Joshua 5

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Giovanni Diodati Bibbia (1649)         

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1 Ora, come tutti re degli Amorrei che erano di qua dal Giordano, verso Ponente, e tutti i re de’ Cananei, ch’erano presso al mare, udirono che il Signore avea seccate le acque del Giordano davanti a’ figliuoli d’Israele, finchè fossero passati; il cuor loro divenne tutto fiacco, e non restò loro più alcun animo, per tema de’ figliuoli d’Israele.

2 IN quel tempo il Signore disse a Giosuè: Fatti de’ coltelli taglienti, e torna di nuovo a circoncidere i figliuoli d’Israele.

3 Giosuè adunque si fece dei coltelli taglienti, e circoncise i figliuoli d’Israele al colle de’ prepuzi.

4 Or questa fu la cagione per la quale Giosuè li circoncise: tutti i maschi del popolo, ch’era uscito di Egitto, cioè, tutti gli uomini di guerra, erano morti nel deserto per lo cammino, dopo essere usciti di Egitto.

5 E, benchè tutto il popolo che uscì d’Egitto fosse circonciso, non però aveano circonciso tutto il popolo ch’era nato nel deserto per lo cammino, dopo che furono usciti d’Egitto.

6 Perciocchè, dopo che i figliuoli d’Israele furono camminati quarant’anni per lo deserto, finchè fosse consumata la gente degli uomini di guerra ch’erano usciti di Egitto, i quali non aveano ubbidito alla voce del Signore, onde il Signore avea lor giurato, che non farebbe lor vedere il paese, del quale avea giurato a’ lor padri, che ce lo darebbe; paese stillante latte e miele;

7 il Signore fece sorgere, in luogo loro, i lor figliuoli, e quelli circoncise Giosuè; perciocchè erano incirconcisi, conciossiachè non fossero stati circoncisi per lo cammino.

8 E, dopo che si fu finito di circoncidere tutta la gente, dimorarono fermi nel campo, finchè fossero guariti.

9 E il Signore disse a Giosuè: Oggi io vi ho tolto d’addosso il vituperio di Egitto. Ed egli pose nome a quel luogo, Ghilgal, il quale dura fino a questo giorno.

10 E i figliuoli d’Israele, accampati in Ghilgal, celebrarono la Pasqua nel quartodecimo giorno di quel mese, in su la sera nelle campagne di Gerico.

11 E il giorno seguente la Pasqua, in quello stesso giorno, mangiarono del grano del paese, in pani azzimi, e del grano arrostito.

12 E il giorno appresso ch’ebber mangiato del grano del paese, la manna cessò; e i figliuoli d’Israele non ebbero più manna; anzi quell’anno mangiarono del frutto della terra di Canaan.

13 Or avvenne che, mentre Giosuè era presso a Gerico, egli alzò gli occhi, e riguardò, ed ecco, un uomo stava ritto davanti a lui, il quale avea la sua spada tratta in mano. E Giosuè andò a lui, e gli disse: Sei tu de’ nostri, ovvero dei nostri nemici?

14 Ed egli disse: No; anzi io sono il Capo dell’esercito del Signore; pur ora son venuto. E Giosuè cadde sopra la sua faccia in terra, e adorò; e gli disse: Che vuol dire il mio Signore al suo servitore?

15 E il Capo dell’esercito del Signore disse a Giosuè: Tratti le scarpe da’ piedi; perciocchè il luogo, sopra il quale tu stai, è santo. E Giosuè fece così.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 5: The Circumcision and the Passover

In this chapter, the Israelites are now in the land of Canaan, and local Amorite and Canaanite kings lose heart to oppose them because of God’s miracle at the river Jordan.

God tells Joshua to circumcise all the men who were born since they left Egypt, because none were circumcised in the wilderness, and their fathers who were have now all died. So Joshua obeys, requiring circumcision of all the men of Israel.

As a result, God says to Joshua : “I have this day rolled away the stain of Egypt from you.” The place was therefore called Gilgal, which means “rolling”. The Children of Israel camped there till they were healed. They then ate the Passover using the food of the land for the very first time, and the daily manna, which had been provided by God every day in the wilderness, stopped.

Then, Joshua has an encounter with an angel:

When Joshua lifted his eyes he saw a man opposite him with a drawn sword in his hand. Joshua asked him, “Are you for us or for our adversaries?” The man answered, “No, but as Commander of the army of the Lord I have now come.” Joshua fell and worshipped and asked what he should do? The man said, “Take your sandal off your foot, for the place where you stand is holy”. And Joshua did so.

Note that this chapter is the very first one when the Israelites are in Canaan, and straightaway two important Jewish rituals are carried out – circumcision and the Passover. Circumcision is the cutting off of the foreskin. It means to become purified from loving oneself and the world, and the outer things of life, and to be righteous before God inwardly. (See Arcana Caelestia 2102.)

This meaning helps us see why elsewhere in the Bible it often talks about “circumcising your heart”. The circumcision in Canaan was to mark the new generation, which spiritually for us means that our regeneration always involves new states. (True Christian Religion 601)

The Passover was originally a meal to mark leaving slavery in Egypt, so it is very appropriate for celebrating entering the promised land. The spiritual meaning of the Passover is rich and complex, but, put simply, it is about the presence of the Lord with us, especially when we attribute life’s good events and blessings to the presence of God. “The Lord has done this for me… The Lord has done that for us.” (Arcana Caelestia 7902) The reason that it is a meal is that we share meals together, often in families, and spiritually everything in us comes together to be joyful and thankful.

The first camp of the Israelites in Canaan was at Gilgal, a place close to Jericho, the name of which means “rolling”. We’ve looked at its connection with circumcision but more generally, to ‘roll’ is to move forward, move on, keep going. This is a powerful early-in-the-story description of our regeneration, with its trials and blessings, both of which aim to keep us moving forward to be evermore in the life the Lord wants us to have. (Arcana Caelestia 8911)

With all this early first feeling of having finally got to Canaan, the land which God had always promised to give them, it is so very appropriate that Joshua is met by a militant angel of the Lord, the Commander of the army of the Lord. (Arcana Caelestia 7277). Note carefully that when Joshua asks if he is for us or for our enemies, the Commander says “No.” Spiritually this is very significant because the Lord uses everything – good and evil – peace and temptation – to lead us towards heaven.

The Commander declares that Joshua is to remove his sandal from off his foot because where he stands, this is holy ground. Spiritually, “holy ground” is the whole sweep of life, and our sense that all of it is the Lord’s gift to us. (See Arcana Caelestia 566, 1585)

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1664, 1748, 1784, 2039, 2799, 6846, 8294, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 619

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

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Významy biblických slov

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

giordano
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

mare
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

signore
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

acque
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

figliuoli
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

tempo
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

giosuè
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

circoncidere
The Writings teach that all parts of the human body correspond to spiritual things. That includes the sex organs of both men and women, which...

prepuzi
Heaven is filled with the love and delight of marriage, which has its origin in the marriage of love and wisdom in the Lord and...

Egitto
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

guerra
La guerra nella Parola rappresenta il combattimento della tentazione quando ciò che è bene è assalito da ciò che è male o falso. Il male...

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

circonciso
Circumcision (Gen. 17:10) signifies purity.

quarant
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

voce
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

giurato
'To sware' is a binding.

vedere
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

padri
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

latte
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

miele
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

incirconcisi
'The uncircumcised,' as in Ezekiel 31:18, signifies people lacking the good of charity.

campo
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

oggi
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

nome
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

ghilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

giorno
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

pasqua
'The Passover,' in Exodus 12, 27, signifies the presence of the Lord and His liberation from damnation of the people of the spiritual church. 'The...

mese
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

sera
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

gerico
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

azzimi
'Unleavened bread' signifies the holiness of love, or the holy of holies, so, pure love. The baking of unleavened bread is purification.

arrostito
To roast something is, in Biblical culinary terms, to cook it over a fire. Fire represents the Lord’s infinite love for all things, so roasting...

mangiato
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

manna
'Manna' signifies the good of celestial love conjoined to wisdom. 'Manna' signifies the good of truth. 'Manna' signifies celestial and spiritual good. Hidden manna,' as...

terra
"Terra" nella Bibbia può significare una persona o un gruppo di persone che la pensano come in una chiesa. Ma si riferisce specificamente all'esterno della...

canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

occhi
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

uomo
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

spada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

nemici
Foes, or adversaries, denote the falsities of evil. Foes, or adversaries, when predicate of the Lord, signifies to avert falsities derived from evil.

capo
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

esercito
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

dire
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

servitore
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

scarpe
In the Word, 'the sole of the foot' and 'the heel' signifies the ultimate natural. 'The shoe' is what clothes the sole of the foot...

piedi
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

santo
The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...

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