Joshua 23

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1 ORA, lungo tempo appresso che il Signore ebbe dato riposo a Israele da tutti i suoi nemici d’ogn’intorno, Giosuè, essendo vecchio ed attempato,

2 chiamò tutto Israele, gli Anziani, e i Capi, e i Giudici, e gli Ufficiali di esso, e disse loro: Io sono omai vecchio ed attempato;

3 e voi avete veduto tutto ciò che il Signore Iddio vostro ha fatto a tutte queste genti per cagion vostra; conciossiachè il Signore Iddio vostro sia quel che ha combattuto per voi.

4 Ecco, io vi ho spartito a sorte, per eredità, secondo le vostre tribù, il paese di queste genti che restano, insieme col paese di tutte quelle che io ho sterminate, cioè dal Giordano, infino al mar grande, verso il Ponente.

5 E il Signore Iddio vostro disperderà quelle dal vostro cospetto, e le scaccerà d’innanzi a voi; e voi possederete il lor paese, come il Signore Iddio vostro ve ne ha parlato.

6 Perciò, fortificatevi vie più, per osservare, e per fare tutto quello che è scritto nel Libro della Legge di Mosè; acciocchè non ve ne rivolgiate nè a destra nè a sinistra;

7 e non entriate da queste genti che restano appresso di voi, e non ricordiate il nome de’ loro dii, e non li usiate in giuramenti, e non serviate loro, e non li adoriate.

8 Anzi vi atteniate al Signore Iddio vostro, come avete fatto infino ad oggi.

9 Onde il Signore ha cacciate dal cospetto vostro delle nazioni grandi e potenti; e niuno è potuto starvi a fronte fino ad oggi.

10 Un solo uomo d’infra voi ne perseguiterà mille; perciocchè il Signore Iddio vostro è quel che combatte per voi; come egli ve ne ha parlato.

11 Prendetevi adunque diligentemente guardia, sopra le anime vostre, di amare il Signore Iddio vostro.

12 Perciocchè, se pur voi vi rivoltate, e vi congiungete col rimanente di queste genti, che son rimaste appresso di voi, e v’imparentate con loro, ed entrate da loro, ed esse entrano da voi,

13 sappiate di certo che il Signore Iddio vostro non continuerà di scacciar queste genti d’innanzi a voi; anzi esse vi saranno per laccio, ed intoppo, e flagello a’ fianchi, e spine agli occhi, finchè periate d’in su questa buona terra, che il Signore Iddio vostro vi ha data.

14 Or ecco, io me ne vo oggi per la via di tutta la terra; riconoscete adunque con tutto il cuor vostro, e con tutta l’anima vostra, che non pure una di tutte le buone parole che il Signore Iddio vostro vi avea dette, è caduta in terra; ogni cosa vi è avvenuta; non ne è caduta in terra una sola parola.

15 Ma egli avverrà che, come ogni buona parola che il Signore Iddio vostro vi avea detta, vi è avvenuta, così il Signore farà venir sopra voi ogni malvagia parola, finchè vi abbia sterminati d’in su questa buona terra, la quale il Signore Iddio vostro vi ha data;

16 se voi trasgredite il patto del Signore Iddio vostro, il quale egli vi ha comandato, e andate a servire ad altri dii, e li adorate. E l’ira del Signore si accenderà contro a voi, e perirete subitamente d’in su questa buona terra, la quale egli vi ha data.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 23      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 23: Joshua’s farewell address to all Israel.

Now that the people of Israel are living in the land of Canaan according to the Lord’s promise to them, Joshua, now old, gathers Israel together and offers the people his final words. It is a review of God’s faithfulness to them, His power in their victories, the gift of a good land in which they may live, and finally, a warning: they must not turn away from the Lord and follow the gods of other nations, or the Lord’s anger will follow them.

The spiritual meaning of Joshua’s address is about our experience of the Lord’s activity in our lives, our responsibilities in the work of regeneration, and what happens in us when we drift away from our relationship with the Lord. Every part of Joshua’s speech touches on these subjects, and it is a shining statement for our spiritual well-being. We will look at each part of what Joshua says and their spiritual meanings.

Joshua called for all Israel, and for all of their leaders - their elders, their heads, their judges and their officers. Spiritually, what leads and commands our mind is what we hold as true, which then informs our actions.

Joshua says he is old and advanced in age. Spiritually, this stands for acquiring wisdom during regeneration. Perhaps ‘advanced’, with its range of meanings, is a clue here.

Then Joshua turns to the Lord and the conquest. Joshua reminds the Israelites of what the Lord has given them, and says that the Lord will help them drive out the remaining nations until the whole land is theirs. Spiritually, this is about the ways in which the Lord guides us through regeneration, and how He will be present in our continuing spiritual work.

Joshua then urges Israel to keep the law of Moses and not turn away from it, nor go among other nations who are alongside Israel, nor mention their gods, nor swear by them or serve them or bow down to them. For us, this means following the Lord, and not giving in to the other influences that could lead our lives - for example, greed or ambition. If we do give thought to these other things, they can entrap us. It is enough for us to see them in our mind and quickly refuse their place there.

Joshua then says that because the Lord has been fighting for Israel, no one has been able to stand against them. In verse 10, he says, “One man of you shall chase a thousand: for the Lord your God, he it is that fighteth for you, as he hath promised you.” This means when we acknowledge that the Lord rules our life and empowers us, the influences of hell will be powerless against our resolve.

Joshua then tells Israel that if they do turn to the other nations and their gods, the Lord would no longer drive out these nations, and they would become snares and traps for Israel. This is about the spiritual consequences of going against the Lord. This will inevitably bring on its own dangers, and we can be drawn in without realizing. The Lord can only drive out our spiritual enemies when we turn to Him for guidance.

Finally, Joshua says that not one thing God intended for Israel has failed to happen; so, just as God had given Israel many blessings, He would bring harm on Israel if they grew unfaithful. In our spiritual lives, this is only how things appear. We may feel that God is punishing us at times, but in reality we bring harm on ourselves when we no longer follow the Lord. So, Joshua says, the good land would be taken from them, just as the delight of heavenly life is taken from us if we turn away from the Lord.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1664, 2575

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Významy biblických slov

lungo
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

signore
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

nemici
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

giosuè
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

anziani
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

capi
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

giudici
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

eredità
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

tribù
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

giordano
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

grande
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

ha parlato
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

parlato
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

osservare
'To observe' stands for all aspects of the Word in general.

scritto
In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

libro
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

mosè
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

nome
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

oggi
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

nazioni
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

uomo
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

mille
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

anime
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

laccio
'To be in a snare' signifies being taken and seduced by one’s own evil and falsity.

occhi
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

buona
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

terra
"Terra" nella Bibbia può significare una persona o un gruppo di persone che la pensano come in una chiesa. Ma si riferisce specificamente all'esterno della...

anima
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

parole
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

caduta
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

parola
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

comandato
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

servire
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

ira
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

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