1 Samuel 2

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Giovanni Diodati Bibbia (1649)         

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1 ALLORA Anna orò, e disse: Il cuor mio giubila nel Signore; Il mio corno è innalzato per lo Signore; La mia bocca è allargata contro a’ miei nemici; Perciocchè, o Signore, io mi son rallegrata nella tua salute.

2 Ei non v’è alcun Santo, come il Signore; Perciocchè non v’è alcun altro, fuor che te; E non v’è alcuna Rocca tale, come è il nostro Dio.

3 Non moltiplicate in parole altiere; Non escavi dalla bocca un parlar aspro; Perciocchè il Signore è l’Iddio d’ogni scienza; Ed a lui s’appartiene il pesar le imprese.

4 L’arco de’ possenti è stato rotto, E quelli che vacillavano sono stati cinti di forza.

5 Quelli ch’erano satolli si son messi a servire a prezzo per del pane; E quelli ch’erano affamati nol sono più; La sterile eziandio ha partoriti sette figliuoli; E quella che avea molti figliuoli è divenuta fiacca.

6 Il Signore fa morire, e fa vivere; Egli fa scendere al sepolcro, e ne trae fuori.

7 Il Signore fa impoverire, ed arricchisce; Egli abbassa, ed altresì innalza.

8 Egli rileva il misero dalla polvere, Ed innalza il bisognoso dallo sterco, Per farlo sedere co’ nobili; E fa loro eredare un seggio di gloria; Imperocchè le colonne dalla terra sono del Signore, Ed egli ha posto il mondo sopra esse.

9 Egli guarderà i piedi de’ suoi santi; E gli empi periranno nelle tenebre; Perciocchè l’uomo non vincerà con le sue forze.

10 Quelli che contendono col Signore saranno tritati; Egli tonerà dal cielo sopra loro; Il Signore giudicherà le estremità della terra; E donerà forza al suo Re, E innalzerà il corno del suo Unto.

11 Poi Elcana se ne andò a casa sua in Rama; e il fanciullo serviva al Signore, davanti al Sacerdote Eli.

12 OR i figliuoli d’Eli erano uomini scellerati; essi non conoscevano il Signore.

13 E l’usanza di que’ sacerdoti inverso il popolo era tale: Quando qualunque persona faceva qualche sacrificio, il servitore del sacerdote veniva, mentre si coceva la carne, avendo una forcella a tre denti in mano.

14 E, fittala nella caldaia, o nel paiuolo, o nella pentola, o nella pignatta, tutto ciò che la forcella traeva fuori, il sacerdote lo prendeva per sè. Così facevano a tutti gl’Israeliti che venivano là in Silo.

15 Ed anche, avanti che si fosse arso il grasso, il servitore del sacerdote veniva, e diceva a colui che faceva il sacrificio: Dammi della carne, per arrostirla per il sacerdote; perciocchè egli non prenderà da te carne cotta, ma cruda.

16 E se pur quell’uomo gli diceva: Ardasi ora di presente il grasso, poi prendine a tua voglia; egli gli diceva: Anzi pure ora tu ne darai; altrimenti, io ne prenderò a forza.

17 E il peccato di que’ giovani era molto grande nel cospetto del Signore; perciocchè gli uomini sprezzavano le offerte del Signore.

18 Or Samuele, essendo piccol fanciullo, serviva davanti al Signore, cinto d’un Efod di lino.

19 E sua madre gli fece una tonicella, e gliela portò; e il simigliante faceva ogni anno, quando ella saliva, col suo marito, per sacrificare il sacrificio annuale.

20 Or Eli benedisse Elcana, e la sua moglie, e disse: Il Signore ti dia progenie di questa donna, in luogo del presto ch’ella ha fatto al Signore. Ed essi se ne andarono al luogo loro.

21 E invero il Signore visitò Anna; ed ella concepette, e partorì tre figliuoli, e due figliuole. E il fanciullo Samuele crebbe presso il Signore.

22 Or Eli, essendo già molto vecchio, udì tutto ciò che i suoi figliuoli facevano a tutto Israele; e come giacevano con le donne, che a certi tempi venivano a servire all’entrata del Tabernacolo della convenenza.

23 Ed egli disse loro: Perchè fate voi cotali cose? perciocchè io intendo i vostri malvagi fatti; queste cose mi sono riferite da tutto il popolo.

24 Non fate così, figliuoli miei; perciocchè la fama, che mi perviene agli orecchi di voi, non è buona; voi inducete a trasgressione il popolo del Signore.

25 Se un uomo pecca contro ad un altro uomo, Iddio lo giudica; e se un uomo pecca contro al Signore, chi pregherà per lui? Ma essi non attesero alla voce del padre loro; perciocchè il Signore voleva farli morire.

26 Intanto il fanciullo Samuele andava crescendo, e diventando grazioso al Signore ed agli uomini.

27 OR un uomo di Dio venne ad Eli, e gli disse: Così ha detto il Signore: Non mi manifestai io pure alla casa di tuo padre, mentre erano in Egitto, mandandoli alla casa di Faraone?

28 Io mi elessi eziandio tuo padre, d’infra tutte le tribù d’Israele, per sacerdote, per offerir sacrificii sopra il mio altare, e per arder profumi, e per portar l’Efod davanti a me; e diedi alla casa di tuo padre tutte le offerte da ardere de’ figliuoli d’Israele.

29 Perchè avete voi dato del calcio a’ miei sacrificii, e alle mie offerte, che io ho comandato che si offeriscano nel mio Tabernacolo? e perchè hai tu portato maggiore onore a’ tuoi figliuoli che a me, per ingrassarvi del meglio delle offerte d’Israele, mio popolo?

30 Perciò, il Signore Iddio d’Israele dice così: Io del tutto avea detto che la tua casa, e la casa di tuo padre, andrebbero e verrebbero davanti a me in perpetuo; ma ora il Signore dice: Ciò sia lungi da me; perciocchè io onorerò quelli che mi onorano, e quelli che mi sprezzano saranno avviliti.

31 Ecco, i giorni vengono, che io riciderò il braccio a te, e alla casa di tuo padre, e farò che non vi sarà alcuno in casa tua che diventi vecchio.

32 E tu vedrai l’afflizione del Tabernacolo, in luogo di tutto il bene che Iddio avea fatto a Israele; e non vi sarà giammai alcuno in casa tua che diventi vecchio.

33 E colui de’ tuoi, il quale io non avrò sterminato d’appresso al mio Altare, sarà per consumarti gli occhi, e accorarti l’anima; e chiunque sarà nato e cresciuto in casa tua morrà in fior d’età.

34 E questo, che avverrà a’ tuoi due figliuoli, Hofni e Finees, che morranno amendue in uno stesso giorno, ti sarà per segno.

35 Ed io mi susciterò un sacerdote leale; esso opererà secondo il mio cuore, e secondo l’anima mia; ed io gli edificherò una casa stabile, ed egli andrà e verrà davanti al mio Unto del continuo.

36 E chiunque rimarrà di casa tua andrà ad inchinarsi a lui per un danaio d’argento, e per una fetta di pane; e dirà: Deh! mettimi a fare alcuno dei servigi del sacerdozio, perchè io abbia da mangiare un boccon di pane.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1 Samuel 2      

Chapter 2 of the Book of Samuel begins with Hannah’s prayerful song of praise to God. It's a big contrast to the sadness and desperation of her prayer in the previous chapter when she begged for a child. In many ways this is a model for the song that Mary sang, in Luke 1:46-55 after hearing from the angel Gabriel that she was to be the mother of the Lord.

In this chapter, the High Priest, Eli, had grown so old that he had turned his priestly duties over to his sons Hophni and Phinehas. However, these sons were corrupt and had separated themselves from God. They took the best part of the meat offerings for themselves, even before the meat had been properly sacrificed, and took advantage of the woman who worked at the gate of the sanctuary.

That corrupt state is contrasted with the wholesome ministry of the young boy Samuel, who wore a simple tunic (called an ephod) given to him each year by his mother as he grew.

Reports of his sons’ wrongdoings reached Eli, and he pleaded with them to stop, but they did not change their ways and he did nothing to punish them. Then, a messenger from God came with a message of doom for not only the two sons, but for the whole family.

As Anita Dole describes the situation, in her "Bible Study Notes":

"This is a picture of a state in which worship is degraded by being used for self-interest and self-exaltation, and when the high priest in us - that inner dictate which relates us to the Lord - does not take steps to correct the evil, although it sees it. It has become dim of sight and is no longer able to receive directly the voice of the Lord. In 1 Samuel 2:17, quoted above, there is the suggestion of the harm which such a state does to others as well as
to ourselves. Many people are turned against the church by the self-seeking and hypocrisy they see in some of its members. Our duty to keep our worship sincere and to live according to the teachings of the church is not for our own salvation alone. The Lord's service requires of us constant watchfulness and ever-renewed devotion." - Anita Dole, Bible Study Notes, "The Birth of Samuel", © 2001 by The Swedenborg Foundation.

This is a chapter focused on contrasts. On one side are Hannah and Samuel who are faithful to the Lord. We see Hannah praising Him for the wonderful gifts that He provides, especially the gift of her son. This story helps us realize that all children are a gift from God. We should never view them as being our possessions. Instead, they are always God’s children whom we have been blessed to be able to nurture for a time and help grow.

On the other side are the sons of Eli, who profaned what was holy as a mark of self-love and disdain for God.

At the heart of this is a message about true worship. This true worship is a product of heart-felt adoration of God, together with genuine humility (see Arcana Coelestia 1153).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 66, 1756, 2584, 2832, 2930, 3008, 7601, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 10, 20, 323, 535, 551, 598, 671


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 253, 257, 304, 316, 357, 386, 401, ...

An Invitation to the New Church 35

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Významy biblických slov

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

signore
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

corno
'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

bocca
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

nemici
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

arco
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

pane
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

sterile
"Sarai was barren, she had no child" (Gen 11:30), signifies that evil and falsity were not productive.

Sette
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

figliuoli
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

molti
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

morire
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

scendere
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

polvere
Dust, in Ezekiel 26:12, signifies the lowest things which are of the sensual principle of man. In Isaiah 40:12, the dust signifies exterior or natural...

bisognoso
In most cases, those described as "needy" in the Bible are those who lack true knowledge of the Lord and his teachings, but have a...

sterco
Dunghills as in Lamentations 4:5 signify the falsities of evil.

terra
"Terra" nella Bibbia può significare una persona o un gruppo di persone che la pensano come in una chiesa. Ma si riferisce specificamente all'esterno della...

mondo
The term "world" has both general and more specific meanings in the Bible, including the relatively literal sense of the natural, physical world. In more...

piedi
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

santi
'Saints' mean people governed by truths from the Lord through the Word.

empi
Swedenborg several times associates the “wicked” with “malevolence,” defines “malevolence” as “destroying good, interior and exterior,” and says that the wicked do this by disowning...

tenebre
Il "buio" è uno stato senza luce. La "luce" è la verità del Signore, quindi le "tenebre" rappresentano uno stato in cui manca la verità....

uomo
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

cielo
L'"aria" nella Bibbia rappresenta il pensiero, ma in modo molto generale - più come la nostra capacità di percepire le idee e il modo in...

forza
Strength' relates truth and falsity. Strength,' as in Luke 10:27, signifies the will and understanding extended to extremes. Strength,' as in Revelation 1:6, signifies divine...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

rama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

sacerdote
'To minister,' as in Genesis 40:2, relates to scientific ideas.

sacerdoti
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

carne
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

denti
'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Israeliti
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

Grasso
'Fat things full of marrow,' signify goods.

peccato
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

giovani
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

grande
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

samuele
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

madre
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

marito
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

benedisse
Il Signore è l'amore perfetto espresso come saggezza perfetta. Ci ha creati perché ci amasse, ci desse amore e saggezza, e potesse così unirsi a...

moglie
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

donna
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

due
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

figliuole
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

vecchio
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

donne
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

servire
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

tabernacolo
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

buona
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

voce
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

padre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

di Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

detto
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Egitto
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

Faraone
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

tribù
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

altare
Il primo altare menzionato nella Parola fu costruito da Noè dopo che uscì dall'arca. Su quell'altare, egli sacrificò al Signore animali puliti. Le montagne rappresentano...

calcio
To kick' signifies the state of the Jews regarding intellectual truth, which is represented by a horse kicking.

comandato
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

onore
'Honor' signifies the good of love. 'To honor,' as mentioned in Isaiah 24:15, signifies worship and adoration. 'To honor thy father and thy mother,' as...

dice
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

perpetuo
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

giorni
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

braccio
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

occhi
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

anima
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

uno
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

giorno
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

argento
'Money' relates to truth.

sacerdozio
'The priesthood' represents the Lord regarding the work of salvation, because this proceeds from the divine good of his divine love. 'The priesthood of Aaron,...

mangiare
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

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Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

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Quotation to color.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

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Choose words from a word blank to complete sentences about Samuel.
Activity | Ages 3 - 13

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A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Birth of Samuel (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Birth of Samuel (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Birth of Samuel (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

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A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6


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