and a pitcher containing a lit torch. They surrounded the Midianite camp, and at the command of Gideon, they blew their trumpets, broke their pitchers to show the torches, and shouted, “The sword of the Lord and of Gideon!” This caused panic in the camp, and every Midianite drew his sword against another, and many fled. Then Gideon ordered the capture and killing of the two Midianite princes, whose heads were brought to him.

*****

We must give glory to the Lord for successes that we seem to earn, as He alone does what is good. The Lord told Gideon to reduce the size of his army, to avoid the dangers of growing too proud. Since we live our lives as if we do everything ourselves, this is a constant threat. The fact that about two-thirds of Gideon’s army were afraid and went home shows the reality of our nature (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 442).

Lapping water from the hand reflects our need to see and examine what we take into our minds. Water stands for truth, but it can also stand for false ideas. If we drink directly from the water, we accept indiscriminately and examine nothing. Cupping and holding the water in our hands means that we can see how to apply this truth through our attitudes and actions (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 6047[2]).

Gideon’s army of only three hundred men was all it took to defeat the Midianites. The number ‘three’ stands for something which is complete or full in itself. Some spiritual examples include mind, body and soul, as well as celestial, spiritual and natural (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 435[3] and 532[2]).

The dream Gideon overheard stands for the power of good (the bread) to break down the apparent power of what is evil and false (the tent) (Arcana Caelestia 4247[3]). The name of Gideon’s servant, Phurah, means “fruitfulness”, or “a winepress”, which is where Gideon was first called by the angel of the Lord.

The trumpet and the torch both stand for the power of truth to overcome evil and false ideas, the trumpet by its penetrating sound, and the torch by its illuminating light. There is no mention of swords for the army of Israel.

Finally, the oppression by the Midianites represents knowing what is true, but living a life governed by our own desires. This leads us increasingly further away from obeying the Lord. Of course, this must be addressed. The Midianites destroyed each other in their panic, meaning what is disorderly and against the Lord holds no validity, and eventually destroys itself (Arcana Caelestia 9320).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 8815


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 3242, 5955, 7602, 7643, 9397

Apocalypse Revealed 397


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 455, 502, 543

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Významy biblických slov

campo
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

madianiti
'Midianites' signify people who are in the truth of simple good.

settentrione
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

valle
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

signore
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

madian
'Midian' signifies people who are in falsity.

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

salvato
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

indietro
Ci sono molti esempi nella Bibbia che descrivono persone che tornano indietro, che si guardano indietro o che tornano indietro. Nella maggior parte dei casi...

diecimila
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

scendere
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

acqua
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

lingua
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

cane
A dog, as in Exodus 11 (Exod. 11:7: seven, ignifies the lowest or meanest of all in the church, also those who are without the...

ginocchia
A knee,' as in Genesis 30:5, signifies conjugial love. The king,' as in Isaiah 66:12, signifies celestial love. A knee,' as in Ezekiel 7:17, signifies...

bocca
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

uomini
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

trombe
The sounds of trumpets are heard in heaven when assemblies and appointments happen. So among the children of Israel, for whom everything was representative of...

Israeliti
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

notte
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

dato
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

locuste
Grasshoppers signify the same as locusts: the false which vastates the extremes of the natural part of the mind.

cammelli
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

rena
'Sand,' as in Matthew 7:27, signifies faith separate from charity.

mare
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

sogno
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

compagno
In the Bible, there is a careful distinction between the word “brother” and the word “companion” or “friend.” That’s partly because the people of Israel...

sognato
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

spada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

figliuolo
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

uomo
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

udito
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

raccontare
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

tromba
The sounds of trumpets are heard in heaven when assemblies and appointments happen. So among the children of Israel, for whom everything was representative of...

neftali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

d’efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

giù
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

incontrare
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

delle acque
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

acque
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

giordano
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

due
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

teste
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

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 Draw Gideon's Weapons
Draw pictures of the weapons Gideon was to use to fight the Midianites--a trumpet, pitcher and torch.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Blows the Trumpet
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Gideon Defeats the Midianites Crossword Puzzle
Review Gideon's victory over the Midianites by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Drives Out the Midianites
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Gideon Review Questions
Questions for an oral review of the story of Gideon, Judges chapters 6 and 7.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Make a Pitcher Torch and Trumpet for Gideon
Color and cut out pictures of a torch, pitcher and trumpet. Reenact the story of Gideon's victory over the Midianites.
Project | Ages 7 - 13

 The Story of Gideon
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Torch and Trumpet
Project | Ages 4 - 10


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