Shoftim 7

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1 וישכם ירבעל הוא גדעון וכל־העם אשר אתו ויחנו על־עין חרד ומחנה מדין היה־לו מצפון מגבעת המורה בעמק׃

2 ויאמר יהוה אל־גדעון רב העם אשר אתך מתתי את־מדין בידם פן־יתפאר עלי ישראל לאמר ידי הושיעה לי׃

3 ועתה קרא נא באזני העם לאמר מי־ירא וחרד ישב ויצפר מהר הגלעד וישב מן־העם עשרים ושנים אלף ועשרת אלפים נשארו׃ ס

4 ויאמר יהוה אל־גדעון עוד העם רב הורד אותם אל־המים ואצרפנו לך שם והיה אשר אמר אליך זה ילך אתך הוא ילך אתך וכל אשר־אמר אליך זה לא־ילך עמך הוא לא ילך׃

5 ויורד את־העם אל־המים ס ויאמר יהוה אל־גדעון כל אשר־ילק בלשונו מן־המים כאשר ילק הכלב תציג אותו לבד וכל אשר־יכרע על־ברכיו לשתות׃

6 ויהי מספר המלקקים בידם אל־פיהם שלש מאות איש וכל יתר העם כרעו על־ברכיהם לשתות מים׃ ס

7 ויאמר יהוה אל־גדעון בשלש מאות האיש המלקקים אושיע אתכם ונתתי את־מדין בידך וכל־העם ילכו איש למקמו׃

8 ויקחו את־צדה העם בידם ואת שופרתיהם ואת כל־איש ישראל שלח איש לאהליו ובשלש־מאות האיש החזיק ומחנה מדין היה לו מתחת בעמק׃ ף

9 ויהי בלילה ההוא ויאמר אליו יהוה קום רד במחנה כי נתתיו בידך׃

10 ואם־ירא אתה לרדת רד אתה ופרה נערך אל־המחנה׃

11 ושמעת מה־ידברו ואחר תחזקנה ידיך וירדת במחנה וירד הוא ופרה נערו אל־קצה החמשים אשר במחנה׃

12 ומדין ועמלק וכל־בני־קדם נפלים בעמק כארבה לרב ולגמליהם אין מספר כחול שעל־שפת הים לרב׃

13 ויבא גדעון והנה־איש מספר לרעהו חלום ויאמר הנה חלום חלמתי והנה [כ= צלול] [ק= צליל] לחם שערים מתהפך במחנה מדין ויבא עד־האהל ויכהו ויפל ויהפכהו למעלה ונפל האהל׃

14 ויען רעהו ויאמר אין זאת בלתי אם־חרב גדעון בן־יואש איש ישראל נתן האלהים בידו את־מדין ואת־כל־המחנה׃ ף

15 ויהי כשמע גדעון את־מספר החלום ואת־שברו וישתחו וישב אל־מחנה ישראל ויאמר קומו כי־נתן יהוה בידכם את־מחנה מדין׃

16 ויחץ את־שלש־מאות האיש שלשה ראשים ויתן שופרות ביד־כלם וכדים רקים ולפדים בתוך הכדים׃

17 ויאמר אליהם ממני תראו וכן תעשו והנה אנכי בא בקצה המחנה והיה כאשר־אעשה כן תעשון׃

18 ותקעתי בשופר אנכי וכל־אשר אתי ותקעתם בשופרות גם־אתם סביבות כל־המחנה ואמרתם ליהוה ולגדעון׃ ף

19 ויבא גדעון ומאה־איש אשר־אתו בקצה המחנה ראש האשמרת התיכונה אך הקם הקימו את־השמרים ויתקעו בשופרות ונפוץ הכדים אשר בידם׃

20 ויתקעו שלשת הראשים בשופרות וישברו הכדים ויחזיקו ביד־שמאולם בלפדים וביד־ימינם השופרות לתקוע ויקראו חרב ליהוה ולגדעון׃

21 ויעמדו איש תחתיו סביב למחנה וירץ כל־המחנה ויריעו [כ= ויניסו] [ק= וינוסו]׃

22 ויתקעו שלש־מאות השופרות וישם יהוה את חרב איש ברעהו ובכל־המחנה וינס המחנה עד־בית השטה צררתה עד שפת־אבל מחולה על־טבת׃

23 ויצעק איש־ישראל מנפתלי ומן־אשר ומן־כל־מנשה וירדפו אחרי מדין׃

24 ומלאכים שלח גדעון בכל־הר אפרים לאמר רדו לקראת מדין ולכדו להם את־המים עד בית ברה ואת־הירדן ויצעק כל־איש אפרים וילכדו את־המים עד בית ברה ואת־הירדן׃

25 וילכדו שני־שרי מדין את־ערב ואת־זאב ויהרגו את־עורב בצור־עורב ואת־זאב הרגו ביקב־זאב וירדפו אל־מדין וראש־ערב וזאב הביאו אל־גדעון מעבר לירדן׃

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 7      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 7: Gideon’s valiant three hundred men.

Gideon and all his men camped by the well of Harod, which can mean “eager”, and also “trembling.” The Lord told Gideon that his army was too large, which could lead Israel to boast that they won by their own efforts (rather than the Lord’s power). Gideon was instructed to send away anyone who was afraid; 22,000 went home, leaving 10,000.

Even still, the Lord said the army was too large, so Gideon tested the men by taking them down to the water to drink. The Lord directed Gideon to call out those who lapped water from out of their hands rather than kneeling down to drink with their mouths. Three hundred men were chosen by this method of selection.

The Lord then commanded Gideon to go down to the Midianite camp, and if he was afraid, to take his servant, Phurah. There, Gideon overheard one of the soldiers telling his companion that he’d had a dream, in which a loaf of bread came tumbling into the camp and struck one of the tents so that it collapsed. The other soldier said that this meant the Lord would give victory to Gideon.

Gideon gave each of his men a trumpet, and a pitcher containing a lit torch. They surrounded the Midianite camp, and at the command of Gideon, they blew their trumpets, broke their pitchers to show the torches, and shouted, “The sword of the Lord and of Gideon!” This caused panic in the camp, and every Midianite drew his sword against another, and many fled. Then Gideon ordered the capture and killing of the two Midianite princes, whose heads were brought to him.

*****

We must give glory to the Lord for successes that we seem to earn, as He alone does what is good. The Lord told Gideon to reduce the size of his army, to avoid the dangers of growing too proud. Since we live our lives as if we do everything ourselves, this is a constant threat. The fact that about two-thirds of Gideon’s army were afraid and went home shows the reality of our nature (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 442).

Lapping water from the hand reflects our need to see and examine what we take into our minds. Water stands for truth, but it can also stand for false ideas. If we drink directly from the water, we accept indiscriminately and examine nothing. Cupping and holding the water in our hands means that we can see how to apply this truth through our attitudes and actions (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 6047[2]).

Gideon’s army of only three hundred men was all it took to defeat the Midianites. The number ‘three’ stands for something which is complete or full in itself. Some spiritual examples include mind, body and soul, as well as celestial, spiritual and natural (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 435[3] and 532[2]).

The dream Gideon overheard stands for the power of good (the bread) to break down the apparent power of what is evil and false (the tent) (Arcana Caelestia 4247[3]). The name of Gideon’s servant, Phurah, means “fruitfulness”, or “a winepress”, which is where Gideon was first called by the angel of the Lord.

The trumpet and the torch both stand for the power of truth to overcome evil and false ideas, the trumpet by its penetrating sound, and the torch by its illuminating light. There is no mention of swords for the army of Israel.

Finally, the oppression by the Midianites represents knowing what is true, but living a life governed by our own desires. This leads us increasingly further away from obeying the Lord. Of course, this must be addressed. The Midianites destroyed each other in their panic, meaning what is disorderly and against the Lord holds no validity, and eventually destroys itself (Arcana Caelestia 9320).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 8815


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 3242, 5955, 7602, 7643, 9397

Apocalypse Revealed 397


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 455, 502, 543

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Významy biblických slov

מדין
'Midianites' signify people who are in the truth of simple good.

יהוה
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

רב
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

ישראל
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

עשרים
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

אלף
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

אלפים
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

אמר
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

לשתות
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

מאות
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

איש
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

מים
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

שלח
'To send' signifies revealing.

לרדת
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

מספר
To number,' as in Isaiah 22:10, signifies falsifying. To number bones,' as in Psalm 22:14-18, signifies desiring to dissipate truths by reasonings and false principles....

חלמתי
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

לחם
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

חרב
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

בן
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

מחנה
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

ראשים
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

בתוך
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

בא
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

ראש
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

מנשה
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

הר
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

אפרים
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

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 Draw Gideon's Weapons
Draw pictures of the weapons Gideon was to use to fight the Midianites--a trumpet, pitcher and torch.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Blows the Trumpet
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Gideon Defeats the Midianites Crossword Puzzle
Review Gideon's victory over the Midianites by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Drives Out the Midianites
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Gideon Review Questions
Questions for an oral review of the story of Gideon, Judges chapters 6 and 7.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Make a Pitcher Torch and Trumpet for Gideon
Color and cut out pictures of a torch, pitcher and trumpet. Reenact the story of Gideon's victory over the Midianites.
Project | Ages 7 - 13

 The Story of Gideon
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Torch and Trumpet
Project | Ages 4 - 10


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