Joshua 24

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1 GIOSUÈ adunò ancora tutte le tribù d’Israele in Sichem, e chiamò gli Anziani d’Israele, e i Capi, e i Giudici, e gli Ufficiali di esso; ed essi si presentarono davanti a Dio.

2 E Giosuè disse a tutto il popolo: Così ha detto il Signore Iddio d’Israele: I vostri padri, qual fu Tare, padre di Abrahamo, e padre di Nahor, abitarono già anticamente di là dal Fiume, e servirono ad altri dii.

3 Ma io presi vostro padre Abrahamo di là dal Fiume, e lo condussi per tutto il paese di Canaan, e accrebbi la sua progenie, e gli diedi Isacco.

4 E diedi ad Isacco Giacobbe ed Esaù; e diedi ad Esaù il monte di Seir, per possederlo; ma Giacobbe e i suoi figliuoli discesero in Egitto.

5 Poi mandai, Mosè ed Aaronne, e percossi l’Egitto, secondo le opere che io feci nel mezzo di esso; poi ve ne trassi fuori.

6 E, dopo che io ebbi tratti fuor di Egitto i padri vostri, voi arrivaste al mare; e gli Egizj perseguitarono i padri vostri con carri, e con cavalleria, fino al mar rosso.

7 Ed essi gridarono al Signore, ed egli pose una caligine fra voi e gli Egizj; poi fece venire il mare addosso a loro, il qual li coperse; e gli occhi vostri videro ciò che io feci contro agli Egizj. Poi voi dimoraste nel deserto un lungo spazio di tempo.

8 E dipoi io vi condussi nel paese degli Amorrei, che abitavano di là dal Giordano; ed essi vi fecero guerra; ma io ve li diedi nelle mani, e voi prendeste possessione del lor paese, e io li distrussi d’innanzi a voi.

9 Balac eziandio, figliuolo di Sippor, re di Moab, si mosse, e fece guerra a Israele, e mandò a chiamar Balaam, figliuolo di Beor, per maledirvi;

10 ma io non volli ascoltar Balaam; anzi egli vi benedisse espressamente, e io vi liberai dalla mano di esso.

11 Poi voi passaste il Giordano, e arrivaste a Gerico; e gli abitanti di Gerico, e gli Amorrei, e i Ferizzei, e i Cananei, e gli Hittei, e i Ghirgasei, e gli Hivvei, e i Gebusei, guerreggiarono contro a voi; ma io ve li diedi nelle mani.

12 E mandai davanti a voi de’ calabroni, i quali scacciarono coloro d’innanzi a voi, come i due re degli Amorrei; ciò non avvenne per la tua spada, nè per lo tuo arco.

13 E io vi ho dato il paese, intorno al quale non vi siete affaticati; e delle città, le quali non avete edificate, e voi abitate in esse; voi mangiate delle vigne e degli ulivi che non avete piantati.

14 Ora dunque temete il Signore, e servitegli con integrità e con verità; e togliete via gl’iddii, a’ quali i padri vostri servirono di là dal Fiume e in Egitto; e servite al Signore.

15 E se pur non vi aggrada di servire al Signore, sceglietevi oggi a cui volete servire; o agl’iddii, a’ quali i padri vostri, che furono di là dal Fiume, servirono, ovvero agl’iddii degli Amorrei, nel cui paese abitate; ma io e la casa mia serviremo al Signore.

16 Allora il popolo rispose, e disse: Tolga Iddio da noi che noi abbandoniamo il Signore, per servire ad altri dii;

17 perciocchè il Signore Iddio nostro è quel che ha tratti noi e i padri nostri fuor del paese di Egitto, della casa di servitù; il quale ancora ha fatti questi gran miracoli nel nostro cospetto, e ci ha guardati per tutto il cammino, per lo quale siamo camminati; e per mezzo tutti i popoli, fra i quali siamo passati.

18 Il Signore ha eziandio scacciati d’innanzi a noi tutti questi popoli, e gli Amorrei che abitavano nel paese. Ancora noi serviremo al Signore; perciocchè egli è il nostro Dio.

19 E Giosuè disse al popolo: Voi non potrete servire al Signore; perciocchè egli è un Dio santo, un Dio geloso; egli non comporterà i vostri misfatti ed i vostri peccati.

20 Perciocchè voi abbandonerete il Signore, e servirete ad altri dii; laonde egli si rivolgerà, e vi farà del male e vi consumerà, dopo avervi fatto del bene.

21 Ma il popolo disse a Giosuè: No; anzi noi serviremo al Signore.

22 E Giosuè disse al popolo: Voi siete testimoni contro a voi stessi, che voi vi avete scelto il Signore, per servirgli. Ed essi dissero: Sì, noi ne siamo testimoni.

23 Ora dunque, soggiunse Giosuè, togliete via gl’iddii degli stranieri che son nel mezzo di voi, e inchinate il cuor vostro al Signore Iddio d’Israele.

24 E il popolo disse a Giosuè: Noi serviremo al Signore Iddio nostro, e ubbidiremo alla sua voce.

25 Così Giosuè fece in quel giorno patto col popolo, e gli ordinò statuti e leggi in Sichem.

26 Poi Giosuè scrisse queste parole nel Libro della Legge di Dio; e prese una gran pietra, e la rizzò quivi sotto la quercia, ch’era nel Santuario del Signore.

27 E Giosuè disse a tutto il popolo: Ecco, questa pietra sarà per testimonianza fra noi; perciocchè ella ha udite tutte le parole che il Signore ci ha dette; laonde sarà per testimonianza contro a voi, se talora voi rinnegate il vostro Dio.

28 Poi Giosuè rimandò il popolo ciascuno alla sua eredità.

29 E AVVENNE dopo queste cose, che Giosuè, figliuolo di Nun, servitor del Signore, morì d’età di cendieci anni.

30 E fu seppellito nella contrada della sua eredità, in Timnat-sera, che è nel monte di Efraim, dal Settentrione del monte di Gaas.

31 E Israele servì al Signore tutto il tempo di Giosuè, e tutto il tempo degli Anziani, i quali sopravvissero a Giosuè, e i quali aveano avuta conoscenza di tutte le opere del Signore, ch’egli avea fatte inverso Israele.

32 I figliuoli d’Israele seppellirono ancora le ossa di Giuseppe, le quali aveano portate fuor di Egitto, in Sichem, nella possessione del campo che Giacobbe avea comperata da’ figliuoli di Hemor, padre di Sichem, per cento pezzi d’argento; e i figliuoli di Giuseppe l’ebbero nella loro eredità.

33 Poi morì ancora Eleazaro, figliuolo di Aaronne, e fu seppellito nel colle di Finees, suo figliuolo; il qual luogo gli era stato dato nel monte di Efraim.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 24      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 24: The covenant at Shechem and the death of Joshua.

In the beginning of this final chapter, Joshua recounts God’s work for Israel in great detail, spanning the time before Abraham through Isaac and Jacob, the Israelites’ time as slaves in Egypt, and the exodus through the wilderness for many years, culminating with crossing the Jordan and taking Jericho.

Joshua then told the people of Israel that they were to choose whom they would serve: the gods of their fathers, or the Lord God of Israel. The people strongly affirmed that they would follow the Lord and be faithful to Him. They repeated this several times. Then Joshua told them that they were witnesses of their choice, and he renewed the covenant with them there, at Shechem. To mark the covenant, Joshua took a large stone and set it up as a witness to remind the Israelites of what they had sworn that day.

And after all of this, Joshua died, and was buried within his inheritance at Timnath Serah. Israel served the Lord all the days of Joshua, and continued to serve the Lord for some time after. And also Eleazar, the chief priest of Israel, died.

The bones of Joseph, which had been carried by Israel since they left slavery in Egypt, were then given their final resting place at Shechem in a plot of land originally bought by the family of Joseph.

The spiritual meaning of this chapter is all about commitment and devotion in our relationship with the Lord. Joshua’s review of events at the beginning is a reminder that the Lord leads us through life, with all its trials and blessings (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 18). In the work of regeneration, a high state of peace and of the Lord’s presence in us is followed by a state where we are in temptation and under attack from hell. In contrast, a state of temptation in which we stand firm and depend on the Lord leads to a state of trust, confidence, and the return of the Lord’s peace (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 933[2]).

Our spiritual life involves many repeated choices. This is why it is significant that the Israelites repeated their promise to serve the Lord so many times. We may feel that our decision to follow the Lord is a final one, but the reality is that we uphold (or refute) this decision in our actions each and every day. We will need to choose time and time again, even though we believe we would always choose the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 321[5]).

A covenant is a formal agreement. Biblical covenants are between people and the Lord. The Lord will always honor his part in the covenant, and we are to ensure that we will honor our part. Spiritually, the covenant is about the empowerment in declaring our commitment to the Lord. ‘This I will do.’ There is no longer any uncertainty or vagueness about our commitment to God. It has been sealed (Arcana Caelestia 1038).

The fact that Joshua commemorates the covenant with a stone also has important spiritual significance for us. A stone represents the strength and durability of truth when it becomes a permanent factor in our life. Committing to follow the Lord’s truths gives us a sturdy foundation in life.

When a story in the Bible mentions death, it always reflects the changing of some state in us. When Joshua and Eleazar the priest die, it is like moving on from a state which has served us well into a new and different state. In our regeneration, the Lord wants us to keep exploring new thoughts and decisions, so that we are always progressing and never complacent (Arcana Caelestia 1382).

The mention of Joseph’s bones at the very end of the chapter is also very significant. These bones of Joseph stand for the continuity of the Lord’s truth, wisdom and providence with us and for us. They also stand for the preservation of all that happens in a person’s life. All of these events make us the people we are, and will always keep shaping our spirit (Arcana Caelestia 6592).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1356, 1441, 1444, 1992, 2826, 2913, 2916, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 659

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 50

Spiritual Experiences 2354

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Významy biblických slov

giosuè
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

tribù
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

sichem
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

anziani
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

capi
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

giudici
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

detto
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

signore
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

padri
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

padre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Abrahamo
Abramo (o Abram, come viene chiamato all'inizio della sua storia) è uno dei personaggi principali della storia delle Sacre Scritture. Fu l'antenato di tutti i...

Nahor
'Nahor,' as in Genesis 22:20, signifies the Lord’s church among the Gentiles.

fiume
A flood signifies truths in abundance. The flood, as in Genesis 7, not only signifies the temptations which the man of the church called Noah...

canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

Isacco
'Isaac' represents spiritual love. 'Isaac,' in Genesis 17:19, signifies the rational divine. 'Isaac' signifies the Lord's divine rational in reference to divine good. Isaac' signifies...

giacobbe
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

esaù
Esau (Gen. 28:5, etc.) signifies the truth of good in the natural principle. Esau (Gen. 32:3) signifies celestial good in the natural principle.

Seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

figliuoli
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

Egitto
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

mosè
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Aaronne
Aronne era il fratello di Mosè. Egli simboleggia due cose, una durante la prima parte dell'esodo, quando era il portavoce di Mosè, e un'altra dopo...

dopo
Secondo Swedenborg, il tempo e lo spazio non esistono nella realtà spirituale, sono cose puramente naturali che esistono solo sul piano fisico. Ciò significa che...

mare
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

rosso
Flags, as in Exodus 2:3, signify scientific falsities.

venire
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

occhi
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

lungo
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

giordano
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

figliuolo
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

Balaam
The Children of Israel entered the country of Moab during their long journey from Egypt toward the land of Canaan. Moab's king, Balak, was afraid...

benedisse
Il Signore è l'amore perfetto espresso come saggezza perfetta. Ci ha creati perché ci amasse, ci desse amore e saggezza, e potesse così unirsi a...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

gerico
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

hivvei
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

calabroni
'Hornets,' as mentioned in Exodus 23:28, signify falsities of a tormenting and destructive kind, striking with formidable terror, or the dread of those who are...

due
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

spada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

arco
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

dato
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

città
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

vigne
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

verità
There's a great deal of talk in Swedenborg about "truth" as a concept – it's how we learn the Lord's will, what we must seek...

servire
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

oggi
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

casa
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

noi
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

misfatti
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

peccati
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

testimoni
In court, a witness is someone who saw a crime being committed, or observed something that could help determine the guilt or innocence of the...

voce
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

giorno
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

statuti
'Ordinances' in the prophets, signify changes relative to spiritual and celestial things, both in general and particular, which are also compared to the changes of...

parole
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

libro
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

di Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

pietra
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

sotto
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

eredità
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

settentrione
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

conoscenza
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

ossa
Le ossa sono forti e solidali, forniscono un quadro di riferimento per il nostro corpo e rendono possibili il movimento e l'azione. Sono anche la...

Giuseppe
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

campo
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

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Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
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Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

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Identify stories in which Joshua demonstrates heroic qualities such as bravery, kindness, responsibility, loyalty, honesty, perseverance, strength and obedience.
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Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
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Review questions for the book of Joshua.
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