Shoftim 13

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Hebrew OT: BHS (Consonants & Vowels)     

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1 וַיֹּסִפוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לַעֲשֹׂות הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהוָה וַיִּתְּנֵם יְהוָה בְּיַד־פְּלִשְׁתִּים אַרְבָּעִים שָׁנָה׃ ף

2 וַיְהִי אִישׁ אֶחָד מִצָּרְעָה מִמִּשְׁפַּחַת הַדָּנִי וּשְׁמֹו מָנֹוחַ וְאִשְׁתֹּו עֲקָרָה וְלֹא יָלָדָה׃

3 וַיֵּרָא מַלְאַךְ־יְהוָה אֶל־הָאִשָּׁה וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלֶיהָ הִנֵּה־נָא אַתְּ־עֲקָרָה וְלֹא יָלַדְתְּ וְהָרִית וְיָלַדְתְּ בֵּן׃

4 וְעַתָּה הִשָּׁמְרִי נָא וְאַל־תִּשְׁתִּי יַיִן וְשֵׁכָר וְאַל־תֹּאכְלִי כָּל־טָמֵא׃

5 כִּי הִנָּךְ הָרָה וְיֹלַדְתְּ בֵּן וּמֹורָה לֹא־יַעֲלֶה עַל־רֹאשֹׁו כִּי־נְזִיר אֱלֹהִים יִהְיֶה הַנַּעַר מִן־הַבָּטֶן וְהוּא יָחֵל לְהֹושִׁיעַ אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵל מִיַּד פְּלִשְׁתִּים׃

6 וַתָּבֹא הָאִשָּׁה וַתֹּאמֶר לְאִישָׁהּ לֵאמֹר אִישׁ הָאֱלֹהִים בָּא אֵלַי וּמַרְאֵהוּ כְּמַרְאֵה מַלְאַךְ הָאֱלֹהִים נֹורָא מְאֹד וְלֹא שְׁאִלְתִּיהוּ אֵי־מִזֶּה הוּא וְאֶת־שְׁמֹו לֹא־הִגִּיד לִי׃

7 וַיֹּאמֶר לִי הִנָּךְ הָרָה וְיֹלַדְתְּ בֵּן וְעַתָּה אַל־תִּשְׁתִּי יַיִן וְשֵׁכָר וְאַל־תֹּאכְלִי כָּל־טֻמְאָה כִּי־נְזִיר אֱלֹהִים יִהְיֶה הַנַּעַר מִן־הַבֶּטֶן עַד־יֹום מֹותֹו׃ ף

8 וַיֶּעְתַּר מָנֹוחַ אֶל־יְהוָה וַיֹּאמַר בִּי אֲדֹונָי אִישׁ הָאֱלֹהִים אֲשֶׁר שָׁלַחְתָּ יָבֹוא־נָא עֹוד אֵלֵינוּ וְיֹורֵנוּ מַה־נַּעֲשֶׂה לַנַּעַר הַיּוּלָּד׃

9 וַיִּשְׁמַע הָאֱלֹהִים בְּקֹול מָנֹוחַ וַיָּבֹא מַלְאַךְ הָאֱלֹהִים עֹוד אֶל־הָאִשָּׁה וְהִיא יֹושֶׁבֶת בַּשָּׂדֶה וּמָנֹוחַ אִישָׁהּ אֵין עִמָּהּ׃

10 וַתְּמַהֵר הָאִשָּׁה וַתָּרָץ וַתַּגֵּד לְאִישָׁהּ וַתֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו הִנֵּה נִרְאָה אֵלַי הָאִישׁ אֲשֶׁר־בָּא בַיֹּום אֵלָי׃

11 וַיָּקָם וַיֵּלֶךְ מָנֹוחַ אַחֲרֵי אִשְׁתֹּו וַיָּבֹא אֶל־הָאִישׁ וַיֹּאמֶר לֹו הַאַתָּה הָאִישׁ אֲשֶׁר־דִּבַּרְתָּ אֶל־הָאִשָּׁה וַיֹּאמֶר אָנִי׃

12 וַיֹּאמֶר מָנֹוחַ עַתָּה יָבֹא דְבָרֶיךָ מַה־יִּהְיֶה מִשְׁפַּט־הַנַּעַר וּמַעֲשֵׂהוּ׃

13 וַיֹּאמֶר מַלְאַךְ יְהוָה אֶל־מָנֹוחַ מִכֹּל אֲשֶׁר־אָמַרְתִּי אֶל־הָאִשָּׁה תִּשָּׁמֵר׃

14 מִכֹּל אֲשֶׁר־יֵצֵא מִגֶּפֶן הַיַּיִן לֹא תֹאכַל וְיַיִן וְשֵׁכָר אַל־תֵּשְׁתְּ וְכָל־טֻמְאָה אַל־תֹּאכַל כֹּל אֲשֶׁר־צִוִּיתִיהָ תִּשְׁמֹר׃

15 וַיֹּאמֶר מָנֹוחַ אֶל־מַלְאַךְ יְהוָה נַעְצְרָה־נָּא אֹותָךְ וְנַעֲשֶׂה לְפָנֶיךָ גְּדִי עִזִּים׃

16 וַיֹּאמֶר מַלְאַךְ יְהוָה אֶל־מָנֹוחַ אִם־תַּעְצְרֵנִי לֹא־אֹכַל בְּלַחְמֶךָ וְאִם־תַּעֲשֶׂה עֹלָה לַיהוָה תַּעֲלֶנָּה כִּי לֹא־יָדַע מָנֹוחַ כִּי־מַלְאַךְ יְהוָה הוּא׃

17 וַיֹּאמֶר מָנֹוחַ אֶל־מַלְאַךְ יְהוָה מִי שְׁמֶךָ כִּי־יָבֹא [כ= דִבְרֵיךָ] [ק= דְבָרְךָ] וְכִבַּדְנוּךָ׃

18 וַיֹּאמֶר לֹו מַלְאַךְ יְהוָה לָמָּה זֶּה תִּשְׁאַל לִשְׁמִי וְהוּא־פֶלִאי׃ ס

19 וַיִּקַּח מָנֹוחַ אֶת־גְּדִי הָעִזִּים וְאֶת־הַמִּנְחָה וַיַּעַל עַל־הַצּוּר לַיהוָה וּמַפְלִא לַעֲשֹׂות וּמָנֹוחַ וְאִשְׁתֹּו רֹאִים׃

20 וַיְהִי בַעֲלֹות הַלַּהַב מֵעַל הַמִּזְבֵּחַ הַשָּׁמַיְמָה וַיַּעַל מַלְאַךְ־יְהוָה בְּלַהַב הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וּמָנֹוחַ וְאִשְׁתֹּו רֹאִים וַיִּפְּלוּ עַל־פְּנֵיהֶם אָרְצָה׃

21 וְלֹא־יָסַף עֹוד מַלְאַךְ יְהוָה לְהֵרָאֹה אֶל־מָנֹוחַ וְאֶל־אִשְׁתֹּו אָז יָדַע מָנֹוחַ כִּי־מַלְאַךְ יְהוָה הוּא׃

22 וַיֹּאמֶר מָנֹוחַ אֶל־אִשְׁתֹּו מֹות נָמוּת כִּי אֱלֹהִים רָאִינוּ׃

23 וַתֹּאמֶר לֹו אִשְׁתֹּו לוּ חָפֵץ יְהוָה לַהֲמִיתֵנוּ לֹא־לָקַח מִיָּדֵנוּ עֹלָה וּמִנְחָה וְלֹא הֶרְאָנוּ אֶת־כָּל־אֵלֶּה וְכָעֵת לֹא הִשְׁמִיעָנוּ כָּזֹאת׃

24 וַתֵּלֶד הָאִשָּׁה בֵּן וַתִּקְרָא אֶת־שְׁמֹו שִׁמְשֹׁון וַיִּגְדַּל הַנַּעַר וַיְבָרְכֵהוּ יְהוָה׃

25 וַתָּחֶל רוּחַ יְהוָה לְפַעֲמֹו בְּמַחֲנֵה־דָן בֵּין צָרְעָה וּבֵין אֶשְׁתָּאֹל׃ ף

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 13      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 13: The birth of Samson.

Chapters 13-16 of Judges tell the story of Samson, one of the greatest judges of Israel. At the time of Samson’s birth, Israel had been under Philistine oppression for forty years, because they had once again sinned against the Lord. As we have seen in previous chapters, the Lord appears to have punished them, but this is not the case; it is really our own waywardness that brings about these negative consequences.

This story begins with Samson’s parents, Manoah and his wife. Manoah’s wife was barren, but the angel of the Lord appeared to her, with news that she would have a son. The angel said that she was forbidden to drink alcohol or eat anything unclean, and that her son was never to have his hair cut, for he would be a Nazirite. And finally, the angel prophesied that her son would deliver Israel from the Philistines.

When Manoah’s wife told him what had happened, he prayed to the Lord for the man to return. The angel reappeared to Manoah’s wife, so she brought her husband to speak with the angel directly. Manoah asked what they should do for their child, but the angel only told Manoah that his wife must follow the instructions she had received.

Manoah offered a meal to the angel of the Lord, but the angel declined, saying that the burnt offering must be made to the Lord. Manoah brought out the meat of a young goat, placed it upon a rock, and gave it as a burnt offering to the Lord. The angel of the Lord ascended in the flames toward heaven, and the couple knew that they had seen God.

In time, Samson was born, and the Lord blessed him.

*****

Samson’s name literally means “sun-like”. He was a mighty warrior, a womaniser, and a powerful character prone to sudden outbursts and rage, but his intention was to defend Israel and defeat the Philistines. He was strong in his acknowledgement of his people and his God.

Samson represents the Lord in His divine human, and also the power of the Word in its literal sense. This is why Samson had strength in the abundance of his hair (see Swedenbrog’s works, Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 49[2], and Arcana Caelestia 9836[2]).

Spiritually, barrenness stands for a lack of personal doctrine or a spiritual path, representing how life can feel before regeneration begins. The angel of the Lord appeared to just the woman at first, because the purpose of regeneration is primarily to make us love what is good (represented by a woman). We do this by knowing and obeying truth (represented by a man).

The Nazarites, who vowed not to drink or cut their hair, represented the Lord as the Word in its ultimate and fullest sense (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 47). These customs are the marks of a natural and genuine life, as wine can lead us astray, and focusing on appearances can lead to vanity. Above all, Samson’s uncut hair represented this greatness of divine truths from the Word (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 214).

The angel was reluctant to tell Manoah and his wife details about their son’s future, except that he would be a Nazarite, and would deliver Israel. He intentionally kept them from knowing what would take place, because if they knew the future, they would no longer be able to act in freedom. Divine Providence - the Lord’s plan for our world - cannot be disclosed to us, or we would no longer live in freedom to make our own decisions (Arcana Caelestia 2493).

Manoah asked the angel what his name was, so he could be honored. However, the angel declined to tell them, as his name was wonderful. A name describes a person’s spiritual qualities, and we are unable to fathom the extent of heavenly qualities because they are of God.

The spiritual meaning of Manoah’s sacrifice comes from the correspondence of a young goat (innocence within the human soul) and the rock (truth). The young goat, placed on the rock as a sacrifice, represents worshipping from our hearts in faith to the Lord. This is the Lord’s requirement of us (Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 18[3] and Arcana Caelestia 9393).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2165, 2332, 3301, 3519, 4299, 5113, 6437, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 54, 939

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 218


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 78, 412, 817

Spiritual Experiences 6017

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Bereshit 11:30, 18:10, 14, 32:30, 49:16

Shemot 3:6, 23:21, 24:9, 10, 33:20

VaYikra 9:24

BaMidbar 6:2, 3

Yehoshua 15:33, 19:41

Shoftim 2:11, 3:10, 6:12, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 10:7, 14:4, 16:17, 31, 18:2, 12

Shmuel A 1:11, 2:21, 26, 27, 4:9

Melachim A 17:18

Dvrei Yamim A 2:53, 21:16, 21, 26

Nechemiyah 9:5

Tehilim 20:4, 143:8

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Yechezchial 1:28

עמוס 2:11

לוק 1:7, 11, 13, 15, 80

מעשי השליחים 6:15, 10:3

הגלטים 1:15

עברים 11:32

ג'ון 1 5:14

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