Ιησούς του ναυή 8

Studovat vnitřní smysl

           

1 Και ειπε Κυριος προς τον Ιησουν, Μη φοβηθης μηδε δειλιασης· λαβε μετα σου παντας τους πολεμικους ανδρας, και σηκωθεις αναβα εις Γαι· ιδου, εγω παρεδωκα εις την χειρα σου; τον βασιλεα της Γαι και τον λαον αυτου και την πολιν αυτου και την γην αυτου·

2 και θελεις καμει εις την Γαι και εις τον βασιλεα αυτης, καθως εκαμες εις την Ιεριχω και εις τον βασιλεα αυτης· μονον τα λαφυρα αυτης και τα κτηνη αυτης θελετε λαφυραγωγησει εις εαυτους· στησον ενεδραν κατα της πολεως οπισθεν αυτης.

3 Και εσηκωθη ο Ιησους και πας ο λαος ο πολεμιστης, δια να αναβωσιν εις την Γαι· και εξελεξεν ο Ιησους τριακοντα χιλιαδας ανδρας δυνατους εν ισχυι και εξαπεστειλεν αυτους δια νυκτος,

4 και προσεταξεν εις αυτους λεγων, Ιδου, σεις θελετε ενεδρευει κατα της πολεως οπισθεν αυτης· μη απομακρυνθητε πολυ απο της πολεως, και να ησθε παντες ετοιμοι·

5 εγω δε και πας ο λαος ο μετ' εμου θελομεν πλησιασει εις την πολιν· και οταν εξελθωσιν εναντιον ημων, καθως προτερον, τοτε ημεις θελομεν φυγει απ' εμπροσθεν αυτων·

6 και θελουσιν εξελθει κατοπιν ημων, εωσου απομακρυνωμεν αυτους απο της πολεως, διοτι θελουσιν ειπει, Αυτοι φευγουσιν απ' εμπροσθεν ημων, καθως προτερον· και ημεις θελομεν φυγει απ' εμπροσθεν αυτων·

7 τοτε σεις σηκωθεντες εκ της ενεδρας, θελετε κυριευσει την πολιν· διοτι Κυριος ο Θεος σας θελει παραδωσει αυτην εις την χειρα σας·

8 και αφου κυριευσητε την πολιν, θελετε καυσει την πολιν εν πυρι· κατα την προσταγην του Κυριου θελετε καμει· ιδου, προσεταξα εις εσας.

9 Ο Ιησους λοιπον εξαπεστειλεν αυτους, και υπηγον εις ενεδραν και εκαθισαν μεταξυ Βαιθηλ και Γαι, προς το δυτικον μερος της Γαι· ο δε Ιησους εμεινε την νυκτα εκεινην εν τω μεσω του λαου.

10 Και εξεγερθεις ο Ιησους το πρωι, επεσκεφθη τον λαον, και ανεβη αυτος και οι πρεσβυτεροι του Ισραηλ, εμπροσθεν του λαου προς Γαι.

11 Και πας ο λαος ο πολεμιστης, ο μετ' αυτου, ανεβη και επλησιασε και ηλθε κατεναντι της πολεως και εστρατοπεδευσε κατα το βορειον μερος της Γαι· ητο δε κοιλας μεταξυ αυτων και της Γαι.

12 Και λαβων εως πεντε χιλιαδας ανδρων, εκαθισεν αυτους εις ενεδραν μεταξυ Βαιθηλ και Γαι, προς το δυτικον μερος της πολεως.

13 Και αφου διεταξαν τον λαον, απαν το στρατευμα το προς βορραν της πολεως και την ενεδραν αυτου προς δυσμας της πολεως, υπηγεν ο Ιησους εκεινην την νυκτα εις το μεσον της κοιλαδος.

14 Και ως ειδεν ο βασιλευς της Γαι, αυτος και πας ο λαος αυτου, οι ανδρες της πολεως, εσπευσαν και εξηγερθησαν πρωι και εξηλθον εις συναντησιν του Ισραηλ προς μαχην, εις ωρισμενην ωραν, επι την πεδιαδα· πλην αυτος δεν ηξευρεν οτι ητο ενεδρα κατ' αυτου οπισθεν της πολεως.

15 Και ο Ιησους και πας ο Ισραηλ προσεποιηθησαν οτι κατετροπωθησαν εμπροσθεν αυτων, και εφευγον δια της οδου της ερημου.

16 Και συνεκαλεσθησαν πας ο λαος ο εν Γαι, δια να καταδιωξωσιν αυτους· και κατεδιωξαν τον Ιησουν και απεμακρυνθησαν απο της πολεως.

17 Και δεν απεμεινεν ανθρωπος εν Γαι και εν Βαιθηλ, οστις δεν εξηλθε κατοπιν του Ισραηλ· και αφηκαν ανοικτην την πολιν, και κατεδιωκον τον Ισραηλ.

18 Και ειπε Κυριος προς τον Ιησουν, Εκτεινον την λογχην, την εν τη χειρι σου, προς την Γαι· διοτι θελω παραδωσει αυτην εις την χειρα σου. Και εξετεινεν ο Ιησους την λογχην, την εν τη χειρι αυτου, προς την πολιν.

19 Και η ενεδρα εσηκωθη μετα σπουδης απο της θεσεως αυτης, και ωρμησαν ευθυς οτε εξετεινε την χειρα αυτου· και εισηλθον εις την πολιν και εκυριευσαν αυτην, και σπευσαντες εκαυσαν την πολιν εκ πυρι.

20 Και οτε περιεβλεψαν εις τα οπισω αυτων οι ανδρες της Γαι, ειδον, και ιδου, ανεβαινεν ο καπνος της πολεως προς τον ουρανον, και δεν ηδυναντο να φυγωσιν εδω και εκει· επειδη ο λαος ο φευγων προς την ερημον εστραφησαν οπισω εναντιον των καταδιωκοντων.

21 Ο δε Ιησους και πας ο Ισραηλ, ιδοντες οτι η ενεδρα ειχε κυριευσει την πολιν και οτι ανεβαινεν ο καπνος της πολεως, εστραφησαν οπισω και επαταξαν τους ανδρας της Γαι.

22 Και οι αλλοι εξηλθον εκ της πολεως εναντιον αυτων, ωστε ησαν εν τω μεσω του Ισραηλ εντευθεν και εκειθεν· και επαταξαν αυτους, ωστε δεν αφηκαν ουδενα εξ αυτων μειναντα η διαφυγοντα.

23 Τον δε βασιλεα της Γαι συνελαβον ζωντα και εφεραν αυτον προς τον Ιησουν.

24 Και αφου ο Ισραηλ ετελειωσε φονευων παντας τους κατοικους της Γαι εν τη πεδιαδι εκ τη ερημω, οπου κατεδιωκον αυτους, και επεσον παντες εν στοματι μαχαιρας, εωσου εξωλοθρευθησαν, επεστρεψε πας ο Ισραηλ εις την Γαι και επαταξαν αυτην εν στοματι μαχαιρας.

25 Και παντες οι πεσοντες εν τη ημερα εκεινη, ανδρες τε και γυναικες, ησαν δωδεκα χιλιαδες, παντες οι ανθρωποι της Γαι.

26 Και δεν εσυρεν ο Ιησους οπισω την χειρα αυτου, την οποιαν εξετεινε με την λογχην, εωσου εξωλοθρευσε παντας τους κατοικους της Γαι.

27 Μονον τα κτηνη και τα λαφυρα της πολεως εκεινης ελαφυραγωγησεν ο Ισραηλ εις εαυτον, κατα τον λογον του Κυριου, τον οποιον προσεταξεν εις τον Ιησουν.

28 Και κατεκαυσεν ο Ιησους την Γαι, και κατεστησεν αυτην σωρον παντοτεινον αοικητον εως της ημερας ταυτης.

29 Τον δε βασιλεα της Γαι εκρεμασεν επι ξυλου εως εσπερας· και ως εδυσεν ο ηλιος, προσεταξεν ο Ιησους και κατεβιβασαν το πτωμα αυτου απο του ξυλου, και ερριψαν αυτο εις την εισοδον της πυλης της πολεως, και υψωσαν επ' αυτου σωρον λιθων μεγαν, οστις μενει εως της σημερον.

30 Τοτε ωκοδομησεν ο Ιησους θυσιαστηριον εις Κυριον τον Θεον του Ισραηλ επι το ορος Εβαλ,

31 καθως ο Μωυσης ο δουλος του Κυριου προσεταξε τους υιους Ισραηλ, κατα το γεγραμμενον εν τω βιβλιω του νομου του Μωυσεως, θυσιαστηριον εκ λιθων ολοκληρων, επι των οποιων σιδηρος δεν επεβληθη· και προσεφεραν επ' αυτο ολοκαυτωματα προς τον Κυριον και εθυσιασαν ειρηνικας προσφορας.

32 Και εγραψεν εκει επι τους λιθους το αντιγραφον του νομου του Μωυσεως, τον οποιον ειχε γραψει ενωπιον των υιων Ισραηλ.

33 Και πας ο Ισραηλ και οι πρεσβυτεροι αυτων και οι αρχοντες και οι κριται αυτων εσταθησαν εντευθεν και εντευθεν της κιβωτου απεναντι των ιερεων των Λευιτων, των βασταζοντων την κιβωτον της διαθηκης του Κυριου, και ο ξενος και ο αυτοχθων· το ημισυ αυτων προς το ορος Γαριζιν και το ημισυ αυτων προς το ορος Εβαλ· καθως προτερον προσεταξεν ο Μωυσης ο δουλος του Κυριου, δια να ευλογησωσι τον λαον του Ισραηλ.

34 Και μετα ταυτα ανεγνωσε παντας τους λογους του νομου, τας ευλογιας και τας καταρας, κατα παντα τα γεγραμμενα εν τω βιβλιω του νομου.

35 Δεν ητο λογος εκ παντων οσα προσεταξεν ο Μωυσης, τον οποιον ο Ιησους δεν ανεγνωσεν ενωπιον πασης της συναγωγης του Ισραηλ, μετα των γυναικων και των παιδιων και των ξενων των παρευρισκομενων μεταξυ αυτων.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Ιησούς του ναυή 8      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 8: The fall of Ai and the renewal of the covenant.

The events of this chapter - and their spiritual meaning for us - follow on from the previous chapter. After their first setback at Ai, the Children of Israel take the city of Ai by using a clever ruse. Joshua chose thirty thousand men for the battle. The plan was for five thousand of them to hide near the city, while he led the main army to attack the city. Then, Joshua and his forces would pretend to run away, pursued by the men of Ai. Those who had hidden were then to come out, go into the city, and set it on fire. The men of Ai would see this and run back, get ambushed, and be caught between Joshua’s two armies.

It all happened as planned, and Israel took Ai. (See Arcana Caelestia 1557). As with Jericho, everything in Ai was commanded to be destroyed, except that in this case the livestock and the city’s spoils were to be kept. The whole city was burned and its king was hanged on a tree until sunset and then his body was thrown down at the city entrance with a great heap of stones put over it.

The basic spiritual meaning of any battle in the Bible such as this, is to show how a heavenly principle can and will overcome a hellish or evil attack, especially for us, during some temptation - when we seek to resist and fight back.

Evil is only strong in illusion and fear-mongering; when the light of what is true shines on evil it gets shown for what it is. (Heaven and Hell 49)

The city’s name “Ai” means “a heap”. The word gets used several times in the text of the chapter. A heap implies rubble and rubbish. Cities sometimes look noble and well-planned; in Ai’s case it was the very opposite - a heap, a ruin. (Heaven and Hell 586[2])

While Jericho generally represents our wrong thinking, which first stands in the way of our regeneration and spiritual will, Ai represents our evil emotions and our selfish passions. Both of them must fall before we can make further progress.

Joshua chooses a large number to go against a relatively few in Ai, who nevertheless all rush out to fight Israel. “There was not a man left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel. Thus they left the city open.” (Joshua 8:17)

Joshua’s tactic of drawing out the men of Ai means our challenge to evil - by confronting it with the truths and commandments we know and obey. Joshua’s pretence of fleeing away draws Ai out in glee, interpreting the flight as a real retreat. Then everything turns, and Joshua’s men go forward representing the power of the truth, the Word and our persuasion of their effectiveness in winning. (Arcana Caelestia 6344[4])

Ai’s men see their city on fire, for other Israelites entered Ai and set it ablaze. This represents the self-condemnation of evil, of hell, when it is exposed to what is true, heavenly and of God. But Joshua’s men, lying in ambush and waiting for the moment, represent our keen observation of how our selfish desires work to cause havoc in us. They are 5,000. Symbolically, in the Bible, five or its multiples always stand for a small amount - but enough to use.

Hanging the king of Ai stands for our need to put down the controlling power of any evil which stirs us. And all Ai is destroyed, because all evil must be turned against and refused.

Then, and only then, Joshua remakes the covenant with the Lord God; he builds an altar, he writes a copy on stones of the Law of Moses in the presence of all Israel, the priests stand in two groups in front of two mountains, then Joshua reads the words of blessing and cursing and all the Law of Moses.

After we resist any evil and its temptation, we must re-hear and re-affirm the truth that this was the Lord’s victory, not ours, and re-dedicate ourselves to the life the Lord gives us. (True Christian Religion 13[2])

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 8      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 8: The fall of Ai and the renewal of the covenant.

The events of this chapter - and their spiritual meaning for us - follow on from the previous chapter. After their first setback at Ai, the Children of Israel take the city of Ai by using a clever ruse. Joshua chose thirty thousand men for the battle. The plan was for five thousand of them to hide near the city, while he led the main army to attack the city. Then, Joshua and his forces would pretend to run away, pursued by the men of Ai. Those who had hidden were then to come out, go into the city, and set it on fire. The men of Ai would see this and run back, get ambushed, and be caught between Joshua’s two armies.

It all happened as planned, and Israel took Ai. (See Arcana Caelestia 1557). As with Jericho, everything in Ai was commanded to be destroyed, except that in this case the livestock and the city’s spoils were to be kept. The whole city was burned and its king was hanged on a tree until sunset and then his body was thrown down at the city entrance with a great heap of stones put over it.

The basic spiritual meaning of any battle in the Bible such as this, is to show how a heavenly principle can and will overcome a hellish or evil attack, especially for us, during some temptation - when we seek to resist and fight back.

Evil is only strong in illusion and fear-mongering; when the light of what is true shines on evil it gets shown for what it is. (Heaven and Hell 49)

The city’s name “Ai” means “a heap”. The word gets used several times in the text of the chapter. A heap implies rubble and rubbish. Cities sometimes look noble and well-planned; in Ai’s case it was the very opposite - a heap, a ruin. (Heaven and Hell 586[2])

While Jericho generally represents our wrong thinking, which first stands in the way of our regeneration and spiritual will, Ai represents our evil emotions and our selfish passions. Both of them must fall before we can make further progress.

Joshua chooses a large number to go against a relatively few in Ai, who nevertheless all rush out to fight Israel. “There was not a man left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel. Thus they left the city open.” (Joshua 8:17)

Joshua’s tactic of drawing out the men of Ai means our challenge to evil - by confronting it with the truths and commandments we know and obey. Joshua’s pretence of fleeing away draws Ai out in glee, interpreting the flight as a real retreat. Then everything turns, and Joshua’s men go forward representing the power of the truth, the Word and our persuasion of their effectiveness in winning. (Arcana Caelestia 6344[4])

Ai’s men see their city on fire, for other Israelites entered Ai and set it ablaze. This represents the self-condemnation of evil, of hell, when it is exposed to what is true, heavenly and of God. But Joshua’s men, lying in ambush and waiting for the moment, represent our keen observation of how our selfish desires work to cause havoc in us. They are 5,000. Symbolically, in the Bible, five or its multiples always stand for a small amount - but enough to use.

Hanging the king of Ai stands for our need to put down the controlling power of any evil which stirs us. And all Ai is destroyed, because all evil must be turned against and refused.

Then, and only then, Joshua remakes the covenant with the Lord God; he builds an altar, he writes a copy on stones of the Law of Moses in the presence of all Israel, the priests stand in two groups in front of two mountains, then Joshua reads the words of blessing and cursing and all the Law of Moses.

After we resist any evil and its temptation, we must re-hear and re-affirm the truth that this was the Lord’s victory, not ours, and re-dedicate ourselves to the life the Lord gives us. (True Christian Religion 13[2])

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 796, 878, 1298, 1453, 2799, 5156, 6752, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 457, 662


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 585, 655, 937

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:


  Související Knihy  (see all)


Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Γένεση 12:7, 8

Εξοδος πλήθους 8:1, 17:9, 12, 13, 20:25

Αριθμοί 15:15, 16, 29

Δευτερονόμιο 2:34, 35, 7:18, 21, 11:29, 13:17, 21:22, 23, 27:2, 8, 14, 28:28, 29:9, 10, 31:11, 12

Ιησούς του ναυή 1:9, 2:24, 3:1, 6:2, 21, 7:26, 9:3, 10:7, 22, 26, 27, 11:14, 12:9

Δικαστές 9:32, 20:29, 31, 32, 34, 37, 40, 41

1 Samuel 15:5

Νεεμίας 8:2, 3

Γιάννης 4:20

1 Θεσσαλονικείς 5:27

Významy biblických slov

Θεος
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

Νυκτα
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

Ισραηλ
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Ουρανον
"Heaven" and "heavens" are used many times in the Bible, with a couple of variations of meaning. Sometimes it is relatively literal, including times when...

Μωυσης
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Compare Joshua with Jesus
Complete a chart comparing Joshua and Jesus. Who were theys fighting? Where did they go? How did they show courage?
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Capture of Ai
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3


Přeložit: