1 Samuel 4

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1 OR Israele uscì in battaglia incontro a’ Filistei, e si accampò presso ad Eben-ezer; e i Filistei si accamparono in Afec.

2 E i Filistei ordinarono la battaglia incontro ad Israele. E, datasi la battaglia, Israele fu sconfitto davanti a’ Filistei; ed essi ne percossero intorno a quattromila uomini in battaglia ordinata, nella campagna.

3 Ed essendo il popolo venuto nel campo, gli Anziani d’Israele dissero: Perchè ci ha il Signore oggi sconfitti davanti a’ Filistei? facciamoci portar da Silo l’Arca del Patto del Signore, e venga egli nel mezzo di noi, e salvici, dalla mano de’ nostri nemici.

4 Il popolo adunque mandò in Silo, e di là fu portata l’Arca del Patto del Signore degli eserciti, che siede sopra i Cherubini; e quivi, con l’Arca del Patto di Dio, erano i due figliuoli di Eli, Hofni e Finees.

5 E, come l’Arca del Patto del Signore arrivò nel campo, tutto Israele sclamò d’allegrezza con gran grida, talchè la terra ne rimbombò.

6 E i Filistei, udita la voce delle grida, dissero: Che vuol dire la voce di queste gran grida nel campo degli Ebrei? Poi seppero che l’Arca del Signore era venuta nel campo.

7 E i Filistei ebbero paura; perciocchè dicevano: Iddio è venuto nel campo. E dissero: Guai a noi! perciocchè tal cosa non è stata per addietro.

8 Guai a noi! chi ci scamperà dalla mano di questo possente dio? questo è l’Iddio che percosse gli Egizj d’una sconfitta intiera nel deserto.

9 O Filistei, rinforzatevi, e portatevi da valenti uomini; che talora non serviate agli Ebrei, come essi hanno servito a voi; portatevi adunque da valenti uomini, e combattete.

10 I Filistei adunque combatterono, e gl’Israeliti furono sconfitti, e fuggirono ciascuno alle sue stanze; e la sconfitta fu molto grande, talchè caddero morti degl’Israeliti trentamila uomini a piè.

11 E l’Arca di Dio fu presa e i due figliuoli di Eli, Hofni e Finees, furono morti.

12 E un uomo di Beniamino se ne corse dal campo, e giunse in Silo quello stesso giorno, co’ vestimenti stracciati, e con della terra in sul capo.

13 E, come egli giunse, ecco, Eli sedeva in sul seggio, allato alla strada, e stava a riguardare; perciocchè il cuor gli tremava per cagion dell’Arca di Dio. Quell’uomo adunque entrò nella città, portando le novelle, e tutta la città fece un gran grido.

14 Ed Eli, udendo il romor delle grida disse: Che vuol dire il romore di questo tumulto? E quell’uomo andò prestamente ad Eli, e gli raccontò la cosa.

15 Or Eli era d’età di novantotto anni, e la vista gli era venuta meno, talchè egli non poteva vedere.

16 Quell’uomo adunque gli disse: Io son colui che vengo dal campo, e oggi me ne son fuggito dalla battaglia. Ed Eli gli disse: Figliuol mio, come è andato il fatto?

17 E colui che portava le novelle rispose e disse: Israele è fuggito d’innanzi a’ Filistei; ed anche è stata fatta una grande sconfitta del popolo; i tuoi due figliuoli, Hofni e Finees, eziandio son morti, e l’Arca di Dio è stata presa.

18 E, quando egli mentovò l’Arca di Dio, Eli cadde d’in sul seggio a rovescio allato alla porta, e si ruppe la nuca, e morì; perciocchè egli era vecchio e grave. Or egli avea giudicato Israele quarant’anni.

19 E la sua nuora, moglie di Finees, essendo gravida, presta a partorire, udì il grido che l’Arca di Dio era presa, e che il suo suocero, e il suo marito erano morti; onde ella si accosciò, e partorì; perciocchè i dolori le sopraggiunsero ad un tratto.

20 E, in quel punto ch’ella moriva, le donne che le stavano d’intorno, le dissero: Non temere; perciocchè tu hai partorito un figliuolo; ma ella non rispose, e non vi mise il cuore.

21 Pur nondimeno pose nome al fanciullo, Icabod, dicendo: La gloria è stata trasportata d’Israele; perciocchè l’Arca di Dio era stata presa, e per cagione del suo suocero e del suo marito.

22 Disse adunque: La gloria è stata trasportata d’Israele; perciocchè l’Arca di Dio è stata presa.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 4      

Although it was clear throughout Israel that Samuel had been established as the Lord’s prophet, the Israelites were still unprepared to listen to his prophecy. A new battle took place between the army of Israel and the army of the Philistines, that went decidedly in the Philistines’ favor. About four thousand men of Israel died.

The Israelites were in great distress, and they sent for the Ark of the covenant from Shiloh in order to summon the power of the Lord. Accompanying the Ark were the two sons of the High Priest Eli: Hophni and Phinehas. When the Ark reached the Israelite camp, the Israelites shouted with joy, and the Philistines became afraid. They knew that the Israelite God was surely with them, and they remembered His power from the plagues of Egypt (in Exodus 7 through 12). The Philistines, in order to avoid being enslaved by the Israelites, summoned courage and defeated Israel. In the process, they captured the Ark of the Covenant.

A messenger was dispatched to bring the bad news to Shiloh, where Eli was. Hophni and Phinehas were dead, and the Ark was in enemy hands. Upon hearing the news, the elderly Eli fell backwards from his seat and died. Phinehas’ wife was heavily pregnant. The bad news broke her spirit and she died shortly after delivering a son that she named Ichabod. The doom predicted in Chapter three of 1 Samuel had come to pass.

The Ark of the Covenant contained two stone tablets, on which were written the Ten Commandments. These were written by the finger of God, and given to Moses on Mount Sinai. The Commandments represented the covenant between the Lord and people. They would be joined together through love and faith: God’s love for His people, and their love for Him. Love, faith in God and obedience to His message would forever bind them. The covenant is only fulfilled when people, individually and collectively, do what is written on those two tablets (see True Christianity 285.)

When the Israelites lose the Ark of the Covenant in this story (and with it, the Ten Commandments) it symbolizes the loss of a person’s covenantal relationship with the Lord their Creator. This covenant can be severed, if we choose to break it, and this story is a representation of the destruction that breaking the covenant can cause. God, however, will never give up on us, and is always ready to come into our lives if we accept Him.

In True Christianity 285, Swedenborg writes that God is always ready to keep His commandment with us, but we must use our free will to keep our commandment with Him. This is illustrated in a quote from Revelation 3:20: “Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and dine with him, and he with me.”

While this story is an example of a covenant with God described in the Old Testament of the Word, this relationship between God and His people (and, of course, with each one of us individually) is a theme throughout all of the Bible. The New Testament describes a new covenant that the Lord seeks to build with each of us.

The Philistines, whom the Israelites were battling in this chapter, are mentioned in Swedenborg’s writings, where he writes that they represent faith without charity. Both faith and charity are necessary to follow the Lord, and knowledge of what is right and true is not useful unless we apply it to our lives. If we do not, this knowledge simply becomes memory instead of an ongoing part of our life (see Arcana Coelestia 1197). In this chapter, the Israelites lose a battle to the Philistines and surrender the Ark of the Covenant, which contains the Ten Commandments. Since Philistines represent knowledge without charity, perhaps this story is telling us that in order to keep our covenant with God, it is not enough to know what is required of us, what is written on the tablet. We must also act accordingly. When we both understand the commandments and practice them, then we are able to keep our covenant with God.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1343, 1703, 2576, 4763, 9396, 9416


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 277, 700, 817

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesi 35:17, 18

Esodo 9:14, 14:14, 25, 15:14, 25:22

Levitico 26:17, 37

Numeri 10:35, 14:45

Deuteronomio 29:10

Joshua 7:6, 15:53

Giudici 13:1, 15:20

1 Samuel 2:34, 3:2, 11, 12, 5:1, 7, 7:12, 10:19, 14:3, 29:1, 3

2 Samuel 10:12

1 Re 1:40, 20:26

Salmi 74:11, 78:60, 61, 62, 64, 80:2

Isaiah 59:1, 2

Lamenti 2:1

Rivelazione 11:6

Významy biblických slov

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

battaglia
La guerra nella Parola rappresenta il combattimento della tentazione quando ciò che è bene è assalito da ciò che è male o falso. Il male...

incontro
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

filistei
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

uomini
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

campo
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

anziani
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

signore
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

oggi
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

arca
Ci sono tre arche menzionate nella Parola, l'arca di Noè, l'arca dei giunchi per il piccolo Mosè, e l'arca dell'alleanza nel tabernacolo. Tutte e tre...

noi
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

nemici
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

degli
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

eserciti
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

cherubini
A Cherub has as its first definition in the dictionary, “A winged heavenly creature.” Cherubim is the plural of cherub. In the Word, the words...

di Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

due
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

figliuoli
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

grida
'To shout from the top of the mountain,' as in Isaiah 42:11, signifies worship from the good of love.

terra
"Terra" nella Bibbia può significare una persona o un gruppo di persone che la pensano come in una chiesa. Ma si riferisce specificamente all'esterno della...

voce
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

dire
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Ebrei
The term 'Hebrew' is used in the Word to signify anything relating to service, whatever its nature may be. Hence Abraham, in one passage only...

venuta
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

paura
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

è venuto
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

Israeliti
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

grande
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

uomo
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

beniamino
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

giorno
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

strada
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

città
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

portando
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

tumulto
'A tumult,' as in Isaiah 8:4, signifies eager desire to combat against truths.

vista
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

vedere
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

fuggito
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

porta
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

giudicato
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

quarant
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

moglie
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

marito
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

figliuolo
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

cuore
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

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 The Capture and Return of the Ark
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
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 The Capture and Return of the Ark (3-5 years)
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 The Capture and Return of the Ark (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14


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