Joshua 10

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1 ORA, quando Adonisedec, re di Gerusalemme, ebbe udito che Giosuè avea presa Ai, e l’avea distrutta al modo dell’interdetto; e che Giosuè avea fatto ad Ai e al suo re, come avea fatto a Gerico ed al suo re; e che gli abitanti di Gabaon, aveano fatto pace con gl’Israeliti, e ch’erano nel mezzo di loro;

2 egli e il suo popolo, temettero grandemente; perciocchè Gabaon era città grande, come una delle città reali, ed era più grande che Ai, e tutti i suoi abitanti erano uomini di valore.

3 Perciò Adonisedec, re di Gerusalemme, mandò a dire a Hoham, re di Hebron; ed a Piream, re di Iarmut; ed a Iafia, re di Lachis; e a Debir, re di Eglon:

4 Salite a me, e soccorretemi, e noi percoteremo Gabaon; perciocchè ha fatto pace con Giosuè, e co’ figliuoli d’Israele.

5 E i cinque re degli Amorrei, il re di Gerusalemme, il re di Hebron, il re di Iarmut, il re di Lachis, il re di Eglon, si adunarono, con tutti i loro eserciti, e si posero a campo contro a Gabaon, e combatterono contro ad essa.

6 E i Gabaoniti mandarono a dire a Giosuè, nel campo, in Ghilgal: Non sieno le tue mani rimesse a porgere aiuto a’ tuoi servitori; sali a noi prestamente, e salvaci, e soccorrici; perciocchè tutti i re degli Amorrei, che abitano nel monte, si sono adunati contro a noi.

7 E Giosuè salì di Ghilgal, insieme con tutta la gente di guerra e tutti gli uomini di valore.

8 E il Signore disse a Giosuè: Non temer di loro; perciocchè io te li ho dati nelle mani; niuno di loro potrà starti a fronte.

9 E Giosuè venne a loro subito improvviso, essendo camminato tutta la notte da Ghilgal.

10 E il Signore il mise in rotta davanti a Israele, il qual li sconfisse con grande sconfitta, presso a Gabaon; e li perseguitò per la via della salita di Bet-horon, e li percosse fino ad Azeca, ed a Maccheda.

11 E mentre essi fuggivano d’innanzi a Israele, ed erano nella scesa di Bet-horon, il Signore gittò sopra loro dal cielo delle pietre grosse, infino ad Azeca; onde essi morirono. Più furono quelli che furono morti dalle pietre della gragnuola, che quelli che i figliuoli d’Israele uccisero con la spada.

12 Allora Giosuè parlò al Signore nel giorno che il Signore diede gli Amorrei in man de’ figliuoli d’Israele, e disse in presenza d’Israele: Sole, fermati in Gabaon: e tu, luna, nella valle d’Aialon.

13 E il sole si fermò e la luna si arrestò, finchè il popolo si fu vendicato de’ suoi nemici. Questo non è egli scritto nel Libro del Diritto? Il sole adunque si arrestò in mezzo del cielo, e non si affrettò a tramontare, per lo spazio d’intorno ad un giorno intiero.

14 E giammai, nè avanti nè poi, non è stato giorno simile a quello, avendo il Signore esaudita la voce d’un uomo; perciocchè il Signore combatteva per Israele.

15 Poi Giosuè, insieme con tutto Israele, ritornò al campo, in Ghilgal.

16 Or, que’ cinque re erano fuggiti, e si erano nascosti nella spelonca, ch’è in Maccheda.

17 Ed essendo stato rapportato a Giosuè: I cinque re si son trovati nascosti nella spelonca ch’è in Maccheda, egli disse:

18 Rotolate delle grosse pietre alla bocca della spelonca, e ordinate presso di essa degli uomini per guardarli.

19 Ma voi non restate; perseguitate i vostri nemici, e uccidete quelli che restano dietro; non lasciate ch’entrino nelle lor città; perciocchè il Signore Iddio vostro ve li ha dati nelle mani.

20 E, dopo che Giosuè, e i figliuoli d’Israele, ebbero finito di sconfiggerli d’una molto grande sconfitta, finchè furono del tutto distrutti, e che quelli di loro che scamparono si furono salvati, entrando nelle città forti,

21 tutto il popolo ritornò a Giosuè nel campo, in Maccheda, in pace; niuno mosse pur la lingua contro ad alcuno de’ figliuoli d’Israele.

22 Allora Giosuè disse: Aprite la bocca della spelonca, e traete fuori di essa quei cinque re, e menateli a me.

23 E così fu fatto. E que’ cinque re furono tratti fuori della spelonca, e menati a Giosuè, cioè: il re di Gerusalemme, il re di Hebron, il re di Iarmut, il re di Lachis, e il re di Eglon.

24 E, dopo che quei re furono tratti fuori, e menati a Giosuè, Giosuè chiamò tutti gli uomini d’Israele, e disse a’ capitani della gente di guerra ch’erano andati con lui: Accostatevi, mettete i piedi sul collo di questi re. Ed essi si accostarono, e misero i piedi sul collo loro.

25 E Giosuè disse loro: Non temete, e non vi spaventate; siate valenti, e fortificatevi; perciocchè così farà il Signore a tutti i vostri nemici contro ai quali voi combattete.

26 Poi Giosuè percosse quei re, e li fece morire, e li appiccò a cinque forche, alle quali stettero appiccati infino alla sera.

27 E in sul tramontar del sole, per comandamento di Giosuè furon messi giù dalle forche, e gittati nella spelonca, nella quale si erano nascosti; e furon poste delle pietre grandi alla bocca della spelonca, le quali vi son restate infino a questo giorno.

28 Giosuè prese ancora Maccheda in quel dì, e la percosse, mettendola a fil di spada; e distrusse nel modo dell’interdetto il re di essa insieme con gli abitanti, e ogni anima ch’era dentro; egli non ne lasciò alcuno in vita; e fece al re di Maccheda, come avea fatto al re di Gerico.

29 Poi Giosuè, con tutto Israele, passò di Maccheda in Libna, e la combattè.

30 E il Signore la diede anch’essa, insieme col suo re, nelle mani d’Israele; ed egli la mise a fil di spada, con tutte le anime ch’erano dentro; egli non ne lasciò alcuno in vita; e fece al re di essa, come avea fatto al re di Gerico.

31 Poi Giosuè, con tutto Israele, passò di Libna in Lachis, e si accampò davanti, e la combattè.

32 E il Signore diede Lachis nelle mani d’Israele, ed egli la prese al secondo giorno, e la mise a fil di spada, con tutte le anime ch’erano dentro, interamente come avea fatto a Libna.

33 Allora Horam, re di Ghezer, salì per soccorrer Lachis; ma Giosuè percosse lui e il suo popolo, fino a non lasciargli alcuno in vita.

34 Poi Giosuè, con tutto Israele, passò di Lachis in Eglon, e si accampò davanti, e la comabattè.

35 E la prese in quell’istesso giorno, e la mise a fil di spada; e distrusse in quel dì al modo dell’interdetto tutte le anime ch’erano dentro, interamente come avea fatto a Lachis.

36 Poi Giosuè, con tutto Israele, salì di Eglon in Hebron, e la combattè.

37 E la prese e la mise a fil di spada, insieme col suo re, e con tutte le sue città, e con tutte le anime ch’erano dentro; egli non ne lasciò alcuno in vita, interamente come avea fatto ad Eglon; e la distrusse al modo dell’interdetto, con tutte le anime ch’erano dentro.

38 Poi Giosuè, con tutto Israele, si rivolse verso Debir, e la combattè.

39 E la prese, insieme col suo re, e con tutte le sue città; e le mise a fil di spada; e distrusse al modo dell’interdetto tutte le anime ch’erano dentro; egli non ne lasciò alcuno in vita; egli fece a Debir, e al suo re, come avea fatto a Hebron, e come avea fatto a Libna, e al suo re.

40 Giosuè dunque percosse tutto quel paese, la contrada del monte, e del Mezzodì, e della pianura, e delle pendici dei monti, insieme con tutti i re loro; egli non ne lasciò alcuno in vita; anzi distrusse al modo dell’interdetto ogni anima, come il Signore Iddio d’Israele avea comandato.

41 Così Giosuè li percosse da Cades-barnea fino a Gaza; e tutto il paese di Gosen, fino a Gabaon.

42 E Giosuè prese tutti quei re, e il lor paese ad una volta; perciocchè il Signore Iddio d’Israele combatteva per Israele.

43 Poi Giosuè, con tutto Israele, ritornò al campo, in Ghilgal.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 10      

Joshua 10: The five kings and how the sun stood still.

After hearing that Gibeon - a sizeable city - had made a peace treaty with Israel, the king of Jerusalem called on four other Canaanite kings to join him in attacking Gibeon. The Gibeonites asked Joshua to remember his promise to keep them safe, and Israel did so, coming to their defense. A great battle ensued at Gilgal. With the Lord’s help, the Israelites defeated the five Canaanite kings. As the Canaanites were fleeing, the Lord sent large hailstones raining down on them, killing more soldiers than had died in the battle. Then, Joshua asked the Lord to make the sun stand still until the enemy was defeated, and it stopped moving across the sky for one whole day.

The defeated kings fled, and hid in a cave at Makkeda. Joshua commanded his men to roll stones over the cave entrance, and to attack the rest of their fleeing enemies. After returning to the cave, Joshua’s men brought the kings out of hiding and stood on their necks, to demonstrate that the Lord would vanquish all of Israel’s enemies. Joshua hanged them, put them back in the cave, and once again sealed the entrance with stones. The rest of the chapter chronicles Israel’s defeat of many other Canaanite cities and kings.

This story shows us that life is amazingly connected and full of consequences. Spiritual life has its share of unforeseen consequences too. When we affirm our wish to follow the Lord, evil spirits will try to fill our minds with distressing thoughts to pull us away from Him. Sometimes this can lead us to rise up and resist our decision to follow the Lord (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The part of the chapter about the sun standing still represents our need to remain focused on the Lord during our struggles with temptation and regeneration. The Lord is our sun, and normally our awareness of the Lord rises and sets. This brings times when we feel the Lord’s presence strongly, and also times when we feel it is up to us to act as we wish. This is our normal rhythm, and it is right for us to have this cycle.

When we are involved in a spiritual crisis, we need to ensure that our mind’s focus stays with the Lord until we have made it through. This is like our sense of the Lord’s presence standing still ‘for a day’ in our mind’s sky, so that we will not lose our direction. This enabled Joshua and Israel to be victorious, just as it will with us (See Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 105).

When the Lord sent hailstones - frozen water - on the Canaanites, it represents the way in which false ideas from evil intentions backfire on the attacker of good, because evil is notoriously self-destructive. One lie leads to more another, until the wrongdoer is exposed and judged (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 457).

The cave of Makkedah, where the five kings hid, also holds spiritual significance because of its name, which means ‘the excellent place of shepherds.’ Shepherding represents the Lord’s care for us and our care for each other. Evil may hide behind a semblance of good but it can’t last. Joshua and his men later brought the kings out of the cave and hanged them, signifying that all true life comes from the Lord and His goodness, and He will bring an end to every evil and false way (Divine Love and Wisdom 363).

Israel’s subsequent conquest of other Canaanite cities depicts the follow-through that takes place after an important point in our regeneration: a decision, a refusal, an admission, a prayer to God. This results in a period of witnessing the Lord’s blessings, which naturally follow once we have affirmed our intention to be with the Lord in our life. The chapter ends, “All these kings Joshua took at one time because the Lord God fought for Israel.”

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 10      

Joshua 10: The five kings and how the sun stood still.

After hearing that Gibeon - a sizeable city - had made a peace treaty with Israel, the king of Jerusalem called on four other Canaanite kings to join him in attacking Gibeon. The Gibeonites asked Joshua to remember his promise to keep them safe, and Israel did so, coming to their defense. A great battle ensued at Gilgal. With the Lord’s help, the Israelites defeated the five Canaanite kings. As the Canaanites were fleeing, the Lord sent large hailstones raining down on them, killing more soldiers than had died in the battle. Then, Joshua asked the Lord to make the sun stand still until the enemy was defeated, and it stopped moving across the sky for one whole day.

The defeated kings fled, and hid in a cave at Makkeda. Joshua commanded his men to roll stones over the cave entrance, and to attack the rest of their fleeing enemies. After returning to the cave, Joshua’s men brought the kings out of hiding and stood on their necks, to demonstrate that the Lord would vanquish all of Israel’s enemies. Joshua hanged them, put them back in the cave, and once again sealed the entrance with stones. The rest of the chapter chronicles Israel’s defeat of many other Canaanite cities and kings.

This story shows us that life is amazingly connected and full of consequences. Spiritual life has its share of unforeseen consequences too. When we affirm our wish to follow the Lord, evil spirits will try to fill our minds with distressing thoughts to pull us away from Him. Sometimes this can lead us to rise up and resist our decision to follow the Lord (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The part of the chapter about the sun standing still represents our need to remain focused on the Lord during our struggles with temptation and regeneration. The Lord is our sun, and normally our awareness of the Lord rises and sets. This brings times when we feel the Lord’s presence strongly, and also times when we feel it is up to us to act as we wish. This is our normal rhythm, and it is right for us to have this cycle.

When we are involved in a spiritual crisis, we need to ensure that our mind’s focus stays with the Lord until we have made it through. This is like our sense of the Lord’s presence standing still ‘for a day’ in our mind’s sky, so that we will not lose our direction. This enabled Joshua and Israel to be victorious, just as it will with us (See Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 105).

When the Lord sent hailstones - frozen water - on the Canaanites, it represents the way in which false ideas from evil intentions backfire on the attacker of good, because evil is notoriously self-destructive. One lie leads to more another, until the wrongdoer is exposed and judged (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 457).

The cave of Makkedah, where the five kings hid, also holds spiritual significance because of its name, which means ‘the excellent place of shepherds.’ Shepherding represents the Lord’s care for us and our care for each other. Evil may hide behind a semblance of good but it can’t last. Joshua and his men later brought the kings out of the cave and hanged them, signifying that all true life comes from the Lord and His goodness, and He will bring an end to every evil and false way (Divine Love and Wisdom 363).

Israel’s subsequent conquest of other Canaanite cities depicts the follow-through that takes place after an important point in our regeneration: a decision, a refusal, an admission, a prayer to God. This results in a period of witnessing the Lord’s blessings, which naturally follow once we have affirmed our intention to be with the Lord in our life. The chapter ends, “All these kings Joshua took at one time because the Lord God fought for Israel.”

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1616, 2799, 2909, 5156, 7553

Apocalypse Revealed 11, 53, 399

Dottrina sulla Sacra Scrittura 103

True Christian Religion 265, 279


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 401, 503, 655

De Verbo (The Word) 15

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Esodo 9:22, 25, 11:7, 14:14, 25, 23:32, 33

Numeri 13:17

Deuteronomio 1:19, 2:23, 25, 34, 3:2, 7:19, 23, 20:1, 4, 21:23

Joshua 1:5, 6, 9, 8:3, 23, 29, 9:2, 3, 6, 8, 21, 24, 10:14, 15, 42, 43, 11:6, 7, 8, 12, 22, 12:8, 10, 12, 13, 15, 16, 15:35, 39, 19:42, 21:13, 15, 21, 24, 23:3

Giudici 4:14, 15, 16, 5:20, 6:16, 8:21

1 Samuel 7:10, 11, 12:18, 13:18, 14:31, 15:3, 8, 32, 17:1, 47

2 Samuel 1:18, 5:25, 12:31, 22:39

1 Re 20:13, 21

2 Re 14:19, 19:8, 20:9, 10

1 Cronache 8:13

2 Cronache 11:9, 10, 21:10, 25:13

Neemia 9:24

Lavoro 7, 38:23

Salmi 18:13, 41, 68:13, 149:7

Isaiah 28:21, 30:30

Geremia 48:10

Habakkuk 3:11

Zaccaria 14:3

Atti degli Apostoli 18:9

1 Corinzi 16:13

Rivelazione 21

Významy biblických slov

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

gerusalemme
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

udito
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

giosuè
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

ai
Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

gerico
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

abitanti
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

gabaon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

Israeliti
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

grande
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

città
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

più grande
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

valore
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

noi
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

figliuoli
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

cinque
Five also signifies all things of one part.

campo
Gli accampamenti nella Bibbia rappresentano l'ordine spirituale - l'intera collezione di desideri di bene di una persona (o di una comunità ecclesiale) e di idee...

dire
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

ghilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

servitori
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

guerra
La guerra nella Parola rappresenta il combattimento della tentazione quando ciò che è bene è assalito da ciò che è male o falso. Il male...

signore
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

notte
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

cielo
I cieli sono cose celesti e spirituali. Di conseguenza, sono le cose più profonde, sia del regno del Signore nei cieli che della terra. Questo...

pietre
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

gragnuola
Hail signifies false ideas that destroy good and truth. Hail signifies the false ideas that come from evil in our exterior natural selves. 'Hail of...

spada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

parlò
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

giorno
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

sole
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

Luna
'The moon' signifies the Lord in reference to faith, and thus faith in the Lord. 'The moon' signifies spiritual good or truth. 'The moon' signifies...

valle
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

aialon
The valley of Ajalon has respect to faith: by the sun standing still upon Gibeon, and the moon in the valley of Ajalon (Joshua 10:12)...

vendicato
'To be avenged seventy and seven fold' denotes damnation.

nemici
Un nemico nella Bibbia si riferisce alle persone che sono nell'amore del male e al falso pensiero che scaturisce dal male. Ad un livello più...

scritto
In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

libro
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

un giorno
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

voce
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

uomo
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

bocca
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

lingua
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

uomini
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

piedi
I nostri piedi sono le parti più basse del nostro corpo, e sono molto utili! Nella Bibbia, i piedi rappresentano la parte più bassa e...

collo
'The neck' signifies influx and the communication of interior and exterior levels and the following conjunction. The inmost or third heaven has reference to the...

morire
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

sera
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

comandamento
Comandare è dare un ordine che qualcosa deve essere fatto, ed è diretto a un individuo o a un gruppo. È un imperativo, non un...

giù
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

anima
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

anime
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

mezzodì
In the Word, 'the south' or 'midday' means a state of light, which is a state of intelligence produced by truths, thus also an interior...

monti
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

comandato
Comandare è dare un ordine che qualcosa deve essere fatto, ed è diretto a un individuo o a un gruppo. È un imperativo, non un...

gaza
Azzah, (Gen 10:19), signifies those things which are revealed concerning charity.

Gosen
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.

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 Compare Joshua with Jesus
Complete a chart comparing Joshua and Jesus. Who were theys fighting? Where did they go? How did they show courage?
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Israel's Battle with the Kings Review Questions
Read Joshua 10 to complete sentences about the story. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Joshua's Battle at Gibeon, Conquering and Dividing the Land
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 The Sun Stands Still
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


To many Protestant and Evangelical Italians, the Bibles translated by Giovanni Diodati are an important part of their history. Diodati’s first Italian Bible edition was printed in 1607, and his second in 1641. He died in 1649. Throughout the 1800s two editions of Diodati’s text were printed by the British Foreign Bible Society. This is the more recent 1894 edition, translated by Claudiana.


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