Deuteronomio 24

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1 QUANDO alcuno avrà presa moglie, e sarà abitato con lei; se poi ella non gli aggrada, perchè egli avrà trovata in lei alcuna cosa brutta; scrivale il libello del ripudio, e diaglielo in mano; e così mandila fuor di casa sua.

2 E s’ella, essendo uscita di casa di colui, e andatasene, si marita ad un altro uomo;

3 e quest’ultimo marito prende ad odiarla, e le scrive il libello del ripudio, e glielo in mano, e la manda fuor di casa sua; ovvero, quest’ultimo marito, che se l’avea presa per moglie, muore;

4 non possa il suo primiero marito, il qual l’avea mandata via, tornare a prenderla per essergli moglie, dopo che avrà fatto ch’ella si sia contaminata; perchè ciò è cosa abbominevole nel cospetto del Signore; e non far sì che il paese che il Signore Iddio tuo ti in eredità, sia reo di peccato.

5 Quando alcuno avrà presa novellamente moglie, non vada alla guerra, e non siagli imposto affare alcuno; stia esente in casa sua un anno, e sollazzi la sua moglie ch’egli avrà presa.

6 NON prenda alcuno in pegno macine, non pur la mola disopra; perciocchè egli prenderebbe in pegno la vita del suo prossimo.

7 Quando si troverà alcuno che abbia rubato un uomo d’infra i suoi fratelli, figliuoli d’Israele, e ne abbia fatto traffico, e l’abbia venduto, muoia quel ladro; e togli il mal del mezzo di te.

8 Prendi guardia alla piaga della lebbra, per osservar diligentemente di far secondo tutto ciò che i sacerdoti Leviti vi avranno insegnato; prendete guardia di fare come io ho loro comandato.

9 Ricordati di ciò che il Signore Iddio tuo fece a Maria, nel cammino, dopo che foste usciti di Egitto.

10 Quando tu farai alcun presto al tuo prossimo, non entrare in casa sua, per prender pegno da lui.

11 Stattene fuori, e portiti colui, al qual tu farai il presto, il pegno fuori.

12 E s’egli è povero uomo, non ti porre a giacere, avendo ancora il suo pegno.

13 Del tutto rendigli il pegno, al tramontar del sole; acciocchè egli possa giacer ne’ suoi panni, e ti benedica; e ciò ti sarà giustizia nel cospetto del Signore Iddio tuo.

14 Non fraudare il mercenario povero e bisognoso, chi ch’egli si sia de’ tuoi fratelli, o de’ forestieri che saranno nel tuo paese, dentro alle tue porte.

15 Dagli il suo premio al suo giorno, e non tramonti il sole avanti che tu gliel’abbia dato; conciossiachè egli sia povero, e che l’anima sua s’erga a quello; acciocchè egli non gridi contro a te al Signore, e non vi sia in te peccato.

16 Non facciansi morire i padri per li figliuoli, nè i figliuoli per li padri; facciasi morir ciascuno per lo suo proprio peccato.

17 NON pervertire la ragione del forestiere, nè dell’orfano; e non prender in pegno i panni della vedova.

18 E ricordati che tu sei stato servo in Egitto, e che il Signore Iddio tuo te ne ha riscosso; perciò io ti comando che tu faccia questo.

19 Quando tu avrai mietuta la tua ricolta nel tuo campo, e avrai dimenticata alcuna menata nel campo, non tornare indietro per prenderla; sia per lo forestiere, per l’orfano, e per la vedova; acciocchè il Signore Iddio tuo ti benedica in tutta l’opera delle tue mani.

20 Quando tu avrai scossi i tuoi ulivi, non ricercare a ramo a ramo ciò che vi sarà rimasto dietro a te; sia per lo forestiere, per l’orfano, e per la vedova.

21 Quando tu avrai vendemmiata la tua vigna, non raspollare i grappoli rimasti dietro a te; sieno per lo forestiere, per l’orfano, e per la vedova.

22 E ricordati che tu sei stato servo nel paese di Egitto; per ciò io ti comando che tu faccia questo.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 24      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-4. When the things loved do not accord with the things believed to be right in the soul, it is in a state analogous to divorce, and the things so loved by the external man and believed to be wrong must not be conjoined to the interior will.

Verse 5. When the understanding of truths is conjoined to its corresponding affection, a state of peace ensues.

Verse 6. No one is to be deprived of the truths of doctrine they live by.

Verse 7. Anything that perverts spiritual goods and truths to worldly uses is to be destroyed.

Verses 8-9. Caution against the danger of profanation.

Verses 10-13. In imparting truths the endeavour should be made to enable others to see from themselves, and not to force upon them one's own view.

Verses 14-15. Those who do good from inferior motives are not to be deprived of them.

Verse 16. Evil does not condemn till it is made a man's own by consent of the will and of the understanding.

Verses 17-18. External things are not to be despised, for the whole soul was in externals till redeemed thence by the Lord.

Verses 19-22. The soul must not return from states of good to the states of truth by which the former were gained, and which are for those still striving to reach them; a state of truth is one of bondage compared to a state of good.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 213, 1093, 2788, 2959, 3693, 3703, 4335, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 209, 794

Dottrina sulla Sacra Scrittura 51

True Christian Religion 226, 521


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 238, 328, 532, 695, 746, 750, 919, ...

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Významy biblických slov

moglie
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

uomo
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

marito
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

scrive
If knowing what’s right were the same as doing what’s right, we would all be thin, healthy, hard-working, law-abiding, faithful to our spouses and free...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

muore
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

dopo
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

signore
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Iddio
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eredità
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rubato
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fratelli
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

figliuoli
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

venduto
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

lebbra
'Leprosy' represents unclean false principles grounded in profane things. 'Leprosy' signifies the falsification of truth and good in the Word, also the Jewish profanation of...

sacerdoti
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

comandato
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

maria
'Miriam,' as in Exodus 15:20, signifies the good of faith.

Egitto
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

povero
'Poor' signifies someone who is not in truths, and people who are ignorant of good and truth, but desire instruction.

sole
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

giustizia
The word "righteous" has taken on a bit of negative shading in modern language. That may be because we hear it most often as part...

mercenario
'Hirelings' in the Israelitish church, as mentioned in Exodus 12:43, 45; Deuteronomy 24:14-15; Malachi 35, and elsewhere represent those who speak truth and do good,...

bisognoso
'Poor' signifies someone who is not in truths, and people who are ignorant of good and truth, but desire instruction.

forestieri
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

porte
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

giorno
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

dato
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anima
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

morire
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

padri
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

proprio
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

orfano
The fatherless signify those who are in good without truth, and are desirous by truth to be led to good.

comando
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

campo
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indietro
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mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

dietro a
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

vigna
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

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