Yehoshua 11

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1 ויהי כשמע יבין מלך־חצור וישלח אל־יובב מלך מדון ואל־מלך שמרון ואל־מלך אכשף׃

2 ואל־המלכים אשר מצפון בהר ובערבה נגב כנרות ובשפלה ובנפות דור מים׃

3 הכנעני ממזרח ומים והאמרי והחתי והפרזי והיבוסי בהר והחוי תחת חרמון בארץ המצפה׃

4 ויצאו הם וכל־מחניהם עםם עם־רב כחול אשר על־שפת־הים לרב וסוס ורכב רב־מאד׃

5 ויועדו כל המלכים האלה ויבאו ויחנו יחדו אל־מי מרום להלחם עם־ישראל׃ ף

6 ויאמר יהוה אל־יהושע אל־תירא מפניהם כי־מחר כעת הזאת אנכי נתן את־כלם חללים לפני ישראל את־סוסיהם תעקר ואת־מרכבתיהם תשרף באש׃

7 ויבא יהושע וכל־עם המלחמה עמו עליהם על־מי מרום פתאם ויפלו בהם׃

8 ויתנם יהוה ביד־ישראל ויכום וירדפום עד־צידון רבה ועד משרפות מים ועד־בקעת מצפה מזרחה ויכם עד־בלתי השאיר־להם שריד׃

9 ויעש להם יהושע כאשר אמר־לו יהוה את־סוסיהם עקר ואת־מרכבתיהם שרף באש׃ ס

10 וישב יהושע בעת ההיא וילכד את־חצור ואת־מלכה הכה בחרב כי־חצור לפנים היא ראש כל־הממלכות האלה׃

11 ויכו את־כל־הנפש אשר־בה לפי־חרב החרם לא נותר כל־נשמה ואת־חצור שרף באש׃

12 ואת־כל־ערי המלכים־האלה ואת־כל־מלכיהם לכד יהושע ויכם לפי־חרב החרים אותם כאשר צוה משה עבד יהוה׃

13 רק כל־הערים העמדות על־תלם לא שרפם ישראל זולתי את־חצור לבדה שרף יהושע׃

14 וכל שלל הערים האלה והבהמה בזזו להם בני ישראל רק את־כל־האדם הכו לפי־חרב עד־השמדם אותם לא השאירו כל־נשמה׃

15 כאשר צוה יהוה את־משה עבדו כן־צוה משה את־יהושע וכן עשה יהושע לא־הסיר דבר מכל אשר־צוה יהוה את־משה׃

16 ויקח יהושע את־כל־הארץ הזאת ההר ואת־כל־הנגב ואת כל־ארץ הגשן ואת־השפלה ואת־הערבה ואת־הר ישראל ושפלתה׃

17 מן־ההר החלק העולה שעיר ועד־בעל גד בבקעת הלבנון תחת הר־חרמון ואת כל־מלכיהם לכד ויכם וימיתם׃

18 ימים רבים עשה יהושע את־כל־המלכים האלה מלחמה׃

19 לא־היתה עיר אשר השלימה אל־בני ישראל בלתי החוי ישבי גבעון את־הכל לקחו במלחמה׃

20 כי מאת יהוה היתה לחזק את־לבם לקראת המלחמה את־ישראל למען החריםם לבלתי היות־להם תחנה כי למען השמידם כאשר צוה יהוה את־משה׃ ס

21 ויבא יהושע בעת ההיא ויכרת את־הענקים מן־ההר מן־חברון מן־דבר מן־ענב ומכל הר יהודה ומכל הר ישראל עם־עריהם החריםם יהושע׃

22 לא־נותר ענקים בארץ בני ישראל רק בעזה בגת ובאשדוד נשארו׃

23 ויקח יהושע את־כל־הארץ ככל אשר דבר יהוה אל־משה ויתנה יהושע לנחלה לישראל כמחלקתם לשבטיהם והארץ שקטה ממלחמה׃ ף

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 11      

Joshua 11: Joshua conquers the entire land.

In this chapter, the Canaanite kings of the north, east and west heard that Israel had conquered all of the southern Canaanite territories. Jabin, king of Hazor, called upon the other Canaanite kingdoms to join forces and attack Israel with a great army.

The Lord reassured Joshua, “Be not afraid because of them: for tomorrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel” (verse 6). So Joshua counterattacked, and Israel defeated the Canaanites just as the Lord had said.

The rest of the chapter is an account of Joshua’s victories, now here, now there. Israel destroyed each of the Canaanite cities and territories and not one of them was left undefeated (See Swedenborg’s work, The New Jerusalem and Its Heavenly Doctrine 161-164). In all of Canaan, only the Gibeonites were spared because they had made a peace treaty with Israel. The chapter closes with these words: “So Joshua took the whole land according to all that the Lord had said to Moses, and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land had rest from war” (verse 23).

Now we turn to the spiritual meaning of all this, and its meaning for us. Because of our inherited, human nature, each of us has internal things we have to contend with in our natural life. These Canaanites - the faults we must overcome - are described by the compass points: north, south, east and west. Here are the spiritual meanings of the four cardinal directions (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 141-153):

West = less love

East = greater love

North = less light and wisdom

South = greater light and wisdom

Swedenborg tells us that heaven is organized by this principle. Angels with the clearest perception of love live in the eastern region of heaven, while those with a more hazy understanding live in the west. The same thing applies to the north/south axis; those in a “clear light of wisdom” live in the south, and those in a “dim light of wisdom” live in the north (Heaven and Hell 148). These poles represent angels’ states of love and wisdom, and their use. Just like people on earth, angels experience varying states of love and wisdom - sometimes more, sometimes less - but with angels this leads to them turning again to the Lord to acknowledge that he is their God.

The same pattern exists in hell, but instead of love and wisdom there is self-love (or even hatred) and false thinking from this distorted love. In hell, the degree of intensity in these states is between the rage to dominate and the exhaustion of failing.

In our life on earth, we experience states of both heaven and hell. As we are only partly regenerated, we rapidly switch between these states because of our emotions and the upheavals of life in this world. This chapter about the conflict between Israel and the Canaanites represents our own, personal decisions about what will be the ruling influence in our lives - heaven or hell (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5982).

The end of this chapter offers two important statements describing the conflict between heaven and hell. The first one (in verse 20) says the Lord hardened the hearts of Israel’s enemies so that they came to attack, and consequently were destroyed. This tells us that we have to see our evils for what they are in order to turn away from them (See Swedenborg’s unpublished work, Charity 179-180).

The second statement (verses 21-22) says that Joshua completely destroyed the Anakim, except beyond the borders of the land. The Anakim were giants, and they stand for those enormous tensions and rages which evil spirits from hell bring us at times. This (reassuringly) helps us see that we are not like that ourselves, but we could be if we let those evil spirits make a home in our hearts and minds (Arcana Caelestia 2909[3]).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 2909, 2913, 3527, 4240, 4431, 6860

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Významy biblických slov

מלך
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

חצור
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

תחת
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

רב
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

ישראל
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

יהוה
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

יהושע
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

מחר
'Tomorrow' signifies eternity.

לפני
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

אמר
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

הכה
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

ראש
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

חרב
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

נשמה
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

שלל
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

ארץ
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

הר
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

ימים
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

מלחמה
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

עיר
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

גבעון
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

חברון
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

יהודה
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

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