1 Sámuel 4

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Károli (Vizsoly) Biblia         

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1 És [ismeretessé] lett Sámuel beszéde egész Izráelben. És kiméne Izráel a Filiszteusok ellen harczolni, és tábort járának Ében-Ézernél, a Filiszteusok pedig tábort járának Áfekben.

2 És [csata]rendbe állának a Filiszteusok Izráel ellen, és megütközének, és megveretteték Izráel a Filiszteusok által, és levágának a harczmezõn mintegy négyezer embert.

3 És mikor a nép a táborba [visszatért,] mondának Izráel vénei: [Vajjon] miért vert meg minket ma az Úr a Filiszteusok elõtt?! Hozzuk el magunkhoz az Úr frigyládáját Silóból, hogy jõjjön közénk [az Úr], és szabadítson meg ellenségeink kezébõl.

4 Elkülde azért a nép Silóba, és elhozák onnan a Seregek Urának frigyládáját, a ki ül a Khérubok felett. Ott volt Éli két fia is az Isten frigyládájával, Hofni és Fineás.

5 És mikor az Úr frigyládája a táborba érkezék, rivalgott az egész Izráel nagy rivalgással, hogy megrendüle a föld.

6 Mikor pedig meghallották a Filiszteusok a rivalgás hangját, mondának: Micsoda nagy rivalgás hangja ez a zsidók táborában? És mikor megtudták, hogy az Úrnak ládája érkezett a táborba,

7 Megfélemlének a Filiszteusok, mert mondának: Isten a táborba jött! És mondának: Jaj nékünk! mert nem történt ilyen soha az elõtt.

8 Jaj nékünk! Kicsoda szabadít meg minket ennek a hatalmas Istennek kezébõl? Ez az az Isten, a ki Égyiptomot mindenféle csapással sújtotta a pusztában.

9 Legyetek bátrak és legyetek férfiak, Filiszteusok! hogy ne kelljen szolgálnotok a zsidóknak, mint a hogy õk szolgáltak néktek. Azért legyetek férfiak, és harczoljatok!

10 Megütközének azért a Filiszteusok, és megveretett Izráel, és kiki az õ sátorába menekült; és a vereség oly nagy volt, hogy Izráel közül harminczezer gyalog hullott el.

11 És az Isten ládája [is] elvétetett, és meghala Élinek mindkét fia, Hofni és Fineás.

12 Akkor elszalada a harczból egy ember a Benjámin [nemzetségébõl,] és Silóba ment azon a napon, ruháit megszaggatván és port [hintvén] a fejére.

13 És ímé mikor oda ért, Éli az õ székében ült, az útfélen várakozván; mert szíve rettegésben volt az Isten ládája miatt. És [mihelyt] odaért az ember, hogy hírt mondjon a városban, jajveszékelt az egész város.

14 És meghallotta Éli a kiáltás hangját, és monda: Micsoda nagy zajongás ez? Az az ember pedig sietve eljöve, és megmondotta Élinek.

15 Éli pedig kilenczvennyolcz esztendõs volt, és szemei [annyira] meghomályosodtak, hogy már nem is látott.

16 És monda az ember Élinek: Én a harczból jövök, én a harczból menekültem ma. És monda: Mi dolog történt, fiam?

17 Felele a követ, és monda: Megfutamodék Izráel a Filiszteusok elõtt, és [igen] nagy veszteség lõn a népben, és a te két fiad is meghalt, Hofni és Fineás, és az Isten ládáját is elvették.

18 És lõn, hogy midõn az Isten ládáját említé, hátraesék a székrõl a kapufélhez, és nyakát szegte és meghala, mert [immár] vén és nehéz ember vala. És õ negyven esztendeig ítélt Izráel felett.

19 És az õ menye, Fineásnak felesége, várandós vala; és a mikor meghallá a hírt, hogy az Isten ládája elvétetett és az õ ipa és férje meghalának, térdre esék és szûle, mert a fájdalmak meglepték.

20 És mikor elalélt, mondának azok, akik mellette állanak vala: Ne félj, mert fiút szültél; de õ nem felelt és nem figyelt [arra.]

21 És nevezé a gyermeket Ikábódnak, mondván: "Oda van Izráel dicsõsége", mert elvétetett az Isten ládája, és az õ ipa és az õ férje.

22 És monda [ismét]: Oda van Izráel dicsõsége, mert elvétetett az Isten ládája.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 4      

Although it was clear throughout Israel that Samuel had been established as the Lord’s prophet, the Israelites were still unprepared to listen to his prophecy. A new battle took place between the army of Israel and the army of the Philistines, that went decidedly in the Philistines’ favor. About four thousand men of Israel died.

The Israelites were in great distress, and they sent for the Ark of the covenant from Shiloh in order to summon the power of the Lord. Accompanying the Ark were the two sons of the High Priest Eli: Hophni and Phinehas. When the Ark reached the Israelite camp, the Israelites shouted with joy, and the Philistines became afraid. They knew that the Israelite God was surely with them, and they remembered His power from the plagues of Egypt (in Exodus 7 through 12). The Philistines, in order to avoid being enslaved by the Israelites, summoned courage and defeated Israel. In the process, they captured the Ark of the Covenant.

A messenger was dispatched to bring the bad news to Shiloh, where Eli was. Hophni and Phinehas were dead, and the Ark was in enemy hands. Upon hearing the news, the elderly Eli fell backwards from his seat and died. Phinehas’ wife was heavily pregnant. The bad news broke her spirit and she died shortly after delivering a son that she named Ichabod. The doom predicted in Chapter three of 1 Samuel had come to pass.

The Ark of the Covenant contained two stone tablets, on which were written the Ten Commandments. These were written by the finger of God, and given to Moses on Mount Sinai. The Commandments represented the covenant between the Lord and people. They would be joined together through love and faith: God’s love for His people, and their love for Him. Love, faith in God and obedience to His message would forever bind them. The covenant is only fulfilled when people, individually and collectively, do what is written on those two tablets (see True Christianity 285.)

When the Israelites lose the Ark of the Covenant in this story (and with it, the Ten Commandments) it symbolizes the loss of a person’s covenantal relationship with the Lord their Creator. This covenant can be severed, if we choose to break it, and this story is a representation of the destruction that breaking the covenant can cause. God, however, will never give up on us, and is always ready to come into our lives if we accept Him.

In True Christianity 285, Swedenborg writes that God is always ready to keep His commandment with us, but we must use our free will to keep our commandment with Him. This is illustrated in a quote from Revelation 3:20: “Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and dine with him, and he with me.”

While this story is an example of a covenant with God described in the Old Testament of the Word, this relationship between God and His people (and, of course, with each one of us individually) is a theme throughout all of the Bible. The New Testament describes a new covenant that the Lord seeks to build with each of us.

The Philistines, whom the Israelites were battling in this chapter, are mentioned in Swedenborg’s writings, where he writes that they represent faith without charity. Both faith and charity are necessary to follow the Lord, and knowledge of what is right and true is not useful unless we apply it to our lives. If we do not, this knowledge simply becomes memory instead of an ongoing part of our life (see Arcana Coelestia 1197). In this chapter, the Israelites lose a battle to the Philistines and surrender the Ark of the Covenant, which contains the Ten Commandments. Since Philistines represent knowledge without charity, perhaps this story is telling us that in order to keep our covenant with God, it is not enough to know what is required of us, what is written on the tablet. We must also act accordingly. When we both understand the commandments and practice them, then we are able to keep our covenant with God.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1343, 1703, 2576, 4763, 9396, 9416


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 277, 700, 817

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

1 Mózes 35:17, 18

2 Mózes 9:14, 14:14, 25, 15:14, 25:22

3 Mózes 26:17, 37

4 Mózes 10:35, 14:45

5 Mózes 29:10

Józsué 7:6, 15:53

Birák 13:1, 15:20

1 Sámuel 2:34, 3:2, 11, 12, 5:1, 7, 7:12, 10:19, 14:3, 29:1, 3

2 Sámuel 10:12

1 Királyok 1:40, 20:26

Zsoltárok 74:11, 78:60, 61, 62, 64, 80:2

Ézsaiás 59:1, 2

Jeremiás sir 2:1

Jelenések 11:6

Významy biblických slov

Sámuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

filiszteusok
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

tábort
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

csata
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

minket
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Ma
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

úr
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ül
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

fia
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Isten
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

nagy
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

föld
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

jött
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

hatalmas
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

csapással
'Plagues' signify evils of love, and falsities of faith. 'The plagues of Egypt' signify the falsities and lust which cause the church to perish. In...

mindkét
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Benjámin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

ült
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

város
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Monda
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

látott
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

meghalt
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

negyven
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

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 The Capture and Return of the Ark
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14


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