Birák 13

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1 Az Izráel fiai pedig újra gonoszul cselekedtek az Úrnak szemei elõtt, azért az Úr õket a Filiszteusoknak kezébe adá negyven esztendeig.

2 És élt [ebben az idõben] egy férfiú Czórából, a Dán nemzetségébõl való, névszerint Manoah, kinek felesége magtalan volt, és nem szült.

3 És megjelent az Úrnak angyala az asszonynak, és monda néki: Ímé most magtalan vagy, és nem szültél; de terhes leszesz, és fiat szülsz.

4 Azért most megójjad magad, és ne igyál se bort, se [más] részegítõ italt, és ne egyél semmi tisztátalant.

5 Mert íme terhes leszesz, és fiat szülsz, és beretva ne érintse annak fejét, mert Istennek szenteltetett lesz [az] a gyermek anyjának méhétõl fogva, és õ kezdi [majd] megszabadítani Izráelt a Filiszteusok kezébõl.

6 És elment az asszony, és elbeszélte [ezt] férjének, mondván: Istennek egy embere jöve hozzám, kinek tekintete olyan volt, mint az Isten angyalának tekintete, igen rettenetes, úgy hogy meg [sem mertem] kérdezni, hogy honnan való, és õ sem mondotta meg nékem a nevét.

7 És monda nékem: Íme terhes leszesz, és fiat fogsz szülni; azért most se bort, se [más] részegítõ italt ne igyál, és semmi tisztátalant ne egyél, mert Istennek szentelt lesz [az] a gyermek, anyja méhétõl fogva halála napjáig.

8 Manoah pedig az Úrhoz könyörgött, és monda: Kérlek, Uram! az Istennek amaz embere, a kit küldöttél volt, hadd jõjjön el ismét hozzánk, és tanítson meg minket, hogy mit cselekedjünk a születendõ gyermekkel.

9 És meghallgatá az Isten Manoah kérését, mert az Istennek angyala megint eljött az asszonyhoz, mikor az a mezõn ült, és az õ férje Manoah nem volt vele.

10 Akkor az asszony elsietett, és elfutott, és elbeszélé férjének, és monda néki: Ímé megjelent nékem az a férfiú, a ki a multkor hozzám jött.

11 És felkelt, és elment Manoah az õ felesége után, és mikor odaért [ahhoz] a férfiúhoz, monda néki: Te vagy-é az a férfiú, a ki ez asszonynyal beszéltél? És monda: Én vagyok.

12 És monda Manoah: Ha beteljesedik ígéreted, miként bánjunk a gyermekkel, és mit cselekedjék õ?

13 Az Úrnak angyala pedig monda Manoáhnak: Mindentõl, a mit [csak] mondottam az asszonynak, õrizkedjék.

14 Mindabból, a mi csak a bor[termõ] szõlõbõl származik, ne egyék, és bort és [más] részegítõ italt ne igyék, és semmi tisztátalant ne egyék. Mindazt, a mit parancsoltam néki, tartsa meg.

15 És monda Manoah az Úr angyalának: Kérlek, hadd tartóztassunk meg téged, hogy készítsünk néked egy kecskegödölyét.

16 De az Úrnak angyala így szólt Manoáhhoz: Ha megmarasztasz [is, ]nem eszem kenyeredbõl, és ha áldozatot készítesz, az Úrnak áldozd azt. Mert Manoah nem tudta, hogy az Úrnak angyala vala.

17 És monda Manoah az Úr angyalának: Kicsoda a te neved, hogy ha [majd] beteljesedik a te beszéded, tisztességgel illethessünk téged.

18 És monda néki az Úrnak angyala: Miért kérdezõsködöl nevem után, a mely olyan csodálatos?

19 Mikor aztán Manoah a kecskegödölyét és ételáldozatot vette, és megáldozá azt egy sziklán az Úrnak: csodadolgot cselekedék Manoahnak és feleségének szeme láttára:

20 Tudniillik, mikor a láng felcsapott az oltárról az ég felé, az oltár lángjában felszállott az Úrnak angyala. Mikor pedig ezt meglátták Manoah és az õ felesége, arczczal a földre borultak.

21 És többé nem jelent meg az Úrnak angyala Manoáhnak és feleségének. Ekkor tudta meg Manoah, hogy az Úrnak angyala volt az.

22 És monda Manoah az õ feleségének: Meghalván meghalunk, mert az Istent láttuk.

23 Akkor monda néki az õ felesége: Ha meg akart volna ölni az Úr minket, nem fogadta volna el kezünkbõl az egészen égõáldozatot és az ételáldozatot, és nem mutatta volna nékünk mindezeket, sem pedig nem hallatott volna velünk ilyeneket.

24 És szült az asszony fiat, és nevezé annak nevét Sámsonnak, és felnevekedék a gyermek, és megáldá õt az Úr.

25 És kezdé az Úrnak lelke õt indítani a Dán táborában, Czóra és Estháol között.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 13      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 13: The birth of Samson.

Chapters 13-16 of Judges tell the story of Samson, one of the greatest judges of Israel. At the time of Samson’s birth, Israel had been under Philistine oppression for forty years, because they had once again sinned against the Lord. As we have seen in previous chapters, the Lord appears to have punished them, but this is not the case; it is really our own waywardness that brings about these negative consequences.

This story begins with Samson’s parents, Manoah and his wife. Manoah’s wife was barren, but the angel of the Lord appeared to her, with news that she would have a son. The angel said that she was forbidden to drink alcohol or eat anything unclean, and that her son was never to have his hair cut, for he would be a Nazirite. And finally, the angel prophesied that her son would deliver Israel from the Philistines.

When Manoah’s wife told him what had happened, he prayed to the Lord for the man to return. The angel reappeared to Manoah’s wife, so she brought her husband to speak with the angel directly. Manoah asked what they should do for their child, but the angel only told Manoah that his wife must follow the instructions she had received.

Manoah offered a meal to the angel of the Lord, but the angel declined, saying that the burnt offering must be made to the Lord. Manoah brought out the meat of a young goat, placed it upon a rock, and gave it as a burnt offering to the Lord. The angel of the Lord ascended in the flames toward heaven, and the couple knew that they had seen God.

In time, Samson was born, and the Lord blessed him.

*****

Samson’s name literally means “sun-like”. He was a mighty warrior, a womaniser, and a powerful character prone to sudden outbursts and rage, but his intention was to defend Israel and defeat the Philistines. He was strong in his acknowledgement of his people and his God.

Samson represents the Lord in His divine human, and also the power of the Word in its literal sense. This is why Samson had strength in the abundance of his hair (see Swedenbrog’s works, Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 49[2], and Arcana Caelestia 9836[2]).

Spiritually, barrenness stands for a lack of personal doctrine or a spiritual path, representing how life can feel before regeneration begins. The angel of the Lord appeared to just the woman at first, because the purpose of regeneration is primarily to make us love what is good (represented by a woman). We do this by knowing and obeying truth (represented by a man).

The Nazarites, who vowed not to drink or cut their hair, represented the Lord as the Word in its ultimate and fullest sense (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 47). These customs are the marks of a natural and genuine life, as wine can lead us astray, and focusing on appearances can lead to vanity. Above all, Samson’s uncut hair represented this greatness of divine truths from the Word (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 214).

The angel was reluctant to tell Manoah and his wife details about their son’s future, except that he would be a Nazarite, and would deliver Israel. He intentionally kept them from knowing what would take place, because if they knew the future, they would no longer be able to act in freedom. Divine Providence - the Lord’s plan for our world - cannot be disclosed to us, or we would no longer live in freedom to make our own decisions (Arcana Caelestia 2493).

Manoah asked the angel what his name was, so he could be honored. However, the angel declined to tell them, as his name was wonderful. A name describes a person’s spiritual qualities, and we are unable to fathom the extent of heavenly qualities because they are of God.

The spiritual meaning of Manoah’s sacrifice comes from the correspondence of a young goat (innocence within the human soul) and the rock (truth). The young goat, placed on the rock as a sacrifice, represents worshipping from our hearts in faith to the Lord. This is the Lord’s requirement of us (Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 18[3] and Arcana Caelestia 9393).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2165, 2332, 3301, 3519, 4299, 5113, 6437, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 54, 939

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 218


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 78, 412, 817

Spiritual Experiences 6017

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Play: The Birth of Samson
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Power of the Lord's Word
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samson Collage
Make a picture of Samson using a variety of materials. Give Samson a good head of hair using yarn or synthetic hair. 
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Samson Kills a Lion
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Samson Review Questions
Match ten questions with ten answers about the story of Samson.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Sequence the Story of Samson with Pictures
Arrange the picture cards in the order these events happened in Samson’s life. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 The Angel of the Lord Appears to Samson’s Parents
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Bodies of Spirits
The Old and New testaments give examples of people seeing angels in human form. These stories confirm that after resurrection a person will have a spiritual body like the natural body--but more perfect.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 The Book of Judges
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Life of Samson Story Line
A story-line graphs the ups and downs of events. Which do you think would picture the story of Samson’s life better—a straight line or a jagged line? 
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 The Meaning of Samson
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The Story of Samson and Our Spiritual Rebirth
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 What Samson Represents
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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