Giudici 21

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Giovanni Diodati Bibbia (1649)         

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1 OR gl’Israeliti aveano giurato in Mispa, dicendo: Niuno di noi darà la sua figliuola per moglie ad alcun Beniaminita.

2 Poi il popolo venne alla Casa di Dio, e stette quivi fino alla sera davanti a Dio; e alzò la voce, e pianse d’un gran pianto, e disse:

3 Perchè, Signore Iddio d’Israele, è questo avvenuto in Israele, che oggi una tribù d’Israele sia venuta meno?

4 E il giorno seguente, il popolo si levò la mattina, ed edificò quivi un altare, e offerse olocausti, e sacrificii da render grazie.

5 Poi i figliuoli d’Israele dissero: Chi, d’infra tutte le tribù d’Israele, non è salito alla raunanza appresso al Signore? conciossiachè un giuramento grande fosse stato fatto contro a chi non salirebbe in Mispa appresso al Signore, dicendo: Egli del tutto sarà fatto morire.

6 I figliuoli d’Israele adunque, pentendosi di quello che aveano fatto a’ Beniaminiti, lor fratelli, dissero: Oggi è stata ricisa una tribù d’Israele.

7 Che faremo noi inverso quelli che son rimasti, per delle donne? poichè noi abbiamo giurato per lo Signore, che noi non daremo loro delle nostre figliuole per mogli.

8 Poi dissero: Chi è quell’unica comunità, d’infra le tribù d’Israele, che non è salita in Mispa appresso al Signore? Ed ecco, niuno di Iabes di Galaad era venuto nel campo alla raunanza.

9 E fattasi la rassegna del popolo, ecco, quivi non v’era alcuno degli abitanti di Iabes di Galaad;

10 perciò la raunanza vi mandò dodicimila uomini, de’ più valenti, e diede loro ordine, dicendo: Andate, e percotete gli abitanti di Iabes di Galaad a fil di spada, con le donne, e co’ piccoli fanciulli.

11 Or ecco ciò che voi farete: Distruggete al modo dell’interdetto ogni maschio, ed ogni donna che ha conosciuto carnalmente uomo.

12 Ed essi trovarono quattrocento fanciulle vergini d’infra gli abitanti di Iabes di Galaad, le quali non aveano conosciuto carnalmente uomo; ed essi le menarono al campo, in Silo, ch’è nel paese di Canaan.

13 Allora tutta la raunanza mandò a parlare a’ figliuoli di Beniamino, ch’erano nella rupe di Rimmon, e bandirono loro la pace.

14 Ed allora i figliuoli di Beniamino ritornarono, e i figliuoli d’Israele diedero loro le donne che aveano lasciate in vita d’infra le donne di Iabes di Galaad; ma non ve ne fu abbastanza per loro.

15 E il popolo si pentì di quello che avea fatto a Beniamino; perciocchè il Signore avea fatta una rottura nelle tribù d’Israele.

16 Laonde gli Anziani della raunanza dissero: Che faremo noi a quelli che restano, per delle donne? poichè le donne sono state distrutte d’infra i Beniaminiti?

17 Poi dissero: Quelli che sono scampati possederanno ciò ch’era di Beniamino, e non sarà spenta una tribù d’Israele.

18 Or noi non possiam dar loro mogli delle nostre figliuole; conciossiachè i figliuoli d’Israele abbiano giurato, dicendo: Maledetto sia chi darà moglie a’ Beniaminiti.

19 Perciò dissero: Ecco, la solennità annuale del Signore si celebra in Silo, nel luogo che è dal Settentrione della Casa di Dio, e dal sol levante della grande strada, che sale dalla Casa di Dio in Sichem, e dal Mezzodì di Lebona.

20 E diedero ordine a’ figliuoli di Beniamino, dicendo: Andate, e ponetevi in agguato nelle vigne.

21 E riguardate; ed ecco, quando le fanciulle di Silo usciranno per far balli, allora uscite delle vigne, e rapitevene ciascuno una per sua moglie, e andatevene al paese di Beniamino.

22 E, quando i lor padri, ovvero i lor fratelli, verranno a noi per litigarne, noi diremo loro: Datele a noi di grazia; perciocchè in quella guerra non abbiamo presa per ciascun di loro la sua donna; conciossiachè voi non le abbiate loro date, onde ora siate colpevoli.

23 I figliuoli di Beniamino adunque fecero così, e tolsero delle mogli secondo il numero loro, d’infra quelle che ballavano, le quali essi rapirono; poi se ne andarono, e ritornarono alla loro eredità; e riedificarono le città e abitarono in esse.

24 E in quel medesimo tempo i figliuoli d’Israele se ne andarono di là ciascuno alla sua tribù, e alla sua nazione, e si ridussero di là ciascuno alla sua eredità.

25 In quel tempo non v’era alcun re in Israele; ciascuno faceva ciò che gli piaceva.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 21      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Wives Provided for the Men of Benjamin

This final chapter of the book of Judges deals with the wish of Israel to provide the remaining men of Benjamin with wives so that the tribe would not die out, since it was one of the twelve tribes of Israel. Yet the men of Israel had made a vow at Mizpah not to give their daughters to any men of Benjamin.

Providing wives means to add either truth or good to a situation. “In the Word, when ‘husband’ is mentioned, then ‘wife’ stands for truth. But when the husband is called ‘the man’, then ‘wife’ stands for good. This is the way it gets continually used in the Word.” (Arcana Caelestia 1468) In this chapter the men are called ‘the men of Benjamin’ or the Benjamites, so wives stand for good being joined to truth.

The men of Israel wondered who had not come to the gathering at Mizpah and recalled that no one from Jabesh Gilead had come. This meant that they were not under the obligation of the vow. The men of Israel told men to go and kill every man in that city and also any woman who was not a virgin. They found four hundred young virgins and brought them up to the camp at Shiloh.

The name Jabesh-Gilead means ‘arid’ and its spiritual meaning is in this city’s non-participation in dealing with the problem of the tribe of Benjamin. It stands for our refusal and disinclination to act to progress the spiritual life of the Word and our obedience to it.
But in it are four hundred young virgins who are not part of this non-participation and they can be taken to be wives for the men of Benjamin, to provide a future and an offspring.

“Virgins stand for the Lord’s kingdom, for everyone who is a kingdom of the Lord or a ‘church’, those who love the Lord, those who are in the affection for good, in charity to their neighbour, and those who love what is true. All of this is from the conjugial love which is there in chaste virgins.” (Arcana Caelestia 3081)

But even so, this is not enough to provide sufficient wives for the men of Benjamin. They recall that there is a yearly feast at Shiloh at which the young daughters of Shiloh dance. They tell the men of Benjamin to go there at the time of the feast and when the daughters of Shiloh come out to dance, to each seize a girl and take her away to Benjamin. And if anyone complains about breaking the vow made at Mizpah, it will be told them that this does not apply to the men of Benjamin and to be kind to this taking of wives.

The spiritual meaning of this is that it is essential that the tribe of Benjamin who stand for the link or connection between internal and external states, should have a full complement of wives so that truth and good can be together in producing and preserving this connection for our spiritual wholeness and its life. (Arcana Caelestia 5411)

The final verse of the book of Judges, “In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in their own eyes”, very much describes the sequence of the stories in Judges to the point where good and truth, love for the Lord and obedience to the Word, are marginalised, and replaced by one wrong action after another, through to the very end.

The spiritual meaning in these wrong doings can be seen to show their purpose in terms of our spiritual life and regeneration. This is the purpose of them being included in the Word, and while the text is at times harrowing, it contains the basis for giving us the truths which lead to eternal life and the Lord.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 9422


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 608, 687

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Významy biblických slov

Israeliti
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

giurato
'To sware' is a binding.

mispa
'Mizpah,' as in Genesis 31:49, signifies the quality of the Lord’s presence with people who are principled in the goods of works, or with the...

noi
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

figliuola
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

moglie
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

casa
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

di Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

sera
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

voce
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

pianto
'Weeping' represents both sorrow and love.

signore
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

oggi
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

tribù
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

altare
Il primo altare menzionato nella Parola fu costruito da Noè dopo che uscì dall'arca. Su quell'altare, egli sacrificò al Signore animali puliti. Le montagne rappresentano...

figliuoli
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

grande
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

morire
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

fratelli
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

donne
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

figliuole
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

mogli
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

campo
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

abitanti
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

uomini
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

ordine
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

spada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

donna
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

conosciuto
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

fanciulle
The damsels of Rebecca, in Genesis 24:61, signify subservient affections. See Daughter.

vergini
'Virgins,' as in Revelation 14:4, signify people who love truths because they are truths, so from a spiritual affection. 'Virgin' signifies the church as a...

uomo
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

parlare
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

beniamino
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

Abbastanza
'Sufficiency' relates to the reception of good, because good is the spiritual nourishment of the soul, as natural food is the nourishment of the body.

rottura
'To rupture' or 'breach' denotes the infraction and perversion of truth.

anziani
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

settentrione
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

strada
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

sichem
'Sichem' or 'Shechem' means the celestial aspects of love.

mezzodì
'South' denotes truth in light.

vigne
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

padri
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

guerra
La guerra nella Parola rappresenta il combattimento della tentazione quando ciò che è bene è assalito da ciò che è male o falso. Il male...

eredità
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

città
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

tempo
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

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 Books of Joshua and Judges Multiple Choice Review
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Chart of the Judges Review Activity
Review the Judges of Israel by completing a chart to show their enemies, enemy rulers, weapons and years of peace.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Qualities of a Hero Review of Joshua and Judges
Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Review of Joshua and Judges Crossword Puzzle
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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