Giudici 3

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1 Ora queste son le genti, che il Signore lasciò per provar con esse Israele, cioè tutti quelli che non aveano avuta conoscenza di tutte le guerra di Canaan;

2 acciocchè almeno le generazioni de’ figliuoli d’Israele sapessero che cosa è la guerra, essendo ammaestrati; quegli almeno che prima non ne aveano conoscenza:

3 I cinque principati de’ Filistei, e tutti i Cananei, i Sidonii, e gli Hivvei che abitavano il monte Libano, dal monte Baal-hermon fino all’entrata di Hamat.

4 Quelli adunque furono per provar con essi Israele; per saper se ubbidirebbero a’ comandamenti del Signore, i quali egli avea dati a’ lor padri, per Mosè.

5 COSÌ i figliuoli d’Israele abitarono per mezzo i Cananei, e gli Hittei, e gli Amorrei, e i Ferizzei, e gli Hivvei, e i Gebusei.

6 E presero le lor figliuole per mogli, e diedero le lor figliuole a’ figliuoli di quelli, e servirono agl’iddii loro.

7 Così i figliuoli d’Israele fecero ciò che dispiace al Signore, e dimenticarono il Signore Iddio loro, e servirono a’ Baali, e a’ boschi.

8 Laonde l’ira del Signore si accese contro ad Israele, ed egli li vendè nelle mani di Cusan-risataim, re di Mesopotamia; e i figliuoli d’Israele servirono a Cusan-risataim ott’anni.

9 Poi i figliuoli d’Israele gridarono al Signore, ed egli suscitò loro un liberatore che li liberò, cioè: Otniel, figliuolo di Chenaz, fratel minore di Caleb.

10 E lo Spirito del Signore fu sopra lui, ed egli giudicò Israele, e uscì fuori in battaglia; e il Signore gli diede in mano Cusan-risataim, re di Mesopotamia; e la sua mano si rinforzò contro a Cusan-risataim.

11 E il paese ebbe requie lo spazio di quarant’anni. Poi Otniel, figliuolo di Chenaz, morì.

12 E I figliuoli d’Israele continuarono a fare ciò che dispiace al Signore; laonde il Signore fortificò Eglon, re di Moab, contro ad Israele; perciocchè aveano fatto ciò che dispiace al Signore.

13 Ed egli adunò appresso di sè i figliuoli di Ammon, e gli Amalechiti, e andò, e percosse Israele; ed essi occuparono la città delle palme.

14 E i figliuoli d’Israele servirono diciotto anni ad Eglon, re di Moab.

15 Poi i figliuoli d’Israele gridarono al Signore, ed egli suscitò loro un liberatore, cioè: Ehud, figliuolo di Ghera, Beniaminita, il quale era mancino. Or i figliuoli d’Israele mandarono per lui un presente ad Eglon, re di Moab.

16 Ed Ehud si fece un pugnale a due tagli, lungo un cubito; e se lo cinse sotto i vestimenti, in su la coscia destra.

17 E presentò il presente ad Eglon, re di Moab, il quale era uomo molto grasso.

18 Ed avendo compiuto di presentare il presente, accommiatò la gente che avea portato il presente.

19 Ma egli se ne ritornò al re, dalle statue di pietra, che son presso di Ghilgal; e gli disse: Io ho alcuna cosa segreta a dirti. Ed egli gli disse: Taci. Allora tutti quelli che gli stavano d’intorno uscirono fuori d’appresso a lui.

20 Ed Ehud si accostò a lui, che sedeva tutto solo nella sua sala dell’estate; e disse: Io ho da dirti alcuna cosa da parte di Dio. Ed egli si levò d’in sul seggio reale.

21 Ed Ehud, dato della man sinistra al pugnale, lo prese d’in su la coscia destra, e gliel ficcò nel ventre.

22 E quello entrò dietro alla lama infino all’elsa, e il grasso serrò la lama d’intorno, sì ch’egli non potè trargli il pugnale dal ventre; e lo sterco uscì fuori.

23 Ed Ehud uscì verso il portico, e chiuse le porte della sala dietro a sè, e serrò quella con la chiave.

24 E, dopo ch’egli fu uscito, i servitori di Eglon vennero, e videro che le porte della sala erano serrate con la chiave; e dissero: Per certo egli fa i suoi bisogni naturali nella cameretta della sala dell’estate.

25 E tanto aspettarono che ne furono confusi; ed ecco, egli non apriva le porte della sala; laonde presero la chiave, e l’apersero; ed ecco, il lor signore giaceva in terra morto.

26 Ma Ehud scampò, mentre essi indugiavano, e passò le statue di pietra, e si salvò in Seira.

27 E, come egli fu giunto, sonò con la tromba nel monte di Efraim; e i figliuoli d’Israele scesero con lui dal monte, ed egli andava davanti a loro.

28 Ed egli disse loro: Seguitatemi; perciocchè il Signore vi ha dati nelle mani i Moabiti, vostri nemici. Così scesero giù dietro a lui, e occuparono a’ Moabiti i passi del Giordano, e non ne lasciarono passare alcuno.

29 E in quel tempo percossero i Moabiti in numero d’intorno a diecimila uomini, tutti grassi e possenti; e non ne scampò neppur uno.

30 Così in quel giorno Moab fu abbattuto sotto la mano d’Israele; e il paese ebbe riposo ottant’anni.

31 E, dopo Ehud, fu Samgar, figliuolo di Anat, il quale percosse i Filistei in numero di seicento, con un pungolo da buoi. Ed egli ancora liberò Israele.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 3      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 3: In which we hear about the nations who remain in the land; and about the judges Othniel, Ehud, and Shamgar.

This chapter begins with a very important set of statements about the nations still undefeated in the land. First, it says that the Lord would test Israel by means of these nations; secondly, that this test would “teach [the new generations] war”; and finally, that this would reveal whether or not Israel would obey the Lord. The text goes on to say that Israel now took the daughters of other nations to be wives, and also gave their own daughters to the sons of other nations.

Being ‘tested’ by the Lord refers to the temptations and spiritual conflicts we must experience during regeneration. The Lord does not test in order to make us falter, or to see how much we can endure. Rather, the testing is to make us stronger and more steadfast in our intention to follow the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 126).

The new generations who would not have known war stand for those future states, in which we might begin to let go, and forget what the Lord has done for us. While all external wars should cease, we will always need to quell the spiritual wars within us. The key to victory is in our willingness to obey the Lord’s commandments. This wish to obey the Lord must be imprinted in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Faith 50).

‘Taking the daughters of other nations as wives’ describes the ways in which the spiritual marriage of good and truth in us becomes perverted. When our evil desires harm truths, and false ideas harm genuine loves, our sense of what is right becomes so distorted that we have no principles left to follow.

Because Israel kept forgetting the Lord and worshipping other gods, the Lord raised judges to deliver Israel. This chapter tells the stories of three judges, and we will examine the spiritual meaning of each.

The first judge discussed in this chapter was Othniel (see Judges 1). Israel was taken by Chushan-Rishathaim, the king of Mesopotamia, for eight years. His name means ‘the blackness of injustice”. Othniel delivered Israel from captivity, and there was peace for forty years. Spiritually, this describes our power, given to us by the Lord, to break free from evil wishes and thoughts. The number ‘forty’ describes the temptations we must overcome in doing this (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8098).

The next judge, Ehud, ruled at the time when Eglon, a Moabite king, took Israel captive for eighteen years. Ehud made a long, double-edged dagger and went to the king to pay tribute. When those with him were leaving, he stayed and said to King Eglon, “I have a gift for you from God”, and plunged the dagger into the king’s belly so that his fat covered the blade. Then he left, locking the doors behind him, and Eglon’s servants eventually found their king dead. Ehud then attacked, and freed Israel from the Moabites.

The meaning of this graphic event is to show the power of the truth when it is used to combat evil. Eglon was fat, representing the seemingly large and imposing nature of evils. The double-edged dagger stands for the power of the Word. It went straight into the king’s fat belly, which stands for the absolute power of the Word to tear down evils and falsities. This then allows us to reassert our leading intentions, and return to our service for the Lord (see Apocalypse Revealed 52).

The third and final judge mentioned in this chapter was Shamgar, who killed six hundred Philistines with an ox goad and delivered Israel. The Philistines – who later became a major enemy of Israel – stand for the belief that faith alone will save us, without any need for good actions in life. This can have an insidious influence on us and needs constant attention, represented by the number six hundred. The ox goad (prodder) indicates that we need to keep pushing ourselves to do good, just as an ox is prodded to work strenuously (Arcana Caelestia 1198).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1444, 2722, 6858, 8301

Apocalypse Revealed 367


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 811

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Genesi 24:10

Esodo 34:16

Levitico 26:17

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Deuteronomio 8:11, 14, 18

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Giudici 1:4, 5, 13, 16, 2:11, 13, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 3:11, 30, 4:3, 5:6, 31, 6:3, 25, 34, 7:9, 14, 15, 24, 8:28, 33, 10:1, 9, 11, 12, 11:29, 12:5, 13:25, 14:6, 15:14, 15, 17:1, 19:1, 20:16

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1 Re 9:20, 11:3

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2 Cronache 9:24, 15:1

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Významy biblických slov

signore
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israele
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conoscenza
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guerra
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canaan
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generazioni
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figliuoli
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d’israele
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prima
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cinque
Five also signifies all things of one part.

filistei
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hivvei
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

libano
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

padri
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mosè
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figliuole
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

mogli
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Iddio
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baali
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ira
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re
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mani
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mesopotamia
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figliuolo
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minore
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caleb
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battaglia
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mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

quarant
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moab
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ammon
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città
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presente
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due
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lungo
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sotto
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coscia
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uomo
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Grasso
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ghilgal
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disse
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di Dio
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Dio
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porte
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servitori
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terra
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morto
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tromba
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efraim
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moabiti
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nemici
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giù
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dietro a
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

giordano
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tempo
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diecimila
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uomini
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giorno
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ottant
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dopo
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Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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Learn the cycle of the Judges by completing information about the first three judges of Israel.
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Read Judges 3 to find answers to fill in the blanks. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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