Joshua 18

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Giovanni Diodati Bibbia (1649)         

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1 POI tutta la raunanza de’ figliuoli d’Israele si adunò in Silo, e quivi posarono il Tabernacolo della convenenza. Or bene aveano soggiogato il paese;

2 ma restavano ancora fra i figliuoli d’Israele sette tribù, alle quali non era stata assegnata la parte della loro eredità.

3 Laonde Giosuè disse a’ figliuoli d’Israele: Infino a quando starete voi a bada, senza entrare a possedere il paese, il quale il Signore Iddio de’ padri vostri vi ha dato?

4 Ordinatevi tre uomini per tribù, ed io li manderò, acciocchè si levino, e vadano attorno per lo paese, e lo descrivano, secondo l’eredità che hanno da avere; e poi ritorneranno a me.

5 E partiranno il paese in sette parti: Giuda rimarrà ne’ suoi confini dal Mezzodì, e la casa di Giuseppe rimarrà ne’ suoi confini dal Settentrione.

6 Voi dunque fate una descrizione del paese, spartendolo in sette parti, e portatemela qua, e io vi trarrò qui le sorti, nel cospetto del Signore Iddio nostro.

7 Perciocchè i Leviti non hanno da aver parte alcuna per mezzo voi, conciossiachè il sacerdozio del Signore sia la loro eredità; e Gad, e Ruben, e la metà della tribù di Manasse, hanno già ricevuta la loro eredità di là dal Giordano, verso Oriente, la quale Mosè, servitor del Signore, ha data loro.

8 Quegli uomini adunque si levarono, e andarono; e Giosuè comandò a quelli che andavano a descrivere il paese, dicendo: Andate, e camminate attorno per lo paese, e fatene la descrizione; e poi ritornate a me, e io vi trarrò qui le sorti davanti al Signore, in Silo.

9 E quegli uomini andarono, e traversarono il paese, e lo descrissero a città a città in un libro, facendone sette parti; poi ritornarono a Giosuè nel campo in Silo.

10 E Giosuè trasse loro le sorti, in Silo, davanti al Signore, e quivi spartì il paese a’ figliuoli d’Israele, assegnando a ciascuna tribù la sua parte.

11 E LA sorte della tribù de’ figliuoli di Beniamino, secondo le lor nazioni, fu tratta fuori; e i confini della lor sorte scaddero fra i figliuoli di Giuda e i figliuoli di Giuseppe.

12 E dal lato settentrionale, il lor confine fu dal Giordano; e quel confine saliva allato a Gerico, dal Settentrione; poi saliva per lo monte, verso l’Occidente, e faceva capo a Bet-aven, verso il deserto.

13 E di là passava verso Luz, allato a Luz che è Betel, verso il Mezzodì; poi scendeva in Atrot-addar, presso al monte, che è dal lato meridionale di Bet-horon disotto.

14 Poi questo confine girava, e si rivolgeva al canto occidentale, verso il Mezzodì, dal monte che è dirimpetto a Bet-horon, dal Mezzodì, e faceva capo a Chiriat-Baal, che è Chiriat-iearim, città de’ figliuoli di Giuda. Questo era il canto occidentale.

15 E il lato meridionale era dall’estremità di Chiriat-iearim; e questo confine si stendeva verso l’Occidente, fino alla fonte delle acque di Neftoa.

16 Poi scendeva all’estremità del monte che è a fronte alla valle de’ figliuoli di Hinnom, che è nella valle de’ Rafei verso il Settentrione; poi scendeva per la valle di Hinnom fino allato alla città de’ Gebusei verso il Mezzodì, e di là scendeva in En-roghel.

17 E dal Settentrione girava, e si stendeva fino ad En-semes; e di là a Ghelilot, che è a fronte alla salita di Adummim; poi scendeva al Sasso di Bohan Rubenita.

18 Poi passava al lato che è dirimpetto alla campagna verso il Settentrione, e scendeva alla campagna.

19 Poi questo confine passava allato a Bet-hogla, verso il Settentrione, e faceva capo alla punta del mar salso, la quale è verso il Settentrione, all’estremità del Giordano, verso il Mezzodì. Questo fu il confine meridionale.

20 E il Giordano faceva confine a Beniamino dal lato orientale. Questa fu l’eredità de’ figliuoli di Beniamino, per li suoi confini d’ogn’intorno, secondo le lor nazioni.

21 E queste città furono date alla tribù de’ figliuoli di Beniamino, secondo le lor nazioni: Gerico, e Bet-Hogla, e la valle di Chesis;

22 e Bet-araba, e Semaraim, e Betel;

23 e Avvim, e Para, ed Ofra;

24 e Chefar-ammonai, ed Ofni, e Gheba; dodici città, con le lor villate;

25 poi Ghibon, e Rama, e Beerot;

26 e Mispe, e Chefira, e Mosa;

27 e Rechem, e Irpeel, e Tareala;

28 e Sela, ed Elef, e la città dei Gebusei, che è Gerusalemme, e Ghibeat, e Chiriat; quattordici città, con le lor villate. Questa fu l’eredità de’ figliuoli di Beniamino, secondo le lor nazioni.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 18      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 18: The rest of the land is divided up among the 7 remaining tribes, and the tribe of Benjamin receives its lot.

After several chapters covering the allocation of the land for Reuben, Gad, Judah, Ephraim and Manasseh, there were still seven tribes to be provided for. Before this was done, Joshua gathered these seven tribes together and told them to choose three men from each tribe. These men went and surveyed the region, divided up all the land and cities into seven parts, and recorded everything in a book. Then they came back to Joshua, who cast lots to decide where the seven remaining tribes would live.

The first of the seven allocations was for the tribe of Benjamin. Benjamin was the youngest of the sons of Jacob, and he was a full brother to Joseph. Their mother, Rachel, whom Jacob had loved so much, died giving birth to Benjamin.

The city of Jerusalem was first allocated to Benjamin, but in time became more associated with Judah. In fact, these were the two tribes which later made up the kingdom of Judah, as opposed to the ten northern tribes forming the kingdom of Israel. Benjamin’s territory included the cities of Jericho, Ai and Gibeon, all of which had been significant soon after Israel crossed the River Jordan. Saul, the first king of Israel, was a Benjamite.

This story about surveying the land represents our need to know things as they truly are. This could mean many things: for example, exploring the idea of heaven, or hell, or life in this world, or a spiritual teaching such as providence. It might be to learn about justice and compassion, or true freedom. It may be our need to look honestly within ourselves and recognize some of our self-centred ways (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1612).

The Israelite’s findings about the land were recorded in a book, which really would have been a scroll. This is like our ‘book of life’, in which everything about us down to the least detail is preserved so that in eternity, we shall know who we are (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 199). Joshua drew lots so the Lord’s will would be clear to the people of Israel.

The spiritual meaning of Benjamin needs some careful explanation. Technically, it means ’the spiritual of the celestial’, and this is our ability to understand the reason for the most loving experiences we can have. It is heightened thinking joining with heightened feeling. Benjamin was the youngest son, the special brother of Joseph, who stands for the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 4585).

With this in mind, it is useful to know that Bethlehem, the town where Jesus was born, lay in the territory of Benjamin. Bethlehem’s name means ‘house of bread’ giving us the idea of nourishment for our physical and our spiritual lives. God came into the world to bring us the food of heaven and nourishment from the Word, so that we may fight our evils and choose what is good (Arcana Caelestia 6247, 4594).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 3708, 3858, 3862, 3923, 4556, 4592, 6396, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 361


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417, 431, 434, 449

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1 Cronache 8:28, 29, 24:5

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Neemia 11:1, 31, 33

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Ezechiele 48:23, 29

Micah 1:10

Atti degli Apostoli 7:45, 13:19

Ebrei 4:8, 11

Významy biblických slov

figliuoli
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

tabernacolo
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

Sette
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

tribù
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

eredità
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

giosuè
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

signore
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

padri
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

dato
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

l’eredità
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

Giuda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

mezzodì
'South' denotes truth in light.

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Giuseppe
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

settentrione
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

sorti
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

sacerdozio
'The priesthood' represents the Lord regarding the work of salvation, because this proceeds from the divine good of his divine love. 'The priesthood of Aaron,...

gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

metà
Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

giordano
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

mosè
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

città
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

libro
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

campo
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

beniamino
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

lato
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

settentrionale
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

confine
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

gerico
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

luz
'Luz,' as in Genesis 28, signifies a state wherein truth and good are together in the ultimate principle of order.

Betel
Quando Giacobbe fece il suo famoso sogno, di una scala che portava in cielo, chiamò il luogo "Bethel", che in ebraico significa "la casa di...

meridionale
'South' denotes truth in light.

fonte
A fountain signifies the Lord and the Word. A fountain signifies superior truth, and well, inferior truth. A fountain, as in Psalm 104:10, denotes knowledges....

delle acque
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

acque
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

valle
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

ghibon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

rama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

gerusalemme
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

quattordici
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...

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