1 Samuel 3

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1 OR il giovane fanciullo Samuele serviva al Signore, nella presenza di Eli. E in quel tempo la parola di Dio era rara, e non appariva alcuna visione.

2 Ed avvenne in quel giorno, che Eli, la cui vista cominciava a scemare, talchè egli non poteva più vedere, giacendo nel suo luogo;

3 Samuele, giacendo anch’esso nel Tempio del Signore, ove era l’Arca di Dio, avanti che fossero spente le lampane di Dio;

4 il Signore chiamò Samuele. Ed egli rispose: Eccomi.

5 E corse ad Eli, e gli disse: Eccomi; perciocchè tu m’hai chiamato. Ma Eli gli disse: Io non t’ho chiamato; ritornatene a giacere. Ed egli se ne andò a giacere.

6 E il Signore chiamò di nuovo Samuele. E Samuele si levò, e andò ad Eli, e gli disse: Eccomi; perciocchè tu m’hai chiamato. Ma Eli gli disse: Io non t’ho chiamato, figliuol mio; ritornatene a giacere.

7 Or Samuele non conosceva ancora il Signore, e la parola del Signore non gli era ancora stata rivelata.

8 E il Signore chiamò di nuovo Samuele per la terza volta. Ed egli si levò, e andò ad Eli, e gli disse: Eccomi; perciocchè tu m’hai chiamato. Allora Eli si avvide che il Signore chiamava il fanciullo.

9 Ed Eli disse a Samuele: Vattene a giacere; e, se egli ti chiama, di’: Parla, Signore; perciocchè il tuo servitore ascolta. Samuele adunque se ne andò a giacere nel suo luogo.

10 E il Signore venne, e si presentò a lui, e lo chiamò, come le altre volte: Samuele, Samuele. E Samuele disse: Parla; perciocchè il tuo servitore ascolta.

11 E il Signore disse a Samuele: Ecco, io fo una cosa in Israele, la quale chiunque udirà avrà amendue l’orecchie intronate.

12 In quel dì io metterò ad effetto contro ad Eli, da capo a fine, tutto ciò che io ho detto contro alla sua casa.

13 Io gli avea dinunziato ch’io punirei la sua casa in perpetuo, per cagion dell’iniquità, con la quale egli ha saputo che i suoi figliuoli si rendevano maledetti, ed egli non li ha repressi.

14 Perciò adunque, io ho giurato alla casa di Eli: Se mai in perpetuo l’iniquità della casa di Eli è purgata con sacrificio, nè con offerta.

15 Or Samuele stette coricato fino alla mattina; poi aperse le porte della Casa del Signore. Ed egli temeva di dichiarar la visione ad Eli.

16 Ma Eli lo chiamò, e gli disse: Samuele, figliuol mio.

17 Ed egli disse: Eccomi. Ed Eli gli disse: Quale è la parola ch’egli ti ha detta? deh! non celarmela; così ti faccia Iddio, e così ti aggiunga, se tu mi celi cosa alcuna di tutto ciò ch’egli ti ha detto.

18 Samuele adunque gli raccontò tutte quelle parole, e non gli celò nulla. Ed Eli disse: Egli è il Signore; faccia quello che gli parrà bene.

19 Or Samuele crebbe, e il Signore fu con lui; ed esso non lasciò cadere in terra alcuna di tutte le sue parole.

20 E tutto Israele, da Dan fino a Beerseba, conobbe che Samuele era ben certificato profeta del Signore.

21 E il Signore continuò d’apparire in Silo; perciocchè il Signore si manifestava a Samuele per la parola del Signore. E la parola di Samuele fu indirizzata a tutto Israele.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 3      

Chapter 3 features the beautiful story of the “Call of Samuel”. The story begins when young Samuel hears a voice calling to him in the night, as he lies down to sleep. Thinking that it must be Eli calling, Samuel runs to Eli, who is now old and blind, to ask what he wants. Eli says that he didn't call, and tells Samuel to return to bed. This happens two more times, and each time Samuel hears the voice calling, he goes to Eli. On the third occasion, Eli realizes that it must be the Lord's voice that Samuel is hearing. Eli then instructs him to respond to the voice with the words, “Speak, Lord, for your servant hears.” When the Lord calls him again, this is how Samuel responds.

God’s words to Samuel are clear. Because Eli’s sons had done things that were vile, and Eli had not restrained them, no amount of sacrifice could spare them from the consequences. In the morning, Eli begs Samuel to share what the Lord said to him. After Samuel shares God’s message, Eli accepts that the Lord would do to him and his family as He saw fit.

Samuel is called by the Lord three times before he realizes the nature of the voice, and answers. This is an example of the numeric symbolism found throughout Scripture. In this story, the number three represents a form of Divine completeness. Therefore when Samuel is called three times, it represents the completion of a personal process, resulting in a new ability to receive God’s message (see Apocalypse Revealed 505).

Swedenborg’s writings explain that to “hear” represents to perceive, to learn and come to understand. When Samuel hears and replies to the Lord, he is demonstrating that he is willing to listen to and understand God. For us, it's a similar thing. We may not hear the voice of God calling in the night, but we can make space in our lives to try to tune in to his message, in the Word, and in good, wise people who we can learn from.

The expression “to hear” can also signify to obey, and in this story we can see Samuel accepting his role as prophet, i.e. to understand and obey God. So, too, we can recognize His message and begin to live a life of faithful obedience (see Apocalypse Explained 14).

The literal story seems to suggest that the Lord would punish Eli and his sons for the wrongs they had done. However, the truth as shared in Swedenborgian teachings is that the Lord never destroys, or is even angry. Instead, evil distances a person from His protection and therefore leaves them vulnerable to the destruction that comes from the evil itself (see Arcana Coelestia 588).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2723, 2788, 4495

Apocalypse Revealed 505

Dottrina sulla Sacra Scrittura 29

True Christian Religion 211


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 532

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesi 22:1, 11, 27:1, 39:2, 3

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Numeri 12:6, 15:30, 31, 23:17, 19

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Ruth 1:17

1 Samuel 2:11, 21, 26, 31, 4:10, 11, 15, 17, 21, 22, 9:6, 15, 10:7, 19, 14:44, 16:18, 18:5, 12, 14, 20:13, 25:22

2 Samuel 3:9, 10:12

1 Re 1:6

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Salmi 74:9, 85:9

Isaiah 55:11

Geremia 19:3, 38:14

Ezechiele 33:33

Amos 2:11

Giovanni 1:31

Atti degli Apostoli 13:20

1 Timoteo 3:4, 5

Ebrei 1:1

Významy biblických slov

giovane
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

samuele
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

signore
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

parola
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

visione
Vision is the innermost revelation, which is of perception. Visions are according to the state of humankind. The visions of people whose interiors are closed,...

giorno
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

vista
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

vedere
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

tempio
'A temple' represents heaven and the church. The sacred place where the ark was, represents the inmost, or third heaven, and the church among people...

arca
Ci sono tre arche menzionate nella Parola, l'arca di Noè, l'arca dei giunchi per il piccolo Mosè, e l'arca dell'alleanza nel tabernacolo. Tutte e tre...

di Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

lampane
The light of a lamp' signifies illumination from the Lord. A lamp,' as in Revelation 22, signifies natural light from self-derived intelligence. 'A lamp' signifies...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

chiamato
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

conosceva
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

parla
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

servitore
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

ascolta
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

detto
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

perpetuo
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

iniquità
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

figliuoli
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

giurato
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

mai
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

offerta
It was customary in the representative Ancient Church, and later in the Jewish Church, when people went to the judges, and at a later time,...

mattina
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

aperse
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

porte
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

parole
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

bene
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

terra
"Terra" nella Bibbia può significare una persona o un gruppo di persone che la pensano come in una chiesa. Ma si riferisce specificamente all'esterno della...

dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

profeta
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

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Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Eli and Samuel
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Hearing the Lord
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 Lord Calls to Samuel
Project | Ages up to 6

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Teaching Support | Ages over 15

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Song | Ages 4 - 14

 Samuel's Call
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

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Backdrop and figures of Eli and Samuel to color and assemble into a diorama of the Lord calling Samuel.
Project | Ages 7 - 14

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Teaching Support | Ages over 3

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A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Lord Calls Samuel (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Lord Calls Samuel (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Lord Calls Samuel (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

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Use names from a word bank to identify people in the Word who obeyed or who disobeyed the Lord. Story references are provided to help you.
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