Amos 1

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1 Οι λογοι του Αμως, οστις ητο εκ των βοσκων της Θεκουε, τους οποιους ειδε περι του Ισραηλ εν ταις ημεραις Οζιου βασιλεως του Ιουδα, και εν ταις ημεραις Ιεροβοαμ, υιου του Ιωας βασιλεως του Ισραηλ, δυο ετη προ του σεισμου.

2 Και ειπεν, Ο Κυριος θελει βρυχησει εκ Σιων και θελει εκπεμψει την φωνην αυτου εξ Ιερουσαλημ· και αι κατοικιαι των ποιμενων θελουσι πενθησει, και η κορυφη του Καρμηλου θελει ξηρανθη.

3 Ουτω λεγει Κυριος· δια τας τρεις παραβασεις της Δαμασκου και δια τας τεσσαρας δεν θελω αποστρεψει την τιμωριαν αυτης, διοτι ηλωνισαν την Γαλααδ με τριβολους σιδηρους·

4 αλλα θελω εξαποστειλει πυρ εις τον οικον Αζαηλ και θελει καταφαγει τα παλατια του Βεν-αδαδ.

5 Και θελω συντριψει τους μοχλους της Δαμασκου και εξολοθρευσει τον κατοικον απο της πεδιαδος Αβεν και τον κρατουντα το σκηπτρον απο του οικου Εδεν, και ο λαος της Συριας θελει φερθη αιχμαλωτος εις Κιρ, λεγει Κυριος.

6 Ουτω λεγει Κυριος· Δια τας τρεις παραβασεις της Γαζης και δια τας τεσσαρας δεν θελω αποστρεψει την τιμωριαν αυτης· διοτι ηχμαλωτισαν τον λαον μου αιχμαλωσιαν τελειαν, δια να παραδωσωσιν αυτους εις τον Εδωμ·

7 αλλα θελω εξαποστειλει πυρ εις το τειχος της Γαζης και θελει καταφαγει τα παλατια αυτης.

8 Και θελω εξολοθρευσει τον κατοικον απο της Αζωτου και τον κρατουντα το σκηπτρον απο της Ασκαλωνος, και θελω στρεψει την χειρα μου εναντιον της Ακκαρων και το υπολοιπον των Φιλισταιων θελει απολεσθη, λεγει Κυριος ο Θεος.

9 Ουτω λεγει Κυριος· Δια τας τρεις παραβασεις της Τυρου και δια τας τεσσαρας δεν θελω αποστρεψει την τιμωριαν αυτης· διοτι παρεδωκαν τον λαον μου εις αιχμαλωσιαν τελειαν εις τον Εδωμ και δεν ενεθυμηθησαν την αδελφικην συνθηκην·

10 αλλα θελω εξαποστειλει πυρ εις το τειχος της Τυρου και θελει καταφαγει τα παλατια αυτης.

11 Ουτω λεγει Κυριος· Δια τας τρεις παραβασεις του Εδωμ και δια τας τεσσαρας δεν θελω αποστρεψει την τιμωριαν αυτου, διοτι κατεδιωξε τον αδελφον αυτου εν ρομφαια και ηθετησε την ευσπλαγχνιαν αυτου, και ο θυμος αυτου κατεσπαραττεν ακαταπαυστως και εφυλαττε την οργην αυτου παντοτεινα·

12 αλλα θελω εξαποστειλει πυρ επι Θαιμαν και θελει καταφαγει τα παλατια της Βοσορρας.

13 Ουτω λεγει Κυριος· Δια τας τρεις παραβασεις των υιων Αμμων και δια τας τεσσαρας δεν θελω αποστρεψει την τιμωριαν αυτου, διοτι διεσχιζον τας εγκυμονουσας της Γαλααδ, δια να πλατυνωσι το οριον αυτων·

14 αλλα θελω αναψει πυρ εις το τειχος της Ραββα και θελει καταφαγει τα παλατια αυτης, μετα κραυγης εν τη ημερα της μαχης, μετα ανεμοστροβιλου εν τη ημερα της θυελλης.

15 Και ο βασιλευς αυτων θελει υπαγει εις αιχμαλωσιαν, αυτος και οι αρχοντες αυτου ομου, λεγει Κυριος.


Exploring the Meaning of Amos 1      

Napsal(a) Joe David

Amos was a prophet in ancient Israel during the reigns of Jeroboam II and Uzziah. His writings/sayings date from around 760-755 BC.

In his explanations of the inner meaning of the Word, Swedenborg summarizes the meaning of Amos's prophecies in his unpublished work, "The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms". We've used that text, and references made elsewhere by Swedenborg to these verses, and then the more general system of words and their symbolism that he described, to suggest the outlines of the internal sense of these Bible chapters.

In Amos 1:1-2, the verses describe the Lord teaching us about the Word and doctrine from the Word. In this book of the Bible, the prophet Amos symbolizes the Lord. Amos was a shepherd, and of course that metaphor is used to describe the Lord Jesus Christ, too, in the New Testament.

The book of Amos describes the Lord's anger and impatience with the Children of Israel - in the literal sense. Inside, though, it is really a story of the Lord’s great love and concern for us. This is a book of promise: The Lord will triumph over hell’s quest to dominate us and destroy the gift of salvation. This victory is not an occasional interest of the Lord’s; He has an “ardent zeal” to protect us.

In verse 2, the roaring of the Lord from Zion and the uttering of His voice from Jerusalem teach us several things about Him in this context:
- He has grievous distress for His church and people.
- He has an ardent zeal for protecting heaven and the church.
- He warns of coming vastations.
- He points to the drying up of our “Mount Carmel” and the effects this will have on our “vineyards.”

There are different ways to destroy true ideas and good loves. Verses 3-15 in this chapter describe the different ways that people do this.

Verses 3-5 are talking about people who pervert knowledges from the Word, knowledges which help us form true, useful doctrine. When people successfully corrupt knowledge from the Word, they also undermine the good that would come from that knowledge. But, these people will perish, spiritually.

Verses 6-8 describe people who apply the Word to create or reinforce heretical false ideas. That's not a good thing to do; they will perish, too.

Verses 9-10 address people who pervert knowledges [cognitiones] of good and truth, and thereby injure the external sense of the Word.

Verses 11-12 are about people who pervert the sense of the letter of the Word by falsity, by which doctrine perishes.

Finally, verses 13-15 describe people who falsify the truths of the sense of the letter of the Word: they do not resist in the day of combat, but destroy the truth of doctrine.

What are we to make of this? One take-away is that the Lord loves us, and wants to protect us. Another is that he wants us to carefully read the Word and seek the truths in it - those in the literal sense, and those in the internal sense. From these we should form sound doctrine, and develop good loves that can be built on true ideas.

For further reading, see Arcana Coelestia 2606, 10325, and The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 1      

Napsal(a) Joe David

Amos was a prophet in ancient Israel during the reigns of Jeroboam II and Uzziah. His writings/sayings date from around 760-755 BC.

In his explanations of the inner meaning of the Word, Swedenborg summarizes the meaning of Amos's prophecies in his unpublished work, "The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms". We've used that text, and references made elsewhere by Swedenborg to these verses, and then the more general system of words and their symbolism that he described, to suggest the outlines of the internal sense of these Bible chapters.

In Amos 1:1-2, the verses describe the Lord teaching us about the Word and doctrine from the Word. In this book of the Bible, the prophet Amos symbolizes the Lord. Amos was a shepherd, and of course that metaphor is used to describe the Lord Jesus Christ, too, in the New Testament.

The book of Amos describes the Lord's anger and impatience with the Children of Israel - in the literal sense. Inside, though, it is really a story of the Lord’s great love and concern for us. This is a book of promise: The Lord will triumph over hell’s quest to dominate us and destroy the gift of salvation. This victory is not an occasional interest of the Lord’s; He has an “ardent zeal” to protect us.

In verse 2, the roaring of the Lord from Zion and the uttering of His voice from Jerusalem teach us several things about Him in this context:
- He has grievous distress for His church and people.
- He has an ardent zeal for protecting heaven and the church.
- He warns of coming vastations.
- He points to the drying up of our “Mount Carmel” and the effects this will have on our “vineyards.”

There are different ways to destroy true ideas and good loves. Verses 3-15 in this chapter describe the different ways that people do this.

Verses 3-5 are talking about people who pervert knowledges from the Word, knowledges which help us form true, useful doctrine. When people successfully corrupt knowledge from the Word, they also undermine the good that would come from that knowledge. But, these people will perish, spiritually.

Verses 6-8 describe people who apply the Word to create or reinforce heretical false ideas. That's not a good thing to do; they will perish, too.

Verses 9-10 address people who pervert knowledges [cognitiones] of good and truth, and thereby injure the external sense of the Word.

Verses 11-12 are about people who pervert the sense of the letter of the Word by falsity, by which doctrine perishes.

Finally, verses 13-15 describe people who falsify the truths of the sense of the letter of the Word: they do not resist in the day of combat, but destroy the truth of doctrine.

What are we to make of this? One take-away is that the Lord loves us, and wants to protect us. Another is that he wants us to carefully read the Word and seek the truths in it - those in the literal sense, and those in the internal sense. From these we should form sound doctrine, and develop good loves that can be built on true ideas.

For further reading, see Arcana Coelestia 2606, 10325, and The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2606, 10325

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 367, 1197, 3995, 4171, 6419, 6804, 9340, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 343, 612


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 419, 532, 601, 746, 817, 850

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 75

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