Richter 10

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1 Nach Abimelech machte sich auf, zu helfen Israel, Thola, ein Mann von Isaschar, ein Sohn Phuas, des Sohnes Dodos. Und er wohnte zu Samir auf dem Gebirge Ephraim

2 und richtete Israel dreiundzwanzig Jahre und starb und wurde begraben zu Samir.

3 Nach ihm machte sich auf Jair, ein Gileaditer, und richtete Israel zweiundzwanzig Jahre.

4 Der hatte dreißig Söhne auf dreißig Eselsfüllen reiten; und sie hatten dreißig Städte, die hießen Dörfer Jairs bis auf diesen Tag und liegen in Gilead.

5 Und Jair starb und ward begraben zu Kamon.

6 Aber die Kinder Israel taten fürder übel vor dem HERRN und dienten den Baalim und den Astharoth und den Göttern von Syrien und den Göttern von Sidon und den Göttern Moabs und den Göttern der Kinder Ammon und den Göttern der Philister und verließen den HERRN und dienten ihm nicht.

7 Da ergrimmte der Zorn des HERRN über Israel, und er verkaufte sie unter die Hand der Philister und der Kinder Ammon.

8 Und sie zertraten und zerschlugen die Kinder Israel von dem Jahr an wohl achtzehn Jahre, nämlich alle Kinder Israel jenseit des Jordans, im Lande der Amoriter, das in Gilead liegt.

9 Dazu zogen die Kinder Ammon über den Jordan und stritten wider Juda, Benjamin und das Haus Ephraim, also daß Israel sehr geängstet ward.

10 Da schrieen die Kinder Israel zu dem HERRN und sprachen: Wir haben an dir gesündigt; denn wir haben unsern Gott verlassen und den Baalim gedient.

11 Aber der HERR sprach zu den Kindern Israel: Haben euch nicht auch gezwungen die Ägypter, die Amoriter, die Kinder Ammon, die Philister,

12 die Sidonier, die Amalekiter und Maoniter, und ich half euch aus ihren Händen, da ihr zu mir schrieet?

13 Und doch habt ihr mich verlassen und andern Göttern gedient; darum will ich euch nicht mehr helfen.

14 Geht hin und schreit die Götter an, die ihr erwählt habt; laßt euch dieselben helfen zur Zeit eurer Trübsal.

15 Aber die Kinder Israel sprachen zu dem HERRN: Wir haben gesündigt, mache es nur du mit uns, wie es dir gefällt; allein errette uns zu dieser Zeit.

16 Und sie taten von sich die fremden Götter und dienten dem HERRN. Und es jammerte ihn, daß Israel so geplagt ward.

17 Und die Kinder Ammon kamen zuhauf und lagerten sich in Gilead; aber die Kinder Israel versammelten sich und lagerten sich zu Mizpa.

18 Und die Obersten des Volks zu Gilead sprachen untereinander: Welcher anfängt zu streiten wider die Kinder Ammon, der soll das Haupt sein über alle, die in Gilead wohnen.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 10      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 10: Tola, Jair; Israel oppressed again.

This chapter opens by mentioning the judges Tola and Jair, who judged for twenty-three years and twenty-two years, respectively. The text gives us very little information about them, except that Jair had thirty sons, who rode on thirty donkeys and had thirty cities in the land of Gilead.

After Jair died, the people soon disobeyed the Lord, and worshipped the gods of Syria, Sidon, Moab, Philistia, and Ammon. This provoked the Lord’s anger, so He caused the Philistines and Ammonites to oppress Israel. The Ammonites first attacked the two-and-a-half tribes living on the eastern side of the Jordan, then crossed the river to attack Judah, Benjamin and Ephraim.

The people cried out to the Lord, saying that they had forsaken Him, but He told them to go to the other gods they had chosen. However, the people asked again for forgiveness, stopped worshipping foreign gods, and turned back to the Lord, so His anger toward them subsided.


This chapter describes another episode in Israel’s cycle of disobedience and punishment, in which the people repeatedly turn away from the Lord when there is no leader. No matter how often we affirm our faith in the Lord, we, too, will default to our natural desires and false thinking. As we come to recognize and accept this fact of life, we can find comfort in the Lord. He understands this completely, and does not blame or punish us.

The first judge mentioned is Tola. His name means “a worm-like grub”, suggesting the idea of metamorphosis and regeneration (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 106[2]). Tola’s father was Puah (meaning “shining”), his grandfather was Dodo (meaning “amorous, loving”), and their city was Shamir (which means “keeping the commandment”). These names bring to mind the spiritual qualities of truth, love and life in the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 977).

The next judge is Jair, whose name means ”he whom God enlightens”. The number thirty (used in reference to his thirty sons and their thirty towns) means fullness or readiness. This readiness refers to our spiritual ‘remains’, or states of innocence and charity that the Lord imparts to us during childhood. These remains are essential during regeneration (Arcana Caelestia 1050).

The Philistines, soon to be a major enemy of Israel, stand for the belief in “faith alone” salvation. This way of thinking instills the idea that we will be saved if we “believe in the Lord”, regardless of our actions. “Faith alone” doctrine is present in many religious practices (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Life 4).

The people of Ammon stand for profaning what is true, by turning the truths of the Word into false ideas. We profane the truth when we claim to know what the Word teaches, but live in a way that is contrary to the Lord’s commandments (Arcana Caelestia 6348[3]).

This chapter, like many others in the book of Judges, shows Israel’s decline into chaos and evil. The two judges, Tola and Jair, provide a picture of spiritual integrity, in contrast with Israel’s oppression by the very evils they have turned to. In our regeneration, with its highs and lows, we must avoid the temptation of shallow faith by acting according to our values.


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2781, 8301, 9212

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 811, 817

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