Giudici 19

Studovat vnitřní smysl
← Giudici 18   Giudici 20 →         

1 OR in quel tempo, non essendovi alcun re in Israele, avvenne che un uomo Levita, dimorando nel fondo del monte di Efraim, si prese una donna concubina di Bet-lehem di Giuda.

2 E questa sua concubina fornicò in casa sua, e si partì da lui, e se ne andò a casa di suo padre, in Bet-lehem di Giuda, ove stette lo spazio di quattro mesi.

3 Poi il suo marito si levò, e le andò dietro, per piegare il cuor suo con dolci parole, e per ricondurla; e avea seco il suo servitore, e un paio d’asini. Ed ella lo menò in casa di suo padre; e il padre della giovane, come l’ebbe veduto, gli si fece lietamente incontro.

4 E il suo suocero, padre della giovane, lo ritenne; ed egli dimorò con lui tre giorni; e mangiarono, e bevvero, e albergarono quivi.

5 E, al quarto giorno, si levarono la mattina; e il Levita si mise in ordine per andarsene; ma il padre della giovane disse al suo genero: Confortati il cuore con un boccon di pane, e poi voi ve ne andrete.

6 Così si posero amendue a sedere, e mangiarono, e bevvero insieme; e il padre della giovane disse a quell’uomo: Deh! piacciati star qui questa notte, e il cuor tuo si rallegri.

7 Ma quell’uomo si levò per andarsene; ma pure il suo suocero gli fece forza, talchè egli se ne ritornò, e stette quivi quella notte.

8 E al quinto giorno, egli si levò la mattina per andarsene; e il padre della giovane gli disse: Deh! confortati il cuore. E, postisi amendue a mangiare insieme, indugiarono finchè il giorno fu calato.

9 Allora quell’uomo si levò, per andarsene con la sua concubina, e col suo servitore. Ma il suo suocero, padre della giovane, gli disse: Ecco ora, il giorno vien mancando e fassi sera; deh! state qui questa notte: ecco, il giorno cade; deh! sta’ qui questa notte, e rallegrisi il cuor tuo; e domattina voi vi leverete per andare a vostro cammino, e tu te ne andrai a casa tua.

10 Ma quell’uomo non volle star quivi la notte; anzi si levò, e se ne andò; e giunse fin dirincontro a Iebus, che è Gerusalemme, co’ suoi due asini carichi, e con la sua concubina.

11 Come furono presso a Iebus, il giorno era molto calato; laonde il servitore disse al suo padrone: Deh! vieni, riduciamoci in questa città de’ Gebusei, e alberghiamo in essa.

12 Ma il suo padrone gli disse: Noi non ci ridurremo in alcuna città di stranieri, che non sia de’ figliuoli d’Israele; anzi passeremo fino a Ghibea.

13 Poi disse al suo servitore: Cammina, e arriviamo ad uno di que’ luoghi, e alberghiamo in Ghibea, o in Rama.

14 Essi adunque passarono oltre, e camminarono; e il sole tramontò loro presso a Ghibea, la quale è di Beniamino.

15 Ed essi si rivolsero là, per andare ad albergare in Ghibea. Ed essendo quel Levita entrato nella città, si fermò in su la piazza; e non vi fu alcuno che li accogliesse in casa per passar la notte.

16 Ma ecco, un uomo vecchio, che veniva in su la sera dal suo lavoro da’ campi, il quale era della montagna di Efraim, e dimorava in Ghibea; gli abitanti del qual luogo erano Beniaminiti.

17 Ed esso, alzati gli occhi, vide quel viandante nella piazza della città; e gli disse: Ove vai? ed onde vieni?

18 Ed egli gli disse: Noi passiamo da Bet-lehem di Giuda, per andare al fondo della montagna di Efraim; io sono di là, ed era andato fino a Bet-lehem di Giuda; e ora me ne vo alla Casa del Signore; e non vi è alcuno che mi accolga in Casa.

19 E pure abbiamo della paglia, e della pastura, per li nostri asini; e anche del pane e del vino, per me, e per la tua servente, e per lo famiglio che è co’ tuoi servitori; noi non abbiamo mancamento di nulla.

20 E quell’uomo vecchio gli disse: Datti pace; lascia pur la cura a me d’ogni tuo bisogno; sol non istar la notte in su la piazza.

21 Ed egli lo menò in casa sua, e diè della pastura agli asini; ed essi si lavarono i piedi, e mangiarono e bevvero.

22 Mentre stavano allegramente, ecco, gli uomini di quella città, uomini scellerati, furono attorno alla casa, picchiando all’uscio; e dissero a quell’uomo vecchio, padron della casa: Mena fuori quell’uomo ch’è venuto in casa tua, acciocchè noi lo conosciamo.

23 Ma quell’uomo, padron della casa, uscì fuori a loro, e disse loro: No, fratelli miei; deh! non fate questo male; poichè quest’uomo è venuto in casa mia, non fate questa villania.

24 Ecco, la mia figliuola, ch’è vergine, e la concubina di esso; deh! lasciate che io ve le meni fuori, e usate con esse, e fate loro ciò che vi piacerà; ma non fate questa villania a quest’uomo.

25 Ma quegli uomini non vollero ascoltarlo; laonde quell’uomo prese la sua concubina, e la menò loro nella strada; ed essi la conobbero, e la straziarono tutta quella notte infino alla mattina; poi, all’apparir dell’alba, la rimandarono.

26 E quella donna se ne venne, in sul far del dì, e cascò alla porta della casa di quell’uomo, nella quale il suo signore era; e stette quivi finchè fosse dì chiaro.

27 E il suo signore si levò la mattina, e aprì l’uscio della casa, e usciva fuori per andarsene a suo cammino; ed ecco, quella donna, sua concubina, giaceva alla porta della casa, con le mani in su la soglia.

28 Ed egli le disse: Levati, e andiamocene. Ma non v’era chi rispondesse. Allora egli la caricò sopra un asino, e si levò, e se ne andò al suo luogo.

29 E, come fu giunto a casa sua, tolse un coltello, e prese la sua concubina, e la tagliò, per le sue ossa, in dodici pezzi, e la mandò per tutte le contrade d’Israele.

30 E chiunque vide ciò, disse: Tal cosa non è giammai stata fatta, nè veduta, dal dì che i figliuoli d’Israele salirono fuor del paese di Egitto, fino a questo giorno; prendete il fatto a cuore, tenetene consiglio e parlamento.

← Giudici 18   Giudici 20 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Judges 19      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

The Levite’s Concubine and the Crime of Gibeah

In many ways the events in this chapter show the further deterioration of the spiritual condition of the people of Israel. It's a terrible story, much like the story of Sodom, much earlier in the Book of Genesis. It ends with some men of Gibeah – a town of Israel – seeking to have sex with a man who is a guest of one of the men of the city. This does not happen; they are instead diverted into an all-night rape of the man’s concubine, so that she is lifeless when he retrieves her body in the morning. He then cuts her up into twelve pieces and sends these throughout the whole territory of Israel.

As we have been saying, these last few chapters of the Book of Judges show clearly that once evil takes hold of a person – even a community or a country – and goes unchecked, and there is no indication of any desire to stop it or to turn from it, it will expand and poison the whole ‘body’. Then there is no distinction between what is good and evil, or between what is true and what is false, and there is no longer any active conscience left to check thoughts, desires and actions. (Arcana Caelestia 977)

The story begins… A Levite, a priest of Israel, takes a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah, but she takes part in prostitution and leaves the priest and goes to her father’s house in Bethlehem. The Levite goes to talk kindly with her, and she takes him into her father’s house where he is made welcome by her father.

The spiritual meaning of this is about a fairly mild situation of disorder and wrong which will form the beginning of all that is to happen. The Levite has a concubine. The concubine takes part in prostitution. The father’s fault seems to be that he keeps delaying the Levite’s departure. Every person lives with their own natures which produce mild disorders which can in fact become useful to us during regeneration. But allowed or left to stay unchecked, these disorders can begin to take hold. (Arcana Caelestia 8407)

The Levite keeps intending to leave, but several times the father of the concubine begs him to stay another night and detains him. Three days there becomes four, another night is spent, and on the fifth day the father urges the Levite to stay and eat and spend another night and go away early the next day. This time the Levite refuses and they leave and get to the town of Jebus, a Canaanite town which will eventually become Jerusalem.

The spiritual meaning of these delays before leaving lies in the danger of not turning away from something which is beginning to hold us and become our new normality. The father is very persuasive, but he is the father of a concubine who prostitutes herself. The Levite senses something is not right, and he insists he will leave. (Divine Providence 329)

The Levite’s servant asks for them to stay in Jebus, but the Levite refuses to stay in a foreign city and says they will go on to Gibeah or Ramah. They come to Gibeah and stay in the square as no one will take them in. An old man passes by and offers to take them into his house, and they go with him.

The spiritual point of this refusal to stay in the foreign city of Jebus but to go on to Gibeah, a city in Israel, is to bring out for us a sense of the abhorrence of what is about to happen there, and the extent of the wrong in Israel. (Apocalypse Revealed 158)

Some men of Gibeah beat on the door demanding that the man staying there come out so that they can sexually abuse him. The old man refuses but offers them his virgin daughter and the visitor’s concubine, but the men refuse. The Levite takes the concubine out of the house to the men and they rape her all night until morning.

The spiritual meaning for us of this story of the men of Gibeah and the concubine stems from the fact that no one in the entire story is blameless, apart from the virgin daughter of the old man. Everyone else is culpable. Spiritually, this reminds us that we are potentially capable of thinking about and even wanting to commit every evil and that regeneration – shunning all evils as sins against God and living in careful obedience to the Word – is the guard against this. (Divine Providence 296)

Abused and left, the concubine falls at the door of the house. In the morning the Levite sees her, bids her get ready to leave, then realises she is dead. He puts her on his donkey and goes to his house. He takes a knife and cuts the concubine into twelve pieces and sends these throughout the whole of Israel. And all who see say that no such thing has been seen since Israel came out of Egypt and end saying, ‘Consider it. Confer. Speak up!’

The spiritual meaning for us in dividing the concubine’s body in twelve parts and distributing them throughout all Israel is to do with our need to examine ourselves and see where our evils lie within us, often hidden and unknown. This is to be done in view of our actions, words, thoughts, intentions and what we might do if there were no penalty. (Divine Providence 149, 152, 278)

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3148, 4592

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:



Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesi 16:8, 18:4, 5, 19:2, 4, 5, 8, 34:3, 7, 43:23

Joshua 15:8, 18:25, 28

Giudici 1:21, 3:27, 6:23, 12:8, 17:6, 20:4, 5, 6, 7

Ruth 3:7

1 Samuel 11:7

Salmi 104:15, 23

Proverbi 20:18

Isaiah 10:29

Osea 2:16, 5:8, 9:9

Romani 1:27

Ebrei 13:2

Významy biblických slov

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

uomo
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

donna
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

bet-lehem
Nella Bibbia c'è una forte relazione tra Efrati e Betlemme; potrebbero essere due nomi diversi per la stessa città, oppure è possibile che Efrati descriva...

Giuda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

padre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

quattro
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

mesi
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

marito
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

asini
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

giovane
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

incontro
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

giorni
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

giorno
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

mattina
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

cuore
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

pane
The word “bread” is used two ways in the Bible. In some cases it means actual bread; in others it stands for food in general....

mangiare
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

per
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

gerusalemme
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

città
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

noi
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

figliuoli
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Ghibea
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

uno
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

rama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

sole
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

beniamino
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

entrato
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

vecchio
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

sera
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

lavoro
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

montagna
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

occhi
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

vieni
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

signore
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

paglia
The word 'straw,' as in Genesis 24:25, signifies scientific truths, because it is food for camels. Straw,' as in Isaiah 11:6, signifies the Word in...

vino
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

servitori
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

piedi
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

uomini
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

è venuto
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

fratelli
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

figliuola
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

vergine
A ‘virgin’ in the Word means those who are in the Lord’s kingdom. –Secrets of Heaven 3081...

notte
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

alba
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

porta
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

asino
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

coltello
'A knife' used for sacrifices denotes the truth of faith.

ossa
Le ossa sono forti e solidali, forniscono un quadro di riferimento per il nostro corpo e rendono possibili il movimento e l'azione. Sono anche la...

Egitto
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Deborah and Barak Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the story of Deborah and Barak.
Activity | All Ages

 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages


Přeložit: