Joshua 6

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1 OR Gerico era serrata ed abbarrata, per tema de’ figliuoli d’Israele; niuno ne usciva, e niuno vi entrava.

2 E il Signore disse a Giosuè: Vedi, io ti do nelle mani Gerico, e il suo re, e la sua gente di valore.

3 Voi dunque, quanti siete uomini di guerra, circuite la città, aggirandola una volta.

4 Fa’ così per sei giorni. E sette sacerdoti portino davanti all’Arca sette trombe da sonar suono d’allegrezza; e al settimo giorno circuite la città sette volte, e suonino i sacerdoti con le trombe.

5 E quando soneranno alla distesa col corno da sonar suono d’allegrezza, e voi udirete il suon delle trombe, sclami tutto il popolo con gran grida; e le mura della città caderanno sotto di sè, e il popolo vi salirà dentro, ciascuno dirincontro a sè.

6 Allora Giosuè, figliuolo di Nun, chiamò i sacerdoti, e disse loro: Portate l’Arca del Patto sopra le vostre spalle; e sette sacerdoti portino davanti all’Arca del Signore sette trombe da sonar suono d’allegrezza.

7 Disse ancora al popolo: Passate, e circuite la città; e passi la gente di guerra davanti all’Arca del Signore.

8 E quando Giosuè ebbe detto questo al popolo, i sette sacerdoti, portando sette trombe da sonar suono d’allegrezza davanti al Signore, passarono oltre, e sonarono con le trombe; e l’Arca del Patto del Signore andava dietro a loro.

9 E la gente di guerra camminava dinanzi a’ sacerdoti che sonavano con le trombe; ma la retroguardia camminava dietro all’Arca; camminando si sonava con le trombe.

10 Or Giosuè avea comandato al popolo, dicendo; Non isclamate, e non fate udir la vostra voce, e non esca dalla vostra bocca parola alcuna, fino al giorno che io vi dirò: Sclamate; allora sclamate.

11 Così Giosuè fece circuir la città all’Arca del Signore, aggirandola una volta; poi il popolo se ne venne nel campo, e alloggiò nel campo.

12 Poi Giosuè si levò la mattina, e i sacerdoti si caricarono l’Arca del Signore in su le spalle.

13 E sette sacerdoti, portando sette trombe da sonar suono di allegrezza dinanzi all’Arca del Signore, camminavano, e camminando sonavano con le trombe; e la gente di guerra andava dinanzi a loro; e la retroguardia camminava dietro all’Arca del Signore; camminando si sonava con le trombe.

14 E circuirono una volta la città nel secondo giorno, e poi ritornarono nel campo. Così fecero per sei giorni.

15 E al settimo giorno, levatisi la mattina allo spuntar dell’alba, circuirono la città nella medesima maniera sette volte; sol quel giorno circuirono la città sette volte.

16 E la settima volta, come i sacerdoti sonavano con le trombe, Giosuè disse al popolo: Sclamate; perciocchè il Signore vi ha data la città.

17 E la città sarà un interdetto consacrato al Signore, insieme con tutto ciò che vi è dentro; sol la meretrice Rahab sarà lasciata in vita, con tutti quelli che saranno in casa con lei; perciocchè ella nascose i messi i quali noi mandammo.

18 Or guardatevi sol dell’interdetto, che talora voi non vi rendiate colpevoli intorno all’interdetto, prendendo alcuna cosa d’esso, e non mettiate il campo di Israele nell’interdetto, e nol turbiate.

19 Ma tutto l’argento, e l’oro, e i vasellamenti di rame e di ferro, saranno consacrati al Signore; essi entreranno nel tesoro del Signore.

20 Il popolo adunque sclamò, e i sacerdoti sonarono con le trombe; e avvenne che, quando il popolo ebbe udito il suon delle trombe, ed ebbe sclamato con gran grida, le mura di Gerico caddero sotto di sè; e il popolo salì dentro alla città, ciascuno dirincontro a sè, e presero la città.

21 E distrussero al modo dell’interdetto tutto quello ch’era dentro della città, uomini e donne, fanciulli e vecchi; fino a’ buoi, alle pecore, ed agli asini; mettendoli a fil di spada.

22 E Giosuè disse a’ due uomini che aveano spiato il paese: Andate in casa di quella donna meretrice, e fatene uscire lei, e tutto ciò che le appartiene, come voi le giuraste.

23 E que’ giovani che aveano spiato il paese entrarono in quella casa, e ne fecero uscir fuori Rahab, e suo padre, e sua madre, e i suoi fratelli, e tutto ciò che le apparteneva; fecero eziandio uscir fuori tutte le famiglie dei suoi, e le misero fuor del campo d’Israele.

24 E i figliuoli d’Israele bruciarono col fuoco la città, e tutto ciò che v’era dentro; sol posero l’argento, e l’oro, e i vasellamenti di rame e di ferro, nel tesoro della Casa del Signore.

25 E Giosuè salvò la vita a Rahab meretrice, e alla famiglia di suo padre, e a tutti i suoi; ed essa è dimorata per mezzo Israele fino a questo giorno; perciocchè avea nascosti i messi che Giosuè avea mandati per ispiar Gerico.

26 E Giosuè in quel tempo fece fare un giuramento, dicendo: Maledetto sia, nel cospetto del Signore, l’uomo il quale imprenderà di riedificar questa città di Gerico; egli la fonderà sopra il suo figliuol maggiore, e poserà le porte d’essa sopra il suo figliuol minore.

27 E il Signore fu con Giosuè, e la fama di esso andò per tutta la terra.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 6      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 6: The Fall of Jericho

Here, the first conflict for Israel in Canaan presents itself: the taking of the city of Jericho, which stands directly and obstinately in the path of the Israelites, preventing them from moving forward. This conflict embodies the whole essence and scope of all the rest of the conquests in the Joshua story, which in the inner meaning is to overcome and rule the things in our lives which oppose what God wants for us.

Jericho is to be taken with a siege, and God gives Joshua a procedure to follow: You shall march round the city once a day for six days in absolute silence. Seven priests shall carry seven rams’ horns before the ark. On the seventh day you shall march round the city seven times, and then the priests shall blow their trumpets. All the people are to shout with a huge shout, and then the walls of the city will fall down flat. And all the people are to go up and take the city.

This is quite unlike any other siege, where walls have to be scaled and fire catapulted in to burn things, but... this is a spiritual siege. The siege of Jericho represents how we are to lay siege to, or deal effectively with, our own evils and tendencies. It is the description blueprint for the battle between good and evil, which is our battle too. (See Doctrine of Faith 50).

In the Bible, Jericho is sometimes called the ‘city of palm trees’, giving a lovely idea of it. Its name means “a place of fragrance”, or, “his (the Lord’s) sweet breath”. It sounds perfect, but this has been usurped by invaders and takers who are now in complete possession of this sweet city and who will hold on for all they're worth (Apocalypse Explained 502[11]). This is really an account of the influence of hell in human life, and especially our unregenerate lives, when we are open to whatever feels self-gratifying.

Jericho, we hear, is shut up tight. It is not going to be an easy matter – because the work of regeneration never is – but this also describes hell’s fear; it is shut up tight because of the Israelites (Heaven and Hell 543). In us, when we become aware of a better way to live and we want to follow the Lord - whose yoke is easy and whose burden is light - hell will soon hit back in some devious imperceptible way to hold on to what it has got. It is scared of losing us.

This takes us to the siege and its tactics. The march once a day around the city for six days, carrying the ark, is to see every part of our situation from every angle, and it is also to parade our worship and adoration of the Lord (by parading the ark). The time period, six days, is always to do with the work involved in our regeneration as we see evil and shun it, pray to God, stand back and determine. (Arcana Caelestia 10373)

The seventh day involves seven marches round the city, then the trumpets and the shouts. This is the culmination, the Sabbath. For us, it is the avowal that we know the Lord is now ruling our will and our life and there will be no turning back or weakness of giving in. Jericho is now taken! The command is that every living thing in the city is to be completely destroyed because we must be unrelenting against all the things in our lives that go against God.

The gold, the silver, and the vessels of brass and iron, were put into the treasury of the house of Jehovah. The "gold and silver" represent the knowledges of spiritual truth and good, and "the vessels of brass and iron" represent knowledges of natural truth and good. In the profane hands of the idolaters of Jericho, those knowledges could be tools to serve dire falsities and evils. In the house of Jehovah, they could be serviceable knowledges, applied to good ends - hence their being salvaged. (See Heaven and Hell 487)

The prostitute Rahab (who had hidden Israel’s spies and confessed the Lord’s power) and all her family are brought out and given safekeeping. For us, this is the acknowledgement of the truth that we are sinful (as she was) and that if it were not for the Lord we would plunge into who knows what. But now we know and confess the power and truth of God. And then, the Israelites burn the city with fire and Joshua pronounces a curse on anyone who ever rebuilds this city. We are to abhor evil for what it is and be faithful to the Lord our God.

The story of the destruction of Jericho is then the pattern for all our resistance and resolve in seeing and overcoming evil, while confessing, as we do this, that the battle is the Lord’s. (Charity 166)

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 8815


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 728, 2799, 2838, 2973, 5955, 9396, 9416

Apocalypse Revealed 397, 529

Doctrine of Life 59

True Christian Religion 284


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 55, 458, 502, 700

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Významy biblických slov

gerico
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

figliuoli
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

signore
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

giosuè
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

valore
Mighty,' as in Revelation 19:18, signify people who are educated about doctrine derived from the Word. By extension, 'mighty' signifies education or learning derived from...

guerra
La guerra nella Parola rappresenta il combattimento della tentazione quando ciò che è bene è assalito da ciò che è male o falso. Il male...

città
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

giorni
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Sette
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

sacerdoti
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

arca
Ci sono tre arche menzionate nella Parola, l'arca di Noè, l'arca dei giunchi per il piccolo Mosè, e l'arca dell'alleanza nel tabernacolo. Tutte e tre...

trombe
The sounds of trumpets are heard in heaven when assemblies and appointments happen. So among the children of Israel, for whom everything was representative of...

settimo
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

giorno
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

corno
'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

grida
'To shout from the top of the mountain,' as in Isaiah 42:11, signifies worship from the good of love.

figliuolo
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

detto
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

dietro a
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

comandato
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

voce
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

bocca
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

parola
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

campo
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

mattina
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

sei
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

alba
Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

argento
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

oro
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

di rame
Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

rame
Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

ferro
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

Tesoro
'Treasuries' denote knowledges of good and truth, and, in the opposite sense, evil and falsity.

udito
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

uomini
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

donne
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

vecchi
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

asini
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

spada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

due
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

spiato
'Spies,' as in Genesis 42:9, denote people who learn the church's truth only for gain.

donna
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

giovani
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

padre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

madre
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

fratelli
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

famiglie
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

fuoco
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

tempo
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

giuramento
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

uomo
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

maggiore
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

porte
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

terra
"Terra" nella Bibbia può significare una persona o un gruppo di persone che la pensano come in una chiesa. Ma si riferisce specificamente all'esterno della...

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Use words from a word bank to complete sentences about the battle of Jericho.
Activity | All Ages

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Activity | Ages 9 - 13

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Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

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Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

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This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

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Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Destruction of Jericho
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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Discover stories that include the number seven in the Word.
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Read clues from Deuteronomy and Joshua to discover why Joshua was a hero.
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