Genesi 18

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Italian: Giovanni Diodati Bible (1649)         

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1 POI il Signore gli apparve nelle pianure di Mamre, essendo egli a sedere all’entrata del padiglione, in sul caldo del giorno.

2 Ed egli, alzati gli occhi, riguardò, ed ecco, tre uomini si presentarono a lui; e come egli li ebbe veduti, corse loro incontro dall’entrata del padiglione, e s’inchinò verso terra. E disse:

3 Deh! Signore mio, se io ho trovato grazia appo te, non passare, ti prego, oltre la stanza del tuo servitore.

4 Deh! prendasi un poco d’acqua, e lavatevi i piedi, e vi posate sotto quest’albero.

5 Ed io arrecherò una fetta di pane, e voi vi conforterete il cuore; poi procederete al vostro cammino; conciossiachè per questo siate passati dal vostro servitore. Ed essi dissero: Fa’ così come tu hai detto.

6 Abrahamo adunque se ne andò in fretta nel padiglione a Sara, e le disse: Prendi prestamente tre misure di fior di farina, ed intridila, e fanne delle schiacciate.

7 Abrahamo corse ancora all’armento, e ne prese un vitello tenero e buono, e lo diede al servitore, il qual si affrettò d’apparecchiarlo.

8 Poi prese del burro e del latte, e quel vitello che il servitore avea apparecchiato, e pose queste cose davanti a loro: ed egli si stette presso di loro sotto quell’albero; ed essi mangiarono.

9 E gli dissero: Ov’è Sara tua moglie? Ed egli rispose: Eccola nel padiglione.

10 Ed egli gli disse: Io del tutto ritornerò a te, l’anno vegnente, in quest’istessa stagione; ed ecco, Sara tua moglie avrà un figliuolo. Or Sara ascoltava all’uscio del padiglione, dietro al quale essa era.

11 Or Abrahamo e Sara erano vecchi ed attempati; ed era cessato a Sara ciò che sogliono aver le donne.

12 E Sara rise tra sè stessa, dicendo: Avrei io diletto, dopo essere invecchiata? ed oltre a ciò, il mio signore è vecchio.

13 E il Signore disse ad Abrahamo: Perchè ha riso Sara, dicendo: Partorirei io pur certamente, essendo già vecchia?

14 Evvi cosa alcuna difficile al Signore? io ritornerò a te al termine posto, l’anno vegnente, in quest’istessa stagione, e Sara avrà un figliuolo.

15 E Sara negò d’aver riso, dicendo: Io non ho riso; perciocchè ebbe paura. Ma egli le disse: Non dir così, perciocchè tu hai riso.

16 POI quegli uomini si levarono di là, e si dirizzarono verso Sodoma; ed Abrahamo andava con loro, per accommiatarli.

17 E il Signore disse: Celerò io ad Abrahamo ciò ch’io son per fare?

18 Conciossiachè Abrahamo abbia pure a diventare una grande e possente nazione; ed in lui saranno benedette tutte le nazioni della terra.

19 Perciocchè io l’ho conosciuto, io glielo paleserò, acciocchè ordini a’ suoi figliuoli ed alla sua casa, dopo sè, che osservino la via del Signore, per far giustizia e giudicio; acciocchè il Signore faccia avvenire ad Abrahamo quello che gli ha promesso.

20 Il Signore adunque disse: Certo il grido di Sodoma e di Gomorra è grande, e il lor peccato è molto grave.

21 Ora io scenderò, e vedrò se son venuti allo stremo, come il grido n’è pervenuto a me; e se no, io lo saprò.

22 Quegli uomini adunque, partitisi di là, s’inviarono verso Sodoma; ed Abrahamo stette ancora davanti al Signore.

23 Ed Abrahamo si accostò, e disse: Faresti tu pur perire il giusto con l’empio?

24 Forse vi son cinquanta uomini giusti dentro a quella città; li faresti tu eziandìo perire? anzi non perdoneresti tu a quel luogo per amor di cinquanta uomini giusti, che vi fosser dentro?

25 Sia lungi da te il fare una cotal cosa, di far morire il giusto con l’empio, e che il giusto sia al par con l’empio. Sia ciò lungi da te; il Giudice di tutta la terra non farebbe egli diritta giustizia?

26 E il Signore disse: Se io trovo dentro alla città di Sodoma cinquanta uomini giusti, io perdonerò a tutto il luogo per amor di essi.

27 Ed Abrahamo rispose, e disse: Ecco, ora io ho pure impreso di parlare al Signore, benchè io sia polvere e cenere.

28 Forse ne mancheranno cinque di quei cinquanta uomini giusti; distruggeresti tu tutta la città per cinque persone? E il Signore disse: Se io ve ne trovo quarantacinque, io non la distruggerò.

29 Ed Abrahamo continuò a parlargli, dicendo: Forse vi se ne troveranno quaranta. E il Signore disse: Per amor di que’ quaranta, io nol farò.

30 Ed Abrahamo disse: Deh! non adirisi il Signore, ed io parlerò: Forse vi se ne troveranno trenta. E il Signore disse: Io nol farò, se ve ne trovo trenta.

31 Ed Abrahamo disse: Ecco, ora io ho impreso di parlare al Signore: Forse vi se ne troveranno venti. E il Signore disse: Per amor di que’ venti, io non la distruggerò.

32 Ed Abrahamo disse: Deh! non adirisi il Signore, ed io parlerò sol questa volta: Forse vi se ne troveranno dieci. E il Signore disse: Per amor di que’ dieci, io non la distruggerò.

33 E quando il Signore ebbe finito di parlare ad Abrahamo, egli se ne andò; ed Abrahamo se ne ritornò al suo luogo.

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Swedenborg

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 468, 1420, 1616, 2072, 2142, 2143, 2144, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 658

True Christian Religion 755


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 340, 397, 1153

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

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Rivelazione 18:5

Vysvětlení slova/fráze

signore
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

mamre
Mamre was an Amorite who lived in the land of Canaan, in the area called Hebron in what would much later be the kingdom of...

giorno
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

occhi
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

incontro
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

terra
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

trovato
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

servitore
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

acqua
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

piedi
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

sotto
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

albero
'Trees,' in general, signify the perceptions when discussing the celestial self, but when related to the spiritual church, they signify knowledges. A person in the...

pane
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

cuore
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

detto
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Abrahamo
Abraham (or Abram, as he is named in the beginning of his story) is one of the major characters in the story of the sacred...

fretta
'To hasten' or 'hastiness' in the internal sense, does not denote what is quick, but what is certain, and also what is full, thus every...

sara
'Sarah' denotes truth joined to good. Sarai was called 'Sarah' so she would represent the divine intellectual principle by adding the 'H' from the name...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

farina
Flour, or meal, signifies celestial truth, and wheat, celestial good. Flour and oil signify truth and good from a spiritual origin, and honey, good from...

affrettò
'To hasten' or 'hastiness' in the internal sense, does not denote what is quick, but what is certain, and also what is full, thus every...

burro
Butter (Isa. 7:14, 16) signifies the Lord's celestial principle, and honey that is derived from thence. Butter of the herd (Deut. 32:13) signifies the celestial...

latte
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

moglie
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

figliuolo
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

vecchi
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

donne
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

dopo
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

paura
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

sodoma
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...

grande
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

nazione
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

nazioni
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

conosciuto
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

ordini
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

figliuoli
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

giustizia
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

peccato
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

giusto
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

empio
Swedenborg several times associates the “wicked” with “malevolence,” defines “malevolence” as “destroying good, interior and exterior,” and says that the wicked do this by disowning...

cinquanta
God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

giusti
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

città
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

morire
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

giudice
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

parlare
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

polvere
The dust and ashes mentioned in Genesis 18:27 signify the Lord's merely human principle from the mother, in respect to his essential divine principle.

cenere
Ashes as in ('Ezekiel 27:30') signify what is condemned; because fire from which they are derived signify infernal love. Ashes of the furnace ('Exodus 9:8')...

cinque
Five also signifies all things of one part.

quaranta
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

trenta
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

venti
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything or fullness, because it is ten twice. 'Twenty,' as in Genesis 18:31, like all numbers occurring in...

dieci
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

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