Jonah 1

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Italian: Giovanni Diodati Bible (1649)         

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1 LA parola del Signore fu indirizzata a Giona, figliuolo di Amittai, dicendo:

2 Levati, va’ in Ninive, la gran città, e predica contro ad essa; perciocchè la lor malvagità è salita nel mio cospetto.

3 Ma Giona si levò, per fuggirsene in Tarsis, dal cospetto del Signore; e scese in Iafo, ove trovò una nave, che andava in Tarsis; ed egli, pagato il nolo, vi entrò, per andarsene con la gente della nave in Tarsis, lungi dal cospetto del Signore.

4 Ma il Signore lanciò un gran vento nel mare, e vi fu una gran tempesta in mare, talchè la nave si credette rompere.

5 E i marinai temettero, e gridarono ciascuno al suo dio, e gettarono gli arredi ch’erano nella nave in mare, per alleviarsene. Or Giona era sceso nel fondo della nave, e giaceva, ed era profondamente addormentato.

6 E il nocchiero si accostò a lui, e gli disse: Che fai tu, dormitore? Levati, grida all’Iddio tuo; forse Iddio si darà pensier di noi, e non periremo.

7 Poi dissero l’uno all’altro: Venite, e tiriamo le sorti, e sappiamo chi è cagione che questo male ci è avvenuto. Trassero adunque le sorti, e la sorte cadde sopra Giona.

8 Allora essi gli dissero: Deh! dichiaraci chi è cagione che questo male ci è avvenuto; quale è il tuo mestiere? ed onde vieni? quale è il tuo paese? e di qual popolo sei?

9 Ed egli disse loro: Io sono Ebreo, e temo il Signore Iddio del cielo, che ha fatto il mare e l’asciutto.

10 E quegli uomini temettero di gran timore, e gli dissero: Che hai tu fatto? Conciossiachè quegli uomini sapessero ch’egli se ne fuggiva dal cospetto del Signore; perciocchè egli l’avea lor dichiarato.

11 Ed essi gli dissero: Che ti faremo, acciocchè il mare si acqueti, lasciandoci in riposo? conciossiachè la tempesta del mare andasse vie più crescendo.

12 Ed egli disse loro: Prendetemi, e gettatemi nel mare, e il mare si acqueterà lasciandovi in riposo; perciocchè io conosco che per cagion mia questa gran tempesta vi è sopraggiunta.

13 E quegli uomini a forza di remi si studiavano di ammainare a terra; ma non potevano, perciocchè la tempesta del mare andava vie più crescendo contro a loro.

14 Allora gridarono al Signore, e dissero: Ahi Signore! deh! non far che periamo per la vita di quest’uomo; e non metterci addosso il sangue innocente; conciossiachè tu Signore, abbi operato come ti è piaciuto.

15 E presero Giona, e lo gettarono in mare; e il mare si fermò, cessando dal suo cruccio.

16 E quegli uomini temettero di gran timore il Signore; e sacrificarono sacrificii al Signore, e votarono voti.

17 (H2-1) OR il Signore avea preparato un gran pesce, per inghiottir Giona; e Giona fu nelle interiora del pesce tre giorni, e tre notti.

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Shrnutí kapitoly

Exploring the Meaning of Jonah 1      

By Rev. Martin Pennington and Rev. George McCurdy

Billy Graham once said that the whole of Jesus' ministry could be summed up in two words; Come and Go.

COME to me, all who labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. (Matthew 11:28)

GO and make disciples of all nations (Matthew 28:19)

In the beginning of the Book of Jonah, chapter 1, we have a story about what happens when you do the first step, but not the second. Jonah was supposed to go preach the gospel -- the monotheistic worship of Jehovah -- to the people of Ninevah. Swedenborg tells us that the verses in Jonah 1:1-2 are about the people of Israel, who had received the Word - but wouldn't go out and share it amongst the nations.

In Jonah 1:4-6, peoples' spiritual knowledge declines, and begins to perish. It happens both in the land of Israel, and in the wider world.

Here are some key symbolic elements in this account:

- A ship represents the knowledge of good and truth useful for life (a church). (Apocalypse Revealed 406)

- A sea, storm and wind represents Hell and its influence. (Apocalypse Revealed 343[4])

- To be asleep means to be deluded by our own glory. (Arcana Coelestia 147)

In Jonah 1:7-9, the people who lived outside the land of Israel had some perception that their own spiritual knowledge was lacking, and they it had led to a collapse of their spiritual state. As Swedenborg puts it, "the state of the church was perverted among themselves".

When they perceived this, they also came to understand that they needed to reject falsified truths that they were getting from the Jewish church at that time, and pray to the Lord for salvation, to try to restore real worship, real spiritual love and wisdom.

Drawing lots, or playing a game of chance, represents pulling truths apart. (Arcana Coelestia 9942.13)

In Jonah 1:10-13, throwing Jonah into the sea represents the rejection of that hollowed-out church, to make way for a new church. Then, in Jonah 1:14-16, when the people in the boat pray unto the Lord for salvation -- it works! They are saved from foundering and drowning.

What's the takeaway for us? If we're getting false ideas from our neighbors, we need to perceive it, and stop. We need to identify our false beliefs, and reject them -- throw them into the sea. Then, we need to pray for salvation -- and then a new "church" can start in us, too, personally, with renewed spiritual life. And, when we come to the Lord, and experience spiritual "rest", then we can also go share our new true ideas and good loves with our neighbors -- coming, and going.

Here's a link to an interesting (audio) sermon on this chapter, by Rev. Todd Beiswenger.

Finally, here's a link to Rev. McCurdy's Study Guide for the Book of Jonah, which is available for free as a .pdf, for your use.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 211


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 901, 1188, 1343, 1709, 2606, 2788, 4495, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 505

Dottrina sulla Sacra Scrittura 29

True Christian Religion 211


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 532, 622

Spiritual Experiences 1391

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Word/Phrase Explanations

parola
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

signore
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Giona
'Jonah' represents the Jewish nation.

figliuolo
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

ninive
'Nineveh' signifies the falsities of doctrinal matters, also the Gentiles, or the falsities originating in the fallacies of the senses, in the obscurity of an...

città
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

malvagità
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

nave
Ships were used in the ancient world – as they generally are now – to carry freight from nation to nation for trade. The various...

Vento
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

mare
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

rompere
To “break” something creates an image that is much different from “attacking,” “destroying,” or “shattering.” It is less emotional, less violent in its intent; it...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Iddio
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

noi
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

sorti
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

Male
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

vieni
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

cielo
Heavens are celestial and spiritual things. Consequently, they are inmost things, both of the Lord's kingdom in heaven the and in the earth. This also...

dichiarato
To "declare" something means to say it formally, publicly and with emphasis; you might say what you think, but you only declare things you're sure...

uomo
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

sangue
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

voti
In Genesis 28:20, 'he vowed a vow' denotes, in the internal sense, willing that the Lord will provide. In the highest sense, where the Lord...

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

giorni
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

notti
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 Casting Lots
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 How the Lord Saved Jonah
A retelling of the story for young children with beautiful color illustrations. 
Story | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Great Fish (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Great Fish (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Great Fish (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Jonah and the Stormy Sea
Color the drawings and then follow the directions to make a 3 dimensional picture. 
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Jonah Disobeys the Lord
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Jonah in the Great Fish
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Jonah Swallowed by a Fish
Another way to make a 3 dimensional fish that can swallow Noah. 
Project | Ages up to 6

 Jonah Thrown Overboard
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Mighty Tempest on the Sea
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Divine Providence and Evil
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 The Prophet Jonah
This article shows how the Lord tried to teach Jonah to be merciful and kind when Jonah disobeyed the Lord because of his hatred toward the Assyrians. 
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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