Joshua 4

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1 OR, quando tutta la gente ebbe finito di passare il Giordano perciocchè il Signore avea detto a Giosuè:

2 Pigliatevi dodici uomini del popolo, un uomo di ciascuna tribù;

3 e comandate loro, dicendo: Toglietevi di qui, di mezzo del Giordano, dal luogo dove i piedi de’ sacerdoti stanno fermi, dodici pietre, e portatele di là dal Giordano con voi, e posatele nell’alloggiamento, nel quale voi alloggerete questa notte;

4 Giosuè chiamò i dodici uomini, i quali egli avea ordinati d’infra i figliuoli d’Israele, un uomo di ciascuna tribù,

5 e disse loro: Passate dinanzi all’Arca del Signore Iddio vostro, in mezzo al Giordano, e levisi ciascun di voi in ispalla una pietra, secondo il numero delle tribù de’ figliuoli d’Israele.

6 Acciocchè questo sia un segnale nel mezzo di voi. Quando i vostri figliuoli vi domanderanno nel tempo a venire, dicendo: Che voglion dire queste pietre che avete qui?

7 Voi direte loro: Come l’acque del Giordano vennero meno d’innanzi all’Arca del Patto del Signore, quando ella passò il Giordano; e che queste pietre sono state poste per ricordanza a’ figliuoli d’Israele, in perpetuo.

8 E i figliuoli d’Israele fecero come Giosuè avea comandato; e tolsero, secondo che il Signore avea detto a Giosùe, dodici pietre di mezzo al Giordano, secondo il numero delle tribù de’ figliuoli d’Israele; e le portarono di là dal Giordano con loro, all’alloggiamento, e quivi le posarono.

9 Giosuè ancora rizzò dodici pietre in mezzo al Giordano, nel luogo stesso dove i piedi de’ sacerdoti che portavano l’Arca del Patto s’erano fermati; le quali son restate quivi infino a questo giorno.

10 I sacerdoti adunque che portavano l’Arca stettero ritti in mezzo al Giordano, finchè tutte le cose che il Signore avea comandate a Giosuè di dire al popolo furono finite, secondo tutto ciò che Mosè avea comandato a Giosuè; e il popolo si affrettò di passare.

11 E, quando tutto il popolo ebbe finito di passare, l’Arca del Signore passò anche essa, e i sacerdoti si misero dinanzi al popolo.

12 Or i figliuoli di Ruben, e i figliuoli di Gad, e la metà della tribù di Manasse, passarono in armi dinanzi a’ figliuoli d’Israele, secondo che Mosè avea loro detto.

13 Essi passarono, nelle campagne di Gerico, davanti al Signore, alla guerra, in numero d’intorno a quarantamila combattenti.

14 In quel giorno il Signore magnificò Giosuè davanti agli occhi di tutto Israele; ed essi lo temettero, come aveano temuto Mosè, tutti i giorni della sua vita.

15 Or il Signore avea parlato a Giosuè, dicendo:

16 Comanda a’ sacerdoti che portano l’Arca della Testimonianza, che salgano fuor del Giordano.

17 E Giosuè comandò, e disse a’ sacerdoti: Salite fuor del Giordano.

18 E avvenne, che quando i sacerdoti che portavano l’Arca del Patto del Signore furono saliti di mezzo al Giordano, come prima le piante de’ lor piedi ne furono spiccate, e poste in su l’asciutto, le acque del Giordano ritornarono al luogo loro, e corsero come per addietro, sopra tutte le rive di esso.

19 Così il popolo salì fuor del Giordano, nel decimo giorno del primo mese, e si accampò in Ghilgal, dal lato orientale di Gerico.

20 E Giosuè rizzò in Ghilgal quelle dodici pietre, che aveano tolte dal Giordano.

21 E disse a’ figliuoli d’Israele in questa maniera: Quando i vostri figliuoli nel tempo a venire domanderanno i lor padri, dicendo: Che voglion dire queste pietre?

22 Voi il farete assapere a’ vostri figliuoli, dicendo: Israele passò questo Giordano per l’asciutto.

23 Conciossiachè il Signore Iddio vostro abbia seccate le acque del Giordano davanti a voi, finchè voi siate passati; siccome il Signore Iddio vostro fece al mar rosso, il quale egli seccò davanti a noi, finchè fossimo passati;

24 acciocchè tutti i popoli della terra sappiano che la mano del Signore è potente; affinchè voi temiate del continuo il Signore Iddio vostro.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1585, 4255


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2838, 3858, 6804, 6983, 9396, 9416

Apocalypse Revealed 348, 529

Doctrine of Life 59

True Christian Religion 284


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 222, 430, 529, 700

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Esodo 9:16, 11:3, 12:14, 26, 28, 14:31, 15:19, 24:4

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giordano
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

signore
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

detto
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

giosuè
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

uomini
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

uomo
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

tribù
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

mezzo
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

piedi
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

sacerdoti
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

pietre
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

notte
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

figliuoli
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

arca
Ci sono tre arche menzionate nella Parola, l'arca di Noè, l'arca dei giunchi per il piccolo Mosè, e l'arca dell'alleanza nel tabernacolo. Tutte e tre...

Iddio
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pietra
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

dire
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acque
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

ricordanza
'For a sign and for a memorial,' denotes that a thing should be perpetually remembered.

perpetuo
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

comandato
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secondo
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giorno
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

mosè
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affrettò
'To hasten' or 'hastiness' in the internal sense, does not denote what is quick, but what is certain, and also what is full, thus every...

ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

metà
Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

gerico
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

guerra
La guerra nella Parola rappresenta il combattimento della tentazione quando ciò che è bene è assalito da ciò che è male o falso. Il male...

occhi
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

temuto
La paura dell'ignoto e la paura del cambiamento sono entrambe idee comuni, e insieme coprono un ampio spettro delle paure che tendiamo ad avere nella...

giorni
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

vita
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

parlato
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comanda
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

primo
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mese
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ghilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

lato
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

padri
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rosso
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noi
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terra
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mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

potente
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

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A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Crossing the Jordan, Jericho
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Israel Crosses the Jordan into Canaan
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Joshua and the Twelve Stones
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Picking Up Stones to Make A Memorial
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Number Twelve in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Discover times when the number twelve appears throughout the Word.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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