Giudici 5

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Giovanni Diodati Bibbia (1649)         

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1 ORA in quel giorno, Debora, con Barac, figliuolo di Abinoam, cantò questo Cantico, dicendo:

2 Benedite il Signore: Perciocchè egli ha fatte le vendette in Israele; Perciocchè il popolo vi s’è portato volenterosamente.

3 Ascoltate, o re; e voi principi, porgete le orecchie; Io, io canterò al Signore; Io salmeggerò al Signore Iddio d’Israele.

4 O Signore, quando tu uscisti di Seir, Quando tu camminasti fuor del territorio di Edom, La terra tremò, i cieli eziandio gocciolarono, E le nuvole eziandio stillarono acqua.

5 I monti colarono, per la presenza del Signore; Questo Sinai anch’esso, per la presenza del Signore Iddio d’Israele.

6 Al tempo di Samgar, figliuolo di Anat; Al tempo di Iael, le strade maestre erano cessate, E i viandanti andavano per sentieri torti.

7 Le villate in Israele erano venute meno; Erano venute meno, finch’io Debora sursi; Finch’io sursi, per esser madre in Israele.

8 Quando Israele ha scelti nuovi dii, Allora la guerra è stata alle porte; Si vedeva egli alcuno scudo, o lancia, Fra quarantamila uomini in Israele?

9 Il cuor mio è inverso i rettori d’Israele, Che si son portati francamente fra il popolo. Benedite il Signore.

10 Voi, che cavalcate asine bianche, Che sedete in sul luogo del giudicio; E voi, viandanti, ragionate di questo.

11 Essendo lo strepito degli arcieri venuto meno, Per mezzo i luoghi ove si attigne l’acqua, Narrinsi quivi le giustizie del Signore; Le sue giustizie eseguite per le sue villate in Israele. A tal’ora il popolo del Signore è sceso alle porte.

12 Destati, destati, Debora; Destati, destati, di’ un Cantico. Levati, Barac; e tu, figliuolo di Abinoam, Mena in cattività i tuoi prigioni.

13 A tal’ora il Signore ha fatto signoreggiare colui ch’era scampato; Egli ha fatto signoreggiare il popolo sopra i magnifici; Egli mi ha fatta signoreggiare sopra i possenti.

14 Da Efraim, da coloro la cui radice è in Amalec, I quali sono dietro a te, o Beniamino, co’ tuoi popoli; E da Machir, e da Zabulon, son discesi i rettori, Conducendo le loro schiere con bacchette da scriba.

15 I principali d’Issacar sono stati anch’essi con Debora, Insieme col popolo d’Issacar. Così Barac è stato mandato nella valle, Con la gente ch’egli conduceva. Fra le fiumane di Ruben Vi sono stati grandi uomini in risoluzione di cuore.

16 Perchè sei tu dimorato fra le sbarre delle stalle, Per udire il belar delle gregge? Fra le fiumane di Ruben, Vi sono stati grandi uomini in deliberazioni di cuore.

17 Galaad è dimorato di là dal Giordano; E perchè è Dan dimorato presso alle navi? Ed è Aser restato presso al lito del mare, E si è rattenuto ne’ suoi porti?

18 Zabulon è un popolo che ha esposta la sua vita alla morte; Così ancora ha fatto Neftali, In alta campagna.

19 I re son venuti, hanno combattuto; A tal’ora i re di Canaan hanno combattuto In Taanac, presso all’acque di Meghiddo; Non hanno fatto alcun guadagno d’argento.

20 Ei s’è combattuto dal cielo; Le stelle hanno combattuto contro a Sisera da’ lor cerchi.

21 Il torrente di Chison li ha strascinati via; Il torrente di Chedumim, il torrente di Chison; Anima mia, tu hai calpestata la forza.

22 Allora i cavalli si tritarono l’unghie, Per lo gran calpestio, calpestio de’ lor destrieri.

23 Maledite Meroz, ha detto l’Angelo del Signore; Maledite pur gli abitanti di essa; Perciocchè non son venuti al soccorso del Signore, co’ prodi.

24 Sia benedetta, sopra tutte le donne, Iael, Moglie di Heber Cheneo; Sia benedetta sopra tutte le donne che stanno in padiglioni.

25 Egli chiese dell’acqua, ed ella gli diè del latte; Ella gli porse del fior di latte nella coppa de’ magnifici.

26 Ella diè della man sinistra al piuolo, E della destra al martello de’ lavoranti, E colpì sopra Sisera, e gli passò il capo; Ella gli trafisse, e gli conficcò la tempia.

27 Egli si chinò fra i piedi di essa, Cadde, giacque in terra; Si chinò fra i piedi di essa, cadde; Dove si chinò, quivi cadde deserto.

28 La madre di Sisera riguardava per la finestra; E, mirando per li cancelli, si lagnava, dicendo: Perchè indugia a venire il suo carro? Perchè si muovono lentamente i suoi carri?

29 Le più savie delle sue dame le rispondevano, Ed ella ancora rispondeva a sè stessa:

30 Non hanno essi trovata la preda? non la spartiscono essi? Una fanciulla, due fanciulle per uomo; Le spoglie delle robe di color variato son per Sisera; Le spoglie delle robe di color variato ricamate; Egli ha fatta preda di robe di color variato, ricamate da amendue i lati, Da passarvi il collo.

31 Così periscano, o Signore, tutti i tuoi nemici; E quelli che amano il Signore Sieno come quando il sole esce fuori nella sua forza. (H5-32) Poi il paese ebbe riposo quarant’anni.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 5: The Song of Deborah.

This chapter is a song of victory, describing the events of Judges 4 in poetic and exuberant language. Throughout, there is a sense of exhorting the people to turn to the Lord and praise Him for the victory. Singing this kind of song was a customary way for Israel to rejoice after a major victory.

The spiritual meaning of singing has to do with our overall joy and affection for spiritual things: joy for what is true, for the Word, and for everything about the Lord. Affection is not merely knowing spiritual truths; it is our heart’s response to them, which goes far beyond words.

This is why the lyrics of sacred songs such as Judges Chapter 5 are very eloquent and passionate. They are not simply an account of what took place, but more an outburst of praise and gratitude in recounting the story. We experience the same inner ‘music’ when our heart feels a deep spiritual affection, and is stirred up with praise to the Lord. Just as Deborah and Barak sang after a battle, our songs of gratitude will generally be felt after the Lord delivers us from a period of temptation during regeneration (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8265).

The song itself frequently acknowledges the Lord’s part in Israel’s victory:

In verse 4: “Lord, when you went out from Seir, when you marched from the field of Edom.”

In verse 11: “There they shall recount the righteous acts of the Lord for his villagers in Israel.”

And in verse 13: “Then the Lord came down for me against the mighty.”

These references serve to remind us that everything is the Lord’s doing. We must do what is good as though our actions make the difference, but we are to affirm that the Lord brings about all that is good. This acknowledgement allows us to act from free will, while still understanding the spiritual truth that all goodness comes from the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 9193).

This is emphasized through the song whenever Deborah praises her own actions, as well as those of Barak and Jael. For example:

In verse 7: “Village life ceased in Israel until I, Deborah, arose, a mother in Israel.”

In verse 12: “Awake, awake, Deborah! Awake, awake, sing a song! Arise, Barak, and lead your captives away, O son of Abinoam!”

And in verses 24-27, when Jael receives full praise for her actions.

Another theme in the song is a lament over those tribes which did not come to the aid of Israel, although only Issachar and Zebulun were called to battle. A town called Meroz is roundly cursed for failing to help. The name ‘Meroz’ comes from a verb meaning “to withdraw” or “to hide” (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 18). This lament reminds us that our intentions to serve the Lord and to fight our spiritual battles can be hindered by our own divided wills.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 627, 1675, 1679, 1756, 2709, 2781, 2851, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 51, 351, 354, 406, 501, 899


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 72, 208, 355, 401, 422, 434, ...

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesi 32:4, 35:22, 23, 24, 25

Esodo 15:1, 9

Levitico 26:22

Numeri 32:1, 6, 39

Deuteronomio 7:9, 32:17, 33:2

Joshua 10:10, 11, 12:21, 17:11

Giudici 2:12, 3:11, 31, 4:4, 17, 8:5, 6, 8, 10:4, 12:14, 15, 21:8

1 Samuel 13:19

2 Samuel 18:32, 22:1, 8, 23:4

2 Cronache 15:5, 17:16

Salmi 19:6, 57:9, 68:9, 13, 71:15, 83:10, 92:10, 97:5, 103:2, 110:3, 146:2

Proverbi 4:18, 7:6

Cantico di Salomone 2:9

Isaiah 9:2, 33:8, 63:19

Geremia 19:4, 48:10

Daniel 12:3

Micah 1:4

Nahum 5

Matteo 13:43

Luca 1:28, 42

1 Corinzi 2:9

Rivelazione 12:11, 16:16

Významy biblických slov

giorno
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

figliuolo
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

signore
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

terra
"Terra" nella Bibbia può significare una persona o un gruppo di persone che la pensano come in una chiesa. Ma si riferisce specificamente all'esterno della...

cieli
I cieli sono cose celesti e spirituali. Di conseguenza, sono le cose più profonde, sia del regno del Signore nei cieli che della terra. Questo...

acqua
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

monti
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Sinai
'Mount Sinai,' as in Exodus 19:1, signifies, in the highest sense, divine truth from divine good. 'Mount' means divine good, and 'Sinai,' divine truth, and...

strade
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

madre
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

guerra
'Wars,' in the Word, signify spiritual war, which consists of challenging truth, and are conducted by rationalizations from falsities. This is why the ministry of...

porte
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

scudo
'A shield' signifies defense which is trusted against evils and falsities. In respect to the Lord, it signifies defense, and in respect to people, confidence...

cantico
'A song' signifies acknowledgment and confession from joy of heart.

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

radice
'A root,' as in Malachi 4:1, signifies charity. The dried up root,' as in Hosea 9:16, 17, signifies charity which could not bear fruit.

Amalec
Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

dietro a
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

beniamino
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

Machir
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

d’issacar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

issacar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

valle
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

cuore
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

giordano
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

navi
Ships were used in the ancient world – as they generally are now – to carry freight from nation to nation for trade. The various...

mare
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

neftali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

acque
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

meghiddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

guadagno
Gain denotes every false principle derived from evil, which perverts the judgment of the mind.

argento
'Money' relates to truth.

cielo
I cieli sono cose celesti e spirituali. Di conseguenza, sono le cose più profonde, sia del regno del Signore nei cieli che della terra. Questo...

stelle
'Stars' signify the knowledge of truth and good. 'Stars' are frequently mentioned in the Word, and always signify goods and truths, but in an opposite...

Sisera
Sisera, as in Judges 5:20, signifies falsity from evil destroying the church.

torrente
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

anima
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

forza
Strength' relates truth and falsity. Strength,' as in Luke 10:27, signifies the will and understanding extended to extremes. Strength,' as in Revelation 1:6, signifies divine...

cavalli
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

detto
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

angelo
'A messenger' signifies communication.

abitanti
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

donne
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

moglie
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

latte
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

piedi
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

La madre di
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

finestra
'Window' signifies truth in the light.

venire
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

lati
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

collo
'The neck' signifies influx and the communication of interior and exterior levels and the following conjunction. The inmost or third heaven has reference to the...

nemici
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

sole
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

quarant
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

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