Giudici 18

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1 IN quel tempo non v’era re alcuno in Israele; e in que’ dì la tribù di Dan si cercava eredità, da abitare; perciocchè fino a quel dì non le era scaduta sorte fra le tribù d’Israele in eredità.

2 Laonde i figliuoli di Dan mandarono cinque uomini della lor nazione, presi qua e là d’infra loro, uomini di valore, da Sorea e da Estaol, a spiare un certo paese, e ad investigarlo; e dissero loro: Andate, investigate quel paese. Essi adunque, giunti al monte di Efraim, alla casa di Mica, albergarono quivi.

3 Come furono presso alla casa di Mica, riconobbero la voce del giovane Levita; e, ridottisi là, gli dissero: Chi ti ha condotto qua? e che fai qui? e che hai da far qui?

4 Ed egli disse loro: Mica mi ha fatte tali e tali cose, e mi ha condotto per prezzo per essergli sacerdote.

5 Ed essi gli dissero: Deh! domanda Iddio, acciocchè sappiamo se il viaggio che facciamo sarà prospero.

6 E il sacerdote disse loro: Andate in pace; il viaggio che voi fate è davanti al Signore.

7 Que’ cinque uomini adunque andarono; e, giunti in Lais, videro il popolo che era in quella città, la quale era situata in luogo sicuro, stare in riposo e in sicurtà, nella maniera de’ Sidonii; non essendovi alcuno nel paese, che desse loro molestia in cosa alcuna; ed erano padroni del loro stato, e lontani da’ Sidonii, e non aveano da far nulla con alcuno.

8 Poi, essendo ritornati a’ lor fratelli, in Sorea ed in Estaol, i lor fratelli dissero loro: Che dite voi?

9 Ed essi dissero; Or su, saliamo contro a quella gente: perciocchè noi abbiamo veduto il paese, ed ecco, egli è grandemente buono: e voi ve ne state a bada? non siate pigri a mettervi in cammino, per andare a prender possessione di quel paese.

10 Quando voi giungerete là consciossiachè Iddio ve l’abbia dato nelle mani, verrete ad un popolo che se ne sta sicuro, e il paese è largo; è un luogo, nel quale non v’è mancamento di cosa alcuna che sia in su la terra.

11 Allora seicent’uomini della nazione de’ Daniti si partirono di là, cioè, di Sorea e di Estaol, in armi.

12 E salirono, e si accamparono in Chiriat-iearim, in Giuda; perciò quel luogo è stato chiamato Mahane-Dan, fino a questo giorno; ed ecco, egli è dietro a Chiriat-iearim.

13 E di là passarono al monte di Efraim, e giunsero alla casa di Mica.

14 Allora, i cinque uomini ch’erano andati a spiare il paese di Lais, fecero motto a’ lor fratelli, e dissero loro: Sapete voi che in queste case vi è un Efod, e delle immagini, e una scultura, e una statua di getto? Ora dunque, considerate ciò che avete a fare.

15 Ed essi si ridussero là, e vennero alla casa del giovane Levita, nella casa di Mica, e gli domandarono del suo bene stare.

16 Or i seicent’uomini de’ figliuoli di Dan armati si fermarono all’entrata della porta.

17 Ma que’ cinque uomini, ch’erano andati per ispiar il paese, salirono, ed entrarono là entro, e presero la scultura, e l’Efod, e le immagini, e la statua di getto, mentre il sacerdote era arrestato all’entrata della porta, co’ seicent’uomini armati.

18 Essi adunque, essendo entrati in casa di Mica, e avendo presa la scultura, e l’Efod e le immagini, e la statua di getto, il sacerdote disse loro: Che fate voi?

19 Ed essi gli dissero: Taci; mettiti la mano in su la bocca, e vieni con noi, e siici per padre, e per sacerdote; quale è meglio per te, esser sacerdote a una casa d’un uomo, ovvero esser sacerdote a una tribù, e ad una nazione in Israele?

20 E il sacerdote se ne rallegrò nel suo cuore, e prese l’Efod, e le immagini, e la scultura, e se ne andò fra quella gente.

21 Poi i Daniti si rimisero al lor cammino, avendo posto innanzi a loro i piccoli fanciulli, ed il bestiame, e le robe.

22 Ed essendo già lungi della casa di Mica, gli uomini ch’erano nelle case vicine alla casa di Mica, si adunarono a grida, e seguitarono di presso i figliuoli di Dan.

23 E gridarono a’ figliuoli di Dan. Ed essi, voltando la faccia, dissero a Mica: Che cosa hai, che tu hai adunata la tua gente?

24 Ed egli disse: Voi avete presi i miei dii, che io avea fatti, e il sacerdote, e ve ne siete andati via. Che mi resta egli più? E come dunque mi dite voi: Che hai?

25 Ma i figliuoli di Dan gli dissero: Non far che s’intenda la tua voce appresso di noi; che talora alcuni uomini d’animo iracondo non si avventino sopra voi; e che tu, e que’ di casa tua, perdiate la vita.

26 I figliuoli di Dan adunque seguitarono il lor cammino; e Mica, veggendo ch’erano più forti di lui, rivoltosi indietro, se ne ritornò a casa sua.

27 Ed essi, preso quello che Mica avea fatto, e il sacerdote ch’egli avea, giunsero a Lais, ad un popolo che se ne stava in quiete e in sicurtà; e percossero la gente a fil di spada, e arsero la città col fuoco.

28 E non vi fu alcuno che la riscotesse; perciocchè era lungi di Sidon, e gli abitanti non aveano da far nulla con niuno; e la città era nella valle che è nel paese di Bet-rehob. Poi riedificarono la città, e abitarono in essa.

29 E le posero nome Dan, del nome di Dan, lor padre, il qual fu figliuolo d’Israele; in luogo che il nome di quella città prima era Lais.

30 E i figliuoli di Dan si rizzarono la scultura; e Gionatan, figliuolo di Ghersom, figliuolo di Manasse, e i suoi figliuoli dopo di lui, furono sacerdoti della tribù di Dan, infino al giorno che gli abitanti del paese furono menati in cattività.

31 Si rizzarono adunque quella scultura di Mica, ch’egli avea fatta; ed ella vi fu tutto il tempo che la Casa di Dio fu in Silo.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 18      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

The Tribe of Dan Adopts Micah’s Idolatry

This chapter shows the way in which one person’s distortion of truth, turning it into a falsity, can have severe consequences on a larger scale.

The tribe of Dan – one of the twelve tribes of Israel – was given land to the west, by the coast, but they found it hard to hold on to. The name of the tribe of Dan means ‘to judge’, but if judgment isn't based on the Word there will be chaos. (Arcana Caelestia 842)

Faced with competition for their homeland, the tribal leaders of Dan went looking for a place for themselves elsewhere. They sent five men of valour to spy out the land. These men came to Micah’s house, and they recognised the voice of the young Levite there. They questioned him about his situation, and he told them that Micah had hired him to be a priest to his household. The men of Dan asked the Levite to ask the Lord if their search would be prosperous, and he told them that it would be.

The spiritual meaning of this part of the chapter is to do with an intensifying wrongness. At the textual level, there is reference to the Lord, and an apparent normality in what takes place. But underlying it, there's a wrongness, which will become apparent later in the chapter. The pointers to it here are the five men from Dan, them coming straight to Micah’s house, and the hiring of a priest.

The number ‘five’ has a good meaning in many parts of the Word, but it can also have a bad meaning, as it does here. In this context, it stands for only a little, for disunion and the destruction of the Word (Apocalypse Revealed 738).

Coming directly to Micah’s house and recognising the Levite brings together two evil intentions: Micah’s idol and the men of Dan’s search to take a home for themselves. An example for us could be where two people plot to seek the harm of a third person. (Arcana Caelestia 4724)

The hiring of a priest is something disallowed, for priests are there to serve the Lord and they are provided for by the people, not to be hired. Hiring, spiritually, stands for seeking reward for what you do, whereas the true reward is heaven for those who serve without expecting a reward. (Arcana Caelestia 8002)

The five men leave Micah's house, and go on to Laish in the far north, where there are people who dwell securely in peace and without rulers, far from others and with no ties. Laish means ‘fearless and kneaded together’. It is a picture of perfection, of heaven. (Divine Love and Wisdom 200)

The five men then return to their tribe of Dan and report about Laish. They say that it is ideal for the taking because it has plenty of land and its people are secure. They say that “God has given it into your hands”.

Six hundred men of the tribe of Dan set out and they too, come to the house of Micah. The five spies tell them about the idols and they meet and greet the young Levite. Then the five spies go in and take all the idols in the house. The Levite joins up with the men from Dan and they go on together.

One spiritual meaning in the story is that evil (Dan, gone bad) loves to destroy peace and innocence (Laish).

The complete loss to Micah of all his idols and his hired priest, shows, too, that in fully turning to evil, there is the final loss of everything that might bring a person back. (Arcana Caelestia 9039)

People living near Micah go and accost the men of Dan about what they have taken -- but Micah is told to stop complaining or his household will be killed.

The Danites leave, and go and capture Laish, killing and burning, and re-naming the city Dan. There they set up the images and appoint priests. These images remain in Dan all the time that the house of God is in Shiloh.

The spiritual meaning of one evil or falsity becoming greater or more numerous is in the way that we might hold a negative emotion or a distorted view in our mind where it then spreads to other emotions and views we have and brings them into greater evil and falsity. This is the intention of evil and also of hell’s influence, to extend it to be as widespread as possible.

This is the outcome of everything that has developed through this and the previous chapter. It describes the spread of evil to become a terrible force for destruction and spiritually, for an individual person, for self-destruction. In the context of the decline of Israel to where ‘everyone did what was right in their own eyes’ this progression presents the pathway and process of that spiritual loss. (Divine Providence 19)

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2598, 6396


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 3704, 3923, 4111, 8301

Heaven and Hell 324


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Spiritual Experiences 2411

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Významy biblických slov

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

tribù
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

eredità
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

abitare
'Inhabit' refers to good.

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

figliuoli
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

cinque
Five also signifies all things of one part.

nazione
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

spiare
'Spies,' as in Genesis 42:9, denote people who learn the church's truth only for gain.

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

voce
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

giovane
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

prospero
'To be made to prosper' signifies being provided for. Which is why 'Jehovah made it prosper in his hand' means Divine Providence. 

signore
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

fratelli
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

noi
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

dato
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

terra
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

uomini
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Giuda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

chiamato
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

giorno
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

dietro a
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

case
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

immagini
'An image' signifies falsities from self-derived intelligence.

scultura
'An image' signifies falsities from self-derived intelligence.

porta
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

bocca
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

padre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

uomo
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

cuore
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

bestiame
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

grida
As with most common verbs, the spiritual meaning of “crying” or “crying out” (meaning a shout or wail, not weeping) is highly dependent on context....

indietro
Ci sono molti esempi nella Bibbia che descrivono persone che tornano indietro, che si guardano indietro o che tornano indietro. Nella maggior parte dei casi...

quiete
When something is described as quiet, still or calm in the Bible, it represents the state of peace that comes with being aligned with the...

spada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

città
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

fuoco
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

abitanti
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

valle
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

nome
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

gionatan
There is little direct teaching about Jonathan in Swedenborg. He is the son of Saul, the first king of Israel (I Samuel: 9-10) and the...

figliuolo
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

sacerdoti
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

di Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

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