1 Samuel 7

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1 E que’ di Chiriat-iearim vennero, e ne menarono l’Arca del Signore, e la condussero nella casa di Abinadab, sul colle; e consacrarono Eleazaro, figliuolo di esso, per guardar l’Arca del Signore.

2 OR lungo tempo appresso che l’Arca fu posata in Chiriat-iearim, che furono vent’anni, tutta la casa d’Israele si lamentò, gridando dietro al Signore.

3 E Samuele parlò a tutta la casa d’Israele, dicendo: Se pur voi vi convertite con tutto il vostro cuore al Signore, togliete del mezzo di voi gl’iddii degli stranieri, ed Astarot; ed addirizzate il cuor vostro al Signore, e servite a lui solo, ed egli vi riscoterà dalla mano de’ Filistei.

4 I figliuoli d’Israele adunque tolsero via i Baali e Astarot; e servirono al solo Signore.

5 Poi Samuele disse: Adunate tutto Israele in Mispa, ed io supplicherò al Signore per voi.

6 Essi adunque si adunarono in Mispa, ed attinsero dell’acqua, e la sparsero davanti al Signore, e digiunarono quel giorno; e quivi dissero; Noi abbiamo peccato contro al Signore. E Samuele giudicò i figliuoli d’Israele in Mispa.

7 Ora, quando i Filistei ebbero inteso che i figliuoli d’Israele s’erano adunati in Mispa, i principati de’ Filistei salirono contro ad Israele. Il che come i figliuoli d’Israele ebbero udito, temettero dei Filistei;

8 e dissero a Samuele: Non restar di gridar per noi al Signore Iddio nostro, acciocchè egli ci salvi dalla mano de’ Filistei.

9 E Samuele prese un agnel di latte, e l’offerse tutto intiero in olocausto al Signore. E Samuele gridò al Signore per Israele; e il Signore l’esaudì.

10 Ora, mentre Samuele offeriva quell’olocausto, i Filistei si accostarono in battaglia contro ad Israele; ma il Signore in quel giorno tonò sopra i Filistei con gran tuono, e li mise in rotta; e furono sconfitti davanti ad Israele.

11 E gli Israeliti uscirono di Mispa, e perseguitarono i Filistei, e li percossero fin disotto a Bet-car.

12 Allora Samuele prese una pietra, e la pose fra Mispa e la punta della rupe; e pose nome a quella pietra Eben-ezer; e disse: Il Signore ci ha soccorsi fino a questo luogo.

13 E i Filistei furono abbassati, e non continuarono più d’entrar ne’ confini d’Israele. E la mano del Signore fu contro a’ Filistei tutto il tempo di Samuele.

14 E le città, che i Filistei aveano prese ad Israele, ritornarono ad Israele; Israele riscosse dalle mani dei Filistei quelle città da Ecron fino a Gat, insieme co’ lor confini. E vi fu pace tra gl’Israeliti e gli Amorrei.

15 E Samuele giudicò Israele tutto il tempo della vita sua.

16 Ed egli andava d’anno in anno attorno in Betel, e in Ghilgal, e in Mispa, e giudicava Israele in tutti que’ luoghi.

17 Ma il suo ridotto era in Rama; perciocchè quivi era la sua casa, e quivi giudicava Israele; quivi ancora edificò un altare al Signore.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 7      

Here we find a broad-brush description of the life of Samuel, the last Judge of Israel, and the reality of the Israelitish world that he presided over. After the Philistines returned the Ark of the Covenant, it was taken to the city of Kirjath Jearim. Samuel commanded the people of Israel to rid themselves of their idols and worship of foreign gods, and return to worshiping the Lord. Chief among these idols was Baal. Baal was understood and worshiped in a variety of ways, most notably as the male god of fertility. Ashtoreth was the female equivalent.

The Children of Israel, like the nations around them, were polytheists at that time. They needed to be regularly convinced that Jehovah, the Lord, was the chief and most powerful God. A belief in only One God, who we now know as the Lord God Jesus Christ, was beyond them at that time. (see Arcana Coelestia 8301)

The people of Israel were called together by Samuel at Mizpah, where he judged them. The Philistines learned of this gathering and once again set out to make war with them. The Israelites made an offering to the Lord, and He responded to their cry by allowing them to push the Philistines back and reclaim cities that the Philistines had taken in previous conflicts.

Other similar skirmishes took place throughout Samuel’s life. There was an ongoing struggle between the Children and Israel, and the surrounding peoples. It represents the struggle we have between good and evil -- between the truths of the one God, Jehovah, and the Ten Commandments, and between the false, but popular, loves of self and the world.

Swedenborgian teachings describe how, in the earliest times of spiritual awareness in humanity, people knew that there was only one God, who was their Divine Creator and Redeemer. However, as people fell away from true faith, their worship degenerated and gradually became the worship of idolatry and multiple gods. In True Christian Religion 159, this is described as a form of insanity.


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1453, 8301

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 700, 817

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