Shoftim 1

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Hebrew OT: BHS (Consonants & Vowels)     

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1 וַיְהִי אַחֲרֵי מֹות יְהֹושֻׁעַ וַיִּשְׁאֲלוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בַּיהוָה לֵאמֹר מִי יַעֲלֶה־לָּנוּ אֶל־הַכְּנַעֲנִי בַּתְּחִלָּה לְהִלָּחֶם בֹּו׃

2 וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה יְהוּדָה יַעֲלֶה הִנֵּה נָתַתִּי אֶת־הָאָרֶץ בְּיָדֹו׃

3 וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוּדָה לְשִׁמְעֹון אָחִיו עֲלֵה אִתִּי בְגֹורָלִי וְנִלָּחֲמָה בַּכְּנַעֲנִי וְהָלַכְתִּי גַם־אֲנִי אִתְּךָ בְּגֹורָלֶךָ וַיֵּלֶךְ אִתֹּו שִׁמְעֹון׃

4 וַיַּעַל יְהוּדָה וַיִּתֵּן יְהוָה אֶת־הַכְּנַעֲנִי וְהַפְּרִזִּי בְּיָדָם וַיַּכּוּם בְּבֶזֶק עֲשֶׂרֶת אֲלָפִים אִישׁ׃

5 וַיִּמְצְאוּ אֶת־אֲדֹנִי בֶזֶק בְּבֶזֶק וַיִּלָּחֲמוּ בֹּו וַיַּכּוּ אֶת־הַכְּנַעֲנִי וְאֶת־הַפְּרִזִּי׃

6 וַיָּנָס אֲדֹנִי בֶזֶק וַיִּרְדְּפוּ אַחֲרָיו וַיֹּאחֲזוּ אֹתֹו וַיְקַצְּצוּ אֶת־בְּהֹנֹות יָדָיו וְרַגְלָיו׃

7 וַיֹּאמֶר אֲדֹנִי־בֶזֶק שִׁבְעִים מְלָכִים בְּהֹנֹות יְדֵיהֶם וְרַגְלֵיהֶם מְקֻצָּצִים הָיוּ מְלַקְּטִים תַּחַת שֻׁלְחָנִי כַּאֲשֶׁר עָשִׂיתִי כֵּן שִׁלַּם־לִי אֱלֹהִים וַיְבִיאֻהוּ יְרוּשָׁלִַם וַיָּמָת שָׁם׃ ף

8 וַיִּלָּחֲמוּ בְנֵי־יְהוּדָה בִּירוּשָׁלִַם וַיִּלְכְּדוּ אֹותָהּ וַיַּכּוּהָ לְפִי־חָרֶב וְאֶת־הָעִיר שִׁלְּחוּ בָאֵשׁ׃

9 וְאַחַר יָרְדוּ בְּנֵי יְהוּדָה לְהִלָּחֵם בַּכְּנַעֲנִי יֹושֵׁב הָהָר וְהַנֶּגֶב וְהַשְּׁפֵלָה׃

10 וַיֵּלֶךְ יְהוּדָה אֶל־הַכְּנַעֲנִי הַיֹּושֵׁב בְּחֶבְרֹון וְשֵׁם־חֶבְרֹון לְפָנִים קִרְיַת אַרְבַּע וַיַּכּוּ אֶת־שֵׁשַׁי וְאֶת־אֲחִימַן וְאֶת־תַּלְמָי׃

11 וַיֵּלֶךְ מִשָּׁם אֶל־יֹושְׁבֵי דְּבִיר וְשֵׁם־דְּבִיר לְפָנִים קִרְיַת־סֵפֶר׃

12 וַיֹּאמֶר כָּלֵב אֲשֶׁר־יַכֶּה אֶת־קִרְיַת־סֵפֶר וּלְכָדָהּ וְנָתַתִּי לֹו אֶת־עַכְסָה בִתִּי לְאִשָּׁה׃

13 וַיִּלְכְּדָהּ עָתְנִיאֵל בֶּן־קְנַז אֲחִי כָלֵב הַקָּטֹן מִמֶּנּוּ וַיִּתֶּן־לֹו אֶת־עַכְסָה בִתֹּו לְאִשָּׁה׃

14 וַיְהִי בְּבֹואָהּ וַתְּסִיתֵהוּ לִשְׁאֹול מֵאֵת־אָבִיהָ הַשָּׂדֶה וַתִּצְנַח מֵעַל הַחֲמֹור וַיֹּאמֶר־לָהּ כָּלֵב מַה־לָּךְ׃

15 וַתֹּאמֶר לֹו הָבָה־לִּי בְרָכָה כִּי אֶרֶץ הַנֶּגֶב נְתַתָּנִי וְנָתַתָּה לִי גֻּלֹּת מָיִם וַיִּתֶּן־לָהּ כָּלֵב אֵת גֻּלֹּת עִלִּית וְאֵת גֻּלֹּת תַּחְתִּית׃ ף

16 וּבְנֵי קֵינִי חֹתֵן מֹשֶׁה עָלוּ מֵעִיר הַתְּמָרִים אֶת־בְּנֵי יְהוּדָה מִדְבַּר יְהוּדָה אֲשֶׁר בְּנֶגֶב עֲרָד וַיֵּלֶךְ וַיֵּשֶׁב אֶת־הָעָם׃

17 וַיֵּלֶךְ יְהוּדָה אֶת־שִׁמְעֹון אָחִיו וַיַּכּוּ אֶת־הַכְּנַעֲנִי יֹושֵׁב צְפַת וַיַּחֲרִימוּ אֹותָהּ וַיִּקְרָא אֶת־שֵׁם־הָעִיר חָרְמָה׃

18 וַיִּלְכֹּד יְהוּדָה אֶת־עַזָּה וְאֶת־גְּבוּלָהּ וְאֶת־אַשְׁקְלֹון וְאֶת־גְּבוּלָהּ וְאֶת־עֶקְרֹון וְאֶת־גְּבוּלָהּ׃

19 וַיְהִי יְהוָה אֶת־יְהוּדָה וַיֹּרֶשׁ אֶת־הָהָר כִּי לֹא לְהֹורִישׁ אֶת־יֹשְׁבֵי הָעֵמֶק כִּי־רֶכֶב בַּרְזֶל לָהֶם׃

20 וַיִּתְּנוּ לְכָלֵב אֶת־חֶבְרֹון כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר מֹשֶׁה וַיֹּורֶשׁ מִשָּׁם אֶת־שְׁלֹשָׁה בְּנֵי הָעֲנָק׃

21 וְאֶת־הַיְבוּסִי יֹשֵׁב יְרוּשָׁלִַם לֹא הֹורִישׁוּ בְּנֵי בִנְיָמִן וַיֵּשֶׁב הַיְבוּסִי אֶת־בְּנֵי בִנְיָמִן בִּירוּשָׁלִַם עַד הַיֹּום הַזֶּה׃ ס

22 וַיַּעֲלוּ בֵית־יֹוסֵף גַּם־הֵם בֵּית־אֵל וַיהוָה עִםָּם׃

23 וַיָּתִירוּ בֵית־יֹוסֵף בְּבֵית־אֵל וְשֵׁם־הָעִיר לְפָנִים לוּז׃

24 וַיִּרְאוּ הַשֹּׁמְרִים אִישׁ יֹוצֵא מִן־הָעִיר וַיֹּאמְרוּ לֹו הַרְאֵנוּ נָא אֶת־מְבֹוא הָעִיר וְעָשִׂינוּ עִמְּךָ חָסֶד׃

25 וַיַּרְאֵם אֶת־מְבֹוא הָעִיר וַיַּכּוּ אֶת־הָעִיר לְפִי־חָרֶב וְאֶת־הָאִישׁ וְאֶת־כָּל־מִשְׁפַּחְתֹּו שִׁלֵּחוּ׃

26 וַיֵּלֶךְ הָאִישׁ אֶרֶץ הַחִתִּים וַיִּבֶן עִיר וַיִּקְרָא שְׁמָהּ לוּז הוּא שְׁמָהּ עַד הַיֹּום הַזֶּה׃ ף

27 וְלֹא־הֹורִישׁ מְנַשֶּׁה אֶת־בֵּית־שְׁאָן וְאֶת־בְּנֹותֶיהָ וְאֶת־תַּעְנַךְ וְאֶת־בְּנֹתֶיהָ וְאֶת־[כ= יֹשֵׁב] [ק= יֹשְׁבֵי] דֹור וְאֶת־בְּנֹותֶיהָ וְאֶת־יֹושְׁבֵי יִבְלְעָם וְאֶת־בְּנֹתֶיהָ וְאֶת־יֹושְׁבֵי מְגִדֹּו וְאֶת־בְּנֹותֶיהָ וַיֹּואֶל הַכְּנַעֲנִי לָשֶׁבֶת בָּאָרֶץ הַזֹּאת׃

28 וַיְהִי כִּי־חָזַק יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיָּשֶׂם אֶת־הַכְּנַעֲנִי לָמַס וְהֹורֵישׁ לֹא הֹורִישֹׁו׃ ס

29 וְאֶפְרַיִם לֹא הֹורִישׁ אֶת־הַכְּנַעֲנִי הַיֹּושֵׁב בְּגָזֶר וַיֵּשֶׁב הַכְּנַעֲנִי בְּקִרְבֹּו בְּגָזֶר׃ ף

30 זְבוּלֻן לֹא הֹורִישׁ אֶת־יֹושְׁבֵי קִטְרֹון וְאֶת־יֹושְׁבֵי נַהֲלֹל וַיֵּשֶׁב הַכְּנַעֲנִי בְּקִרְבֹּו וַיִּהְיוּ לָמַס׃ ס

31 אָשֵׁר לֹא הֹורִישׁ אֶת־יֹשְׁבֵי עַכֹּו וְאֶת־יֹושְׁבֵי צִידֹון וְאֶת־אַחְלָב וְאֶת־אַכְזִיב וְאֶת־חֶלְבָּה וְאֶת־אֲפִיק וְאֶת־רְחֹב׃

32 וַיֵּשֶׁב הָאָשֵׁרִי בְּקֶרֶב הַכְּנַעֲנִי יֹשְׁבֵי הָאָרֶץ כִּי לֹא הֹורִישֹׁו׃ ס

33 נַפְתָּלִי לֹא־הֹורִישׁ אֶת־יֹשְׁבֵי בֵית־שֶׁמֶשׁ וְאֶת־יֹשְׁבֵי בֵית־עֲנָת וַיֵּשֶׁב בְּקֶרֶב הַכְּנַעֲנִי יֹשְׁבֵי הָאָרֶץ וְיֹשְׁבֵי בֵית־שֶׁמֶשׁ וּבֵית עֲנָת הָיוּ לָהֶם לָמַס׃ ס

34 וַיִּלְחֲצוּ הָאֱמֹרִי אֶת־בְּנֵי־דָן הָהָרָה כִּי־לֹא נְתָנֹו לָרֶדֶת לָעֵמֶק׃

35 וַיֹּואֶל הָאֱמֹרִי לָשֶׁבֶת בְּהַר־חֶרֶס בְּאַיָּלֹון וּבְשַׁעַלְבִים וַתִּכְבַּד יַד בֵּית־יֹוסֵף וַיִּהְיוּ לָמַס׃

36 וּגְבוּל הָאֱמֹרִי מִמַּעֲלֵה עַקְרַבִּים מֵהַסֶּלַע וָמָעְלָה׃ ף

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 1      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 1: The continuing conquest of Canaan.

The book of Judges follows on almost seamlessly from Joshua. It is called ‘Judges’ because a number of regional leaders arose and made judgments for the people, often actively defending Israel from outside oppression. A pattern emerges in Judges: Israel disobeys the Lord – an enemy oppresses Israel – the Lord raises a leader – the leader is victorious against the enemy – there is peace for a time – Israel disobeys the Lord again.

There were twelve judges in all, about whom we either hear very much or next to nothing. The number twelve (as with the twelve tribes of Israel, the twelve disciples, and other examples in the Word), stands for all the various aspects of spirituality that we need to understand, develop, and put to use. A clue is often found in the meaning of their names, because biblical names are nearly always linked to spiritual qualities, such as ‘courage’, or ‘one who walks with God’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10216).

The theme of this first chapter is the further conquest of the land. The Israelites asked the Lord, “Who shall go up and fight for us?” And the Lord said that the tribe of Judah would go, because the Lord had delivered the land into their hand. Judah then called on the tribe of Simeon to join them, and they won many battles against the Canaanites still in the land.

One Canaanite king, Adoni-bezek, fled and was captured by the Israelites, who then cut off his thumbs and big toes. Adoni-bezek said that God had dealt justice by punishing him, as he had previously cut off seventy kings’ thumbs and big toes, and they had to gather scraps of food under his table.

Then Caleb, a leader of Israel during the journey through the wilderness, said that the man who took Kirjath-sepher (Caleb’s inheritance city) from the Canaanites would marry his daughter, Achsah. Caleb’s nephew, Othniel, took the city and Achsah was given to him. Achsah asked her father for the blessing of springs of water, and Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs.

Next, spies were sent to Bethel. They met a man there, and said that if he directed them the entrance to the city, they would show him mercy. He helped them, and they took the city but showed mercy on the man and all his family. After all of this, the man built a new city called Luz in the land of the Hittites.

The chapter ends by listing the twelve tribes, as well as the Canaanite peoples who remained unsubdued in each of their territories.

*****

The overarching spiritual theme of Judges is the process of our regeneration. As the opening of Judges reminds us, there were still parts of the land and various tribes that Israel needed to conquer. In fact, the Israelites never finished driving enemies out of their land. In the same way, we need to control our inherited human nature, but it is never completely wiped out (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 238).

During regeneration, we will discover deeper and subtler self-centered states in ourselves, which need to be mitigated. Each judge raised by the Lord stands for our determination to deal with these states, using the Word as a guide. This brings us a period of peace, followed by the start of another personal discovery.

When the Israelites chose which tribes would fight for them, it was no coincidence that they selected Judah and Simeon. Judah (who was a prominent tribe of Israel) and Simeon (who usually acts with another tribe) stand for the highest things in our spiritual life: our love for the Lord, and our obedience to the Lord’s Word. Choosing Judah and Simeon as our strength will always bring victory in our regeneration (see Arcana Caelestia 3654 and Apocalypse Explained 443).

The spiritual meaning in the story of Adoni-bezek is about taking away the power of our self-love, as cutting off thumbs and big toes makes hands and feet virtually useless. When we work on our lower nature, we are to minimize its control over us. It is the same with any influences from hell; their power must end. Adoni-bezek’s comment about doing the same to seventy kings vividly describes how self-love can only lead to our downfall (Arcana Caelestia 10062[4]).

The delightful story of Caleb, Achsah and Othniel illustrates that after battle, there is rest and reward. In the same way, we strengthen the ‘marriage’ of good and truth in us after overcoming spiritual struggles (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 409). The springs of water given to Achsah stand for the truths which flow into our mind, both about the ‘upper’ things of the Lord and heaven, and those ‘lower’ ones about spiritual life and responsibility.

The episode about the man from Bethel means that when we open up our life to the Lord to allow Him to guide us, we become blessed (Arcana Caelestia 3928). Then our life can be re-built in very practical and good ways, represented by the Hittites.

The final mention of the Canaanites still in the land points to the continuing presence of our unregenerate qualities. Although we may progress through the work of regeneration, we are still human, and we will always have flaws left to improve on.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 66, 1408, 1574, 1616, 2799, 2838, 2909, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 367

True Christian Religion 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 734

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 41

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Bereshit 9:26, 49:8, 24

Shemot 18:1, 15

VaYikra 24:19, 20

BaMidbar 10:29, 14:45, 27:21, 34:4

Devarim 2:23, 34:3, 4

Yehoshua 2:1, 12, 14, 24, 6:22, 23, 25, 11:21, 12:8, 14:9, 13, 15, 15:11, 13, 16, 63, 16:1, 2, 10, 17:11, 16, 18:21, 28, 19:15, 24, 28, 29, 30, 38, 42, 43, 47

Shoftim 1:8, 21, 27, 2:8, 9, 3:5, 9, 13, 4:3, 11, 9:24, 57, 14:19, 16:1, 18:1, 19:11, 20:18, 23, 27, 28

Shmuel A 10:22, 15:6, 33, 18:5, 12, 14, 30:15, 31:10

Melachim A 9:21, 16:31, 21:19, 22:5

Melachim B 18:7, 23:29

Dvrei Yamim A 2:55

Tehilim 106:34

Yishevah 33:1

Yeremiyah 25:20

Tzefaniyah 3:19

מתיו 7:1, 15:27

התגלות 22:12

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Books of Joshua and Judges Multiple Choice Review
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Caleb Gave Othniel His Daughter, Achsah, to Be His Wife
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Chart of the Judges Review Activity
Review the Judges of Israel by completing a chart to show their enemies, enemy rulers, weapons and years of peace.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Qualities of a Hero Review of Joshua and Judges
Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Review of Joshua and Judges Crossword Puzzle
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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