Joshua 5

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1 Ora, come tutti re degli Amorrei che erano di qua dal Giordano, verso Ponente, e tutti i re de’ Cananei, ch’erano presso al mare, udirono che il Signore avea seccate le acque del Giordano davanti a’ figliuoli d’Israele, finchè fossero passati; il cuor loro divenne tutto fiacco, e non restò loro più alcun animo, per tema de’ figliuoli d’Israele.

2 IN quel tempo il Signore disse a Giosuè: Fatti de’ coltelli taglienti, e torna di nuovo a circoncidere i figliuoli d’Israele.

3 Giosuè adunque si fece dei coltelli taglienti, e circoncise i figliuoli d’Israele al colle de’ prepuzi.

4 Or questa fu la cagione per la quale Giosuè li circoncise: tutti i maschi del popolo, ch’era uscito di Egitto, cioè, tutti gli uomini di guerra, erano morti nel deserto per lo cammino, dopo essere usciti di Egitto.

5 E, benchè tutto il popolo che uscì d’Egitto fosse circonciso, non però aveano circonciso tutto il popolo ch’era nato nel deserto per lo cammino, dopo che furono usciti d’Egitto.

6 Perciocchè, dopo che i figliuoli d’Israele furono camminati quarant’anni per lo deserto, finchè fosse consumata la gente degli uomini di guerra ch’erano usciti di Egitto, i quali non aveano ubbidito alla voce del Signore, onde il Signore avea lor giurato, che non farebbe lor vedere il paese, del quale avea giurato a’ lor padri, che ce lo darebbe; paese stillante latte e miele;

7 il Signore fece sorgere, in luogo loro, i lor figliuoli, e quelli circoncise Giosuè; perciocchè erano incirconcisi, conciossiachè non fossero stati circoncisi per lo cammino.

8 E, dopo che si fu finito di circoncidere tutta la gente, dimorarono fermi nel campo, finchè fossero guariti.

9 E il Signore disse a Giosuè: Oggi io vi ho tolto d’addosso il vituperio di Egitto. Ed egli pose nome a quel luogo, Ghilgal, il quale dura fino a questo giorno.

10 E i figliuoli d’Israele, accampati in Ghilgal, celebrarono la Pasqua nel quartodecimo giorno di quel mese, in su la sera nelle campagne di Gerico.

11 E il giorno seguente la Pasqua, in quello stesso giorno, mangiarono del grano del paese, in pani azzimi, e del grano arrostito.

12 E il giorno appresso ch’ebber mangiato del grano del paese, la manna cessò; e i figliuoli d’Israele non ebbero più manna; anzi quell’anno mangiarono del frutto della terra di Canaan.

13 Or avvenne che, mentre Giosuè era presso a Gerico, egli alzò gli occhi, e riguardò, ed ecco, un uomo stava ritto davanti a lui, il quale avea la sua spada tratta in mano. E Giosuè andò a lui, e gli disse: Sei tu de’ nostri, ovvero dei nostri nemici?

14 Ed egli disse: No; anzi io sono il Capo dell’esercito del Signore; pur ora son venuto. E Giosuè cadde sopra la sua faccia in terra, e adorò; e gli disse: Che vuol dire il mio Signore al suo servitore?

15 E il Capo dell’esercito del Signore disse a Giosuè: Tratti le scarpe da’ piedi; perciocchè il luogo, sopra il quale tu stai, è santo. E Giosuè fece così.


Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 5      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 5: The Circumcision and the Passover

In this chapter, the Israelites are now in the land of Canaan, and local Amorite and Canaanite kings lose heart to oppose them because of God’s miracle at the river Jordan.

God tells Joshua to circumcise all the men who were born since they left Egypt, because none were circumcised in the wilderness, and their fathers who were have now all died. So Joshua obeys, requiring circumcision of all the men of Israel.

As a result, God says to Joshua : “I have this day rolled away the stain of Egypt from you.” The place was therefore called Gilgal, which means “rolling”. The Children of Israel camped there till they were healed. They then ate the Passover using the food of the land for the very first time, and the daily manna, which had been provided by God every day in the wilderness, stopped.

Then, Joshua has an encounter with an angel:

When Joshua lifted his eyes he saw a man opposite him with a drawn sword in his hand. Joshua asked him, “Are you for us or for our adversaries?” The man answered, “No, but as Commander of the army of the Lord I have now come.” Joshua fell and worshipped and asked what he should do? The man said, “Take your sandal off your foot, for the place where you stand is holy”. And Joshua did so.

Note that this chapter is the very first one when the Israelites are in Canaan, and straightaway two important Jewish rituals are carried out – circumcision and the Passover. Circumcision is the cutting off of the foreskin. It means to become purified from loving oneself and the world, and the outer things of life, and to be righteous before God inwardly. (See Arcana Caelestia 2102.)

This meaning helps us see why elsewhere in the Bible it often talks about “circumcising your heart”. The circumcision in Canaan was to mark the new generation, which spiritually for us means that our regeneration always involves new states. (True Christian Religion 601)

The Passover was originally a meal to mark leaving slavery in Egypt, so it is very appropriate for celebrating entering the promised land. The spiritual meaning of the Passover is rich and complex, but, put simply, it is about the presence of the Lord with us, especially when we attribute life’s good events and blessings to the presence of God. “The Lord has done this for me… The Lord has done that for us.” (Arcana Caelestia 7902) The reason that it is a meal is that we share meals together, often in families, and spiritually everything in us comes together to be joyful and thankful.

The first camp of the Israelites in Canaan was at Gilgal, a place close to Jericho, the name of which means “rolling”. We’ve looked at its connection with circumcision but more generally, to ‘roll’ is to move forward, move on, keep going. This is a powerful early-in-the-story description of our regeneration, with its trials and blessings, both of which aim to keep us moving forward to be evermore in the life the Lord wants us to have. (Arcana Caelestia 8911)

With all this early first feeling of having finally got to Canaan, the land which God had always promised to give them, it is so very appropriate that Joshua is met by a militant angel of the Lord, the Commander of the army of the Lord. (Arcana Caelestia 7277). Note carefully that when Joshua asks if he is for us or for our enemies, the Commander says “No.” Spiritually this is very significant because the Lord uses everything – good and evil – peace and temptation – to lead us towards heaven.

The Commander declares that Joshua is to remove his sandal from off his foot because where he stands, this is holy ground. Spiritually, “holy ground” is the whole sweep of life, and our sense that all of it is the Lord’s gift to us. (See Arcana Caelestia 566, 1585)

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To many Protestant and Evangelical Italians, the Bibles translated by Giovanni Diodati are an important part of their history. Diodati’s first Italian Bible edition was printed in 1607, and his second in 1641. He died in 1649. Throughout the 1800s two editions of Diodati’s text were printed by the British Foreign Bible Society. This is the more recent 1894 edition, translated by Claudiana.


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