Joshua 13

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1 ORA, quando Giosuè fu diventato vecchio ed attempato, il Signore disse: Tu sei diventato vecchio ed attempato, e vi resta ancora molto gran paese a conquistare.

2 Quest’è il paese che resta: tutte le contrade de’ Filistei, e tutto il paese de’ Ghesuriti;

3 da Sihor, che è a fronte all’Egitto, fino a’ confini di Ecron, verso Settentrione, il paese è riputato de’ Cananei; cioè: i cinque principati de’ Filistei, quel di Gaza, quel di Asdod, quel di Ascalon, quel di Gat, e quel di Ecron, e gli Avvei;

4 dal Mezzodì, tutto il paese de’ Cananei, e Meara, che è de’ Sidonii, fino ad Afec, fino a’ confini degli Amorrei;

5 e il paese de’ Ghiblei, e tutto il Libano, dal Sol levante, da Baal-gad, che è sotto il monte di Hermon, fino all’entrata di Hamat;

6 tutti gli abitanti del monte, dal Libano fino alle Acque calde; e tutti i Sidonii. Io li caccerò dal cospetto dei figliuoli d’Israele; spartisci pur questo paese a sorte ad Israele per eredità, come io t’ho comandato.

7 Ora dunque spartisci questo paese a nove tribù, e alla metà della tribù di Manasse, in eredità.

8 I Rubeniti, e i Gaditi, con l’altra metà della tribù di Manasse, hanno ricevuta la loro eredità, la quale Mosè ha data loro, di là dal Giordano, verso Oriente; secondo che Mosè, servitor del Signore, l’ha data loro;

9 da Aroer, che è in sulla riva del torrente di Arnon, e la città che è in mezzo del torrente, e tutta la pianura di Medeba, fino a Dibon;

10 e tutte le città di Sihon, re degli Amorrei, il qual regnò in Hesbon, fino a’ confini dei figliuoli di Ammon;

11 e Galaad, e le contrade de’ Ghesuriti, e de’ Maacatiti, e tutto il monte di Hermon, e tutto Basan, fino a Salca;

12 tutto il regno d’Og in Basan, il qual regnò in Astarot, e in Edrei, ed era restato del rimanente dei Rafei; Mosè percosse questi re, e li scacciò.

13 Or i figliuoli d’Israele non cacciarono i Ghesuriti, nè i Maacatiti; anzi i Ghesuriti ed i Maacatiti son dimorati per mezzo Israele fino al dì d’oggi.

14 Solo alla tribù di Levi Mosè non diede alcuna eredità; i sacrificii da ardere del Signore Iddio d’Israele son la sua eredità, come egli ne ha parlato.

15 Mosè adunque diede eredità alla tribù de’ figliuoli di Ruben, secondo le lor nazioni.

16 E i lor confini furono da Aroer, che è in su la riva del torrente di Arnon, e la città che è in mezzo del torrente, e tutta la pianura fino a Medeba;

17 Hesbon, e tutte le sue città che son nella pianura; Dibon, e Bamot-baal, e Bet-baal-meon;

18 e Iasa, e Chedemot, e Mefaat;

19 e Chiriataim, e Sibma, e Seret-sahar, nel monte della valle;

20 e Bet-peor, e Asdot-pisga, e Bet-iesimot;

21 e tutte le città della pianura, e tutto il regno di Sihon, re degli Amorrei, che avea regnato in Hesbon, il qual Mosè percosse, insieme co’ principi di Madian, Evi, e Rechem, e Sur, e Hur, e Reba, ch’erano principi vassalli di Sihon, e abitavano nel paese.

22 I figliuoli d’Israele uccisero ancora con la spada Balaam, figliuolo di Beor, indovino, insieme con gli altri uccisi d’infra i Madianiti.

23 E i confini de’ figliuoli di Ruben furono il Giordano e i confini. Questa fu l’eredità de’ figliuoli di Ruben, secondo le lor nazioni, cioè: quelle città e le lor villate.

24 Mosè diede ancora eredità alla tribù di Gad, a’ figliuoli di Gad, secondo le lor nazioni.

25 E la lor contrada fu Iaser, e tutte le città di Galaad, e la metà del paese de’ figliuoli di Ammon, fino ad Aroer, che è a fronte a Rabba;

26 e da Hesbon fino a Ramatmispe, e Betonim; e da Mahanaim fino a’ confini di Debir;

27 e nella valle, Bet-haram, e Bet-nimra, e Succot, e Safon, il rimanente del regno di Sihon, re di Hesbon; lungo il Giordano e i confini, infino all’estremità del mare di Chinneret, di là dal Giordano, verso Oriente.

28 Questa fu l’eredità dei figliuoli di Gad, secondo le lor nazioni, cioè: quelle città e le lor villate.

29 Mosè diede ancora eredità alla metà della tribù di Manasse: quella fu per la metà della tribù de’ figliuoli di Manasse, secondo le lor nazioni.

30 La lor contrada fu da Mahanaim, tutto Basan, tutto il regno d’Og, re di Basan, e tutte le villate di Iair, che sono in Basan, che sono sessanta terre;

31 e la metà di Galaad, e Astarot, ed Edrei, città del regno d’Og, in Basan. Tutto ciò fu dato a’ figliuoli di Machir, figliuolo di Manasse, cioè: alla metà de’ figliuoli di Machir, secondo le lor nazioni.

32 Queste son le contrade che Mosè diede per eredità, nelle campagne di Moab, di là dal Giordano di Gerico, verso Oriente.

33 Ma egli non diede alcuna eredità ai figliuoli di Levi; il Signore Iddio d’Israele è la loro eredità, come egli ne ha lor parlato.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3858, 3862

Apocalypse Explained 434


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 4117

Apocalypse Revealed 114, 352


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 140, 405, 435, 440, 447, 654

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Významy biblických slov

giosuè
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

signore
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

filistei
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

Sihor
'To drink the waters of Sihor,' as in Jeremiah 2:18, signifies the investigation of spiritual things by the scientific ideas of the natural self.

Egitto
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

settentrione
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

cinque
Five also signifies all things of one part.

libano
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

sotto
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

abitanti
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

figliuoli
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

eredità
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

comandato
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

nove
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

tribù
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

metà
Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

mosè
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

giordano
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

torrente
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

città
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

mezzo
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

regnò
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

ammon
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

regno
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

oggi
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

levi
'Levi' signifies truth in practice, which is the good of life. 'Levi,' in the highest sense, signifies love and mercy, in a spiritual sense, he...

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

ha parlato
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

parlato
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

sibma
'Sibmah' signifies the members of the external church, who explain the Word to favor worldly love.

valle
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

madian
'Midianites' signify people who are in the truth of simple good.

spada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Balaam
The Children of Israel entered the country of Moab during their long journey from Egypt toward the land of Canaan. Moab's king, Balak, was afraid...

figliuolo
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

l’eredità
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

rabba
'The sons of Rabbah' signify the affections of truth in the natural self.

mahanaim
'Mahanaim,' as in Genesis 32:2, signifies the celestial and spiritual heavens, and in the supreme sense, the divine celestial and divine spiritual of the Lord.

succot
'Succoth,' as in Genesis 33:17, and Psalms 60:6-7 and 108:7-8, signifies the quality of the holy state of truth from good, because 'Succoth' signifies tents,...

mare
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

sessanta
'Sixty' means the full time and state of the implantation of truth.

Machir
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

gerico
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

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