Joshua 11

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Giovanni Diodati Bibbia (1649)         

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1 OR come Iabin, re di Hasor, ebbe intese queste cose, mandò a Iobab, re di Madon, e al re di Simron, e al re di Acsaf;

2 e ai re ch’erano dal Settentrione, nel monte, e nella campagna, dal Mezzodì di Chinneret, e nella pianura, e nelle contrade di Dor, dall’Occidente;

3 al Cananeo, dall’Oriente, e dall’Occidente, e all’Amorreo, e all’Hitteo, e al Ferizzeo, e al Gebuseo, ch’era nel monte, e all’Hivveo, ch’era sotto Hermon, nel paese di Mispa.

4 Ed essi uscirono fuori, con tutti i loro eserciti, ch’erano una gran gente, come la rena ch’è in su la riva del mare, in moltitudine, e con cavalli e carri, in grandissimo numero.

5 E tutti questi re, convenutisi insieme, vennero, e si accamparono insieme presso alle acque di Merom, per combattere contro ad Israele.

6 E il Signore disse a Giosuè: Non temer di loro; perciocchè domani intorno a questo tempo io farò che tutti saranno uccisi nel cospetto d’Israele; taglia i garetti a’ lor cavalli, e abbrucia col fuoco i lor carri.

7 Giosuè adunque, con tutta la gente di guerra, venne di subito improvviso contro a loro alle acque di Merom, e li assaltò.

8 E il Signore li diede nelle mani d’Israele; ed essi li percossero, e li perseguitarono fino a Sidon la gran città, e alle Acque calde, e fino alla valle di Mispa, verso Oriente; e li percossero in modo che non ne lasciarono alcuno in vita.

9 E Giosuè fece loro come il Signore gli avea detto; egli tagliò i garetti a’ lor cavalli, e bruciò i lor carri col fuoco.

10 In quel tempo ancora Giosuè, ritornandosene, prese Hasor, e percosse il re di essa con la spada; perciocchè Hasor era stata per addietro il capo di tutti que’ regni.

11 Mise eziandio ogni anima ch’era dentro a fil di spada, distruggendole al modo dell’interdetto; non vi restò alcun’anima; e Giosuè bruciò Hasor col fuoco.

12 Giosuè prese parimente tutte le città di quei re, e tutti i re di esse; e li mise a fil di spada, e li distrusse al modo dell’interdetto; come Mosè, servitor del Signore, avea comandato.

13 Solo Israele non bruciò alcuna delle città ch’erano rimaste in piè, fuor che Hasor sola, la quale Giosuè bruciò.

14 E i figliuoli d’Israele predarono per loro tutte le spoglie di quelle città, e il bestiame; ma misero a fil di spada tutti gli uomini, finchè li ebbero sterminati; non lasciarono alcun’anima in vita.

15 Come il Signore avea comandato a Mosè, suo servitore, così comandò Mosè a Giosuè, e così fece Giosuè; egli non tralasciò cosa alcuna di tutto ciò che il Signore avea comandato a Mosè.

16 Giosuè adunque prese tutto quel paese, il monte, e tutta la contrada meridionale, e tutto il paese di Gosen, e la pianura, e la campagna, e il monte d’Israele, e la sua pianura; dal monte Halac,

17 che sale verso Seir, infino a Baal-gad, nella valle del Libano, sotto il monte di Hermon; prese ancora tutti i re di quel paese, e li percosse e li fece morire.

18 Giosuè fece guerra con tutti quei re per un lungo tempo.

19 Ei non vi fu città alcuna che facesse pace co’ figliuoli d’Israele, fuor che gli Hivvei, abitanti di Gabaon: essi presero tutte l’altre per forza d’arme.

20 Perciocchè dal Signore procedeva che coloro induravano il cuor loro, per venire a battaglia con Israele; acciocchè egli li distruggesse al modo dell’interdetto, e non vi fosse grazia alcuna per loro, anzi fossero sterminati; come il Signore avea comandato a Mosè.

21 Giosuè ancora, in quel tempo, venne, e distrusse gli Anachiti del monte di Hebron, di Debir, di Anab, e di tutto il monte di Giuda, e di tutto il monte d’Israele. Giosuè li distrusse al modo dell’interdetto, insieme con le lor città.

22 Non restarono alcuni Anachiti nel paese de’ figliuoli d’Israele; sol ne restarono in Gaza, in Gat, e in Asdod.

23 Giosuè adunque prese tutto il paese, interamente come il Signore avea detto a Mosè, e lo diede in eredità a Israele, secondo i loro spartimenti, a tribù a tribù. E il paese ebbe riposo della guerra.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 11      

Joshua 11: Joshua conquers the entire land.

In this chapter, the Canaanite kings of the north, east and west heard that Israel had conquered all of the southern Canaanite territories. Jabin, king of Hazor, called upon the other Canaanite kingdoms to join forces and attack Israel with a great army.

The Lord reassured Joshua, “Be not afraid because of them: for tomorrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel” (verse 6). So Joshua counterattacked, and Israel defeated the Canaanites just as the Lord had said.

The rest of the chapter is an account of Joshua’s victories, now here, now there. Israel destroyed each of the Canaanite cities and territories and not one of them was left undefeated (See Swedenborg’s work, The New Jerusalem and Its Heavenly Doctrine 161-164). In all of Canaan, only the Gibeonites were spared because they had made a peace treaty with Israel. The chapter closes with these words: “So Joshua took the whole land according to all that the Lord had said to Moses, and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land had rest from war” (verse 23).

Now we turn to the spiritual meaning of all this, and its meaning for us. Because of our inherited, human nature, each of us has internal things we have to contend with in our natural life. These Canaanites - the faults we must overcome - are described by the compass points: north, south, east and west. Here are the spiritual meanings of the four cardinal directions (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 141-153):

West = less love

East = greater love

North = less light and wisdom

South = greater light and wisdom

Swedenborg tells us that heaven is organized by this principle. Angels with the clearest perception of love live in the eastern region of heaven, while those with a more hazy understanding live in the west. The same thing applies to the north/south axis; those in a “clear light of wisdom” live in the south, and those in a “dim light of wisdom” live in the north (Heaven and Hell 148). These poles represent angels’ states of love and wisdom, and their use. Just like people on earth, angels experience varying states of love and wisdom - sometimes more, sometimes less - but with angels this leads to them turning again to the Lord to acknowledge that he is their God.

The same pattern exists in hell, but instead of love and wisdom there is self-love (or even hatred) and false thinking from this distorted love. In hell, the degree of intensity in these states is between the rage to dominate and the exhaustion of failing.

In our life on earth, we experience states of both heaven and hell. As we are only partly regenerated, we rapidly switch between these states because of our emotions and the upheavals of life in this world. This chapter about the conflict between Israel and the Canaanites represents our own, personal decisions about what will be the ruling influence in our lives - heaven or hell (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5982).

The end of this chapter offers two important statements describing the conflict between heaven and hell. The first one (in verse 20) says the Lord hardened the hearts of Israel’s enemies so that they came to attack, and consequently were destroyed. This tells us that we have to see our evils for what they are in order to turn away from them (See Swedenborg’s unpublished work, Charity 179-180).

The second statement (verses 21-22) says that Joshua completely destroyed the Anakim, except beyond the borders of the land. The Anakim were giants, and they stand for those enormous tensions and rages which evil spirits from hell bring us at times. This (reassuringly) helps us see that we are not like that ourselves, but we could be if we let those evil spirits make a home in our hearts and minds (Arcana Caelestia 2909[3]).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 2909, 2913, 3527, 4240, 4431, 6860

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Významy biblických slov

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

hasor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

settentrione
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

mezzodì
'South' denotes truth in light.

pianura
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

hitteo
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

Hivveo
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

sotto
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

mispa
'Mizpah,' as in Genesis 31:49, signifies the quality of the Lord’s presence with people who are principled in the goods of works, or with the...

rena
'Sand,' as in Matthew 7:27, signifies faith separate from charity.

riva del mare
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

mare
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

cavalli
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

acque
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

signore
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

giosuè
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

domani
'Tomorrow' signifies eternity.

tempo
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

fuoco
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

guerra
La guerra nella Parola rappresenta il combattimento della tentazione quando ciò che è bene è assalito da ciò che è male o falso. Il male...

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

detto
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

spada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

anima
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

città
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

mosè
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

comandato
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

figliuoli
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

servitore
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

meridionale
'South' denotes truth in light.

Gosen
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.

Seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

libano
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

morire
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

lungo
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

hivvei
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

abitanti
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

gabaon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

battaglia
La guerra nella Parola rappresenta il combattimento della tentazione quando ciò che è bene è assalito da ciò che è male o falso. Il male...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

Giuda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

gaza
Azzah, (Gen 10:19), signifies those things which are revealed concerning charity.

gat
Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

eredità
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

tribù
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

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Map of the route of the northern conquest of Canaan with questions to answer.
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 The Northern Conquest of Canaan Review Questions
Read Joshua 11 to complete the sentences. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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