Yehoshua 17

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1 וַיְהִי הַגֹּורָל לְמַטֵּה מְנַשֶּׁה כִּי־הוּא בְּכֹור יֹוסֵף לְמָכִיר בְּכֹור מְנַשֶּׁה אֲבִי הַגִּלְעָד כִּי הוּא הָיָה אִישׁ מִלְחָמָה וַיְהִי־לֹו הַגִּלְעָד וְהַבָּשָׁן׃

2 וַיְהִי לִבְנֵי מְנַשֶּׁה הַנֹּותָרִים לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָם לִבְנֵי אֲבִיעֶזֶר וְלִבְנֵי־חֵלֶק וְלִבְנֵי אַשְׂרִיאֵל וְלִבְנֵי־שֶׁכֶם וְלִבְנֵי־חֵפֶר וְלִבְנֵי שְׁמִידָע אֵלֶּה בְּנֵי מְנַשֶּׁה בֶּן־יֹוסֵף הַזְּכָרִים לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָם׃

3 וְלִצְלָפְחָד בֶּן־חֵפֶר בֶּן־גִּלְעָד בֶּן־מָכִיר בֶּן־מְנַשֶּׁה לֹא־הָיוּ לֹו בָּנִים כִּי אִם־בָּנֹות וְאֵלֶּה שְׁמֹות בְּנֹתָיו מַחְלָה וְנֹעָה חָגְלָה מִלְכָּה וְתִרְצָה׃

4 וַתִּקְרַבְנָה לִפְנֵי אֶלְעָזָר הַכֹּהֵן וְלִפְנֵי יְהֹושֻׁעַ בִּן־נוּן וְלִפְנֵי הַנְּשִׂיאִים לֵאמֹר יְהוָה צִוָּה אֶת־מֹשֶׁה לָתֶת־לָנוּ נַחֲלָה בְּתֹוךְ אַחֵינוּ וַיִּתֵּן לָהֶם אֶל־פִּי יְהוָה נַחֲלָה בְּתֹוךְ אֲחֵי אֲבִיהֶן׃

5 וַיִּפְּלוּ חַבְלֵי־מְנַשֶּׁה עֲשָׂרָה לְבַד מֵאֶרֶץ הַגִּלְעָד וְהַבָּשָׁן אֲשֶׁר מֵעֵבֶר לַיַּרְדֵּן׃

6 כִּי בְּנֹות מְנַשֶּׁה נָחֲלוּ נַחֲלָה בְּתֹוךְ בָּנָיו וְאֶרֶץ הַגִּלְעָד הָיְתָה לִבְנֵי־מְנַשֶּׁה הַנֹּותָרִים׃

7 וַיְהִי גְבוּל־מְנַשֶּׁה מֵאָשֵׁר הַמִּכְמְתָת אֲשֶׁר עַל־פְּנֵי שְׁכֶם וְהָלַךְ הַגְּבוּל אֶל־הַיָּמִין אֶל־יֹשְׁבֵי עֵין תַּפּוּחַ׃

8 לִמְנַשֶּׁה הָיְתָה אֶרֶץ תַּפּוּחַ וְתַפּוּחַ אֶל־גְּבוּל מְנַשֶּׁה לִבְנֵי אֶפְרָיִם׃

9 וְיָרַד הַגְּבוּל נַחַל קָנָה נֶגְבָּה לַנַּחַל עָרִים הָאֵלֶּה לְאֶפְרַיִם בְּתֹוךְ עָרֵי מְנַשֶּׁה וּגְבוּל מְנַשֶּׁה מִצְּפֹון לַנַּחַל וַיְהִי תֹצְאֹתָיו הַיָּמָּה׃

10 נֶגְבָּה לְאֶפְרַיִם וְצָפֹונָה לִמְנַשֶּׁה וַיְהִי הַיָּם גְּבוּלֹו וּבְאָשֵׁר יִפְגְּעוּן מִצָּפֹון וּבְיִשָּׂשכָר מִמִּזְרָח׃

11 וַיְהִי לִמְנַשֶּׁה בְּיִשָּׂשכָר וּבְאָשֵׁר בֵּית־שְׁאָן וּבְנֹותֶיהָ וְיִבְלְעָם וּבְנֹותֶיהָ וְאֶת־יֹשְׁבֵי דֹאר וּבְנֹותֶיהָ וְיֹשְׁבֵי עֵין־דֹּר וּבְנֹתֶיהָ וְיֹשְׁבֵי תַעְנַךְ וּבְנֹתֶיהָ וְיֹשְׁבֵי מְגִדֹּו וּבְנֹותֶיהָ שְׁלֹשֶׁת הַנָּפֶת׃

12 וְלֹא יָכְלוּ בְּנֵי מְנַשֶּׁה לְהֹורִישׁ אֶת־הֶעָרִים הָאֵלֶּה וַיֹּואֶל הַכְּנַעֲנִי לָשֶׁבֶת בָּאָרֶץ הַזֹּאת׃

13 וַיְהִי כִּי חָזְקוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּתְּנוּ אֶת־הַכְּנַעֲנִי לָמַס וְהֹורֵשׁ לֹא הֹורִישֹׁו׃ ס

14 וַיְדַבְּרוּ בְּנֵי יֹוסֵף אֶת־יְהֹושֻׁעַ לֵאמֹר מַדּוּעַ נָתַתָּה לִּי נַחֲלָה גֹּורָל אֶחָד וְחֶבֶל אֶחָד וַאֲנִי עַם־רָב עַד אֲשֶׁר־עַד־כֹּה בֵּרְכַנִי יְהוָה׃

15 וַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵיהֶם יְהֹושֻׁעַ אִם־עַם־רַב אַתָּה עֲלֵה לְךָ הַיַּעְרָה וּבֵרֵאתָ לְךָ שָׁם בְּאֶרֶץ הַפְּרִזִּי וְהָרְפָאִים כִּי־אָץ לְךָ הַר־אֶפְרָיִם׃

16 וַיֹּאמְרוּ בְּנֵי יֹוסֵף לֹא־יִמָּצֵא לָנוּ הָהָר וְרֶכֶב בַּרְזֶל בְּכָל־הַכְּנַעֲנִי הַיֹּשֵׁב בְּאֶרֶץ־הָעֵמֶק לַאֲשֶׁר בְּבֵית־שְׁאָן וּבְנֹותֶיהָ וְלַאֲשֶׁר בְּעֵמֶק יִזְרְעֶאל׃

17 וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹושֻׁעַ אֶל־בֵּית יֹוסֵף לְאֶפְרַיִם וְלִמְנַשֶּׁה לֵאמֹר עַם־רַב אַתָּה וְכֹחַ גָּדֹול לָךְ לֹא־יִהְיֶה לְךָ גֹּורָל אֶחָד׃

18 כִּי הַר יִהְיֶה־לָּךְ כִּי־יַעַר הוּא וּבֵרֵאתֹו וְהָיָה לְךָ תֹּצְאֹתָיו כִּי־תֹורִישׁ אֶת־הַכְּנַעֲנִי כִּי רֶכֶב בַּרְזֶל לֹו כִּי חָזָק הוּא׃ ף

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 17: The tribe of Manasseh receives the western half of its territory.

The previous chapter (Joshua 16) dealt with the territory given to Ephraim, Manasseh’s younger brother; this one covers the western half of Manasseh (the other half tribe of Manasseh was bound to live across the Jordan).

Interestingly, this chapter mentions many people by name, instead of only describing locations as we’ve seen before. Verses 1 and 2 list all seven of Manasseh’s sons and their families. Then verse 3 mentions Zelophehad, the great-grandson of Manasseh, who had had five daughters, but no sons. When Zelophehad died on the journey through the wilderness, his daughters came to Joshua to claim the inheritance Moses had promised them (see Numbers 27). So, both the sons and daughters of Manasseh’s family received land.

After the area given to Manasseh was outlined, the people of Ephraim and Manasseh came to Joshua and complained that they deserved more land, because of their important standing among the tribes of Israel (verse 14). They claimed that they had been specially blessed, and should receive much more.

Joshua told them that if they were such a great people, they should go to the forest country and seize land from the Perrizites and the giants living there. The people were not pleased, and told Joshua that the Canaanites who still roamed there were strong, and had chariots of iron. Even so, Joshua told them again to cut down the wood and use it, because they would eventually be able to drive out the Canaanites.

The spiritual meaning of this story is all about the relationship between good and truth. Again, there are many names to indicate the geography of the area of “West Manasseh”, and the meaning of these names very often links in with the spiritual meaning of the tribe. Beyond that, the specific area in Canaan given to a tribe is spiritually important. Ephraim and Manasseh are right in the middle of the land because they stand for truth and good, for truth leading to good, for good coming from truth.

The story about Zelophehad’s five daughters also relates to the place of truth and good. This is because sons stand for truths, often for truths which fight for us during our temptations, while daughters stand for the good in our spiritual life which bears ‘children’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8993 [3,4]).

Verses 5 and 6 describe this union of good and truth very beautifully: “Ten portions were given to Manasseh because the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons; and the rest of Manasseh’s sons had the land of Gilead.” It is worth noting here that the spiritual meaning of the number ‘ten’ has to do with wholeness, and also ‘remains,’ or memories, which the Lord imparts to us when we are very young (Arcana Caelestia 4638).

When the people of Ephraim and Manasseh complained to Joshua, it is much like us wanting our spiritual life to be easy. We want it to be something given to us, and not something which we will need to work on and even fight for in ourselves.

Finally, the meaning of using wooden chariots to fight the Canaanites means to fight from our love of what is good. This is because wood corresponds to good, since it is alive and has grown. ‘Iron’ here stands for the harshness of truth without any good, which appears invincible, but in reality is weaker than the power of goodness and love (Arcana Caelestia 426[3]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1574, 3708, 3858, 3862, 9338


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 431, 440

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Bereshit 15:20, 41:51, 52, 48:20, 49:24, 50:23

BaMidbar 26:29, 30, 32, 33, 54, 27:1, 7, 32:40, 36:10, 12

Devarim 3:15, 33:17

Yehoshua 13:29, 31, 15:56, 16:6, 8, 9, 10, 19:18, 21:1, 22:7

Shoftim 1:19, 27, 5:19, 6:11, 33, 17:1

Shmuel A 28:7, 29:1, 31:10

Shmuel B 2:9

Melachim A 4:11, 12, 18:45

Melachim B 9:27

Dvrei Yamim A 7:18, 29

Dvrei Yamim B 35:22

Yishevah 41:14, 15

Yechezchial 47:13, 48:4

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