Matthew 10

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1 και G2532 CONJ προσκαλεσαμενος G4341 G5666 V-ADP-NSM τους G3588 T-APM δωδεκα G1427 A-NUI μαθητας G3101 N-APM αυτου G846 P-GSM εδωκεν G1325 G5656 V-AAI-3S αυτοις G846 P-DPM εξουσιαν G1849 N-ASF πνευματων G4151 N-GPN ακαθαρτων G169 A-GPN ωστε G5620 CONJ εκβαλλειν G1544 G5721 V-PAN αυτα G846 P-APN και G2532 CONJ θεραπευειν G2323 G5721 V-PAN πασαν G3956 A-ASF νοσον G3554 N-ASF και G2532 CONJ πασαν G3956 A-ASF μαλακιαν G3119 N-ASF

2 των G3588 T-GPM δε G1161 CONJ δωδεκα G1427 A-NUI αποστολων G652 N-GPM τα G3588 T-NPN ονοματα G3686 N-NPN εστιν G2076 G5748 V-PXI-3S ταυτα G5023 D-NPN πρωτος G4413 A-NSM σιμων G4613 N-NSM ο G3588 T-NSM λεγομενος G3004 G5746 V-PPP-NSM πετρος G4074 N-NSM και G2532 CONJ ανδρεας G406 N-NSM ο G3588 T-NSM αδελφος G80 N-NSM αυτου G846 P-GSM ιακωβος G2385 N-NSM ο G3588 T-NSM του G3588 T-GSM ζεβεδαιου G2199 N-GSM και G2532 CONJ ιωαννης G2491 N-NSM ο G3588 T-NSM αδελφος G80 N-NSM αυτου G846 P-GSM

3 φιλιππος G5376 N-NSM και G2532 CONJ βαρθολομαιος G918 N-NSM θωμας G2381 N-NSM και G2532 CONJ ματθαιος G3156 N-NSM ο G3588 T-NSM τελωνης G5057 N-NSM ιακωβος G2385 N-NSM ο G3588 T-NSM του G3588 T-GSM αλφαιου G256 N-GSM και G2532 CONJ λεββαιος G3002 N-NSM ο G3588 T-NSM επικληθεις G1941 G5685 V-APP-NSM θαδδαιος G2280 N-NSM

4 σιμων G4613 N-NSM ο G3588 T-NSM κανανιτης G2581 N-NSM και G2532 CONJ ιουδας G2455 N-NSM ισκαριωτης G2469 N-NSM ο G3588 T-NSM και G2532 CONJ παραδους G3860 G5631 V-2AAP-NSM αυτον G846 P-ASM

5 τουτους G5128 D-APM τους G3588 T-APM δωδεκα G1427 A-NUI απεστειλεν G649 G5656 V-AAI-3S ο G3588 T-NSM ιησους G2424 N-NSM παραγγειλας G3853 G5660 V-AAP-NSM αυτοις G846 P-DPM λεγων G3004 G5723 V-PAP-NSM εις G1519 P EP οδον G3598 N-ASF εθνων G1484 N-GPN μη G3361 P T-N απελθητε G565 G5632 V-2AAS-2P και G2532 CONJ εις G1519 P EP πολιν G4172 N-ASF σαμαρειτων G4541 N-GPM μη G3361 P T-N εισελθητε G1525 G5632 V-2AAS-2P

6 πορευεσθε G4198 G5737 V-PNM-2P δε G1161 CONJ μαλλον G3123 ADV προς G4314 P EP τα G3588 T-APN προβατα G4263 N-APN τα G3588 T-APN απολωλοτα G622 G5756 V-2 AP-APN οικου G3624 N-GSM ισραηλ G2474 N-P I

7 πορευομενοι G4198 G5740 V-PNP-NPM δε G1161 CONJ κηρυσσετε G2784 G5720 V-PAM-2P λεγοντες G3004 G5723 V-PAP-NPM οτι G3754 CONJ ηγγικεν G1448 G5758 V- AI-3S η G3588 T-NSF βασιλεια G932 N-NSF των G3588 T-GPM ουρανων G3772 N-GPM

8 ασθενουντας G770 G5723 V-PAP-APM θεραπευετε G2323 G5720 V-PAM-2P λεπρους G3015 A-APM καθαριζετε G2511 G5720 V-PAM-2P νεκρους G3498 A-APM εγειρετε G1453 G5720 V-PAM-2P δαιμονια G1140 N-APN εκβαλλετε G1544 G5720 V-PAM-2P δωρεαν G1432 ADV ελαβετε G2983 G5627 V-2AAI-2P δωρεαν G1432 ADV δοτε G1325 G5628 V-2AAM-2P

9 μη G3361 P T-N κτησησθε G2932 G5667 V-ADS-2P χρυσον G5557 N-ASM μηδε G3366 CONJ αργυρον G696 N-ASM μηδε G3366 CONJ χαλκον G5475 N-ASM εις G1519 P EP τας G3588 T-APF ζωνας G2223 N-APF υμων G5216 P-2GP

10 μη G3361 P T-N πηραν G4082 N-ASF εις G1519 P EP οδον G3598 N-ASF μηδε G3366 CONJ δυο G1417 A-NUI χιτωνας G5509 N-APM μηδε G3366 CONJ υποδηματα G5266 N-APN μηδε G3366 CONJ {VA 1: ραβδον G4464 N-ASF } {VA 2: ραβδους G4464 N-APF } αξιος G514 A-NSM γαρ G1063 CONJ ο G3588 T-NSM εργατης G2040 N-NSM της G3588 T-GSF τροφης G5160 N-GSF αυτου G846 P-GSM εστιν G2076 G5748 V-PXI-3S

11 εις G1519 P EP ην G3739 -ASF δ G1161 CONJ αν G302 P T πολιν G4172 N-ASF η G2228 P T κωμην G2968 N-ASF εισελθητε G1525 G5632 V-2AAS-2P εξετασατε G1833 G5657 V-AAM-2P τις G5101 I-NSM εν G1722 P EP αυτη G846 P-DSF αξιος G514 A-NSM εστιν G2076 G5748 V-PXI-3S κακει G2546 ADV-C μεινατε G3306 G5657 V-AAM-2P εως G2193 CONJ αν G302 P T εξελθητε G1831 G5632 V-2AAS-2P

12 εισερχομενοι G1525 G5740 V-PNP-NPM δε G1161 CONJ εις G1519 P EP την G3588 T-ASF οικιαν G3614 N-ASF ασπασασθε G782 G5663 V-ADM-2P αυτην G846 P-ASF

13 και G2532 CONJ εαν G1437 COND μεν G3303 P T η G5600 G5753 V-PXS-3S η G3588 T-NSF οικια G3614 N-NSF αξια G514 A-NSF ελθετω G2064 G5628 V-2AAM-3S η G3588 T-NSF ειρηνη G1515 N-NSF υμων G5216 P-2GP επ G1909 P EP αυτην G846 P-ASF εαν G1437 COND δε G1161 CONJ μη G3361 P T-N η G5600 G5753 V-PXS-3S αξια G514 A-NSF η G3588 T-NSF ειρηνη G1515 N-NSF υμων G5216 P-2GP προς G4314 P EP υμας G5209 P-2AP επιστραφητω G1994 G5649 V-2APM-3S

14 και G2532 CONJ ος G3739 -NSM εαν G1437 COND μη G3361 P T-N δεξηται G1209 G5667 V-ADS-3S υμας G5209 P-2AP μηδε G3366 CONJ ακουση G191 G5661 V-AAS-3S τους G3588 T-APM λογους G3056 N-APM υμων G5216 P-2GP εξερχομενοι G1831 G5740 V-PNP-NPM της G3588 T-GSF οικιας G3614 N-GSF η G2228 P T της G3588 T-GSF πολεως G4172 N-GSF εκεινης G1565 D-GSF εκτιναξατε G1621 G5657 V-AAM-2P τον G3588 T-ASM κονιορτον G2868 N-ASM των G3588 T-GPM ποδων G4228 N-GPM υμων G5216 P-2GP

15 αμην G281 HEB λεγω G3004 G5719 V-PAI-1S υμιν G5213 P-2DP ανεκτοτερον G414 A-NSN-C εσται G2071 G5704 V-FXI-3S γη G1093 N-DSF σοδομων G4670 N-GPN και G2532 CONJ γομορρων G1116 N-GPN εν G1722 P EP ημερα G2250 N-DSF κρισεως G2920 N-GSF η G2228 P T τη G3588 T-DSF πολει G4172 N-DSF εκεινη G1565 D-DSF

16 ιδου G2400 G5628 V-2AAM-2S εγω G1473 P-1NS αποστελλω G649 G5719 V-PAI-1S υμας G5209 P-2AP ως G5613 ADV προβατα G4263 N-NPN εν G1722 P EP μεσω G3319 A-DSN λυκων G3074 N-GPM γινεσθε G1096 G5737 V-PNM-2P ουν G3767 CONJ φρονιμοι G5429 A-NPM ως G5613 ADV οι G3588 T-NPM οφεις G3789 N-NPM και G2532 CONJ ακεραιοι G185 A-NPM ως G5613 ADV αι G3588 T-NPF περιστεραι G4058 N-NPF

17 προσεχετε G4337 G5720 V-PAM-2P δε G1161 CONJ απο G575 P EP των G3588 T-GPM ανθρωπων G444 N-GPM παραδωσουσιν G3860 G5692 V-FAI-3P γαρ G1063 CONJ υμας G5209 P-2AP εις G1519 P EP συνεδρια G4892 N-APN και G2532 CONJ εν G1722 P EP ταις G3588 T-DPF συναγωγαις G4864 N-DPF αυτων G846 P-GPM μαστιγωσουσιν G3146 G5692 V-FAI-3P υμας G5209 P-2AP

18 και G2532 CONJ επι G1909 P EP ηγεμονας G2232 N-APM δε G1161 CONJ και G2532 CONJ βασιλεις G935 N-APM αχθησεσθε G71 G5701 V-FPI-2P ενεκεν G1752 ADV εμου G1700 P-1GS εις G1519 P EP μαρτυριον G3142 N-ASN αυτοις G846 P-DPM και G2532 CONJ τοις G3588 T-DPN εθνεσιν G1484 N-DPN

19 οταν G3752 CONJ δε G1161 CONJ παραδιδωσιν G3860 G5725 V-PAS-3P υμας G5209 P-2AP μη G3361 P T-N μεριμνησητε G3309 G5661 V-AAS-2P πως G4459 ADV-I η G2228 P T τι G5101 I-ASN λαλησητε G2980 G5661 V-AAS-2P δοθησεται G1325 G5701 V-FPI-3S γαρ G1063 CONJ υμιν G5213 P-2DP εν G1722 P EP εκεινη G1565 D-DSF τη G3588 T-DSF ωρα G5610 N-DSF τι G5101 I-ASN λαλησετε G2980 G5692 V-FAI-2P

20 ου G3756 P T-N γαρ G1063 CONJ υμεις G5210 P-2NP εστε G2075 G5748 V-PXI-2P οι G3588 T-NPM λαλουντες G2980 G5723 V-PAP-NPM αλλα G235 CONJ το G3588 T-NSN πνευμα G4151 N-NSN του G3588 T-GSM πατρος G3962 N-GSM υμων G5216 P-2GP το G3588 T-NSN λαλουν G2980 G5723 V-PAP-NSN εν G1722 P EP υμιν G5213 P-2DP

21 παραδωσει G3860 G5692 V-FAI-3S δε G1161 CONJ αδελφος G80 N-NSM αδελφον G80 N-ASM εις G1519 P EP θανατον G2288 N-ASM και G2532 CONJ πατηρ G3962 N-NSM τεκνον G5043 N-ASN και G2532 CONJ επαναστησονται G1881 G5695 V-FDI-3P τεκνα G5043 N-NPN επι G1909 P EP γονεις G1118 N-APM και G2532 CONJ θανατωσουσιν G2289 G5692 V-FAI-3P αυτους G846 P-APM

22 και G2532 CONJ εσεσθε G2071 G5704 V-FXI-2P μισουμενοι G3404 G5746 V-PPP-NPM υπο G5259 P EP παντων G3956 A-GPM δια G1223 P EP το G3588 T-ASN ονομα G3686 N-ASN μου G3450 P-1GS ο G3588 T-NSM δε G1161 CONJ υπομεινας G5278 G5660 V-AAP-NSM εις G1519 P EP τελος G5056 N-ASN ουτος G3778 D-NSM σωθησεται G4982 G5701 V-FPI-3S

23 οταν G3752 CONJ δε G1161 CONJ διωκωσιν G1377 G5725 V-PAS-3P υμας G5209 P-2AP εν G1722 P EP τη G3588 T-DSF πολει G4172 N-DSF ταυτη G3778 D-DSF φευγετε G5343 G5720 V-PAM-2P εις G1519 P EP την G3588 T-ASF αλλην G243 A-ASF αμην G281 HEB γαρ G1063 CONJ λεγω G3004 G5719 V-PAI-1S υμιν G5213 P-2DP ου G3756 P T-N μη G3361 P T-N τελεσητε G5055 G5661 V-AAS-2P τας G3588 T-APF πολεις G4172 N-APF του G3588 T-GSM ισραηλ G2474 N-P I εως G2193 CONJ αν G302 P T ελθη G2064 G5632 V-2AAS-3S ο G3588 T-NSM υιος G5207 N-NSM του G3588 T-GSM ανθρωπου G444 N-GSM

24 ουκ G3756 P T-N εστιν G2076 G5748 V-PXI-3S μαθητης G3101 N-NSM υπερ G5228 P EP τον G3588 T-ASM διδασκαλον G1320 N-ASM ουδε G3761 ADV δουλος G1401 N-NSM υπερ G5228 P EP τον G3588 T-ASM κυριον G2962 N-ASM αυτου G846 P-GSM

25 αρκετον G713 A-NSN τω G3588 T-DSM μαθητη G3101 N-DSM ινα G2443 CONJ γενηται G1096 G5638 V-2ADS-3S ως G5613 ADV ο G3588 T-NSM διδασκαλος G1320 N-NSM αυτου G846 P-GSM και G2532 CONJ ο G3588 T-NSM δουλος G1401 N-NSM ως G5613 ADV ο G3588 T-NSM κυριος G2962 N-NSM αυτου G846 P-GSM ει G1487 COND τον G3588 T-ASM οικοδεσποτην G3617 N-ASM {VA 1: βεελζεβουλ G954 N-P I } {VA 2: βεελζεβουβ G954 N-P I } εκαλεσαν G2564 G5656 V-AAI-3P ποσω G4214 Q-DSN μαλλον G3123 ADV τους G3588 T-APM οικιακους G3615 N-APM αυτου G846 P-GSM

26 μη G3361 P T-N ουν G3767 CONJ φοβηθητε G5399 G5676 V-AOM-2P αυτους G846 P-APM ουδεν G3762 A-NSN γαρ G1063 CONJ εστιν G2076 G5748 V-PXI-3S κεκαλυμμενον G2572 G5772 V- PP-NSN ο G3739 -NSN ουκ G3756 P T-N αποκαλυφθησεται G601 G5701 V-FPI-3S και G2532 CONJ κρυπτον G2927 A-NSN ο G3739 -NSN ου G3756 P T-N γνωσθησεται G1097 G5701 V-FPI-3S

27 ο G3739 -ASN λεγω G3004 G5719 V-PAI-1S υμιν G5213 P-2DP εν G1722 P EP τη G3588 T-DSF σκοτια G4653 N-DSF ειπατε G2036 G5628 V-2AAM-2P εν G1722 P EP τω G3588 T-DSN φωτι G5457 N-DSN και G2532 CONJ ο G3739 -ASN εις G1519 P EP το G3588 T-ASN ους G3775 N-ASN ακουετε G191 G5719 V-PAI-2P κηρυξατε G2784 G5657 V-AAM-2P επι G1909 P EP των G3588 T-GPN δωματων G1430 N-GPN

28 και G2532 CONJ μη G3361 P T-N φοβηθητε G5399 G5676 V-AOM-2P απο G575 P EP των G3588 T-GPM αποκτεινοντων G615 G5723 V-PAP-GPM το G3588 T-ASN σωμα G4983 N-ASN την G3588 T-ASF δε G1161 CONJ ψυχην G5590 N-ASF μη G3361 P T-N δυναμενων G1410 G5740 V-PNP-GPM αποκτειναι G615 G5658 V-AAN φοβηθητε G5399 G5676 V-AOM-2P δε G1161 CONJ μαλλον G3123 ADV τον G3588 T-ASM δυναμενον G1410 G5740 V-PNP-ASM και G2532 CONJ ψυχην G5590 N-ASF και G2532 CONJ σωμα G4983 N-ASN απολεσαι G622 G5658 V-AAN εν G1722 P EP γεεννη G1067 N-DSF

29 ουχι G3780 P T-I δυο G1417 A-NUI στρουθια G4765 N-NPN ασσαριου G787 N-GSN πωλειται G4453 G5743 V-PPI-3S και G2532 CONJ εν G1520 A-NSN εξ G1537 P EP αυτων G846 P-GPN ου G3756 P T-N πεσειται G4098 G5695 V-FDI-3S επι G1909 P EP την G3588 T-ASF γην G1093 N-ASF ανευ G427 P EP του G3588 T-GSM πατρος G3962 N-GSM υμων G5216 P-2GP

30 υμων G5216 P-2GP δε G1161 CONJ και G2532 CONJ αι G3588 T-NPF τριχες G2359 N-NPF της G3588 T-GSF κεφαλης G2776 N-GSF πασαι G3956 A-NPF ηριθμημεναι G705 G5772 V- PP-NPF εισιν G1526 G5748 V-PXI-3P

31 μη G3361 P T-N ουν G3767 CONJ φοβηθητε G5399 G5676 V-AOM-2P πολλων G4183 A-GPN στρουθιων G4765 N-GPN διαφερετε G1308 G5719 V-PAI-2P υμεις G5210 P-2NP

32 πας G3956 A-NSM ουν G3767 CONJ οστις G3748 -NSM ομολογησει G3670 G5692 V-FAI-3S εν G1722 P EP εμοι G1698 P-1DS εμπροσθεν G1715 P EP των G3588 T-GPM ανθρωπων G444 N-GPM ομολογησω G3670 G5692 V-FAI-1S καγω G2504 P-1NS-C εν G1722 P EP αυτω G846 P-DSM εμπροσθεν G1715 P EP του G3588 T-GSM πατρος G3962 N-GSM μου G3450 P-1GS του G3588 T-GSM εν G1722 P EP ουρανοις G3772 N-DPM

33 οστις G3748 -NSM δ G1161 CONJ αν G302 P T αρνησηται G720 G5667 V-ADS-3S με G3165 P-1AS εμπροσθεν G1715 P EP των G3588 T-GPM ανθρωπων G444 N-GPM αρνησομαι G720 G5695 V-FDI-1S αυτον G846 P-ASM καγω G2504 P-1NS-C εμπροσθεν G1715 P EP του G3588 T-GSM πατρος G3962 N-GSM μου G3450 P-1GS του G3588 T-GSM εν G1722 P EP ουρανοις G3772 N-DPM

34 μη G3361 P T-N νομισητε G3543 G5661 V-AAS-2P οτι G3754 CONJ ηλθον G2064 G5627 V-2AAI-1S βαλειν G906 G5629 V-2AAN ειρηνην G1515 N-ASF επι G1909 P EP την G3588 T-ASF γην G1093 N-ASF ουκ G3756 P T-N ηλθον G2064 G5627 V-2AAI-1S βαλειν G906 G5629 V-2AAN ειρηνην G1515 N-ASF αλλα G235 CONJ μαχαιραν G3162 N-ASF

35 ηλθον G2064 G5627 V-2AAI-1S γαρ G1063 CONJ διχασαι G1369 G5658 V-AAN ανθρωπον G444 N-ASM κατα G2596 P EP του G3588 T-GSM πατρος G3962 N-GSM αυτου G846 P-GSM και G2532 CONJ θυγατερα G2364 N-ASF κατα G2596 P EP της G3588 T-GSF μητρος G3384 N-GSF αυτης G846 P-GSF και G2532 CONJ νυμφην G3565 N-ASF κατα G2596 P EP της G3588 T-GSF πενθερας G3994 N-GSF αυτης G846 P-GSF

36 και G2532 CONJ εχθροι G2190 A-NPM του G3588 T-GSM ανθρωπου G444 N-GSM οι G3588 T-NPM οικιακοι G3615 N-NPM αυτου G846 P-GSM

37 ο G3588 T-NSM φιλων G5368 G5723 V-PAP-NSM πατερα G3962 N-ASM η G2228 P T μητερα G3384 N-ASF υπερ G5228 P EP εμε G1691 P-1AS ουκ G3756 P T-N εστιν G2076 G5748 V-PXI-3S μου G3450 P-1GS αξιος G514 A-NSM και G2532 CONJ ο G3588 T-NSM φιλων G5368 G5723 V-PAP-NSM υιον G5207 N-ASM η G2228 P T θυγατερα G2364 N-ASF υπερ G5228 P EP εμε G1691 P-1AS ουκ G3756 P T-N εστιν G2076 G5748 V-PXI-3S μου G3450 P-1GS αξιος G514 A-NSM

38 και G2532 CONJ ος G3739 -NSM ου G3756 P T-N λαμβανει G2983 G5719 V-PAI-3S τον G3588 T-ASM σταυρον G4716 N-ASM αυτου G846 P-GSM και G2532 CONJ ακολουθει G190 G5719 V-PAI-3S οπισω G3694 ADV μου G3450 P-1GS ουκ G3756 P T-N εστιν G2076 G5748 V-PXI-3S μου G3450 P-1GS αξιος G514 A-NSM

39 ο G3588 T-NSM ευρων G2147 G5631 V-2AAP-NSM την G3588 T-ASF ψυχην G5590 N-ASF αυτου G846 P-GSM απολεσει G622 G5692 V-FAI-3S αυτην G846 P-ASF και G2532 CONJ ο G3588 T-NSM απολεσας G622 G5660 V-AAP-NSM την G3588 T-ASF ψυχην G5590 N-ASF αυτου G846 P-GSM ενεκεν G1752 ADV εμου G1700 P-1GS ευρησει G2147 G5692 V-FAI-3S αυτην G846 P-ASF

40 ο G3588 T-NSM δεχομενος G1209 G5740 V-PNP-NSM υμας G5209 P-2AP εμε G1691 P-1AS δεχεται G1209 G5736 V-PNI-3S και G2532 CONJ ο G3588 T-NSM εμε G1691 P-1AS δεχομενος G1209 G5740 V-PNP-NSM δεχεται G1209 G5736 V-PNI-3S τον G3588 T-ASM αποστειλαντα G649 G5660 V-AAP-ASM με G3165 P-1AS

41 ο G3588 T-NSM δεχομενος G1209 G5740 V-PNP-NSM προφητην G4396 N-ASM εις G1519 P EP ονομα G3686 N-ASN προφητου G4396 N-GSM μισθον G3408 N-ASM προφητου G4396 N-GSM ληψεται G2983 G5695 V-FDI-3S και G2532 CONJ ο G3588 T-NSM δεχομενος G1209 G5740 V-PNP-NSM δικαιον G1342 A-ASM εις G1519 P EP ονομα G3686 N-ASN δικαιου G1342 A-GSM μισθον G3408 N-ASM δικαιου G1342 A-GSM ληψεται G2983 G5695 V-FDI-3S

42 και G2532 CONJ ος G3739 -NSM εαν G1437 COND ποτιση G4222 G5661 V-AAS-3S ενα G1520 A-ASM των G3588 T-GPM μικρων G3398 A-GPM τουτων G5130 D-GPM ποτηριον G4221 N-ASN ψυχρου G5593 A-GSN μονον G3440 ADV εις G1519 P EP ονομα G3686 N-ASN μαθητου G3101 N-GSM αμην G281 HEB λεγω G3004 G5719 V-PAI-1S υμιν G5213 P-2DP ου G3756 P T-N μη G3361 P T-N απολεση G622 G5661 V-AAS-3S τον G3588 T-ASM μισθον G3408 N-ASM αυτου G846 P-GSM

  


Exploring the Meaning of Matthew 10      

Napsal(a) Rev. Dr. Ray Silverman

Chapter 10.

Sending Out the Apostles

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1. And calling for His twelve disciples, He gave them authority over unclean spirits, so as to cast them out, and to cure every disease and every malady.

2. And the names of the twelve apostles are these: first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the [son] of Zebedee, and John his brother;

3. Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the publican; James the [son] of Alphaeus, and Lebbeus, [also] called Thaddaeus;

4. Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed Him.

5. These twelve Jesus sent out, charging them, saying, “Into the way of the nations go ye not, and into a city of the Samaritans enter ye not.

6. But go ye rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.

7. And as you go, preach, saying that the kingdom of the heavens is near.

8. Cure the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out demons; freely you have received, freely give.

9. Possess not gold, nor silver, nor bronze for your belts,

10. Nor pack for a journey, nor two tunics, nor shoes, nor a staff; for the worker is worthy of his food.”
---

In the previous chapter Jesus said that “the multitudes were weary and scattered, like sheep without a shepherd.” These “multitudes” represent our innocent affections and tender thoughts, especially our earnest desires to lead a deeply spiritual life. But these thoughts, affections are disorganized. We may have fragments of truth in our mind that we picked up from time to time, but they are not in a coherent framework. We may attempt meditation, or prayer, or daily readings from time to time, but we have no fixed aim or plan.

There comes a time, however, in the course of our spiritual development, when these scattered thoughts and affections must be gathered together, organized and arranged in proper order so that they can be summoned up quickly and used when necessary. Haphazard, hit-or-miss, random spirituality will no longer suffice.

This is precisely where we are at this point in the gospel narrative.

The religious leaders have begun to openly accuse Jesus of blasphemy and of being in partnership with the devil. It is becoming increasingly clear that Jesus’ life is in danger. Similarly, the time comes when our spiritual life is in danger; it is a time when we must bring together and organize all things of goodness and truth within ourselves, and prepare for action. It is time to organize the twelve disciples and send them out as apostles. 1

Each of the twelve apostles represents an essential spiritual principle. Peter, for example, represents faith, and John represents charity (love). 2 While this is not the place to go into the spiritual representation of each apostle, it should be noted that in calling them together and then sending them out in pairs, Jesus begins the initial work of organizing them. The “scattered sheep” are about to become apostles — those who, having been instructed, carry the message to others. But first, these individuals must be organized.

Having arranged the disciples into pairs, Jesus now sends them out, commanding them “Do not go into the way of the Gentiles, and do not enter a city of the Samaritans. But rather go to the lost sheep of the house of Israel” (10:5). In other words, they should not get sidetracked by misleading emotions and false beliefs (represented by the Gentiles and Samaritans). 3 Instead they should first of all gather together the lost sheep of Israel — the tender affections and innocent thoughts — and then subordinate them to the more comprehensive spiritual principles represented by each disciple. In this way they will be protected from oncoming attacks.

As they go, they are to preach, saying, “The kingdom of heaven is at hand” (10:7). Jesus is giving them essential instruction in the art of good preaching. They are to begin with the exciting news: the kingdom of heaven is rapidly approaching and could be right around the corner! Once the goal is announced (receiving heaven), Jesus explains the means for attaining the goal: “Heal the infirm,” He says, “cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, and cast out demons.” This is what first needs to happen before the kingdom of heaven can be received. The healing of every disease and the casting out of every demon represents the acknowledgement of our sins, and the work of removing them. In other words, it’s about repentance. This is why both John the Baptist and Jesus said, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand” (3:1 and 4:17).

The main thing to remember, as the apostles begin their ministry, is that the power to heal and the power to be healed is from the Lord: “Freely you have received,” says Jesus. And because of this they should “freely give” (10:8). It is vital, therefore, that in this work they include nothing of themselves. Their work is for God, and their power is from God. They must trust completely in His power and His providence. “Provide neither gold nor silver nor copper in your money belts, nor bag for your journey, nor two tunics, nor sandals, nor staffs” (10:10). God will see to it that all their needs are provided: “For a worker is worthy of his food” (10:10). As long as they are doing the Lord’s work, the Lord will continually instruct them, and every spiritual need will be met. 4

Wise as Serpents, Harmless as Doves

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11. “And into whatever city or village you enter, search [out] who in it is worthy, and there remain until you go out.

12. And when you come into the house, greet it.

13. And if indeed the house be worthy, let your peace come upon it; but if it be not worthy, let your peace return to you.

14. And if anyone shall not receive you, nor hear your words, when you go out of that house or city, shake off the dust of your feet.

15. Amen I say to you, it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment, than for that city.

16. Behold, I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves; be ye therefore prudent as serpents, and simple as doves.”
---

The sending out of the twelve apostles represents the way in which God gathers together the more general principles of spiritual truth in us, so that we can better organize the details of our everyday life. Some of these more general principles might include teachings such as the ever-present reality of the spiritual world, the importance of keeping the Ten Commandments, the acknowledgment that without God we can do nothing, the joy of useful service, the necessity of temptation as a part of regeneration, and the belief that God can bring good out of everything that arises, no matter how difficult it may seem at the moment. These are some of the fundamental truths that will become organizing principles for everything else we learn and do. 5

Spiritually speaking, this kind of ordering and arrangement of the mind is called “putting our house in order.” This is because in sacred scripture a “house” represents the human mind — the place where our thoughts and feelings are “housed.” This is why we are told to build our “house” (our mind) upon a rock (God’s commandments), and why our state of mind (what we are thinking about or “dwelling” upon) can be called our spiritual “dwelling-place.” Ideally, our minds should be like the mind of God, furnished with the most loving emotions and noble thoughts. This is the spiritual significance of David’s words, “And I shall dwell in the house of Lord, forever” (Psalm 23:6). 6

With an understanding of the spiritual significance of the word “house” in mind, we can see greater meaning in Jesus’ next command to the apostles. “If the household is worthy, let your peace come upon it.” This means that if a worthy thought or emotion arises, we are encouraged to enter into it, to dwell upon it, and let it become part of our peace. But Jesus also adds, “If it is not worthy, let your peace return to you” (10:13). In other words, if a thought or emotion arises that is not worthy, we should not enter into it or dwell upon it. Instead we should return to our state of peace.

This is the work of the “twelve apostles” in us, Spiritually seen, the twelve apostles represent the most general principles of spiritual life. These are the principles that will help us determine what thoughts and feelings our minds should enter into, and what thoughts and feelings we should avoid. If something does not agree with a spiritual principle, we are not to dwell there — or even visit. And if we find that something within us arises to disagree with a God-given principle, something that refuses to accept a clear teaching from God’s Word — we should withdraw from that state of mind and “shake it off” like dust from our feet. As Jesus says, “Whoever will not receive you nor hear your words, when you depart from that house or city, shake off the dust from your feet” (10:12-14).

This means that we can live our lives in quiet assurance, trusting in the power and permanence of truth to guide and protect us. There will be times, however, when objections will arise — doubts about the most fundamental truths we know. But we are not to worry. If there is no goodness or truth in these objections, they have no power over us. They are like dust on our shoes, which can easily be brushed off as we continue our journey. Others might disagree with us; doubts and reservations might arise in our mind. But we are not the ones being judged. Rather, the judgment is upon those doubts and reservations. Jesus puts it like this: “Verily, I say unto you. It shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment, than for that city” (10:15).

The task of spiritual discernment, however, is not an easy one. “Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves” says Jesus (10:16). The “wolves” are the evil desires and false beliefs that will consume our good impulses and noble ideals. Therefore, we must be “gentle as doves” — non-violent in our behavior, but “wise as serpents” — very careful about the feelings and thoughts we allow to enter our minds. 7 Like a serpent with eyes on both sides of its head, we need to have 360 degree spiritual vision; we need to remain vigilant, aware of evil desires and false thoughts — predators that might endeavor to silently creep into our minds unnoticed. And whenever the wolves come sniffing around, we must be like doves, able to gently take wing and rise above them.

Warnings about Coming Persecutions

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17. “And beware of men; for they will deliver you up to councils, and will scourge you in their synagogues.

18. And you shall be led before governors and also kings on account of Me, for a witness to them and to the nations.

19. But when they shall deliver you up, be not anxious [about] how or what you shall speak, for it shall be given to you in that hour what you shall speak.

20. For you are not they that speak, but the spirit of your Father [is] what speaks in you.

21. And brother shall deliver up brother to death, and father child; and children shall rise up against parents, and put them to death.

22. And you shall be hated by all on account of My name; but he that endures to the end, he shall be saved.

23. And when they persecute you in this city, flee into the other; for amen I say to you, you shall not have finished the cities of Israel until the Son of Man has come.

24. The disciple is not above the teacher, nor the servant above his lord.

25. It is sufficient for the disciple that he become as his teacher, and the servant as his lord. If they have called the householder Beelzebub, how much more them of his household?

26. Fear them not therefore; for there is nothing covered, that shall not be uncovered, and secret, that shall not be known.

27. What I say to you in the darkness, say ye in the light; and what you hear in the ear, preach ye upon the housetops.

28. And be not afraid of those that kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul; but rather be afraid of Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.

29. Are not two sparrows sold for an assarion [penny]? And not one of them shall fall upon the earth without your Father.

30. And of you, even the hairs of the head are all numbered.

31. Fear not therefore; you are of more value than many sparrows.

32. Whoever therefore shall profess Me before men, I also will profess him before My Father that [is] in the heavens.

33. But whoever shall deny Me before men, I also will deny him before My Father that [is] in the heavens.

34. Suppose not that I am come to cast peace upon earth; I am not come to cast peace, but a sword.

35. For I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and a daughter against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.

36. And the man’s enemies [shall be] they of his own house.

37. He that loves father or mother above Me is not worthy of Me, and he that loves son or daughter above Me is not worthy of Me.

38. And whoever does not take his cross, and follow after Me, is not worthy of Me.

39. He that finds his soul shall lose it, and he that loses his soul for My sake shall find it.

40. He that receives you, receives Me, and he that receives Me, receives Him that sent Me.

41. He that accepts a prophet in the name of a prophet shall receive the reward of a prophet; and he that accepts [someone] just in the name of [someone] just shall receive the reward of [someone] just.

42. And whoever shall give a cup of cold [water] to one of these little ones to drink in the name of a disciple, amen I say to you, he shall not lose his reward.”
---

As the apostles are being prepared for their mission, Jesus tells them to be wary of human reasoning. This is the tendency to twist and pervert spiritual truths so as to make them subordinate to one’s own will: “Beware of men, for they will deliver you up to councils and scourge you in their synagogues” (10:17). Evil desires and false ideas will invade our minds attacking the good emotions and true thoughts that proceed from God just as mercilessly as the religious leaders of Jesus’ day attacked and persecuted Him. In other words, Jesus warns them in advance that whatever is good and true in them will be tested. In fact, they will be delivered up to councils and scourged.

The news is not pleasant. It will be rough going. Nevertheless, Jesus offers His disciples the greatest encouragement: “When they deliver you up, do not be anxious about how, or what you should speak. For it will be given you in that hour what you should speak, for it is not you who speak, but the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you” (10:19-20).

In terms of the continuous internal sense of this gospel, it is important to recall the final miracle in the previous episode: a mute man was given the gift of speech. We too shall be given the gift of speech; we shall speak from love, for that is what is meant by the words, it is “the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you.” 8

Jesus continues to balance bad news with good news: “And you will be hated by all for My name's sake. But he who endures to the end will be saved” (10:22). Such words are to be read simultaneously on two different levels. On one level Jesus is forewarning His disciples of the persecutions they will face as they go forth to proclaim and live His message. On a more interior level, these apostles represent spiritual principles in ourselves that will meet with one form of opposition or another. Nevertheless, we should not worry about these inevitable attacks, for no matter what happens to us, these principles — which are the very soul of our life — cannot be harmed. “And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul” (10:28).

In truth, spiritual life — the life that endures forever — is the only real life; it is the only life that really matters. What is the loss of a few earthly years compared to the gain of eternal life? In giving up ego concerns, which seem to be our very life, God flows in with spiritual blessings beyond number. If we willingly surrender the old life and its selfish ways, we gain an entirely new life. Therefore, Jesus says, “He who loses his life for My sake will find it” (10:39).

In asking His apostles to give up everything, even their very lives, in order to faithfully follow Him, Jesus takes another step in revealing His Divine identity. It is here that Jesus confesses that He has been sent by the Father: “He who receives you receives Me,” He says. “And he who receives Me receives Him who sent Me” (10:40). Jesus’ promise is unmistakable and profound. His words add up to this: Whoever receives Me, receives God. Surely, Jesus is gradually manifesting His divinity.

This chapter closes with a final word of encouragement to the disciples: “Whoever gives one of these little ones a cup of cold water in the name of a disciple, assuredly, I say to you, he shall by no means lose his reward” (10:42). Here Jesus assures His disciples that even the least effort to share truth (“cup of cold water”) with others or to perform an act of kindness will be rewarded — provided that it is done “in the name of a disciple.” That is, as long as God is acknowledged as the source of all goodness and truth, it matters not how little or how much we accomplish. Even “a cup of cold water,” given in the right spirit, will suffice.

It’s a powerful lesson, and one that is given to inspire and encourage the disciples who are about to face persecution. In brief, Jesus is assuring them that whatever they say or do, no matter how small or great, if done in the right spirit, will have the blessings of heaven within it — inner peace and limitless joy. This is what Jesus means when He says, “Whoever shall give to one of these little ones a cup of cold water in the name of a disciple shall not lose his reward” (10:42).

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Footnotes:

1. The Greek word ἀπόστολος (apóstolos) means “one who is sent” or “messenger.” We are “disciples” when being instructed by the Lord, and we are “apostles” when we are being sent off to carry His message to others. See Arcana Coelestia 10490: “To be a disciple of the Lord is to be led by Him and not by self, thus by the goods and truths which are from the Lord, and not by the evils and falsities which are from one’s self.” Also, Apocalypse Revealed 79: “The term ‘apostles’ signifies all who teach the goods and truths of the church, and in the abstract sense, this term refers to the goods and truths doctrine.”

2Apocalypse Revealed 17: “John represents the good of life, and Peter the truth of faith.” See also Apocalypse Explained 821: “The twelve apostles, like the twelve tribes of Israel, represented all things of truth and good. Also, Peter, James, and John, signified faith, charity, and the works of charity, in their order. It follows, therefore, that when they were together they represented these as one. It is said, as one, because the faith that is a faith without charity has no existence; and the charity that is a charity without works has no existence.”

3Arcana Coelestia 4169: “The ‘Gentiles’ to whom they should not go, denote those who are in evils. The ‘cities of the Samaritans’ denote those who are in falsities; and ‘sheep,’ those who are in goods.”

4Apocalypse Explained 242:22 “Jesus said to His disciples, whom He sent forth to preach the gospel, that they should possess no gold, nor silver, nor brass in their purses. By this was represented that they should have nothing of good and truth from themselves, but only from the Lord, and that all things would be given them freely. ‘Gold’ signifies the good of love.” See also Apocalypse Explained 827:6: “Gold and silver, signify the knowledges of good and truth from the Word.”

5Apocalypse Explained 904: “It is according to Divine order for what is general to precede, in order that particulars may be introduced into them, rightly arranged, made homogeneous, and joined together in close connection.”

6Arcana Coelestia 7353: “The ancients compared the mind of a person to a house, and those things which are within a person to chambers. The human mind is indeed like this; for the things therein are distinct, scarcely otherwise than as a house is divided into its chambers; those things which are in the middle are like the inmost parts; those which are at the sides are like the outer parts, these being compared to the courts; and those which while outside are connected with the inside parts, being compared to the porches.”

7Arcana Coelestia 197 “To the earliest people a ‘serpent’ signified circumspection, lest they be hurt by evil.”

8Arcana Coelestia 10265: “Divine Love, called the Father, exists within the Lord’s Divine Human, called the Son.” When Jesus speaks from this love, the influence it has upon us is called the “Holy Spirit.” See also True Christian Religion 167: “The Holy Spirit is the Divine that goes forth out of the Lord from the Father” This is analogous to a person who has an inmost soul, visible body, and an influence on others. These are not three aspects of the same person, but one person. Similarly, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are not three separate persons, but three aspects of One God. See Ath 4: “The Father signifies the Divine Itself, the Son the Divine Human, and the Holy Spirit, the Divine proceeding.”

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Exploring the Meaning of Matthew 10      

Napsal(a) Rev. Dr. Ray Silverman

Chapter 10.

Sending Out the Apostles

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1. And calling for His twelve disciples, He gave them authority over unclean spirits, so as to cast them out, and to cure every disease and every malady.

2. And the names of the twelve apostles are these: first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the [son] of Zebedee, and John his brother;

3. Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the publican; James the [son] of Alphaeus, and Lebbeus, [also] called Thaddaeus;

4. Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed Him.

5. These twelve Jesus sent out, charging them, saying, “Into the way of the nations go ye not, and into a city of the Samaritans enter ye not.

6. But go ye rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.

7. And as you go, preach, saying that the kingdom of the heavens is near.

8. Cure the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out demons; freely you have received, freely give.

9. Possess not gold, nor silver, nor bronze for your belts,

10. Nor pack for a journey, nor two tunics, nor shoes, nor a staff; for the worker is worthy of his food.”
---

In the previous chapter Jesus said that “the multitudes were weary and scattered, like sheep without a shepherd.” These “multitudes” represent our innocent affections and tender thoughts, especially our earnest desires to lead a deeply spiritual life. But these thoughts, affections are disorganized. We may have fragments of truth in our mind that we picked up from time to time, but they are not in a coherent framework. We may attempt meditation, or prayer, or daily readings from time to time, but we have no fixed aim or plan.

There comes a time, however, in the course of our spiritual development, when these scattered thoughts and affections must be gathered together, organized and arranged in proper order so that they can be summoned up quickly and used when necessary. Haphazard, hit-or-miss, random spirituality will no longer suffice.

This is precisely where we are at this point in the gospel narrative.

The religious leaders have begun to openly accuse Jesus of blasphemy and of being in partnership with the devil. It is becoming increasingly clear that Jesus’ life is in danger. Similarly, the time comes when our spiritual life is in danger; it is a time when we must bring together and organize all things of goodness and truth within ourselves, and prepare for action. It is time to organize the twelve disciples and send them out as apostles. 1

Each of the twelve apostles represents an essential spiritual principle. Peter, for example, represents faith, and John represents charity (love). 2 While this is not the place to go into the spiritual representation of each apostle, it should be noted that in calling them together and then sending them out in pairs, Jesus begins the initial work of organizing them. The “scattered sheep” are about to become apostles — those who, having been instructed, carry the message to others. But first, these individuals must be organized.

Having arranged the disciples into pairs, Jesus now sends them out, commanding them “Do not go into the way of the Gentiles, and do not enter a city of the Samaritans. But rather go to the lost sheep of the house of Israel” (10:5). In other words, they should not get sidetracked by misleading emotions and false beliefs (represented by the Gentiles and Samaritans). 3 Instead they should first of all gather together the lost sheep of Israel — the tender affections and innocent thoughts — and then subordinate them to the more comprehensive spiritual principles represented by each disciple. In this way they will be protected from oncoming attacks.

As they go, they are to preach, saying, “The kingdom of heaven is at hand” (10:7). Jesus is giving them essential instruction in the art of good preaching. They are to begin with the exciting news: the kingdom of heaven is rapidly approaching and could be right around the corner! Once the goal is announced (receiving heaven), Jesus explains the means for attaining the goal: “Heal the infirm,” He says, “cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, and cast out demons.” This is what first needs to happen before the kingdom of heaven can be received. The healing of every disease and the casting out of every demon represents the acknowledgement of our sins, and the work of removing them. In other words, it’s about repentance. This is why both John the Baptist and Jesus said, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand” (3:1 and 4:17).

The main thing to remember, as the apostles begin their ministry, is that the power to heal and the power to be healed is from the Lord: “Freely you have received,” says Jesus. And because of this they should “freely give” (10:8). It is vital, therefore, that in this work they include nothing of themselves. Their work is for God, and their power is from God. They must trust completely in His power and His providence. “Provide neither gold nor silver nor copper in your money belts, nor bag for your journey, nor two tunics, nor sandals, nor staffs” (10:10). God will see to it that all their needs are provided: “For a worker is worthy of his food” (10:10). As long as they are doing the Lord’s work, the Lord will continually instruct them, and every spiritual need will be met. 4

Wise as Serpents, Harmless as Doves

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11. “And into whatever city or village you enter, search [out] who in it is worthy, and there remain until you go out.

12. And when you come into the house, greet it.

13. And if indeed the house be worthy, let your peace come upon it; but if it be not worthy, let your peace return to you.

14. And if anyone shall not receive you, nor hear your words, when you go out of that house or city, shake off the dust of your feet.

15. Amen I say to you, it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment, than for that city.

16. Behold, I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves; be ye therefore prudent as serpents, and simple as doves.”
---

The sending out of the twelve apostles represents the way in which God gathers together the more general principles of spiritual truth in us, so that we can better organize the details of our everyday life. Some of these more general principles might include teachings such as the ever-present reality of the spiritual world, the importance of keeping the Ten Commandments, the acknowledgment that without God we can do nothing, the joy of useful service, the necessity of temptation as a part of regeneration, and the belief that God can bring good out of everything that arises, no matter how difficult it may seem at the moment. These are some of the fundamental truths that will become organizing principles for everything else we learn and do. 5

Spiritually speaking, this kind of ordering and arrangement of the mind is called “putting our house in order.” This is because in sacred scripture a “house” represents the human mind — the place where our thoughts and feelings are “housed.” This is why we are told to build our “house” (our mind) upon a rock (God’s commandments), and why our state of mind (what we are thinking about or “dwelling” upon) can be called our spiritual “dwelling-place.” Ideally, our minds should be like the mind of God, furnished with the most loving emotions and noble thoughts. This is the spiritual significance of David’s words, “And I shall dwell in the house of Lord, forever” (Psalm 23:6). 6

With an understanding of the spiritual significance of the word “house” in mind, we can see greater meaning in Jesus’ next command to the apostles. “If the household is worthy, let your peace come upon it.” This means that if a worthy thought or emotion arises, we are encouraged to enter into it, to dwell upon it, and let it become part of our peace. But Jesus also adds, “If it is not worthy, let your peace return to you” (10:13). In other words, if a thought or emotion arises that is not worthy, we should not enter into it or dwell upon it. Instead we should return to our state of peace.

This is the work of the “twelve apostles” in us, Spiritually seen, the twelve apostles represent the most general principles of spiritual life. These are the principles that will help us determine what thoughts and feelings our minds should enter into, and what thoughts and feelings we should avoid. If something does not agree with a spiritual principle, we are not to dwell there — or even visit. And if we find that something within us arises to disagree with a God-given principle, something that refuses to accept a clear teaching from God’s Word — we should withdraw from that state of mind and “shake it off” like dust from our feet. As Jesus says, “Whoever will not receive you nor hear your words, when you depart from that house or city, shake off the dust from your feet” (10:12-14).

This means that we can live our lives in quiet assurance, trusting in the power and permanence of truth to guide and protect us. There will be times, however, when objections will arise — doubts about the most fundamental truths we know. But we are not to worry. If there is no goodness or truth in these objections, they have no power over us. They are like dust on our shoes, which can easily be brushed off as we continue our journey. Others might disagree with us; doubts and reservations might arise in our mind. But we are not the ones being judged. Rather, the judgment is upon those doubts and reservations. Jesus puts it like this: “Verily, I say unto you. It shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment, than for that city” (10:15).

The task of spiritual discernment, however, is not an easy one. “Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves” says Jesus (10:16). The “wolves” are the evil desires and false beliefs that will consume our good impulses and noble ideals. Therefore, we must be “gentle as doves” — non-violent in our behavior, but “wise as serpents” — very careful about the feelings and thoughts we allow to enter our minds. 7 Like a serpent with eyes on both sides of its head, we need to have 360 degree spiritual vision; we need to remain vigilant, aware of evil desires and false thoughts — predators that might endeavor to silently creep into our minds unnoticed. And whenever the wolves come sniffing around, we must be like doves, able to gently take wing and rise above them.

Warnings about Coming Persecutions

---
17. “And beware of men; for they will deliver you up to councils, and will scourge you in their synagogues.

18. And you shall be led before governors and also kings on account of Me, for a witness to them and to the nations.

19. But when they shall deliver you up, be not anxious [about] how or what you shall speak, for it shall be given to you in that hour what you shall speak.

20. For you are not they that speak, but the spirit of your Father [is] what speaks in you.

21. And brother shall deliver up brother to death, and father child; and children shall rise up against parents, and put them to death.

22. And you shall be hated by all on account of My name; but he that endures to the end, he shall be saved.

23. And when they persecute you in this city, flee into the other; for amen I say to you, you shall not have finished the cities of Israel until the Son of Man has come.

24. The disciple is not above the teacher, nor the servant above his lord.

25. It is sufficient for the disciple that he become as his teacher, and the servant as his lord. If they have called the householder Beelzebub, how much more them of his household?

26. Fear them not therefore; for there is nothing covered, that shall not be uncovered, and secret, that shall not be known.

27. What I say to you in the darkness, say ye in the light; and what you hear in the ear, preach ye upon the housetops.

28. And be not afraid of those that kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul; but rather be afraid of Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.

29. Are not two sparrows sold for an assarion [penny]? And not one of them shall fall upon the earth without your Father.

30. And of you, even the hairs of the head are all numbered.

31. Fear not therefore; you are of more value than many sparrows.

32. Whoever therefore shall profess Me before men, I also will profess him before My Father that [is] in the heavens.

33. But whoever shall deny Me before men, I also will deny him before My Father that [is] in the heavens.

34. Suppose not that I am come to cast peace upon earth; I am not come to cast peace, but a sword.

35. For I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and a daughter against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.

36. And the man’s enemies [shall be] they of his own house.

37. He that loves father or mother above Me is not worthy of Me, and he that loves son or daughter above Me is not worthy of Me.

38. And whoever does not take his cross, and follow after Me, is not worthy of Me.

39. He that finds his soul shall lose it, and he that loses his soul for My sake shall find it.

40. He that receives you, receives Me, and he that receives Me, receives Him that sent Me.

41. He that accepts a prophet in the name of a prophet shall receive the reward of a prophet; and he that accepts [someone] just in the name of [someone] just shall receive the reward of [someone] just.

42. And whoever shall give a cup of cold [water] to one of these little ones to drink in the name of a disciple, amen I say to you, he shall not lose his reward.”
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As the apostles are being prepared for their mission, Jesus tells them to be wary of human reasoning. This is the tendency to twist and pervert spiritual truths so as to make them subordinate to one’s own will: “Beware of men, for they will deliver you up to councils and scourge you in their synagogues” (10:17). Evil desires and false ideas will invade our minds attacking the good emotions and true thoughts that proceed from God just as mercilessly as the religious leaders of Jesus’ day attacked and persecuted Him. In other words, Jesus warns them in advance that whatever is good and true in them will be tested. In fact, they will be delivered up to councils and scourged.

The news is not pleasant. It will be rough going. Nevertheless, Jesus offers His disciples the greatest encouragement: “When they deliver you up, do not be anxious about how, or what you should speak. For it will be given you in that hour what you should speak, for it is not you who speak, but the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you” (10:19-20).

In terms of the continuous internal sense of this gospel, it is important to recall the final miracle in the previous episode: a mute man was given the gift of speech. We too shall be given the gift of speech; we shall speak from love, for that is what is meant by the words, it is “the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you.” 8

Jesus continues to balance bad news with good news: “And you will be hated by all for My name's sake. But he who endures to the end will be saved” (10:22). Such words are to be read simultaneously on two different levels. On one level Jesus is forewarning His disciples of the persecutions they will face as they go forth to proclaim and live His message. On a more interior level, these apostles represent spiritual principles in ourselves that will meet with one form of opposition or another. Nevertheless, we should not worry about these inevitable attacks, for no matter what happens to us, these principles — which are the very soul of our life — cannot be harmed. “And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul” (10:28).

In truth, spiritual life — the life that endures forever — is the only real life; it is the only life that really matters. What is the loss of a few earthly years compared to the gain of eternal life? In giving up ego concerns, which seem to be our very life, God flows in with spiritual blessings beyond number. If we willingly surrender the old life and its selfish ways, we gain an entirely new life. Therefore, Jesus says, “He who loses his life for My sake will find it” (10:39).

In asking His apostles to give up everything, even their very lives, in order to faithfully follow Him, Jesus takes another step in revealing His Divine identity. It is here that Jesus confesses that He has been sent by the Father: “He who receives you receives Me,” He says. “And he who receives Me receives Him who sent Me” (10:40). Jesus’ promise is unmistakable and profound. His words add up to this: Whoever receives Me, receives God. Surely, Jesus is gradually manifesting His divinity.

This chapter closes with a final word of encouragement to the disciples: “Whoever gives one of these little ones a cup of cold water in the name of a disciple, assuredly, I say to you, he shall by no means lose his reward” (10:42). Here Jesus assures His disciples that even the least effort to share truth (“cup of cold water”) with others or to perform an act of kindness will be rewarded — provided that it is done “in the name of a disciple.” That is, as long as God is acknowledged as the source of all goodness and truth, it matters not how little or how much we accomplish. Even “a cup of cold water,” given in the right spirit, will suffice.

It’s a powerful lesson, and one that is given to inspire and encourage the disciples who are about to face persecution. In brief, Jesus is assuring them that whatever they say or do, no matter how small or great, if done in the right spirit, will have the blessings of heaven within it — inner peace and limitless joy. This is what Jesus means when He says, “Whoever shall give to one of these little ones a cup of cold water in the name of a disciple shall not lose his reward” (10:42).

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Footnotes:

1. The Greek word ἀπόστολος (apóstolos) means “one who is sent” or “messenger.” We are “disciples” when being instructed by the Lord, and we are “apostles” when we are being sent off to carry His message to others. See Arcana Coelestia 10490: “To be a disciple of the Lord is to be led by Him and not by self, thus by the goods and truths which are from the Lord, and not by the evils and falsities which are from one’s self.” Also, Apocalypse Revealed 79: “The term ‘apostles’ signifies all who teach the goods and truths of the church, and in the abstract sense, this term refers to the goods and truths doctrine.”

2. Apocalypse Revealed 17: “John represents the good of life, and Peter the truth of faith.” See also Apocalypse Explained 821: “The twelve apostles, like the twelve tribes of Israel, represented all things of truth and good. Also, Peter, James, and John, signified faith, charity, and the works of charity, in their order. It follows, therefore, that when they were together they represented these as one. It is said, as one, because the faith that is a faith without charity has no existence; and the charity that is a charity without works has no existence.”

3. Arcana Coelestia 4169: “The ‘Gentiles’ to whom they should not go, denote those who are in evils. The ‘cities of the Samaritans’ denote those who are in falsities; and ‘sheep,’ those who are in goods.”

4. Apocalypse Explained 242:22 “Jesus said to His disciples, whom He sent forth to preach the gospel, that they should possess no gold, nor silver, nor brass in their purses. By this was represented that they should have nothing of good and truth from themselves, but only from the Lord, and that all things would be given them freely. ‘Gold’ signifies the good of love.” See also Apocalypse Explained 827:6: “Gold and silver, signify the knowledges of good and truth from the Word.”

5. Apocalypse Explained 904: “It is according to Divine order for what is general to precede, in order that particulars may be introduced into them, rightly arranged, made homogeneous, and joined together in close connection.”

6. Arcana Coelestia 7353: “The ancients compared the mind of a person to a house, and those things which are within a person to chambers. The human mind is indeed like this; for the things therein are distinct, scarcely otherwise than as a house is divided into its chambers; those things which are in the middle are like the inmost parts; those which are at the sides are like the outer parts, these being compared to the courts; and those which while outside are connected with the inside parts, being compared to the porches.”

7. Arcana Coelestia 197 “To the earliest people a ‘serpent’ signified circumspection, lest they be hurt by evil.”

8. Arcana Coelestia 10265: “Divine Love, called the Father, exists within the Lord’s Divine Human, called the Son.” When Jesus speaks from this love, the influence it has upon us is called the “Holy Spirit.” See also True Christian Religion 167: “The Holy Spirit is the Divine that goes forth out of the Lord from the Father” This is analogous to a person who has an inmost soul, visible body, and an influence on others. These are not three aspects of the same person, but one person. Similarly, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are not three separate persons, but three aspects of One God. See Ath 4: “The Father signifies the Divine Itself, the Son the Divine Human, and the Holy Spirit, the Divine proceeding.”

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Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 197, 249, 1748, 2009, 2220, 2397, 2724, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 8, 12, 23, 52, 81, 306, 455, ...

Conjugial Love 394

Divine Providence 230, 231, 310

Doctrine of the Lord 20, 48

Doctrine of Life 20, 99

Heaven and Hell 278

True Christian Religion 92, 303, 440, 532, 682


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 102, 120, 122, 131, 200, 223, 228, ...

Marriage 92

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 3, 5, 12, 27, 64

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 19:24, 25

Exodus 4:12

Numbers 18:31

Deuteronomy 13:7, 11, 33:9

1 Kings 17:15

2 Kings 4:8, 17, 5:16, 17:24

Ezra 4:10

Job 12:22

Psalms 119:46

Proverbs 19:17

Isaiah 51:7

Jeremiah 1:8, 50:6

Lamentations 4:6

Daniel 3:13, 17

Micah 7:6

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Answering the Call to Discipleship
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Being Healed by the Lord
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Disciples and Apostles
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Divine Providence and Tragedy
The Lord respects our freedom because He loves us. He respects it so much that He allows us to get into trouble, and then as far as we are willing, He brings us new strength out of our troubles
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Freely Give
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Helping Those Who Are "Sick"
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Prudence
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 These Twelve Jesus Sent Forth
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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